Hospital (Sakanan) — 15


បន្ទាប់មកទៀតរូបភាពទី ១៥ រូបភាពទី ១៥ ក្រោយពេលចូលសម្រាកនៅក្នុងមន្ទីរពេទ្យបានមួយរយៈ ក្រោយមកយើងឃើញបុរសម្នាក់នោះ គាត់ក៏ចាប់ផ្ដើមរៀនដើរឡើងវិញ ប៉ុន្តែដោយសារតែជើងរបស់គាត់អត់ទាន់ជាស្រួលបួល អញ្ចឹងជើងរបស់គាត់អត់ទាន់ជាស្រួលបួលនោះទេ ដូច្នេះការរៀនដើររបស់គាត់គឺត្រូវពឹងផ្អែកទៅលើឈើច្រត់ ដោយយើងឃើញនៅក្នុងរូបភាពនេះឪពុកម្ដាយរបស់គាត់ជួយទប់គាត់សងខាង គឺនៅឆ្វេងមួយនិងនៅស្ដាំមួយ ដោយឪពុករបស់គាត់គឺឈរនៅខាងឆ្វេង និងម្ដាយរបស់គាត់ឈរទប់គាត់នៅខាងស្ដាំ ចំណែកឯគាត់ ដៃទាំងសងខាងរបស់គាត់ គឺកាន់ឈើច្រត់ចំនួនពីរ ហើយគាត់កំពុងតែរៀនដើរនៅតាមផ្លូវ ដើម្បីឲ្យជើងរបស់គាត់ស៊ាំទៅនឹងការដើរឡើងវិញព្រោះដោយសារតែជើងរបស់គាត់បាក់ ដូច្នេះពិបាកនៅក្នុងការដើរណាស់ នៅពេលដែលគាត់ជាភ្លាមអញ្ចឹងហើយគាត់ត្រូវការប្រើប្រាស់ឈើច្រត់ដើម្បីជាជំនួយនៅក្នុងការដើរ

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KhmerPronunciationEnglish/Notes
បន្ទាប់មក bɑntoap mɔɔk next, then, afterwards, later
ទៀត tiət 1. again, still, more, further, yet, additional
2. to be different, other
រូបភាព ruup pʰiep 1. image, picture, drawing, photo
2. appearance, form, shape
ទី tii 1. particle used to form ordinal numbers
2. spot, place, location
3. rank, function, service
ក្រោយពេល kraoy peel after (the time when)
ចូល coul 1. to enter, to go in
2. to agree with
សម្រាក sɑmraak 1. to rest, to relax, to cause to relieve
2. break {សម្រាកថ្ងៃត្រង់ = lunch break}
Notes: root: ស្រាក; also written សំរាក
នៅ nɨv 1. in, at
2. to be located at, to live in or at, to reside, to stay, to be in
3. still, yet (pre-verbal marker of a durative or continuative aspect, as a final particle in the tag question ហើយឬនៅ it means 'yet' and as a reply to a question of this kind, it means 'not yet') {ញ៉ាំអីហើយនៅ? = Have you eaten already?}
ក្នុង knoŋ 1. in, inside
2. during + (time word)
មន្ទីរពេទ្យ mʊəntii pɛɛt hospital, clinic
Notes: irregular pronunciation: ពែត
បាន baan 1. to have completed/done something
2. to intend to complete something
3. marker of completed action
4. to get, obtain, acquire, to achieve, have been able to, to get/have the opportunity to do something
5. to get someone or something to do something (often translated by the English passive in this sense)
6. to be able to
7. not ... until, then and only then
8. to pass to someone through inheritance
9. to be OK, fine, all right
10. [spoken language] however, though, in contrast {ម្សិលមិញបានក្ដៅខ្លាំង = yesterday, however, it was very hot}
មួយ muəy 1. one {មួយៗ = one by one}
2. one person/myself {សុំចេញមួយ = Please let me [go] out!} {សុំទៅមួយ = Please give way [for me one person]!} {សុំចុះមួយ = Please let me [one person] get off [the bus]!}
រយៈ reaʔyeaʔ section, division, part, limit, interval
ក្រោយ kraoy 1. behind, after
2. next
មក mɔɔk 1. to come (toward the speaker in space or time)
2. often used as a particle indicating that the action began at some point in the past and continued up to the present
យើង yəəŋ 1. we
2. I (familiar)
3. in final position used to refer to 'our Cambodian ...' {ទុរេនកំពតយើងមែន? = Kampot durian (from our country, Cambodia), right?}
ឃើញ kʰəəɲ 1. to see, to perceive
2. to understand, to recognize
បុរស boʔrɑh man, male person
ម្នាក់ mneak 1. one person (contraction of មួយនាក់)
2. alone
នោះ nuh 1. that, those (often serves simply to emphasize something already referred to or something distant in time or space)
2. then
គាត់ koat he, she
ក៏ kɑɑ marker of sequential or consecutive action: also, so, then, therefore, accordingly
ចាប់ផ្ដើម cap pdaəm to begin, start
Notes: ជើង ដ
រៀន riən to study, to learn, to practice
ដើរ daə 1. to walk, to go, to move
2. (of machines) to run
ឡើងវិញ laəŋ vɨɲ following a verb: [verb] again
ប៉ុន្តែ pontae but, however
Notes: ជើង ត; root: តែ
ដោយសារតែ daoy saa tae because
ជើង cəəŋ leg, foot
របស់ rɔbɑh 1. object, thing, belonging, property
2. of, belonging to
អត់ទាន់ ʔɑt toan not yet
ជា cie 1. to be (equal to), to be as
2. to be well, in good health, recovered
3. to be effective (of medicines)
ស្រួលបួល sruǝl buəl 1. to be comfortable
2. excellent, magnificent, superb
3. happily ended, safely ended
4. careful, perfect
5. logical, consistent, proper, well, pleasant
អញ្ចឹង ʔɑɲcəŋ 1. in that case, so, then, therefore
2. like this / that
3. this / that much
ទេ tee 1. particle: negative particle occurring in phrase final position especially after មិន, ពុំ, etc.
2. interrogative particle occurring in phrase final position, often in the combination ឬទេ
3. neutral/positive particle to add emphasis {ខ្ញុំសុខសប្បាយទេ = I'm fine!}
ដូច្នេះ doucneh 1. so, thus, therefore
2. like this
ការ kaa 1. work, occupation
2. business, affair, matter
3. commonly occurs as a nominalizing particle deriving abstract nouns or noun phrases from verbs or verb phrases
4. to protect, defend, prevent
5. to marry
6. marriage
7. wedding
8. interest (e.g., on a loan)
9. profit
10. usury
11. to wind (into a skein/bobbin/reel)
12. to spin (silk)
គឺ kɨɨ 1. to be (equal to)
2. as follows, namely
ត្រូវ trəv 1. must, have to
2. to be correct, right, proper, exact, accurate
3. to concern, have to do with, to agree/jibe with, coincide with
4. to be affected with/by, to suffer, undergo (ត្រូវ + CLAUSE marks a passive-like construction in which the subject of the clause introduced by ត្រូវ is translated as the agent in the passive construction)
ពឹងផ្អែក pɨŋ pʔaek to depend (usually as ពឹងផ្អែកទៅលើ = to depend on)
ទៅ tɨv 1. to go (away from the speaker in space or time), to go to / towards, go on, continue, advance, go away
2. towards
3. from now on, from then on (often used as a particle indicating that the action began at some point in the past or present and continued on into the future or that the action is directed away from the speaker)
4. imperative particle, go ahead and ...! {ញ៉ាំទៅ = Go ahead and eat/drink!}
លើ ləə 1. up, on, over, above
2. to be on, over, above, located on top
3. in regard to, concerning, toward, for, against
ឈើច្រត់ cʰəə crɑt cane, walking stick, crutch
ដោយ daoy 1. by, with, along
2. (indicator of an adverb) in a ... manner
3. because
នេះ nih 1. this, these
2. often serves simply to emphasize something already referred to or something nearby in time or space
ឪពុកម្ដាយ ʔǝv puk mdaay 1. parents
2. father and mother
ជួយ cuəy to help, to assist
ទប់ tup to bar, to block, to obstruct, to stop, to control, to dam up
សងខាង sɑɑŋ kʰaaŋ both sides, two sides
ឆ្វេង cvejŋ direction: left
និង nɨŋ and
ស្ដាំ sdam direction: right
Notes: ជើង ដ
ឪពុក ʔǝv puk father
ឈរ cʰɔɔ to stand (up)
ខាង kʰaaŋ 1. side, part
2. direction
3. pertaining to, with regard to
ម្ដាយ mdaay mother (used when speaking of or to someone else's mother)
ចំណែកឯ cɑmnaek ʔae as for, as to, regarding
ដៃ day arm, hand
ទាំង teaŋ 1. all, both {ទាំងពីរ = both} {ទាំង ... ទាំង ... = both ... and ...}
2. entirely, completely
3. adverb marker equivalent to ដោយ
កាន់ kan 1. to hold, carry in the hand, grasp, hang on to
2. to control, be in charge of, be responsible for
3. to withstand, support, sustain, bear
4. to hold to, believe in, keep/observe (e.g., a religion) {កាន់សាសនាព្រះពុទ្ធ = to believe in Buddhism}
5. (of a spirit) to possess
ចំនួន cɑmnuən amount, number, quantity
ពីរ pii, pɨl two
ហើយ haǝy 1. indicates completed action or state 'already'
2. and, afterwards, next, then, after that
កំពុងតែ kɑmpuŋ tae to be in the process of (doing something)
តាម taam 1. to follow, to agree, to go along {ដើរតាមភ្ញៀវគ្រប់ជំហាន = to follow the customer’s every step}
2. according to, in accordance with, following, along, by, through {តាមអាយុ = according to age} {តាមសម្រួល = take it easy/take your time}
3. on, in, along {ជិះម៉ូតូតាមផ្លូវ = to ride a motorbike on the street} {ជិះតាមផ្លូវតូចៗ = to drive on small roads} {នៅតាមខេត្ត = in/throughout the province} {លក់នៅតាមផ្សារ = to sell in the market}
ផ្លូវ pləv 1. road, street, route
2. way, style, cause, matter
ដើម្បី daəmbəy in order to, for, to, toward, reserved for
ឲ្យ ʔaoy 1. to give
2. to let, to allow
3. for, to, in order to, so as to {ចង់ឲ្យខ្ញុំកុម្ម៉ង់អីញ៉ាំឲ្យហើយអត់? = Do you want me to order something for you already?}
4. in a... manner (forms adverbial phrases from predicatives)
Notes: also written អោយ, ឱ្យ
ស៊ាំ soam 1. to get used to, be accustomed to
2. to be experienced/qualified
3. to be immune
4. to know/understand something (e.g., how to operate a piece of machinery) well
5. adapt
6. to gain understanding (of something)
7. over and over, repeatedly
នឹង nɨŋ with, by (means of), (attached) to
ព្រោះ prʊəh because (of), since
បាក់ bak 1. to be broken (of something long and rigid), have a fracture
2. to break, shatter, come apart
3. to spoil, corrupt
4. to smash, rout (an army)
5. baccalaureate
6. to be undernourished (especially of a child)
7. not to get enough (food, milk)
8. (of water) to fall/flow violently (as in a waterfall or rapids)
ពិបាក piʔbaak 1. difficult {ការទិញអីវ៉ាន់នៅខ្មែររៀងពិបាកបន្តិច = buying things in Cambodia is a bit difficult/not easy} {តែពិបាកត្រង់ ឆាប់ងងុយដេក = the problem is: I’m getting tired easily}
2. sad, poor, miserable
3. to suffer
ណាស់ nah very, very much
ពេល peel 1. time
2. moment, instant, period of time
ដែល dael 1. who, whom, which, where, when
2. of / to / in / at which / whom
3. the fact / reason that
4. ever, happened to, having done at least once, having been to, already, always, had occasion to, have ever
ភ្លាម pliem immediately, at once, right away
ត្រូវការ trəv kaa 1. to need, require, want
2. to be necessary, needed, required
ប្រើប្រាស់ praə prah to use
ជំនួយ cumnuəy 1. aid, help, assistance
2. to be helpful