Saying “Have a good trip!” — Cultural note

ប្រទេសដែលប្រជាជនខ្មែរឧស្សាហ៍ទៅដើរលេង មានប្រទេសថៃ ចិន ។ល។ ប៉ុន្តែ មិនសូវមានអ្នកទៅលេងប្រទេសជប៉ុនទេ ពីព្រោះថ្លៃធ្វើដំណើរនិងការចាយវាយក្នុងប្រទេសជប៉ុនត្រូវការប្រាក់ច្រើនម្យ៉ាងទៀត ក៏មានអ្នកដែលទៅប្រទេសថៃ ចិន វៀតណាម ជាដើម ដើម្បីព្យាបាលជំងឺ ពីព្រោះនៅប្រទេសកម្ពុជាមិនទាន់មានការរីកចំរើនគ្រប់គ្រាន់ផ្នែកវេជ្ជសាស្ត្រ

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ប្រទេស prɑteeh country, nation
ដែល dael 1. who, whom, which, where, when
2. of/to/in/at which/whom
3. the fact/reason that
4. ever, happened to, having done at least once, having been to, already, always, had occasion to, have ever {អត់ដែលដឹងសោះ = I’ve never known this!}
ប្រជាជន prɑciecʊən the people, the population
ខ្មែរ kmae Khmer, Cambodian
ឧស្សាហ៍ ʔussaa 1. often, frequently
2. diligent(ly), hard-working
3. to try hard, to work hard, to study, to persevere
ទៅ tɨv 1. to go (away from the speaker in space or time), to go to/towards, go on, continue, advance, go away
2. towards
3. from now on, from then on (often used as a particle indicating that the action began at some point in the past or present and continued on into the future or that the action is directed away from the speaker)
4. imperative particle, go ahead and ...! {ញ៉ាំទៅ = Go ahead and eat/drink!}
ដើរលេង daə leeŋ 1. to go for a walk/stroll
2. to travel, to go for a trip
3. to go out
មាន mien 1. to have, possess, own
2. to exist, there is, there are
3. to be rich, own property
4. indicates the accomplishment of an action, to happen to, to have occasion to
Notes: in spoken Khmer, negated មាន (មិនមាន or គ្មាន) can be contracted into មាន, e.g., មានអ្នកណាចង់ជួបឯង = ‘there's nobody who wants to meet you’ — contrast this with the affirmative: មានគេចង់ជួបឯង = ‘there’s somebody who wants to meet you’
ថៃ tʰay Thai
ចិន cən 1. Chinese
2. China
។ល។ laʔ etc., and so forth, and so on
ប៉ុន្តែ pontae but, however
Notes: ជើង ត; root: តែ
មិនសូវ mɨn səv 1. not so much
2. rather not
អ្នក neak 1. you (to equals of both sexes)
2. person, one who... (used as an agentive particle to create nouns from predicatives)
លេង leeŋ 1. to play
2. to do something for fun or pleasure
3. to joke
ជប៉ុន ceaʔpon 1. Japan
2. Japanese
ទេ tee 1. particle: negative particle occurring in phrase final position especially after មិន, ពុំ, etc.
2. interrogative particle occurring in phrase final position, often in the combination ឬទេ
3. neutral/positive particle to add emphasis {ខ្ញុំសុខសប្បាយទេ = I'm fine!} {យកតែមួយទេ = I’ll take only one!}
ពីព្រោះ pii prʊəh 1. since, because
2. because of, on account of, by reason of
ថ្លៃ tlay 1. expensive, dear, valuable
2. cost, price, value
ធ្វើដំណើរ tvəə dɑmnaə to make a trip, travel
និង nɨŋ and
ការចាយវាយ kaa caay viey, kaa caay vay expenses
ក្នុង knoŋ 1. in, inside
2. during + (time word)
ត្រូវការ trəv kaa 1. to need, require, want
2. to be necessary, needed, required
ប្រាក់ prak 1. money
2. silver
ច្រើន craən 1. much, many, numerous, very much
2. mostly, often
ម្យ៉ាងទៀត myaaŋ tiət 1. moreover, besides, another thing, furthermore
2. in other words, on the other hand
3. one other kind
ក៏ kɑɑ marker of sequential or consecutive action: also, so, then, therefore, accordingly
វៀតណាម viət naam Vietnam
ជាដើម cie daəm 1. for example, for instance
2. as above, as listed (or given) above
3. first of all, first and foremost
ដើម្បី daəmbəy in order to, for, to, toward, reserved for
ព្យាបាល pyiebaal 1. to take care of, look after
2. to treat (medically)
ជំងឺ cumŋɨɨ 1. disease, illness
2. pain
នៅ nɨv 1. in, at
2. to be located at, to live in or at, to reside, to stay, to be in
3. still, yet (pre-verbal marker of a durative or continuative aspect, as a final particle in the tag question ហើយឬនៅ it means 'yet' and as a reply to a question of this kind, it means 'not yet') {ញ៉ាំអីហើយនៅ? = Have you eaten already?}
កម្ពុជា kampuʔcie Cambodia
មិនទាន់ mɨn toan not yet
ការ kaa 1. commonly occurs as a nominalizing particle deriving abstract nouns or noun phrases from verbs or verb phrases
2. work, occupation
3. business, affair, matter
4. to protect, defend, prevent
5. to marry
6. marriage
7. wedding
8. interest (e.g., on a loan)
9. profit
10. usury
11. to wind (into a skein/bobbin/reel)
12. to spin (silk)
រីកចំរើន riik cɑmraən to expand, prosper, evolve, develop
Notes: also written ចម្រើន
គ្រប់គ្រាន់ krup kroan sufficient, enough, adequate
ផ្នែក pnaek part, portion, section, division, department
វេជ្ជសាស្ត្រ vɨcceaʔ saah medicine (as a field of study), medical studies
Notes: ជើង ត