Comparing or contrasting things 1 — Dialogue 1


នៅហាងលក់វត្ថុអនុស្សាវរីយ៍
ភ្ញៀវផ្កានេះស្អាតដែរ តែទាស់ត្រង់ទងវារៀងខ្លីតិច មានអាវែងជាងហ្នឹងតិចអេ៎?
អ្នកលក់នេះបង មួយនេះទងវាវែងជាងអាមុនតិច
ភ្ញៀវតែផ្កាវាធំពេកដាក់តាំងទៅមិនសូវស្អាតដូចអានោះអេ៎

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KhmerPronunciationEnglish/Notes
នៅ nɨv 1. in, at
2. to be located at, to live in or at, to reside, to stay, to be in
3. still, yet (pre-verbal marker of a durative or continuative aspect, as a final particle in the tag question ហើយឬនៅ it means 'yet' and as a reply to a question of this kind, it means 'not yet') {ញ៉ាំអីហើយនៅ? = Have you eaten already?}
ហាង haaŋ store, shop
លក់ lʊək 1. to sell
2. asleep {ដេកលក់ = to be sound asleep, to sleep deeply} {ដេកមិនលក់ = to not be able to fall asleep, to have insomnia}
វត្ថុ voattʰoʔ 1. thing, object
2. matter, substance
3. wealth, property, place, farm, dwelling
4. reason, basis
អនុស្សាវរីយ៍ ʔaʔnuhsaavaʔrii 1. souvenir, keepsake, remembrance, recollection
2. memorial
Notes: also written អនុស្សាវរីយ
ភ្ញៀវ pɲiəv 1. guest, visitor
2. client, customer
ផ្កា pkaa 1. flower
2. to flower, blossom, bloom
3. decorative flowery design
4. [colloquial] menstrual period
នេះ nih 1. this, these
2. often serves simply to emphasize something already referred to or something nearby in time or space
ស្អាត sʔaat 1. to be clean, nice, neat
2. pure, chaste
3. smart (of someone's appearance)
4. nice-looking, beautiful
ដែរ dae 1. also, too, likewise, in the same way
2. indeed, quite, rather
3. marks a polite, gentler, less abrupt statement: all the same, even so, nevertheless
តែ tae 1. but, however
2. only, just
3. tea
ទាស់ត្រង់ toah trɑŋ the problem is [...]
Notes: BCF
ទង tɔɔŋ 1. stem (of a fruit), stalk, base, trunk
2. clf. for stems, stalks etc.
3. gold
វា vie 1. it (of animals, things, or very young children)
2. he, she, they (familiar or contemptuous)
រៀង riəŋ 1. រៀង + adj. + បន្តិច/តិច = a bit + adj. {រៀងពិបាកបន្តិច = a bit difficult} {រៀងប្រៃបន្តិច = a bit salty}
2. to arrange in series, ranks, rows, order or style
3. in sequence, in order, in rows
4. all, each, every
ខ្លី kləy short (in length)
តិច təc 1. to be few (in number), small (in size or extent), less
2. a little bit, somewhat
3. phrase-final: makes a request more polite {ចង់ពឹងឲ្យជួយលើកអីវ៉ាន់តិច = Can you please help me carrying these things?} {ខ្ញុំសុំលអាវនេះតិចបានអេ៎? = Can I try on this shirt here, please?}
មាន mien 1. to have, possess, own
2. to exist, there is, there are
3. to be rich, own property
4. indicates the accomplishment of an action, to happen to, to have occasion to
Notes: in spoken Khmer, negated មាន (មិនមាន or គ្មាន) can be contracted into មាន, e.g., មានអ្នកណាចង់ជួបឯង = ‘there's nobody who wants to meet you’ — contrast this with the affirmative: មានគេចង់ជួបឯង = ‘there’s somebody who wants to meet you’
អា ʔaa 1. preceding nouns, noun phrases or adjectives in colloquial speech {អាមួយនោះមែន? = This one, right?} {អាពណ៌បៃតង = the green one} {មានតែអាទុំអេ៎ហ្ន៎? អត់មានអាខ្ចីអេ៎? = Do you only have ripe ones? You don’t have green ones?}
2. used preceding nouns, noun phrases or adjectives giving them a pejorative, derogatory or familiar meaning
3. the vowel [a] when spelling
វែង vɛɛŋ long, tall
ជាង cieŋ 1. more than
2. marks the comparative degree of an adjective {ល្អជាង = better}
ហ្នឹង nɨŋ this, that, right here, right now (colloquial form of នេះ = this, that)
អេ៎ ʔee 1. hey!
2. spoken form of the question particles ... អត់? or ... ទេ?
3. spoken form of the negation particle ទេ
Notes: colloquial
អ្នកលក់ neak lʊək seller
បង bɑɑŋ 1. elder sibling
2. you (addressing an acquaintance, friend, elder sibling, or husband), or I (if elder than the addressee)
3. you (politely addressing a stranger who's not too much younger than oneself)
មួយ muəy 1. one {មួយៗ = one by one}
2. one person/myself {សុំចេញមួយ = Please let me [go] out!} {សុំទៅមួយ = Please give way [for me one person]!} {សុំចុះមួយ = Please let me [one person] get off [the bus]!}
មុន mun 1. previous(ly), former(ly) {ខែមុន = last month}
2. first, before {ញ៉ាំមុនចុះ = Go ahead and eat first!}
ធំ tʰom to be big, tall, vast, important
Notes: irregular pronunciation
ពេក peek too, too much, too many
ដាក់តាំង dak taŋ to display
Notes: BCF
ទៅ tɨv 1. to go (away from the speaker in space or time), to go to / towards, go on, continue, advance, go away
2. towards
3. from now on, from then on (often used as a particle indicating that the action began at some point in the past or present and continued on into the future or that the action is directed away from the speaker)
4. imperative particle, go ahead and ...! {ញ៉ាំទៅ = Go ahead and eat/drink!}
មិនសូវ mɨn səv not so much, rather not
ដូច douc alike, similar, like, as
អានោះ ʔaa nuh this thing, that thing
Notes: less polite, used in casual conversation; see also អាហ្នឹង