Expressing warmth — Cultural note

នៅខ្មែរ មានរដូវតែពីរប៉ុណ្ណោះ គឺរដូវប្រាំងនិងរដូវវស្សាខែដែលក្ដៅជាងគេ គឺ ខែចេត្រនៃចន្ទគតិរបស់ខ្មែរ ដែលច្រើនតែត្រូវនឹងខែមេសានៃសុរិយគតិចន្ទគតិ មានន័យថា ដំណើរនៃព្រះចន្ទ រីឯ សុរិយគតិ មានន័យថា ដំណើរនៃព្រះអាទិត្យ

Link to overview page
Link to dictionary

នៅ nɨv 1. in, at
2. to be located at, to live in or at, to reside, to stay, to be in
3. still, yet (pre-verbal marker of a durative or continuative aspect, as a final particle in the tag question ហើយឬនៅ it means 'yet' and as a reply to a question of this kind, it means 'not yet') {ញ៉ាំអីហើយនៅ? = Have you eaten already?}
ខ្មែរ kmae Khmer, Cambodian
មាន mien 1. to have, possess, own
2. to exist, there is, there are
3. to be rich, own property
4. indicates the accomplishment of an action, to happen to, to have occasion to
Notes: in spoken Khmer, negated មាន (មិនមាន or គ្មាន) can be contracted into មាន, e.g., មានអ្នកណាចង់ជួបឯង = ‘there's nobody who wants to meet you’ — contrast this with the affirmative: មានគេចង់ជួបឯង = ‘there’s somebody who wants to meet you’
រដូវ rɔdəv season
តែ tae 1. but, however
2. only, just
3. tea
ពីរ pii, pɨl two
ប៉ុណ្ណោះ ponnɑh 1. that much
2. so, like that
គឺ kɨɨ 1. to be (equal to)
2. as follows, namely
រដូវប្រាំង rɔdəv praŋ dry season
និង nɨŋ and
រដូវវស្សា rɔdəv voahsaa rainy season
ខែ kʰae 1. month
2. moon
ដែល dael 1. who, whom, which, where, when
2. of/to/in/at which/whom
3. the fact/reason that
4. ever, happened to, having done at least once, having been to, already, always, had occasion to, have ever {អត់ដែលដឹងសោះ = I’ve never known this!}
ក្ដៅ kdav hot, warm
Notes: ជើង ដ
ជាងគេ cieŋ kee superlative marker: the most, the ...-est
ចេត្រ caet fifth month of the lunar calendar, corresponding to mid-March to mid-April
នៃ ney 1. of, belonging to (more literary and formal than របស់)
2. links verb and its object
ចន្ទគតិ can keaʔteʔ 1. lunar month
2. a revolution of the moon
របស់ rɔbɑh 1. object, thing, belonging, property
2. of, belonging to
ច្រើនតែ craən tae mostly, usually, for the most part
ត្រូវនឹង trəv nɨŋ to correspond to, to be consistent with, to get along with, to be fitting with
មេសា meesaa April
សុរិយគតិ soʔreʔyaʔ keaʔteʔ solar calendar
មានន័យ mien ney to mean
ថា tʰaa 1. to say, tell, pronounce
2. that (introduces a question or indirect discourse)
3. I've [just] said, [...]
ដំណើរ dɑmnaə 1. walking, traveling
2. travel, journey, trip
3. functioning
4. movement, progress, development
5. process, course or sequence (of events)
ព្រះចន្ទ preah can moon
រីឯ rii ʔae as for, regarding
ព្រះអាទិត្យ preah ʔaatɨt sun