Indicating Agreement — Dialogue 3


យល់ព្រមនៅថ្នាក់រៀន
ធារីកញ្ញា ម្សិលមិញមានមករៀនអត់? ខ្ញុំសុំខ្ចីសៀវភៅកញ្ញាឯងមួយថ្ងៃបានអត់? ព្រោះខ្ញុំអត់បានមករៀនផងម្សិលមិញ
កញ្ញាអូ មានអី ធារីមុខវិជ្ជាណាដែរ?

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KhmerPronunciationEnglish/Notes
យល់ព្រម yʊəl prɔɔm to approve, to agree
នៅ nɨv 1. in, at
2. to be located at, to live in or at, to reside, to stay, to be in
3. still, yet (pre-verbal marker of a durative or continuative aspect, as a final particle in the tag question ហើយឬនៅ it means 'yet' and as a reply to a question of this kind, it means 'not yet') {ញ៉ាំអីហើយនៅ? = Have you eaten already?}
ថ្នាក់រៀន tnak riən classroom
ធារី tʰierii female Cambodian name
កញ្ញា kaɲɲaa female Cambodian name
ម្សិលមិញ msəl mɨɲ yesterday
មាន mien 1. to have, possess, own
2. to exist, there is, there are
3. to be rich, own property
4. indicates the accomplishment of an action, to happen to, to have occasion to
Notes: in spoken Khmer, negated មាន (មិនមាន or គ្មាន) can be contracted into មាន, e.g., មានអ្នកណាចង់ជួបឯង = ‘there's nobody who wants to meet you’ — contrast this with the affirmative: មានគេចង់ជួបឯង = ‘there’s somebody who wants to meet you’
មក mɔɔk 1. to come (toward the speaker in space or time)
2. to come to/towards (often used as a final particle indicating that the action began at some point in the past and continued up to the present)
3. (from then) on, (from that time) forth
4. to, toward
រៀន riən to study, to learn, to practice
អត់ ʔɑt 1. no, not
2. to be without, lacking
3. to restrain oneself, abstain from
4. particle to form yes/no questions
ខ្ញុំ kɲom I
សុំ som to ask (for), to beg, to demand (may be used in a polite way by older persons to younger ones)
ខ្ចី kcəy 1. green, unripe, raw, fresh
2. young, naive, unexperienced
3. to borrow
4. of colors: light
សៀវភៅ siǝv pʰɨv 1. book
2. pad, notebook
ឯង ʔaeŋ 1. you
2. self, oneself, by oneself
3. used after personal pronouns or names to make the address more polite
4. surely, obviously
មួយ muəy 1. one {មួយៗ = one by one}
2. one person/myself {សុំចេញមួយ = Please let me [go] out!} {សុំទៅមួយ = Please give way [for me one person]!} {សុំចុះមួយ = Please let me [one person] get off [the bus]!}
ថ្ងៃ tŋay 1. day, daytime
2. sun
បាន baan 1. to have completed/done something
2. to intend to complete something
3. marker of completed action
4. to get, obtain, acquire, to achieve, have been able to, to get/have the opportunity to do something
5. to get someone or something to do something (often translated by the English passive in this sense)
6. to be able to
7. not ... until, then and only then
8. to pass to someone through inheritance
9. to be OK, fine, all right
10. [spoken language] however, though, in contrast {ម្សិលមិញបានក្ដៅខ្លាំង = yesterday, however, it was very hot}
ព្រោះ prʊəh because (of), since
ផង pʰɑɑŋ 1. also, too, as well
2. marker indicating entreaty or a polite request: please ..., would you ...
អូ ʔou oh, aha (exclamation expressing sudden realization, or loss of doubt)
មានអី mien ʔəy 1. what things, why not, of course, O.K., all right, yeah, well...
2. you're welcome
3. but, however (contrasts one statement with another)
Notes: colloquial
មុខវិជ្ជា muk vɨccie subject, discipline
ណា naa 1. which, any
2. where, somewhere, anywhere
ដែរ dae 1. also, too, likewise, in the same way
2. indeed, quite, rather
3. marks a polite, gentler, less abrupt statement: all the same, even so, nevertheless