Requesting information — Cultural note

នៅខ្មែរ វេជ្ជបណ្ឌិតមួយចំនួនមិនចូលចិត្តនិយាយច្រើនជាមួយអ្នកជំងឺទេគាត់មិនសូវសួរព័ត៌មានពីអ្នកជំងឺ ហើយក៏មិនសូវពន្យល់អ្វីច្រើនដល់អ្នកជំងឺដែរ ថែមទាំងបង្ហាញអាការៈមួម៉ៅចេញសំដីអសុរោះ នៅពេលអ្នកជំងឺសួរច្រើន

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នៅ nɨv 1. in, at
2. to be located at, to live in or at, to reside, to stay, to be in
3. still, yet (pre-verbal marker of a durative or continuative aspect, as a final particle in the tag question ហើយឬនៅ it means 'yet' and as a reply to a question of this kind, it means 'not yet') {ញ៉ាំអីហើយនៅ? = Have you eaten already?}
ខ្មែរ kmae Khmer, Cambodian
វេជ្ជបណ្ឌិត vɨcceaʔ bɑndɨt medical doctor
មួយ muəy 1. one {មួយៗ = one by one}
2. one person/myself {សុំចេញមួយ = Please let me [go] out!} {សុំទៅមួយ = Please give way [for me one person]!} {សុំចុះមួយ = Please let me [one person] get off [the bus]!}
ចំនួន cɑmnuən amount, number, quantity
មិន mɨn negative particle not, non- (usually requires the final particle ទេ)
ចូលចិត្ត coul cət to like, to prefer
Notes: ជើង ត
និយាយ niʔyiey to speak, say, talk, relate, tell, to narrate, to talk over, discuss
ច្រើន craən 1. much, many, numerous, very much
2. mostly, often
ជាមួយ cie muəy with
អ្នកជំងឺ neak cumŋɨɨ patient, sick person
ទេ tee 1. particle: negative particle occurring in phrase final position especially after មិន, ពុំ, etc.
2. interrogative particle occurring in phrase final position, often in the combination ឬទេ
3. neutral/positive particle to add emphasis {ខ្ញុំសុខសប្បាយទេ = I'm fine!} {យកតែមួយទេ = I’ll take only one!}
គាត់ koat 1. he/him/his
2. she/her
3. they/them/their (formal/polite 3rd person pronoun)
4. you/your (intimate)
មិនសូវ mɨn səv 1. not so much
2. rather not
សួរ suə 1. to ask, question, enquire
2. to visit, come to see
ព័ត៌មាន poadɑɑmien news, information {សួរព័ត៌មាន = to make an enquiry, to ask for information}
Notes: also written ពត៌មាន
ពី pii from, since, of, about, at
ហើយ haǝy 1. to be finished, ended, completed
2. enough!
3. final particle indicating completed action, already, by now
4. in a future context indicates action that will be completed at some future time
5. and, afterwards, next, then, after that
ក៏ kɑɑ marker of sequential or consecutive action: also, so, then, therefore, accordingly
ពន្យល់ pʊənyʊəl to explain, show, demonstrate
អ្វី ʔvəy 1. what?
2. anything, something, nothing
ដល់ dɑl 1. to reach, to attain, to arrive at
2. to, toward, up to, as far as, at, until
ដែរ dae 1. also, too, likewise, in the same way
2. indeed, quite, rather
3. marks a polite, gentler, less abrupt statement: all the same, even so, nevertheless
ថែម tʰaem 1. to add (to), increase, to do something additional {ទិញមួយថែមមួយ = buy one, get one free}
2. to complete
3. to make change
4. again, more, in addition to, including, moreover
ទាំង teaŋ 1. all, both {ទាំងពីរ = both} {ទាំង ... ទាំង ... = both ... and ...}
2. entirely, completely
3. adverb marker equivalent to ដោយ
បង្ហាញ bɑŋhaaɲ 1. to show, exhibit, reveal, to indicate
2. to demonstrate, to teach
3. to introduce (someone to someone)
អាការៈ ʔaakaa, ʔaakaaraʔ 1. symptom, characteristic, sign
2. special sign, omen
3. appearance, look, aspect, attribute
4. way, method
5. attitude, manner, conduct, behavior
6. action, situation, condition
7. letter of the alphabet
8. letter
មួម៉ៅ muə mav 1. to be angry, furious, enraged
2. frustrated
rɨɨ 1. or
2. phrase-final interrogative particle {មិនមែនឬ = Isn't it true?}
ចេញ cəɲ 1. to go out, leave, emerge, exit
2. to issue, bring out, come out (of a publication)
3. to emit, utter
4. out, off, away (also figuratively) {ខ្ញុំគិតអត់ចេញ = I can't figure it out}
5. to pay out, pay for, lay out (money), spend
6. to gain, earn, save
7. to play (a card)
សំដី sɑmdəy 1. words, speech, utterance
2. husk, empty ear/spike, dry/shrunken seed
Notes: root: ស្ដី; also written សម្ដី
អសុរោះ ʔaʔsoʔrɑh to be cruel and coarse, grotesque, rude, nasty (of language or speech)
ពេល peel 1. time
2. moment, instant, period of time