Laundry (Sakanan) — 00 Introduction

សួស្ដី នៅក្នុងរូបភាពនេះគឺយើងនឹងនិយាយអំពីការបោកខោអាវ បាទ អញ្ចឹងជាទូទៅរៀងរាល់ថ្ងៃចុងសប្តាហ៍ បន្ទាប់ពីយើងមកពីរៀន បន្ទាប់ពីយើងសម្រាកពីការងារ ឬក៏បន្ទាប់ពីយើងសម្រាកពីការសិក្សា អញ្ចឹងយើងតែងតែមានខោអាវដើម្បីបោក ព្រោះថាយើងស្លៀកពាក់មួយអាទិត្យ អញ្ចឹងធ្វើឲ្យខោអាវយើងកខ្វក់ ដូច្នេះយើងត្រូវបោកខោអាវ

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សួស្ដី suǝsdǝy greeting equivalent to 'hi!' 'hello!' 'good day!'
Notes: ជើង ដ
នៅ nɨv 1. in, at
2. to be located at, to live in or at, to reside, to stay, to be in
3. still, yet (pre-verbal marker of a durative or continuative aspect, as a final particle in the tag question ហើយឬនៅ it means 'yet' and as a reply to a question of this kind, it means 'not yet') {ញ៉ាំអីហើយនៅ? = Have you eaten already?}
ក្នុង knoŋ 1. in, inside
2. during + (time word)
រូបភាព ruup pʰiep 1. image, picture, drawing, photo
2. appearance, form, shape
នេះ nih 1. this, these
2. often serves simply to emphasize something already referred to or something nearby in time or space
គឺ kɨɨ 1. to be (equal to)
2. as follows, namely
យើង yəəŋ 1. we
2. I (familiar)
3. in final position used to refer to 'our Cambodian ...' {ទុរេនកំពតយើងមែន? = Kampot durian (from our country, Cambodia), right?}
នឹង nɨŋ future tense marker: will, about to
និយាយ niʔyiey to speak, say, talk, relate, tell, to narrate, to talk over, discuss
អំពី ʔɑmpii 1. about, concerning, relative to
2. from, out of {អំពីថ្ងៃនេះទៅ = from this day on}
ការ kaa 1. commonly occurs as a nominalizing particle deriving abstract nouns or noun phrases from verbs or verb phrases
2. work, occupation
3. business, affair, matter
4. to protect, defend, prevent
5. to marry
6. marriage
7. wedding
8. interest (e.g., on a loan)
9. profit
10. usury
11. to wind (into a skein/bobbin/reel)
12. to spin (silk)
បោក baok 1. to beat (against a fixed object), smash, to slam, throw violently
2. to do the laundry, to wash clothes {បោកខោអាវ = to do the laundry, to wash clothes}
3. to launder, wash by beating
4. to overthrow
5. to throw oneself to the ground
6. to thresh
7. to cheat, dupe, swindle, trick
ខោអាវ kʰao ʔaav clothes, clothing
បាទ baat male politeness particle, also used to answer in the affirmative, or agree to or acknowledge a statement
អញ្ចឹង ʔɑɲcəŋ 1. in that case, so, then, therefore
2. like this/that
3. this/that much
ជាទូទៅ cie tuu təv in general, as a whole, generally
រៀងរាល់ថ្ងៃ riəŋ roal tŋay every day, always
ចុងសប្តាហ៍ coŋ sappdaa weekend
Notes: ជើង ត; also written with ជើង ដ
បន្ទាប់ពី bɑntoap pii after, next
មក mɔɔk 1. to come (toward the speaker in space or time)
2. to come to/towards (often used as a final particle indicating that the action began at some point in the past and continued up to the present)
3. (from then) on, (from that time) forth
4. to, toward
ពី pii from, since, of, about, at
រៀន riən to study, to learn, to practice
សម្រាក sɑmraak 1. to rest, to relax, to cause to relieve
2. break {សម្រាកថ្ងៃត្រង់ = lunch break}
Notes: root: ស្រាក; also written សំរាក
ការងារ kaaŋie job, work, profession, duty, task
ឬក៏ rɨɨ kɑɑ or (on the other hand)
ការសិក្សា kaa sǝksaa studies, training, education
តែងតែ taeŋ tae usually, regularly, constantly, always, continually
មាន mien 1. to have, possess, own
2. to exist, there is, there are
3. to be rich, own property
4. indicates the accomplishment of an action, to happen to, to have occasion to
Notes: in spoken Khmer, negated មាន (មិនមាន or គ្មាន) can be contracted into មាន, e.g., មានអ្នកណាចង់ជួបឯង = ‘there's nobody who wants to meet you’ — contrast this with the affirmative: មានគេចង់ជួបឯង = ‘there’s somebody who wants to meet you’
ដើម្បី daəmbəy in order to, for, to, toward, reserved for
ព្រោះ prʊəh because (of), since
ថា tʰaa 1. to say, tell, pronounce
2. that (introduces a question or indirect discourse)
3. I've [just] said, [...]
ស្លៀកពាក់ sliǝk peak to dress, get dressed, be dressed, wear clothes
មួយ muəy 1. one {មួយៗ = one by one}
2. one person/myself {សុំចេញមួយ = Please let me [go] out!} {សុំទៅមួយ = Please give way [for me one person]!} {សុំចុះមួយ = Please let me [one person] get off [the bus]!}
អាទិត្យ ʔaatɨt 1. sun
2. week
3. Sunday, as in ថ្ងៃអាទិត្យ = Sunday
ធ្វើឲ្យ tvəə ʔaoy 1. to cause, make (someone) do (something)
2. to do (something) for (someone) (often used to form causative compounds)
កខ្វក់ kɑkvɑk to be dirty, polluted, stained
ដូច្នេះ doucneh 1. so, thus, therefore
2. like this
ត្រូវ trəv 1. must, have to
2. to be correct, right, proper, exact, accurate
3. to concern, have to do with, to agree/jibe with, coincide with
4. to be affected with/by, to suffer, undergo (ត្រូវ + CLAUSE marks a passive-like construction in which the subject of the clause introduced by ត្រូវ is translated as the agent in the passive construction)