Asking “What is this?” — Dialogue 4


ធារីពិសិដ្ឋ! អីគេហ្នឹង?
ពិសិដ្ឋអូ ធារី! ខ្ញុំអត់ដឹងដែរហ្នឹង! មើលទៅដូចកុំព្យូទ័រអីចឹងមានគេពឹងខ្ញុំឲ្យយកទៅឲ្យបងតារា
ធារីអូ! តស់ទៅសួរបងតារាទាំងអស់គ្នាម៉ងអីចឹង!

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KhmerPronunciationEnglish/Notes
ធារី tʰierii female Cambodian name
ពិសិដ្ឋ piʔsət male Cambodian name
អីគេ ʔəy kee what {អីគេ? = Pardon?/What?} {អីគេហ្នឹង? = What is this?} {ជប់លៀងអីគេ វុទ្ធី? = What party, វុទ្ធី?}
Notes: colloquial
ហ្នឹង nɨŋ this, that, right here, right now (colloquial form of នេះ = this, that)
អូ ʔou oh, aha (exclamation expressing sudden realization, or loss of doubt)
ខ្ញុំ kɲom I
អត់ ʔɑt 1. no, not
2. to be without, lacking
3. to restrain oneself, abstain from
4. particle to form yes/no questions
ដឹង dəŋ 1. to know, to be aware of, to be familiar with
2. [colloquial] can be used in the affirmative or, as an answer to a question, to mean ‘no’ {ដឹងហើយ = ok!} {ឯងដឹងថាគាត់ទៅណាអត់? ដឹង! = Do you know where he went to? No, I don’t.}
ដែរ dae 1. also, too, likewise, in the same way
2. indeed, quite, rather
3. marks a polite, gentler, less abrupt statement: all the same, even so, nevertheless
មើលទៅ məəl tɨv maybe, perhaps, probably, it seems that
ដូច douc alike, similar, like, as
កុំព្យូទ័រ kompyuutoa computer
អីចឹង ʔəycəŋ 1. like this, like that, in that way, then {គិតម៉េចទៅអីចឹង? = What are you going to do next?} {ធ្វើមុខអីអីចឹង? = Why are you making such a face?}
2. really?
Notes: variant: អ៊ីចឹង
មាន mien 1. to have, possess, own
2. to exist, there is, there are
3. to be rich, own property
4. indicates the accomplishment of an action, to happen to, to have occasion to
Notes: in spoken Khmer, negated មាន (មិនមាន or គ្មាន) can be contracted into មាន, e.g., មានអ្នកណាចង់ជួបឯង = ‘there's nobody who wants to meet you’ — contrast this with the affirmative: មានគេចង់ជួបឯង = ‘there’s somebody who wants to meet you’
គេ kee 1. he, she
2. one, someone
3. other(s)
ពឹង pɨŋ 1. to ask for a favor/help
2. to depend/count on, resort to
ឲ្យ ʔaoy 1. to give
2. to let, to allow
3. for, to, in order to, so as to {ចង់ឲ្យខ្ញុំកុម្ម៉ង់អីញ៉ាំឲ្យហើយអត់? = Do you want me to order something for you already?}
4. in a... manner (forms adverbial phrases from predicatives)
Notes: also written អោយ, ឱ្យ
យក yɔɔk 1. to take, bring, get, accept, hold
2. when ordering: I’ll take, I’ll have {យកបបរគ្រឿងសាច់ជ្រូកម៉ាចាន = I’ll have a bowl of pork porridge}
ទៅ tɨv 1. to go (away from the speaker in space or time), to go to / towards, go on, continue, advance, go away
2. towards
3. from now on, from then on (often used as a particle indicating that the action began at some point in the past or present and continued on into the future or that the action is directed away from the speaker)
4. imperative particle, go ahead and ...! {ញ៉ាំទៅ = Go ahead and eat/drink!}
បង bɑɑŋ 1. elder sibling
2. you (addressing an acquaintance, friend, elder sibling, or husband), or I (if elder than the addressee)
3. you (politely addressing a stranger who's not too much younger than oneself)
តារា taaraa male Cambodian name
តស់ tɑh exhortative particle: well, let's go, come on, let's ...
Notes: colloquial
សួរ suə 1. to ask, question, enquire
2. to visit, come to see
ទាំងអស់គ្នា teaŋ ʔɑh knie 1. everybody
2. all, all of
ម៉ង mɑɑŋ spoken form of តែម្ដង = immediately, at once, directly