Comparing or contrasting things 2 — Dialogue 2


ហាងលក់ទំនិញ
អតិថិជនរកថ្នាំដុសធ្មេញ
អ្នកលក់មានតាសបងបងប្រើម៉ាកអីដែរ? បើម៉ាកនេះ ឥឡូវកំពុងតែប្រូម៉ូសិនទិញមួយថែមមួយបើបងយកម៉ាកនេះ ចំណេញជាង
អតិថិជនល្អប្រើអត់?
អ្នកលក់ល្អប្រើដូចគ្នាតាសបងឥឡូវគេប្រើម៉ាកហ្នឹងច្រើនជាងម៉ាកបងរក

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KhmerPronunciationEnglish/Notes
ហាង haaŋ store, shop
លក់ lʊək 1. to sell
2. asleep {ដេកលក់ = to be sound asleep, to sleep deeply} {ដេកមិនលក់ = to not be able to fall asleep, to have insomnia}
ទំនិញ tumnɨɲ goods, merchandise
អតិថិជន ʔaʔteʔtʰeʔ cɔɔn customer, client
Notes: formal
រក rɔɔk 1. to look, search for, seek
2. to look up (e.g., in a dictionary)
3. to see, to visit
4. to request, ask for, ask someone to do something
5. to think about, plan/intend to {រកទៅ … = I’m thinking of [doing sth.], I’m about to [do sth.]} {ខ្ញុំរកជម្រាបលាលោកអ៊ំសិនហើយ = I'm thinking of saying goodbye already, uncle} {ខ្ញុំគិតរកទៅសិនហើយណា = I'm thinking of going/I'm about to leave} {ខ្ញុំកំពុងរកចង់ព្យួររូបថតមួយនេះ = I’m about to hang up a picture here}
6. is about to {មេឃរកភ្លៀងតែអត់ភ្លៀងសោះ = the sky looks like it’s going to rain but it isn’t raining at all}
ថ្នាំដុសធ្មេញ tnam doh tmɨɲ toothpaste
អ្នកលក់ neak lʊək seller
មាន mien 1. to have, possess, own
2. to exist, there is, there are
3. to be rich, own property
4. indicates the accomplishment of an action, to happen to, to have occasion to
Notes: in spoken Khmer, negated មាន (មិនមាន or គ្មាន) can be contracted into មាន, e.g., មានអ្នកណាចង់ជួបឯង = ‘there's nobody who wants to meet you’ — contrast this with the affirmative: មានគេចង់ជួបឯង = ‘there’s somebody who wants to meet you’
តាស taah 1. particle in final position when giving a positive answer to a yes/no question {កន្លែងនេះអង្គុយបានអេ៎? ចា៎ស បានតាស។ = Can I sit here? Sure!}
2. particle in final position used to affirm the preceding {ល្អតាស! = Sounds good!}
3. particle in final position after a negative response: expresses that the preceding is a correction of what the other person has said {ធារីមែន? អត់ទេ ខ្ញុំកញ្ញាតាស។ = You’re ធារី, right? No, I’m កញ្ញា!} {ឯងទៅសាលាមែន? អត់ទេ ខ្ញុំទៅផ្សារតាស។ = You’re going to school, right? No, I’m going to the market!}
Notes: colloquial; spoken form of ទេតើ
បង bɑɑŋ 1. elder sibling
2. you (addressing an acquaintance, friend, elder sibling, or husband), or I (if elder than the addressee)
3. you (politely addressing a stranger who's not too much younger than oneself)
ប្រើ praə to use
ម៉ាក maak brand, mark, trademark
អី ʔəy 1. what? {អីហ្នឹង?/អីគេ?/អីគេហ្នឹង? = what is this?/what?} {កាន់អីនៅនឹងដៃហ្នឹង? = What are [you] holding in [your] hand?}
2. something, anything {មានអីអត់ = Are you all right?/Is everything ok?/Did anything happen?} {ខ្ញុំទៅក្រៅញ៉ាំអី = I’m going out to eat something}
Notes: variant of អ្វី
ដែរ dae 1. also, too, likewise, in the same way
2. indeed, quite, rather
3. marks a polite, gentler, less abrupt statement: all the same, even so, nevertheless
បើ baə 1. if, may be
2. although
នេះ nih 1. this, these
2. often serves simply to emphasize something already referred to or something nearby in time or space
ឥឡូវ ʔəyləv now, at the present time, at this time
Notes: also written ឥលូវ
កំពុងតែ kɑmpuŋ tae to be in the process of (doing something)
ប្រូម៉ូសិន broumousǝn promotion
Notes: BCF; colloquial
ទិញ tɨɲ to buy
មួយ muəy 1. one {មួយៗ = one by one}
2. one person/myself {សុំចេញមួយ = Please let me [go] out!} {សុំទៅមួយ = Please give way [for me one person]!} {សុំចុះមួយ = Please let me [one person] get off [the bus]!}
ថែម tʰaem 1. to add (to), increase, to do something additional {ទិញមួយថែមមួយ = buy one, get one free}
2. to complete
3. to make change
4. again, more, in addition to, including, moreover
យក yɔɔk 1. to take, bring, get, accept, hold
2. when ordering: I’ll take, I’ll have {យកបបរគ្រឿងសាច់ជ្រូកម៉ាចាន = I’ll have a bowl of pork porridge}
ចំណេញ cɑmnəɲ 1. benefit, gain, profit
2. income
3. to gain, profit from
ជាង cieŋ 1. more than
2. marks the comparative degree of an adjective {ល្អជាង = better}
ល្អប្រើ lʔɑɑ praə to be good to use, to be of good quality
អត់ ʔɑt 1. no, not
2. to be without, lacking
3. to restrain oneself, abstain from
4. particle to form yes/no questions
ដូចគ្នា douc knie 1. to be alike, like, just as, like each other, same, the same kind of thing, such as
2. + នឹង: to resemble
3. as a response to a good wish etc.: same to you
គេ kee 1. he, she
2. one, someone
3. other(s)
ហ្នឹង nɨŋ this, that, right here, right now (colloquial form of នេះ = this, that)
ច្រើន craən 1. much, many, numerous, very much
2. mostly, often