Requesting and granting permission 1 — Dialogue 1


មិនស្គាល់គ្នា (មានកៅអីស្រាប់)
បូរ៉ាសុំទោស កន្លែងនេះអង្គុយបានអេ៎?
ធីតាចា៎ស បានតាស

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KhmerPronunciationEnglish/Notes
មិន mɨn negative particle not, non- (usually requires the final particle ទេ)
ស្គាល់គ្នា skoal knie to know each other
មាន mien 1. to have, possess, own
2. to exist, there is, there are
3. to be rich, own property
4. indicates the accomplishment of an action, to happen to, to have occasion to
Notes: in spoken Khmer, negated មាន (មិនមាន or គ្មាន) can be contracted into មាន, e.g., មានអ្នកណាចង់ជួបឯង = ‘there's nobody who wants to meet you’ — contrast this with the affirmative: មានគេចង់ជួបឯង = ‘there’s somebody who wants to meet you’
កៅអី kav ʔəy chair, seat
ស្រាប់ srap 1. to be available, prepared, ready-made, completed
2. already
3. obviously, as a matter of fact
4. to be definite, certain, obvious
បូរ៉ា bouraa male Cambodian name
សុំទោស som tooh 1. excuse me, pardon me
2. I'm sorry
កន្លែង kɑnlaeŋ 1. place, location, region
2. clf. for locations
នេះ nih 1. this, these
2. often serves simply to emphasize something already referred to or something nearby in time or space
អង្គុយ ʔɑŋkuy to sit, to sit down
បាន baan 1. to have completed/done something
2. to intend to complete something
3. marker of completed action
4. to get, obtain, acquire, to achieve, have been able to, to get/have the opportunity to do something
5. to get someone or something to do something (often translated by the English passive in this sense)
6. to be able to
7. not ... until, then and only then
8. to pass to someone through inheritance
9. to be OK, fine, all right
10. [spoken language] however, though, in contrast {ម្សិលមិញបានក្ដៅខ្លាំង = yesterday, however, it was very hot}
អេ៎ ʔee 1. hey!
2. spoken form of the question particles ... អត់? or ... ទេ?
3. spoken form of the negation particle ទេ
Notes: colloquial
ធីតា tʰiidaa female Cambodian name
Notes: irregular pronunciation: ធីដា
ចា៎ស caah 1. yes (used by women)
2. often merely a polite word of acknowledgment, especially at the beginning of a sentence
Notes: same as ចាស, but written with a diacritic to indicate high intonation
តាស taah 1. particle in final position when giving a positive answer to a yes/no question {កន្លែងនេះអង្គុយបានអេ៎? ចា៎ស បានតាស។ = Can I sit here? Sure!}
2. particle in final position used to affirm the preceding {ល្អតាស! = Sounds good!}
3. particle in final position after a negative response: expresses that the preceding is a correction of what the other person has said {ធារីមែន? អត់ទេ ខ្ញុំកញ្ញាតាស។ = You’re ធារី, right? No, I’m កញ្ញា!} {ឯងទៅសាលាមែន? អត់ទេ ខ្ញុំទៅផ្សារតាស។ = You’re going to school, right? No, I’m going to the market!}
Notes: colloquial; spoken form of ទេតើ