Doing the dishes (Sakanan) — 07


បន្ទាប់មកទៀតរូបភាពទីនៅក្នុងរូបភាពទីយើងឃើញថា បន្ទាប់ពីគាត់ដុស ខំប្រឹងដុសសម្អាតមួយសន្ទុះ ក្រោយមកយើងឃើញចានរបស់គាត់នៅតែប្រឡាក់ដដែល អញ្ចឹងបានន័យថាចាននោះគឺប្រឡាក់ខ្លាំង គឺប្រឡាក់ខ្លាញ់ ឬក៏ប្រឡាក់ជាតិទឹកស៊ុប ឬក៏ជាតិច្រើន ដូច្នេះវាពិបាកនឹងការដុសសម្អាតខ្លាំងណាស់ អញ្ចឹងគាត់ត្រូវតែធ្វើការដុសសម្អាតម្ដងទៀត ដែលនៅក្នុងរូបភាពនេះយើងឃើញថា បន្ទាប់ពីគាត់ដុសបន្តិចក្រោយមក គាត់លើកចានឡើងមើល ថាតើចាននោះស្អាតហើយឬនៅ អញ្ចឹងប្រសិនបើចានអត់ទាន់ស្អាត គាត់ដុសបន្ថែមទៀត ប៉ុន្តែបើចានស្អាតហើយ គាត់នឹងយកចាននោះទៅលាងជម្រះដើម្បីយកទៅទុក អញ្ចឹងនៅក្នុងរូបភាពនេះ យើងឃើញក្មេងប្រុសម្នាក់នោះ គាត់យកដៃឆ្វេងរបស់គាត់កាន់ចានឡើង ហើយគាត់លើកចានឡើងលើ អញ្ចឹងចានដែលគាត់កំពុងតែដុសអម្បាញ់មិញនេះ គាត់លើកឡើងលើ ហើយពិនិត្យ អញ្ចឹងភ្នែករបស់គាត់មើលយ៉ាងយកចិត្តទុកដាក់ទៅក្នុងចាននោះ ថាតើចាននោះបាត់អស់ស្នាមប្រឡាក់ហើយឬនៅ ឬក៏លាងជម្រះបានស្អាតហើយឬនៅ អញ្ចឹងគាត់ក៏បានលើកចាននោះឡើងមើលយ៉ាងយកចិត្តទុកដាក់បំផុត ហើយដៃម្ខាងទៀតរបស់គាត់ គឺជាដៃស្ដាំ ដែលគាត់កំពុងតែកាន់អេប៉ុងសម្រាប់លាងចាន អញ្ចឹងប្រសិនបើចាននោះអត់ទាន់ស្អាតល្អទេ គាត់យកអេប៉ុងដែលនៅដៃខាងស្ដាំនោះ ដុសចានបន្ថែមទៀតអញ្ចឹងនៅក្នុងរូបភាពទីនេះ ក្មេងប្រុសនោះ គាត់ពិនិត្យមើលថាតើចាននោះគាត់លាងបានស្អាតហើយឬនៅ

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KhmerPronunciationEnglish/Notes
បន្ទាប់មក bɑntoap mɔɔk next, then, afterwards, later
ទៀត tiət 1. again, still, more, further, yet, additional
2. to be different, other
រូបភាព ruup pʰiep 1. image, picture, drawing, photo
2. appearance, form, shape
ទី tii 1. particle used to form ordinal numbers
2. spot, place, location
3. rank, function, service
នៅ nɨv 1. in, at
2. to be located at, to live in or at, to reside, to stay, to be in
3. still, yet (pre-verbal marker of a durative or continuative aspect, as a final particle in the tag question ហើយឬនៅ it means 'yet' and as a reply to a question of this kind, it means 'not yet') {ញ៉ាំអីហើយនៅ? = Have you eaten already?}
ក្នុង knoŋ 1. in, inside
2. during + (time word)
យើង yəəŋ 1. we
2. I (familiar)
3. in final position used to refer to 'our Cambodian ...' {ទុរេនកំពតយើងមែន? = Kampot durian (from our country, Cambodia), right?}
ឃើញ kʰəəɲ 1. to see, to perceive
2. to understand, to recognize
ថា tʰaa 1. to say, tell, pronounce
2. that (introduces a question or indirect discourse)
បន្ទាប់ពី bɑntoap pii after, next
គាត់ koat he, she
ដុស doh 1. to scrub, to polish
2. to rub (off), to wipe (off)
3. to chafe
ខំប្រឹង kʰɑm prəŋ to try hard, to make every effort
សម្អាត sɑmʔaat 1. to clean {ដើម្បីសម្អាតវាឲ្យបានស្អាត = in order to clean it} {បោកសម្អាតខោអាវ = to wash the clothes clean}
2. to clean up, to sweep
3. to groom
Notes: root: ស្អាត; also written សំអាត
មួយ muəy 1. one {មួយៗ = one by one}
2. one person/myself {សុំចេញមួយ = Please let me [go] out!} {សុំទៅមួយ = Please give way [for me one person]!} {សុំចុះមួយ = Please let me [one person] get off [the bus]!}
សន្ទុះ sɑntuh 1. a while, moment
2. leap, bound, burst, spurt
ក្រោយ kraoy 1. behind, after
2. next
មក mɔɔk 1. to come (toward the speaker in space or time)
2. often used as a particle indicating that the action began at some point in the past and continued up to the present
ចាន caan plate, bowl, dish
របស់ rɔbɑh 1. object, thing, belonging, property
2. of, belonging to
នៅតែ nɨv tae 1. still, as before
2. to be left, remain
ប្រឡាក់ prɑlak 1. dirty, soiled, stained
2. salty
3. to marinate, to salt (in order to preserve)
ដដែល dɑdael 1. to be identical, alike, the same
2. as before, over and over, in the same way
អញ្ចឹង ʔɑɲcəŋ 1. in that case, so, then, therefore
2. like this / that
3. this / that much
បានន័យថា baan ney tʰaa 1. that means, in other words
2. to mean
នោះ nuh 1. that, those (often serves simply to emphasize something already referred to or something distant in time or space)
2. then
គឺ kɨɨ 1. to be (equal to)
2. as follows, namely
ខ្លាំង klaŋ 1. strong, vigorous, robust
2. very much, strongly, vigorously
ខ្លាញ់ klaɲ 1. fat, grease, lard
2. oil
ឬក៏ rɨɨ kɑɑ or (on the other hand)
ជាតិ ciet 1. matter, substance, material, essence, essential constituent {ជាតិទឹក = to be liquid, fluid} {ជាតិខ្លាញ់ = to be oily, greasy} {ម្នាស់មានជាតិអាស៊ីតច្រើន = pineapples have a lot of acid/are acidic/are quite sour}
2. flavor, taste
3. genuine or true state of anything
4. birth, nation, race, line, nationality
ទឹកស៊ុប tɨk sup 1. soup
2. broth, clear soup
kʰɑɑ 1. kind of thick stew made with fish or pork and sugar or sweet soy sauce, bamboo shoots, black pepper, garlic, red onions, salt, and fish sauce
2. to cook the above stew
3. part, section, paragraph, clause (e.g., of a contract or treaty)
4. article, point
5. aspect
6. meaning
7. to promise, to contract (to do something)
8. contract, agreement
ច្រើន craən 1. much, many, numerous, very much
2. mostly, often
ដូច្នេះ doucneh 1. so, thus, therefore
2. like this
វា vie 1. it (of animals, things, or very young children)
2. he, she, they (familiar or contemptuous)
ពិបាក piʔbaak 1. difficult {ការទិញអីវ៉ាន់នៅខ្មែររៀងពិបាកបន្តិច = buying things in Cambodia is a bit difficult/not easy} {តែពិបាកត្រង់ ឆាប់ងងុយដេក = the problem is: I’m getting tired easily}
2. sad, poor, miserable
3. to suffer
នឹង nɨŋ with, by (means of), (attached) to
ការ kaa 1. work, occupation
2. business, affair, matter
3. commonly occurs as a nominalizing particle deriving abstract nouns or noun phrases from verbs or verb phrases
4. to protect, defend, prevent
5. to marry
6. marriage
7. wedding
8. interest (e.g., on a loan)
9. profit
10. usury
11. to wind (into a skein/bobbin/reel)
12. to spin (silk)
ណាស់ nah very, very much
ត្រូវតែ trəv tae have to, must, should, ought to
ធ្វើ tvəə to do, to make, to work, to prepare, to cultivate (a field)
ម្ដងទៀត mdɑɑŋ tiət once more, again
ដែល dael 1. who, whom, which, where, when
2. of / to / in / at which / whom
3. the fact / reason that
4. ever, happened to, having done at least once, having been to, already, always, had occasion to, have ever
នេះ nih 1. this, these
2. often serves simply to emphasize something already referred to or something nearby in time or space
បន្តិចក្រោយមក bɑntəc kraoy mɔɔk soon after
Notes: ជើង ត
លើក lǝǝk 1. to lift, to raise {លើកដៃសំពះ = to raise the hands in a greeting or respectful gesture} {លើករបស់ = to lift something} {លើកទូរស័ព្ទ = to pick up the phone}
2. time, occasion, session {លើកមុន = last time}
ឡើង laəŋ 1. to go up, ascend
2. (of aircraft) to take off
3. to rise, get up
4. to climb
5. to get on/board (a means of transport)
6. to go upstream
7. to ferment, rise (of dough)
8. to increase
9. up, upwards
10. upstream
11. increasingly
12. on
13. often occurs as a verb complement in various meanings
មើល məəl 1. to look at, to watch, to watch for, to observe
2. particle: come on, give it a try
3. let me see!
4. phrase-final: softens a command or request {ជួយបង្ហាញតិចមើល = Please show me!}
តើ taə 1. indicating an indirect question, it may often be translated as 'if' or 'whether'
2. phrase-final: used for emphasis
ស្អាត sʔaat 1. to be clean, nice, neat
2. pure, chaste
3. smart (of someone's appearance)
4. nice-looking, beautiful
ហើយ haǝy 1. indicates completed action or state 'already'
2. and, afterwards, next, then, after that
ឬនៅ rɨɨ nɨv phrase-final interrogative particle: yet
ប្រសិនបើ prɑsən baə if
អត់ទាន់ ʔɑt toan not yet
បន្ថែម bɑntʰaem 1. to add (to), increase
2. to supplement, replenish
3. additionally, in addition to
ប៉ុន្តែ pontae but, however
Notes: ជើង ត; root: តែ
បើ baə 1. if, may be
2. although
នឹង nɨŋ future tense marker: will, about to
យក yɔɔk 1. to take, bring, get, accept, hold
2. when ordering: I’ll take, I’ll have {យកបបរគ្រឿងសាច់ជ្រូកម៉ាចាន = I’ll have a bowl of pork porridge}
ទៅ tɨv 1. to go (away from the speaker in space or time), to go to / towards, go on, continue, advance, go away
2. towards
3. from now on, from then on (often used as a particle indicating that the action began at some point in the past or present and continued on into the future or that the action is directed away from the speaker)
4. imperative particle, go ahead and ...! {ញ៉ាំទៅ = Go ahead and eat/drink!}
លាង lieŋ 1. to wash, to clean (with a liquid)
2. to purify, to clear
ជម្រះ cumreah 1. to clean, to clean up, to wash away dirt and dust
2. to level, scrape, clean off
3. to clear away, weed, cut off at the roots, to clear with a hoe
4. to purify
5. to discharge
6. to judge, resolve (a dispute), decide (a case)
7. to make a clear-cut decision
8. to review, to edit (a text)
Notes: root: ជ្រះ; also spelled ជំរះ
ដើម្បី daəmbəy in order to, for, to, toward, reserved for
ទុក tuk 1. to put, set, place, arrange
2. to set aside, keep, retain, save, preserve, maintain, conserve, hold (in reserve) {ទុកញ៉ាំ = to keep for eating later}
ក្មេងប្រុស kmejŋ proh boy
ម្នាក់ mneak 1. one person (contraction of មួយនាក់)
2. alone
ដៃ day arm, hand
ឆ្វេង cvejŋ direction: left
កាន់ kan 1. to hold, carry in the hand, grasp, hang on to
2. to control, be in charge of, be responsible for
3. to withstand, support, sustain, bear
4. to hold to, believe in, keep/observe (e.g., a religion) {កាន់សាសនាព្រះពុទ្ធ = to believe in Buddhism}
5. (of a spirit) to possess
លើ ləə 1. up, on, over, above
2. to be on, over, above, located on top
3. in regard to, concerning, toward, for, against
កំពុងតែ kɑmpuŋ tae to be in the process of (doing something)
អម្បាញ់មិញ ʔɑmbaɲ mɨɲ just now, just a moment ago
ពិនិត្យ piʔnɨt 1. to inspect, check, examine
2. to observe, investigate
3. to diagnose
4. to censor
ភ្នែក pnɛɛk 1. eye
2. cell on the skin of a pineapple
3. future
4. to be next, forthcoming
យ៉ាង yaaŋ 1. kind, type, way, manner
2. clf. for kinds, types
3. pre-adjectival particle forming adverbial phrases {យ៉ាងខ្លី = briefly}
4. pre-adjectival particle, similar to ដ៏, used to connect an attributive to a noun, it often has a slight emphatic meaning: very
យកចិត្តទុកដាក់ yɔɔk cət tuk dak to work hard at something, to be deeply involved in some work, to pay close attention to, to do something seriously
Notes: ជើង ត
បាត់ bat 1. to lose, to disappear
2. to stop, to be finished
3. already
4. sentence-final: expressing disappointment or that something is unfortunate
អស់ ʔɑh 1. to consume, use up, run low/short (of something) {អស់ហើយ = [a product, food etc.] finished/sold out}
2. to end, finish, terminate, come to an end
3. entirety, completeness, wholeness
4. to be complete, whole
5. entirely, completely
6. all (of), the whole (of)
7. to have to spend {អស់ម៉ាម៉ឺនទទេ = I had to pay 10’000 for no reason!}
ស្នាម snaam 1. trace, track, (foot)print
2. mark, scar, impression, imprint
3. vestige, remains
4. excavation
5. sports ground, court (e.g., tennis court), stage, ring
6. race track
7. battlefield
បាន baan 1. to have completed/done something
2. to intend to complete something
3. marker of completed action
4. to get, obtain, acquire, to achieve, have been able to, to get/have the opportunity to do something
5. to get someone or something to do something (often translated by the English passive in this sense)
6. to be able to
7. not ... until, then and only then
8. to pass to someone through inheritance
9. to be OK, fine, all right
10. [spoken language] however, though, in contrast {ម្សិលមិញបានក្ដៅខ្លាំង = yesterday, however, it was very hot}
ក៏ kɑɑ marker of sequential or consecutive action: also, so, then, therefore, accordingly
បំផុត bɑmpʰot 1. to be the most..., the very..., extreme, extraordinary
2. to terminate, to end, to finish, to conclude
3. final, last
ម្ខាងទៀត mkʰaaŋ tiət the other side, the other one (of a pair)
គឺជា kɨɨ cie 1. to be (equal to)
2. as follows, namely
Notes: equivalent to គឺ
ស្ដាំ sdam direction: right
Notes: ជើង ដ
អេប៉ុង ʔejpoŋ sponge
Notes: source: antkh.com
សម្រាប់ sɑmrap 1. for
2. used for, used to (make or do something)
លាងចាន lieŋ caan to do/wash the dishes
ល្អ lʔɑɑ 1. good, nice, beautiful, pretty
2. correct, proper
ទេ tee 1. particle: negative particle occurring in phrase final position especially after មិន, ពុំ, etc.
2. interrogative particle occurring in phrase final position, often in the combination ឬទេ
3. neutral/positive particle to add emphasis {ខ្ញុំសុខសប្បាយទេ = I'm fine!}
ខាង kʰaaŋ 1. side, part
2. direction
3. pertaining to, with regard to
ពិនិត្យមើល piʔnɨt məəl 1. to examine
2. to observe, to watch, to keep an eye on