Offering food or drinks and accepting such an offer — Cultural note


នៅប្រទេសកម្ពុជា ជាពិសេសនៅជនបទ អ្នកជិតខាងដែលរាប់អានគ្នា តែងតែឲ្យចំណីចំណុកគ្នាទៅវិញទៅមកនៅពេលពួកគាត់មានអាហារឆ្ងាញ់ជនជាតិខ្មែរមិនទម្លាប់និយាយពាក្យ អរគុណ ចំពោះក្រុមគ្រួសារឯងទេ ព្រោះវាធ្វើឲ្យមានអារម្មណ៍ថាមិនស្និទ្ធស្នាលប៉ុន្តែ នៅពេលទទួលរបស់ ការជួយអ្វីមួយពីអ្នកដទៃ ពាក្យ អរគុណ គឺចាំបាច់ណាស់

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KhmerPronunciationEnglish/Notes
នៅ nɨv 1. in, at
2. to be located at, to live in or at, to reside, to stay, to be in
3. still, yet (pre-verbal marker of a durative or continuative aspect, as a final particle in the tag question ហើយឬនៅ it means 'yet' and as a reply to a question of this kind, it means 'not yet') {ញ៉ាំអីហើយនៅ? = Have you eaten already?}
ប្រទេស prɑteeh country, nation
កម្ពុជា kampuʔcie Cambodia
ជាពិសេស cie piʔsejh especially
ជនបទ cʊəneaʔbɑt, cɔɔnbɑt country, countryside
អ្នកជិតខាង neak cɨt kʰaaŋ neighbour
ដែល dael 1. who, whom, which, where, when
2. of/to/in/at which/whom
3. the fact/reason that
4. ever, happened to, having done at least once, having been to, already, always, had occasion to, have ever {អត់ដែលដឹងសោះ = I’ve never known this!}
រាប់អាន roap ʔaan to be friends
គ្នា knie 1. together
2. mutually, reciprocally
តែងតែ taeŋ tae usually, regularly, constantly, always, continually
ឲ្យ ʔaoy 1. to give
2. to let, to allow
3. for, to, in order to, so as to {ចង់ឲ្យខ្ញុំកុម្ម៉ង់អីញ៉ាំឲ្យហើយអត់? = Do you want me to order something for you already?}
4. in a... manner (forms adverbial phrases from predicatives)
Notes: also written អោយ, ឱ្យ
ចំណីចំណុក cɑmnəy cɑmnok (all kinds of) snacks
ទៅវិញទៅមក tɨv vɨɲ tɨv mɔɔk 1. back and forth
2. mutually, reciprocally
3. to each other
ពេល peel 1. time
2. moment, instant, period of time
ពួកគាត់ puək koat they
មាន mien 1. to have, possess, own
2. to exist, there is, there are
3. to be rich, own property
4. indicates the accomplishment of an action, to happen to, to have occasion to
Notes: in spoken Khmer, negated មាន (មិនមាន or គ្មាន) can be contracted into មាន, e.g., មានអ្នកណាចង់ជួបឯង = ‘there's nobody who wants to meet you’ — contrast this with the affirmative: មានគេចង់ជួបឯង = ‘there’s somebody who wants to meet you’
អាហារ ʔaahaa food, meal
ឆ្ងាញ់ cŋaɲ tasty, delicious
ជនជាតិ cɔɔn ciet 1. citizen, people {ជនជាតិខ្មែរ = Khmer people}
2. nationality
ខ្មែរ kmae Khmer, Cambodian
មិន mɨn negative particle not, non- (usually requires the final particle ទេ)
ទម្លាប់ tumloap 1. habit, custom
2. to make a habit of, to be accustomed to
និយាយ niʔyiey to speak, say, talk, relate, tell, to narrate, to talk over, discuss
ពាក្យ piek word, term, expression, phrase
អរគុណ ʔɑɑ kun 1. thank you
2. to thank, to be grateful
ចំពោះ cɑmpʊəh toward, to, about, as for
ក្រុមគ្រួសារ krom kruəsaa family, family members
ឯង ʔaeŋ 1. you
2. self, oneself, by oneself
3. used after personal pronouns or names to make the address more polite
4. surely, obviously
ទេ tee 1. particle: negative particle occurring in phrase final position especially after មិន, ពុំ, etc.
2. interrogative particle occurring in phrase final position, often in the combination ឬទេ
3. neutral/positive particle to add emphasis {ខ្ញុំសុខសប្បាយទេ = I'm fine!}
ព្រោះ prʊəh because (of), since
វា vie 1. it (of animals, things, or very young children)
2. he, she, they (familiar or contemptuous)
ធ្វើឲ្យ tvəə ʔaoy 1. to cause, make (someone) do (something)
2. to do (something) for (someone) (often used to form causative compounds)
អារម្មណ៍ ʔaarɑm feelings, mood, attitude, impression
ថា tʰaa 1. to say, tell, pronounce
2. that (introduces a question or indirect discourse)
ស្និទ្ធស្នាល snǝt snaal (of a friendship) close, intimate
ប៉ុន្តែ pontae but, however
Notes: ជើង ត; root: តែ
ទទួល tɔtuəl 1. to receive, to take
2. to accept, to agree
3. to meet (e.g., at an airport or station)
របស់ rɔbɑh 1. object, thing, belonging, property
2. of, belonging to
rɨɨ 1. or
2. phrase-final interrogative particle {មិនមែនឬ = Isn't it true?}
ការ kaa 1. commonly occurs as a nominalizing particle deriving abstract nouns or noun phrases from verbs or verb phrases
2. work, occupation
3. business, affair, matter
4. to protect, defend, prevent
5. to marry
6. marriage
7. wedding
8. interest (e.g., on a loan)
9. profit
10. usury
11. to wind (into a skein/bobbin/reel)
12. to spin (silk)
ជួយ cuəy to help, to assist
អ្វីមួយ ʔvǝymuǝy 1. what?
2. any, some, a certain one
3. anything, nothing, something
ពី pii from, since, of, about, at
អ្នកដទៃ neak dɑtey strangers, others, other people
គឺ kɨɨ 1. to be (equal to)
2. as follows, namely
ចាំបាច់ cam bac necessary, essential
ណាស់ nah very, very much