Greetings and leave takings 1 — Dialogue 2


វុទ្ធីអេ ចរិយា! សុខសប្បាយអត់ហ្នឹង?
ចរិយាអូ វុទ្ធីទេ! មានអី ខ្ញុំសុខសប្បាយតាសចុះវុទ្ធីវិញ?

ចរិយាខ្ញុំគិតរកទៅសិនហើយណា
វុទ្ធីបាទ អរគុណហើយប្រយ័ត្នប្រយែង!

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KhmerPronunciationEnglish/Notes
វុទ្ធី vutʰii male Cambodian name
អេ ʔee 1. hey!
2. spoken form of the question particles ... អត់? or ... ទេ?
3. spoken form of the negation particle ទេ
Notes: colloquial
ចរិយា caʔreʔyaa female Cambodian name
សុខសប្បាយ sok sapbaay to be well and happy (commonly used in the greeting សុខសប្បាយឬទេ? = How are you?, but can also used when saying goodbye)
អត់ ʔɑt 1. no, not
2. to be without, lacking
3. to restrain oneself, abstain from
4. particle to form yes/no questions
ហ្នឹង nɨŋ this, that, right here, right now (colloquial form of នេះ = this, that)
អូ ʔou oh, aha (exclamation expressing sudden realization, or loss of doubt)
ទេ tee 1. particle: negative particle occurring in phrase final position especially after មិន, ពុំ, etc.
2. interrogative particle occurring in phrase final position, often in the combination ឬទេ
3. neutral/positive particle to add emphasis {ខ្ញុំសុខសប្បាយទេ = I'm fine!}
មានអី mien ʔəy 1. what things, why not, of course, O.K., all right, yeah, well...
2. you're welcome
3. but, however (contrasts one statement with another)
Notes: colloquial
ខ្ញុំ kɲom I
តាស taah 1. particle in final position when giving a positive answer to a yes/no question {កន្លែងនេះអង្គុយបានអេ៎? ចា៎ស បានតាស។ = Can I sit here? Sure!}
2. particle in final position used to affirm the preceding {ល្អតាស! = Sounds good!}
3. particle in final position after a negative response: expresses that the preceding is a correction of what the other person has said {ធារីមែន? អត់ទេ ខ្ញុំកញ្ញាតាស។ = You’re ធារី, right? No, I’m កញ្ញា!} {ឯងទៅសាលាមែន? អត់ទេ ខ្ញុំទៅផ្សារតាស។ = You’re going to school, right? No, I’m going to the market!}
Notes: colloquial; spoken form of ទេតើ
ចុះ coh phrase-initial particle: and how about ...?
វិញ vɨɲ again, back, instead
គិត kɨt 1. to think, to realize
2. to calculate
3. to charge
រក rɔɔk 1. to look, search for, seek
2. to look up (e.g., in a dictionary)
3. to see, to visit
4. to request, ask for, ask someone to do something
5. to think about, plan/intend to {រកទៅ … = I’m thinking of [doing sth.], I’m about to [do sth.]} {ខ្ញុំរកជម្រាបលាលោកអ៊ំសិនហើយ = I'm thinking of saying goodbye already, uncle} {ខ្ញុំគិតរកទៅសិនហើយណា = I'm thinking of going/I'm about to leave} {ខ្ញុំកំពុងរកចង់ព្យួររូបថតមួយនេះ = I’m about to hang up a picture here}
6. is about to {មេឃរកភ្លៀងតែអត់ភ្លៀងសោះ = the sky looks like it’s going to rain but it isn’t raining at all}
ទៅ tɨv 1. to go (away from the speaker in space or time), to go to / towards, go on, continue, advance, go away
2. towards
3. from now on, from then on (often used as a particle indicating that the action began at some point in the past or present and continued on into the future or that the action is directed away from the speaker)
4. imperative particle, go ahead and ...! {ញ៉ាំទៅ = Go ahead and eat/drink!}
សិន sən final particle: for now, for the time being, for a moment, first
Notes: polite final hortatory particle
ហើយ haǝy 1. indicates completed action or state 'already'
2. and, afterwards, next, then, after that
ណា naa final particle to soften a statement or request
បាទ baat male politeness particle, also used to answer in the affirmative, or agree to or acknowledge a statement
អរគុណ ʔɑɑ kun 1. thank you
2. to thank, to be grateful
ប្រយ័ត្នប្រយែង prɑyat prɑyaeŋ to take all possible precautions, be very careful