Rice (Sakanan) — 00 Introduction

សួស្ដី នៅក្នុងរូបភាពនេះគឺយើងនឹងនិយាយអំពីស្រូវ អញ្ចឹងជាទូទៅស្រូវគឺយើងដាំដុះនៅក្នុងខែវស្សា និងនៅក្នុងរដូវប្រាំង ដែលរដូវវស្សា គេហៅថាស្រូវវស្សា រីឯនៅពេលដែលគេដាំដុះនៅក្នុងរដូវប្រាំង គឺយើងហៅថាស្រូវប្រាំង អញ្ចឹងដោយសារតែប្រជាជនកម្ពុជាគឺ 90 ភាគរយគឺជាកសិករ អញ្ចឹងគាត់មានប្រកបមុខរបរដាំស្រូវ ឬក៏ធ្វើស្រូវ

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សួស្ដី suǝsdǝy greeting equivalent to 'hi!' 'hello!' 'good day!'
Notes: ជើង ដ
នៅ nɨv 1. in, at
2. to be located at, to live in or at, to reside, to stay, to be in
3. still, yet (pre-verbal marker of a durative or continuative aspect, as a final particle in the tag question ហើយឬនៅ it means 'yet' and as a reply to a question of this kind, it means 'not yet') {ញ៉ាំអីហើយនៅ? = Have you eaten already?}
ក្នុង knoŋ 1. in, inside
2. during + (time word)
រូបភាព ruup pʰiep 1. image, picture, drawing, photo
2. appearance, form, shape
នេះ nih 1. this, these
2. often serves simply to emphasize something already referred to or something nearby in time or space
គឺ kɨɨ 1. to be (equal to)
2. as follows, namely
យើង yəəŋ 1. we
2. I (familiar)
3. in final position used to refer to 'our Cambodian ...' {ទុរេនកំពតយើងមែន? = Kampot durian (from our country, Cambodia), right?}
នឹង nɨŋ future tense marker: will, about to
និយាយ niʔyiey to speak, say, talk, relate, tell, to narrate, to talk over, discuss
អំពី ʔɑmpii 1. about, concerning, relative to
2. from, out of {អំពីថ្ងៃនេះទៅ = from this day on}
ស្រូវ srəv rice (while still growing or prior to being husked), paddy rice, standing rice, unmilled/unhusked rice
Notes: after the ស្រូវ is milled and the husks are removed it is called អង្ករ, and after it is cooked it is called បាយ
អញ្ចឹង ʔɑɲcəŋ 1. in that case, so, then, therefore
2. like this/that
3. this/that much
ជាទូទៅ cie tuu təv in general, as a whole, generally
ដាំ dam 1. to plant (seeds), to sow
2. to grow (crops)
3. to erect, set up, install (e.g., a post or column)
4. to boil (water), to cook (rice)
ដុះ doh 1. to grow, germinate, sprout
2. to rise (referring to cliffs, mountains, etc.), to spring (up), to bud, put out shoots
3. to appear, emerge
4. to increase, improve
ខែ kʰae 1. month
2. moon
វស្សា voahsaa 1. rainy season
2. rain
3. annual three month period when Buddhist monks are required to retire to their temples
និង nɨŋ and
រដូវប្រាំង rɔdəv praŋ dry season
ដែល dael 1. who, whom, which, where, when
2. of/to/in/at which/whom
3. the fact/reason that
4. ever, happened to, having done at least once, having been to, already, always, had occasion to, have ever {អត់ដែលដឹងសោះ = I’ve never known this!}
រដូវវស្សា rɔdəv voahsaa rainy season
គេ kee 1. he, she
2. one, someone
3. other(s)
ហៅ hav 1. to call, name
2. to order (e.g., in a restaurant), specifically to stop a vehicle
3. to send for, summon
4. to invite (guests)
ថា tʰaa 1. to say, tell, pronounce
2. that (introduces a question or indirect discourse)
3. I've [just] said, [...]
ស្រូវវស្សា srǝv voahsaa rainy-season rice
រីឯ rii ʔae as for, regarding
ពេល peel 1. time
2. moment, instant, period of time
ស្រូវប្រាំង srǝv praŋ dry-season rice, rice grown in the dry season (April-May)
ដោយសារតែ daoy saa tae because
ប្រជាជន prɑciecʊən the people, the population
កម្ពុជា kampuʔcie Cambodia
ភាគរយ pʰiek rɔɔy percent
ជា cie 1. to be (equal to), to be as
2. to be well, in good health, recovered
3. to be effective (of medicines)
កសិករ kaʔseʔkɑɑ farmer, peasant
គាត់ koat 1. he/him/his
2. she/her
3. they/them/their (formal/polite 3rd person pronoun)
4. you/your (intimate)
មាន mien 1. to have, possess, own
2. to exist, there is, there are
3. to be rich, own property
4. indicates the accomplishment of an action, to happen to, to have occasion to
Notes: in spoken Khmer, negated មាន (មិនមាន or គ្មាន) can be contracted into មាន, e.g., មានអ្នកណាចង់ជួបឯង = ‘there's nobody who wants to meet you’ — contrast this with the affirmative: មានគេចង់ជួបឯង = ‘there’s somebody who wants to meet you’
ប្រកបមុខរបរ prɑkɑɑp muk rɔbɑɑ to have an occupation
ឬក៏ rɨɨ kɑɑ or (on the other hand)
ធ្វើ tvəə 1. to do, to make, to work, to prepare
2. to cultivate (a field) {ធ្វើស្រែ = to work in a rice field, be a farmer, grow rice}