Greetings and leave takings 2 — Dialogue 1


ពេលជួបគ្នានិងពេលលាគ្នាជាមួយមនុស្សដែលមានអាយុចាស់ជាង ត្រូវនិយាយបែបណា?

ពេលជួបគ្នា
ក្មួយ៖ (ដើរជ្រួសគ្នា លើកដៃសំពះ) ជម្រាបសួរអ៊ំ សុខសប្បាយទេអ៊ំ?
អ៊ំអឺ អ៊ំសុខសប្បាយធម្មតាទេចុះក្មួយឯង សុខសប្បាយអត់?

ពេលលាគ្នា
ក្មួយអញ្ចឹង ខ្ញុំរកជម្រាបលាលោកអ៊ំសិនហើយសុខសប្បាយលោកអ៊ំ
អ៊ំអឺ ទៅចុះ សុខសប្បាយទាំងអស់គ្នា

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KhmerPronunciationEnglish/Notes
ពេល peel 1. time
2. moment, instant, period of time
ជួបគ្នា cuəp knie to meet each other
និង nɨŋ and
លាគ្នា lie knie to say goodbye to one another
ជាមួយ cie muəy with
មនុស្ស mɔnuh, meaʔnuh human being, person
ដែល dael 1. who, whom, which, where, when
2. of/to/in/at which/whom
3. the fact/reason that
4. ever, happened to, having done at least once, having been to, already, always, had occasion to, have ever {អត់ដែលដឹងសោះ = I’ve never known this!}
មាន mien 1. to have, possess, own
2. to exist, there is, there are
3. to be rich, own property
4. indicates the accomplishment of an action, to happen to, to have occasion to
Notes: in spoken Khmer, negated មាន (មិនមាន or គ្មាន) can be contracted into មាន, e.g., មានអ្នកណាចង់ជួបឯង = ‘there's nobody who wants to meet you’ — contrast this with the affirmative: មានគេចង់ជួបឯង = ‘there’s somebody who wants to meet you’
អាយុ ʔaayuʔ 1. to be ... years old
2. age
ចាស់ cah 1. old, mature
2. (of colors) to be intense, dark, (of seasonings) to be strong, excessive, (of fruits) to be almost ripe
ជាង cieŋ 1. more than
2. marks the comparative degree of an adjective {ល្អជាង = better}
ត្រូវ trəv 1. must, have to
2. to be correct, right, proper, exact, accurate
3. to concern, have to do with, to agree/jibe with, coincide with
4. to be affected with/by, to suffer, undergo (ត្រូវ + CLAUSE marks a passive-like construction in which the subject of the clause introduced by ត្រូវ is translated as the agent in the passive construction)
និយាយ niʔyiey to speak, say, talk, relate, tell, to narrate, to talk over, discuss
បែប baep kind, sort, model, type, style, form, shape, method, way
ណា naa 1. which, any
2. where, somewhere, anywhere
ក្មួយ kmuəy 1. child of one's sibling, nephew, niece
2. affectionate term of address for young people of one's children's generation
ដើរ daə 1. to walk, to go, to move
2. (of machines) to run
ជ្រួសគ្នា cruəh knie 1. to walk or go past one another
2. to miss one another
លើក lǝǝk 1. to lift, to raise {លើកដៃសំពះ = to raise the hands in a greeting or respectful gesture} {លើករបស់ = to lift something} {លើកទូរស័ព្ទ = to pick up the phone}
2. time, occasion, session {លើកមុន = last time}
ដៃ day arm, hand
សំពះ sɑmpeah to salute by placing both hands together palm to palm in front of the chest with the fingers pointing upward (it is a gesture of respect when meeting someone or when leaving)
ជម្រាបសួរ cumriep suǝ 1. hello
2. to say hello
Notes: also written ជំរាបសួរ
អ៊ំ ʔum, ʔom 1. elder sibling of one's parent
2. 2nd person pronoun (to uncle or aunt older than one's parent or to older non-relatives in one's parents' generation)
សុខសប្បាយ sok sapbaay to be well and happy (commonly used in the greeting សុខសប្បាយឬទេ? = How are you?, but can also used when saying goodbye)
ទេ tee 1. particle: negative particle occurring in phrase final position especially after មិន, ពុំ, etc.
2. interrogative particle occurring in phrase final position, often in the combination ឬទេ
3. neutral/positive particle to add emphasis {ខ្ញុំសុខសប្បាយទេ = I'm fine!}
អឺ ʔəɨ yes (very familiar), that's right (to equals or subordinates)
Notes: colloquial
ធម្មតា tʰoam meaʔ taa 1. to be natural, habitual, usual, ordinary
2. usually, ordinarily
ចុះ coh phrase-initial particle: and how about ...?
ឯង ʔaeŋ 1. you
2. self, oneself, by oneself
3. used after personal pronouns or names to make the address more polite
4. surely, obviously
អត់ ʔɑt 1. no, not
2. to be without, lacking
3. to restrain oneself, abstain from
4. particle to form yes/no questions
អញ្ចឹង ʔɑɲcəŋ 1. in that case, so, then, therefore
2. like this / that
3. this / that much
ខ្ញុំ kɲom I
រក rɔɔk 1. to look, search for, seek
2. to look up (e.g., in a dictionary)
3. to see, to visit
4. to request, ask for, ask someone to do something
5. to think about, plan/intend to {រកទៅ … = I’m thinking of [doing sth.], I’m about to [do sth.]} {ខ្ញុំរកជម្រាបលាលោកអ៊ំសិនហើយ = I'm thinking of saying goodbye already, uncle} {ខ្ញុំគិតរកទៅសិនហើយណា = I'm thinking of going/I'm about to leave} {ខ្ញុំកំពុងរកចង់ព្យួររូបថតមួយនេះ = I’m about to hang up a picture here}
6. is about to {មេឃរកភ្លៀងតែអត់ភ្លៀងសោះ = the sky looks like it’s going to rain but it isn’t raining at all}
ជម្រាបលា cumriep lie 1. goodbye
2. to say goodbye
Notes: also written ជំរាបលា
លោក look 1. you (used in addressing adult males who are of approximately equal rank with the speaker and Buddhist monks)
2. he (used in referring to adult males who are of approximately equal rank with the speaker and Buddhist monks)
3. monk, man (who is respected)
4. sir, mister (commonly used before a title or given name)
5. world, sphere of existence
6. universe
សិន sən 1. [phrase-final] for now, for the time being, for a moment
2. [phrase-final] first
Notes: polite final hortatory particle
ហើយ haǝy 1. indicates completed action or state 'already'
2. and, afterwards, next, then, after that
ទៅ tɨv 1. to go (away from the speaker in space or time), to go to / towards, go on, continue, advance, go away
2. towards
3. from now on, from then on (often used as a particle indicating that the action began at some point in the past or present and continued on into the future or that the action is directed away from the speaker)
4. imperative particle, go ahead and ...! {ញ៉ាំទៅ = Go ahead and eat/drink!}
ចុះ coh phrase-final particle: mild imperative indicating permission {ញ៉ាំចុះ = Go ahead and eat!}
ទាំងអស់គ្នា teaŋ ʔɑh knie 1. everybody
2. all, all of