Expressing likes 1 — Cultural note


មនុស្សជាច្រើនដឹងថាម្ហូបរបស់ជនជាតិថៃភាគច្រើនមានរសជាតិហឹរប្រទេសថៃនិងប្រទេសកម្ពុជាមានវប្បធម៌ស្រដៀងគ្នាមួយចំនួន ប៉ុន្តែ ម្ហូបរបស់ជនជាតិខ្មែរមិនមានរសជាតិហឹរដូចប្រទេសថៃទេម្ហូបខ្មែរមានរសជាតិរៀងផ្អែម ហើយខ្មែរមានបង្អែមជាច្រើនមុខនិងប្លែកពីគ្នា

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KhmerPronunciationEnglish/Notes
មនុស្ស mɔnuh, meaʔnuh human being, person
ជាច្រើន cie craən many, a lot, in abundance
ដឹង dəŋ 1. to know, to be aware of, to be familiar with
2. [colloquial] can be used in the affirmative or, as an answer to a question, to mean ‘no’ {ដឹងហើយ = ok!} {ឯងដឹងថាគាត់ទៅណាអត់? ដឹង! = Do you know where he went to? No, I don’t.}
ថា tʰaa 1. to say, tell, pronounce
2. that (introduces a question or indirect discourse)
ម្ហូប mhoup food, meal
របស់ rɔbɑh 1. object, thing, belonging, property
2. of, belonging to
ជនជាតិ cɔɔn ciet 1. citizen, people {ជនជាតិខ្មែរ = Khmer people}
2. nationality
ថៃ tʰay Thai
ភាគច្រើន pʰiek craən 1. mostly
2. majority
មាន mien 1. to have, possess, own
2. to exist, there is, there are
3. to be rich, own property
4. indicates the accomplishment of an action, to happen to, to have occasion to
Notes: in spoken Khmer, negated មាន (មិនមាន or គ្មាន) can be contracted into មាន, e.g., មានអ្នកណាចង់ជួបឯង = ‘there's nobody who wants to meet you’ — contrast this with the affirmative: មានគេចង់ជួបឯង = ‘there’s somebody who wants to meet you’
រសជាតិ rʊəh ciet taste, flavor
ហឹរ həl, haə food: hot, spicy, peppery
ប្រទេស prɑteeh country, nation
និង nɨŋ and
កម្ពុជា kampuʔcie Cambodia
វប្បធម៌ voappaʔ tʰoa 1. culture
2. cultural
ស្រដៀង srɑdiǝŋ to be similar to, to resemble
គ្នា knie 1. together
2. mutually, reciprocally
មួយ muəy 1. one {មួយៗ = one by one}
2. one person/myself {សុំចេញមួយ = Please let me [go] out!} {សុំទៅមួយ = Please give way [for me one person]!} {សុំចុះមួយ = Please let me [one person] get off [the bus]!}
ចំនួន cɑmnuən amount, number, quantity
ប៉ុន្តែ pontae but, however
Notes: ជើង ត; root: តែ
ខ្មែរ kmae Khmer, Cambodian
មិន mɨn negative particle not, non- (usually requires the final particle ទេ)
ដូច douc alike, similar, like, as
ទេ tee 1. particle: negative particle occurring in phrase final position especially after មិន, ពុំ, etc.
2. interrogative particle occurring in phrase final position, often in the combination ឬទេ
3. neutral/positive particle to add emphasis {ខ្ញុំសុខសប្បាយទេ = I'm fine!}
រៀង riəŋ 1. to arrange in series, ranks, rows, order or style
2. in sequence, in order, in rows
3. all, each, every
4. រៀង + adj. + បន្តិច = a bit + adj. {រៀងពិបាកបន្តិច = a bit difficult} {រៀងប្រៃបន្តិច = a bit salty}
ផ្អែម pʔaem sweet
ហើយ haǝy 1. indicates completed action or state 'already'
2. and, afterwards, next, then, after that
បង្អែម bɑŋʔaem dessert, sweet food
មុខ muk 1. face, front
2. in front of
3. type, kind, variety
4. dish, kind of food
5. head, chief, chairman, president
6. mouth or opening of a stream
7. (sharp) edge (of a knife blade)
ប្លែក plaek 1. to be different, odd, strange
2. amazing
3. new, interesting
ពី pii from, since, of, about, at