Making appointments for meetings — Cultural note

នៅខ្មែរ ការមកយឺតដប់ទៅដប់ប្រាំនាទីនៅពេលណាត់ជួបច្រើនកើតមានជាញឹកញាប់ ពេលខ្លះយឺតរហូតដល់សាមសិបនាទីក៏មានមូលហេតុគឺមកពីទម្លាប់ ដោយសារការស្ទះចរាចរណ៍ដែលកើតឡើងស្ទើរគ្រប់ទីកន្លែងនៅទីក្រុងភ្នំពេញ

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នៅ nɨv 1. in, at
2. to be located at, to live in or at, to reside, to stay, to be in
3. still, yet (pre-verbal marker of a durative or continuative aspect, as a final particle in the tag question ហើយឬនៅ it means 'yet' and as a reply to a question of this kind, it means 'not yet') {ញ៉ាំអីហើយនៅ? = Have you eaten already?}
ខ្មែរ kmae Khmer, Cambodian
ការ kaa 1. commonly occurs as a nominalizing particle deriving abstract nouns or noun phrases from verbs or verb phrases
2. work, occupation
3. business, affair, matter
4. to protect, defend, prevent
5. to marry
6. marriage
7. wedding
8. interest (e.g., on a loan)
9. profit
10. usury
11. to wind (into a skein/bobbin/reel)
12. to spin (silk)
មក mɔɔk 1. to come (toward the speaker in space or time)
2. to come to/towards (often used as a final particle indicating that the action began at some point in the past and continued up to the present)
3. (from then) on, (from that time) forth
4. to, toward
យឺត yɨɨt 1. to be slow, late
2. to stretch, to be elastic
ដប់ dɑp ten
ទៅ tɨv 1. to go (away from the speaker in space or time), to go to/towards, go on, continue, advance, go away
2. towards
3. from now on, from then on (often used as a particle indicating that the action began at some point in the past or present and continued on into the future or that the action is directed away from the speaker)
4. imperative particle, go ahead and ...! {ញ៉ាំទៅ = Go ahead and eat/drink!}
ដប់ប្រាំ dɑp pram fifteen
នាទី nietii 1. minute
2. domain, scope, jurisdiction
3. role, function, duty, area of concern, business
4. rank
ពេល peel 1. time
2. moment, instant, period of time
ណាត់ nat 1. to determine, fix (a time for something), set/schedule (an appointment) {ខ្ញុំមានណាត់ហើយ = I’ve got an appointment already}
2. to promise, stand by (an agreement), commit oneself
3. clf. for gunshots
ជួប cuəp to meet (especially intentionally)
ច្រើន craən 1. much, many, numerous, very much
2. mostly, often
កើត kaət 1. to be born, created
2. to be, become
3. to come into existence, arise, appear
4. to rise (of the sun)
5. to happen, occur
6. to give birth to
7. to have/suffer (from a disease), contract (an illness)
8. to be affected (by an emotion)
9. to succeed
10. to be possible
11. to be able
12. (the) east
13. eastern
14. period (or day) of the waxing moon (the days in the 15-day period between the new moon and the full moon)
មាន mien 1. to have, possess, own
2. to exist, there is, there are
3. to be rich, own property
4. indicates the accomplishment of an action, to happen to, to have occasion to
Notes: in spoken Khmer, negated មាន (មិនមាន or គ្មាន) can be contracted into មាន, e.g., មានអ្នកណាចង់ជួបឯង = ‘there's nobody who wants to meet you’ — contrast this with the affirmative: មានគេចង់ជួបឯង = ‘there’s somebody who wants to meet you’
ជា cie 1. to be (equal to), to be as
2. to be well, in good health, recovered
3. to be effective (of medicines)
ញឹកញាប់ ɲɨk ɲoap 1. repeatedly, many times
2. often, frequently, on many occasions
ពេលខ្លះ peel klah sometimes
រហូតដល់ rɔhout dɑl until, up to, as far as
សាមសិប saam səp thirty
ក៏ kɑɑ marker of sequential or consecutive action: also, so, then, therefore, accordingly
មូលហេតុ muulhaet 1. cause
2. origin, source
គឺ kɨɨ 1. to be (equal to)
2. as follows, namely
មកពី mɔɔk pii 1. because of
2. to result from
ទម្លាប់ tumloap 1. habit, custom
2. to make a habit of, to be accustomed to
rɨɨ 1. or
2. phrase-final interrogative particle {មិនមែនឬ = Isn't it true?}
ដោយសារ daoy saa 1. because of, thanks to
2. depending on
ស្ទះចរាចរណ៍ steah cɑraacɑɑ traffic jam
ដែល dael 1. who, whom, which, where, when
2. of/to/in/at which/whom
3. the fact/reason that
4. ever, happened to, having done at least once, having been to, already, always, had occasion to, have ever {អត់ដែលដឹងសោះ = I’ve never known this!}
កើតឡើង kaət laəŋ to happen, occur
ស្ទើរគ្រប់ stǝǝ krup almost whole, almost complete
ទីកន្លែង tii kɑnlaeŋ place, site, location
ទីក្រុង tii kroŋ city, town
ភ្នំពេញ pnum pɨɲ Phnom Penh