Asking for help 1 — Cultural note


នៅផ្ទះម្ដាយទីទៃ នៅព្រៃម្ដាយតែមួយគឺជាសុភាសិតដែលជនជាតិខ្មែរតែងតែនិយាយ
វាមានន័យថា ពេលនៅផ្ទះ យើងមានគ្រួសារផ្សេងគ្នាមែន តែពេលនៅក្រៅផ្ទះ យើងគួរជួយគ្នាទៅវិញទៅមកឲ្យដូចជាបងប្អូនបង្កើតគ្នាអីចឹងដែរ

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KhmerPronunciationEnglish/Notes
នៅ nɨv 1. in, at
2. to be located at, to live in or at, to reside, to stay, to be in
3. still, yet (pre-verbal marker of a durative or continuative aspect, as a final particle in the tag question ហើយឬនៅ it means 'yet' and as a reply to a question of this kind, it means 'not yet') {ញ៉ាំអីហើយនៅ? = Have you eaten already?}
ផ្ទះ pteah house, home, residence, building
ម្ដាយ mdaay mother (used when speaking of or to someone else's mother)
ទីទៃ tii tey to be different, individually separate, other, opposite, reverse
ព្រៃ prey 1. woods, forest, jungle, wilderness
2. wild, undomesticated
តែ tae 1. but, however
2. only, just
3. tea
មួយ muəy 1. one {មួយៗ = one by one}
2. one person/myself {សុំចេញមួយ = Please let me [go] out!} {សុំទៅមួយ = Please give way [for me one person]!} {សុំចុះមួយ = Please let me [one person] get off [the bus]!}
គឺជា kɨɨ cie 1. to be (equal to)
2. as follows, namely
Notes: equivalent to គឺ
សុភាសិត soʔpʰiesət 1. proverb, saying, maxim
2. (of speech or words) to be right, correct, exact, proper
ដែល dael 1. who, whom, which, where, when
2. of / to / in / at which / whom
3. the fact / reason that
4. ever, happened to, having done at least once, having been to, already, always, had occasion to, have ever
ជនជាតិ cɔɔn ciet 1. citizen, people {ជនជាតិខ្មែរ = Khmer people}
2. nationality
ខ្មែរ kmae Khmer, Cambodian
តែងតែ taeŋ tae usually, regularly, constantly, always, continually
និយាយ niʔyiey to speak, say, talk, relate, tell, to narrate, to talk over, discuss
វា vie 1. it (of animals, things, or very young children)
2. he, she, they (familiar or contemptuous)
មានន័យ mien ney to mean
ថា tʰaa 1. to say, tell, pronounce
2. that (introduces a question or indirect discourse)
ពេល peel 1. time
2. moment, instant, period of time
យើង yəəŋ 1. we
2. I (familiar)
3. in final position used to refer to 'our Cambodian ...' {ទុរេនកំពតយើងមែន? = Kampot durian (from our country, Cambodia), right?}
មាន mien 1. to have, possess, own
2. to exist, there is, there are
3. to be rich, own property
4. indicates the accomplishment of an action, to happen to, to have occasion to
Notes: in spoken Khmer, negated មាន (មិនមាន or គ្មាន) can be contracted into មាន, e.g., មានអ្នកណាចង់ជួបឯង = ‘there's nobody who wants to meet you’ — contrast this with the affirmative: មានគេចង់ជួបឯង = ‘there’s somebody who wants to meet you’
គ្រួសារ kruəsaa family
ផ្សេង psejŋ to differ, to be different (from each other), to be separate
គ្នា knie 1. together
2. mutually, reciprocally
មែន mɛɛn 1. to be real, true, accurate, to be right, correct, it is true
2. really, actually, indeed
3. as a question tag: [...], really? [...], right?
ក្រៅ krav 1. outside, out
2. foreign
គួរ kuə 1. should, ought to
2. to be worthy of (often marks phrases equivalent to Eng. adjectives in -able / -ible)
3. to be correct, proper, suitable, fitting
ជួយ cuəy to help, to assist
ទៅវិញទៅមក tɨv vɨɲ tɨv mɔɔk 1. back and forth
2. mutually, reciprocally
3. to each other
ឲ្យ ʔaoy 1. to give
2. to let, to allow
3. for, to, in order to, so as to {ចង់ឲ្យខ្ញុំកុម្ម៉ង់អីញ៉ាំឲ្យហើយអត់? = Do you want me to order something for you already?}
4. in a... manner (forms adverbial phrases from predicatives)
Notes: also written អោយ, ឱ្យ
ដូចជា douc cie such as, like, as though, to seem as though, for instance
បងប្អូន bɑɑŋ pʔoun 1. brothers and sisters, siblings
2. relatives
បង្កើត bɑŋkaət 1. to create, to produce, to give birth to
2. to be related to (by blood)
អីចឹង ʔəycəŋ 1. like this, like that, in that way, then {គិតម៉េចទៅអីចឹង? = What are you going to do next?} {ធ្វើមុខអីអីចឹង? = Why are you making such a face?}
2. really?
Notes: variant: អ៊ីចឹង
ដែរ dae 1. also, too, likewise, in the same way
2. indeed, quite, rather
3. marks a polite, gentler, less abrupt statement: all the same, even so, nevertheless