Saying “I don’t know” — Dialogue 2


នៅសាលារៀន
សុខាធារី! សួរមួយមើលចេះធ្វើលំហាត់នេះ / ស្រាយចំណោទនេះអត់? ខ្ញុំគិតយូរហើយ នៅតែមិនចេញ
ធារីណា? មើល ខ្ញុំមើលតិចមើល។ ... អឹម ... ខ្ញុំគិតអត់ចេញដែរហ្នឹងអត់ដឹងថាត្រូវស្រាយយ៉ាងម៉េចទេនៀក

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KhmerPronunciationEnglish/Notes
នៅ nɨv 1. in, at
2. to be located at, to live in or at, to reside, to stay, to be in
3. still, yet (pre-verbal marker of a durative or continuative aspect, as a final particle in the tag question ហើយឬនៅ it means 'yet' and as a reply to a question of this kind, it means 'not yet') {ញ៉ាំអីហើយនៅ? = Have you eaten already?}
សាលារៀន saalaa riən school
សុខា soʔkʰaa female Cambodian name
ធារី tʰierii female Cambodian name
សួរ suə 1. to ask, question, enquire
2. to visit, come to see
មួយ muəy 1. one {មួយៗ = one by one}
2. one person/myself {សុំចេញមួយ = Please let me [go] out!} {សុំទៅមួយ = Please give way [for me one person]!} {សុំចុះមួយ = Please let me [one person] get off [the bus]!}
មើល məəl 1. to look at, to watch, to watch for, to observe
2. particle: come on, give it a try
3. let me see!
4. phrase-final: softens a command or request {ជួយបង្ហាញតិចមើល = Please show me!}
ចេះ ceh to know, to know how to, to be able to
ធ្វើ tvəə to do, to make, to work, to prepare, to cultivate (a field)
លំហាត់ lumhat exercise, drill
នេះ nih 1. this, these
2. often serves simply to emphasize something already referred to or something nearby in time or space
ស្រាយ sraay 1. to untie, undo, unfasten, unwrap, detach
2. to untangle, unravel
3. to explain, clarify
4. to solve
5. to interpret (a dream)
6. to comment on (a text)
7. to translate
ចំណោទ cɑmnaot 1. exercise, problem, question
2. accusation, indictment, statement of charges
Notes: root: ចោទ
អត់ ʔɑt 1. no, not
2. to be without, lacking
3. to restrain oneself, abstain from
4. particle to form yes/no questions
ខ្ញុំ kɲom I
គិត kɨt 1. to think, to realize
2. to calculate
3. to charge
យូរ yuu 1. slow
2. (of time) long
3. late
ហើយ haǝy 1. indicates completed action or state 'already'
2. and, afterwards, next, then, after that
នៅតែ nɨv tae 1. still, as before
2. to be left, remain
មិន mɨn negative particle not, non- (usually requires the final particle ទេ)
ចេញ cəɲ 1. to leave, to go out, to depart
2. out, off, away (also figuratively) {ខ្ញុំគិតអត់ចេញ = I can't figure it out}
ណា naa 1. which, any
2. where, somewhere, anywhere
តិច təc 1. to be few (in number), small (in size or extent), less
2. a little bit, somewhat
3. phrase-final: makes a request more polite {ចង់ពឹងឲ្យជួយលើកអីវ៉ាន់តិច = Can you please help me carrying these things?} {ខ្ញុំសុំលអាវនេះតិចបានអេ៎? = Can I try on this shirt here, please?}
អឹម ʔɨm 1. filler word (umm...)
2. yes
Notes: colloquial
ដែរ dae 1. also, too, likewise, in the same way
2. indeed, quite, rather
3. marks a polite, gentler, less abrupt statement: all the same, even so, nevertheless
ហ្នឹង nɨŋ this, that, right here, right now (colloquial form of នេះ = this, that)
ដឹង dəŋ 1. to know, to be aware of, to be familiar with
2. [colloquial] can be used in the affirmative or, as an answer to a question, to mean ‘no’ {ដឹងហើយ = ok!} {ឯងដឹងថាគាត់ទៅណាអត់? ដឹង! = Do you know where he went to? No, I don’t.}
ថា tʰaa 1. to say, tell, pronounce
2. that (introduces a question or indirect discourse)
ត្រូវ trəv 1. must, have to
2. to be correct, right, proper, exact, accurate
3. to concern, have to do with, to agree/jibe with, coincide with
4. to be affected with/by, to suffer, undergo (ត្រូវ + CLAUSE marks a passive-like construction in which the subject of the clause introduced by ត្រូវ is translated as the agent in the passive construction)
យ៉ាងម៉េច yaaŋ məc 1. how, in what way
2. in any way, however
ទេ tee 1. particle: negative particle occurring in phrase final position especially after មិន, ពុំ, etc.
2. interrogative particle occurring in phrase final position, often in the combination ឬទេ
3. neutral/positive particle to add emphasis {ខ្ញុំសុខសប្បាយទេ = I'm fine!}
នៀក niək spoken forms of នេះ = this
Notes: colloquial