Requesting and granting permission 1 — Dialogue 4


សុំចូលរួម
បូរ៉ាកញ្ញា ថាកញ្ញាឯងធ្វើខួបកំណើតថ្ងៃស្អែកអ៎? ខ្ញុំសុំទៅដែរបានអត់?
កញ្ញាអូ បូរ៉ា មានអីបន់ឲ្យតែម៉ោហ្នឹងអីអត់ហ៊ានហៅ ព្រោះឃើញរវល់
បូរ៉ាលើកក្រោយហៅខ្ញុំផង

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KhmerPronunciationEnglish/Notes
សុំ som to ask (for), to beg, to demand (may be used in a polite way by older persons to younger ones)
ចូលរួម coul ruəm 1. to join (an organization)
2. to participate (in something), attend (e.g., a conference)
បូរ៉ា bouraa male Cambodian name
កញ្ញា kaɲɲaa female Cambodian name
lɨɨ 1. to hear
2. independent vowel representing the Sanskrit vowel លឭៃ (words spelled with ឮ may also be spelled with លឺ)
ថា tʰaa 1. to say, tell, pronounce
2. that (introduces a question or indirect discourse)
ឯង ʔaeŋ 1. you
2. self, oneself, by oneself
3. used after personal pronouns or names to make the address more polite
4. surely, obviously
ធ្វើ tvəə to do, to make, to work, to prepare, to cultivate (a field)
ខួបកំណើត kʰuəp kɑmnaət birthday
ថ្ងៃស្អែក tŋay sʔaek tomorrow
អ៎ ʔɑɑ 1. particle used to form a yes/no question, similar to ឬ
2. exclamation indicating satisfaction or surprise
3. indicating something like surprise on part of the speaker that the listener might not be aware of some fact or past event {ម៉ាស៊ីនត្រជាក់ខូចតាំងពីម្សិលមិញអ៎។ = [Didn’t you know that] the A/C has been broken since yesterday!}
Notes: colloquial
ខ្ញុំ kɲom I
ទៅ tɨv 1. to go (away from the speaker in space or time), to go to / towards, go on, continue, advance, go away
2. towards
3. from now on, from then on (often used as a particle indicating that the action began at some point in the past or present and continued on into the future or that the action is directed away from the speaker)
4. imperative particle, go ahead and ...! {ញ៉ាំទៅ = Go ahead and eat/drink!}
ដែរ dae 1. also, too, likewise, in the same way
2. indeed, quite, rather
3. marks a polite, gentler, less abrupt statement: all the same, even so, nevertheless
បាន baan 1. to have completed/done something
2. to intend to complete something
3. marker of completed action
4. to get, obtain, acquire, to achieve, have been able to, to get/have the opportunity to do something
5. to get someone or something to do something (often translated by the English passive in this sense)
6. to be able to
7. not ... until, then and only then
8. to pass to someone through inheritance
9. to be OK, fine, all right
10. [spoken language] however, though, in contrast {ម្សិលមិញបានក្ដៅខ្លាំង = yesterday, however, it was very hot}
អត់ ʔɑt 1. no, not
2. to be without, lacking
3. to restrain oneself, abstain from
4. particle to form yes/no questions
អូ ʔou oh, aha (exclamation expressing sudden realization, or loss of doubt)
មានអី mien ʔəy 1. what things, why not, of course, O.K., all right, yeah, well...
2. you're welcome
3. but, however (contrasts one statement with another)
Notes: colloquial
បន់ bɑn 1. to pray, wish, hope (that something will happen)
2. to vow, pledge
3. to petition for something
ឲ្យ ʔaoy 1. to give
2. to let, to allow
3. for, to, in order to, so as to {ចង់ឲ្យខ្ញុំកុម្ម៉ង់អីញ៉ាំឲ្យហើយអត់? = Do you want me to order something for you already?}
4. in a... manner (forms adverbial phrases from predicatives)
Notes: also written អោយ, ឱ្យ
តែ tae 1. but, however
2. only, just
3. tea
ម៉ោ mao to come
Notes: spoken form of មក
ហ្នឹង nɨŋ this, that, right here, right now (colloquial form of នេះ = this, that)
អី ʔəy 1. what? {អីហ្នឹង?/អីគេ?/អីគេហ្នឹង? = what is this?/what?} {កាន់អីនៅនឹងដៃហ្នឹង? = What are [you] holding in [your] hand?}
2. something, anything {មានអីអត់ = Are you all right?/Is everything ok?/Did anything happen?} {ខ្ញុំទៅក្រៅញ៉ាំអី = I’m going out to eat something}
Notes: variant of អ្វី
ហ៊ាន hien 1. bold, courageous
2. to dare, risk
ហៅ hav 1. to call, name
2. to order (e.g. in a restaurant), specif. to stop a vehicle
3. to send for, summon
4. to invite (guests)
ព្រោះ prʊəh because (of), since
ឃើញ kʰəəɲ 1. to see, to perceive
2. to understand, to recognize
រវល់ rɔvʊəl busy, occupied
លើកក្រោយ lǝǝk kraoy next time
ផង pʰɑɑŋ 1. also, too, as well
2. marker indicating entreaty or a polite request: please ..., would you ...