Greetings and leave takings 2 — Dialogue 2


តារា៖ (ស្រែកហៅ) មីង! អញ្ជើញទៅណាមកណាហ្នឹងមីង?
មីងអូ តារាទេ! មីងមានការទៅនោះមួយភ្លែត

មីងអញ្ចឹង មីងរកទៅសិនហើយណា ប្រញាប់ទៅទិញម្ហូប
តារាបាទ សុខសប្បាយមីង

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KhmerPronunciationEnglish/Notes
តារា taaraa male Cambodian name
ស្រែកហៅ sraek hav to call out loudly
មីង miiŋ 1. aunt (younger sister of either parent)
2. 2nd or 3rd person pronoun for a younger aunt or a step-mother
3. 2nd person pronoun for an older woman one does not know (one who is younger or appears to be younger than one's parents)
អញ្ជើញ ʔɑɲcəəɲ 1. to invite/summon (someone to do something)
2. please do, go ahead and ...
3. used before verbs of motion and certain other verbs as a sign of respect {អញ្ជើញចូល = please come in!} {អញ្ជើញទៅណាមកណាហ្នឹង? = [spoken politely to someone who's older] Where are you going?}
ទៅ tɨv 1. to go (away from the speaker in space or time), to go to / towards, go on, continue, advance, go away
2. towards
3. from now on, from then on (often used as a particle indicating that the action began at some point in the past or present and continued on into the future or that the action is directed away from the speaker)
4. imperative particle, go ahead and ...! {ញ៉ាំទៅ = Go ahead and eat/drink!}
ណា naa 1. which, any
2. where, somewhere, anywhere
មក mɔɔk 1. to come (toward the speaker in space or time)
2. to come to/towards (often used as a final particle indicating that the action began at some point in the past and continued up to the present)
3. (from then) on, (from that time) forth
4. to, toward
ហ្នឹង nɨŋ this, that, right here, right now (colloquial form of នេះ = this, that)
អូ ʔou oh, aha (exclamation expressing sudden realization, or loss of doubt)
ទេ tee 1. particle: negative particle occurring in phrase final position especially after មិន, ពុំ, etc.
2. interrogative particle occurring in phrase final position, often in the combination ឬទេ
3. neutral/positive particle to add emphasis {ខ្ញុំសុខសប្បាយទេ = I'm fine!}
មានការ mien kaa 1. to have business to do (with something or someone)
2. to be busy
នោះ nuh 1. that, those (often serves simply to emphasize something already referred to or something distant in time or space)
2. then
មួយ muəy 1. one {មួយៗ = one by one}
2. one person/myself {សុំចេញមួយ = Please let me [go] out!} {សុំទៅមួយ = Please give way [for me one person]!} {សុំចុះមួយ = Please let me [one person] get off [the bus]!}
ភ្លែត plɛɛt clf. for moments, instants {ចាំមួយភ្លែត = just a moment!/wait a moment!}
អញ្ចឹង ʔɑɲcəŋ 1. in that case, so, then, therefore
2. like this / that
3. this / that much
រក rɔɔk 1. to look, search for, seek
2. to look up (e.g., in a dictionary)
3. to see, to visit
4. to request, ask for, ask someone to do something
5. to think about, plan/intend to {រកទៅ … = I’m thinking of [doing sth.], I’m about to [do sth.]} {ខ្ញុំរកជម្រាបលាលោកអ៊ំសិនហើយ = I'm thinking of saying goodbye already, uncle} {ខ្ញុំគិតរកទៅសិនហើយណា = I'm thinking of going/I'm about to leave} {ខ្ញុំកំពុងរកចង់ព្យួររូបថតមួយនេះ = I’m about to hang up a picture here}
6. is about to {មេឃរកភ្លៀងតែអត់ភ្លៀងសោះ = the sky looks like it’s going to rain but it isn’t raining at all}
សិន sən 1. [phrase-final] for now, for the time being, for a moment
2. [phrase-final] first
Notes: polite final hortatory particle
ហើយ haǝy 1. indicates completed action or state 'already'
2. and, afterwards, next, then, after that
ណា naa final particle to soften a statement or request
ប្រញាប់ prɑɲap 1. to hurry, to be in a hurry
2. quickly, promptly
ទិញ tɨɲ to buy
ម្ហូប mhoup food, meal
បាទ baat male politeness particle, also used to answer in the affirmative, or agree to or acknowledge a statement
សុខសប្បាយ sok sapbaay to be well and happy (commonly used in the greeting សុខសប្បាយឬទេ? = How are you?, but can also used when saying goodbye)