Expressing surprise — Cultural note

តើអ្នកបំបាត់ត្អើកដោយវិធីណា? នៅខ្មែរ មានការប្រើវិធីនិយាយឲ្យអ្នកកំពុងត្អើកនោះភ្ញាក់ផ្អើលនិងភ័យ អ្នកនោះនឹងបាត់ត្អើកដូចជា កុហកថាភ្លេចបាត់របស់ដែលសំខាន់ខ្លាំងកុំភ្លេចសាកល្បងវិធីនេះនៅពេលអ្នកជួបអ្នកកំពុងត្អើក

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តើ taə 1. indicating an indirect question, it may often be translated as 'if' or 'whether'
2. phrase-final: used for emphasis
អ្នក neak 1. you (to equals of both sexes)
2. person, one who... (used as an agentive particle to create nouns from predicatives)
បំបាត់ bɑmbat 1. to eliminate, abolish
2. to remove, cause to disappear
3. to allay (hunger)
4. to stop, cease
5. to cheat, swindle, trick
6. to appropriate, seize, annex
ត្អើក tʔaək 1. to have the hiccups, to hiccup
2. kind of vine (Merremia hederacea) which grows on river banks and in flooded forests
ដោយ daoy 1. by, with, along
2. (indicator of an adverb) in a ... manner
3. because
វិធី viʔtʰii 1. method, style, arrangement
2. ceremony, ritual
ណា naa 1. which, any
2. where, somewhere, anywhere
នៅ nɨv 1. in, at
2. to be located at, to live in or at, to reside, to stay, to be in
3. still, yet (pre-verbal marker of a durative or continuative aspect, as a final particle in the tag question ហើយឬនៅ it means 'yet' and as a reply to a question of this kind, it means 'not yet') {ញ៉ាំអីហើយនៅ? = Have you eaten already?}
ខ្មែរ kmae Khmer, Cambodian
មាន mien 1. to have, possess, own
2. to exist, there is, there are
3. to be rich, own property
4. indicates the accomplishment of an action, to happen to, to have occasion to
Notes: in spoken Khmer, negated មាន (មិនមាន or គ្មាន) can be contracted into មាន, e.g., មានអ្នកណាចង់ជួបឯង = ‘there's nobody who wants to meet you’ — contrast this with the affirmative: មានគេចង់ជួបឯង = ‘there’s somebody who wants to meet you’
ការ kaa 1. commonly occurs as a nominalizing particle deriving abstract nouns or noun phrases from verbs or verb phrases
2. work, occupation
3. business, affair, matter
4. to protect, defend, prevent
5. to marry
6. marriage
7. wedding
8. interest (e.g., on a loan)
9. profit
10. usury
11. to wind (into a skein/bobbin/reel)
12. to spin (silk)
ប្រើ praə to use
និយាយ niʔyiey to speak, say, talk, relate, tell, to narrate, to talk over, discuss
ឲ្យ ʔaoy 1. to give
2. to let, to allow
3. for, to, in order to, so as to {ចង់ឲ្យខ្ញុំកុម្ម៉ង់អីញ៉ាំឲ្យហើយអត់? = Do you want me to order something for you already?}
4. in a... manner (forms adverbial phrases from predicatives)
Notes: also written អោយ, ឱ្យ
កំពុង kɑmpuŋ to be in the process of (doing something)
នោះ nuh 1. that, those (often serves simply to emphasize something already referred to or something distant in time or space)
2. then
ភ្ញាក់ផ្អើល pɲeak pʔaəl 1. to be startled, surprised, excited, alarmed
2. to panic
និង nɨŋ and
ភ័យ pʰey 1. to be scared, afraid
2. fear, fright, terror, dread
នឹង nɨŋ future tense marker: will, about to
បាត់ bat 1. to lose, to disappear
2. to stop, to be finished
3. already
4. sentence-final: expressing disappointment or that something is unfortunate
ដូចជា douc cie such as, like, as though, to seem as though, for instance
កុហក koʔhɑk 1. to lie
2. to be false, untrue
3. lie
ថា tʰaa 1. to say, tell, pronounce
2. that (introduces a question or indirect discourse)
3. I've [just] said, [...]
ភ្លេច plɨc to forget
rɨɨ 1. or
2. phrase-final interrogative particle {មិនមែនឬ = Isn't it true?}
របស់ rɔbɑh 1. object, thing, belonging, property
2. of, belonging to
ដែល dael 1. who, whom, which, where, when
2. of/to/in/at which/whom
3. the fact/reason that
4. ever, happened to, having done at least once, having been to, already, always, had occasion to, have ever {អត់ដែលដឹងសោះ = I’ve never known this!}
សំខាន់ sɑmkʰan 1. to be important, essential, crucial, principal
2. magnificent, superb, remarkable, excellent, exemplary, model
ខ្លាំង klaŋ 1. to be strong, vigorous
2. loud
3. firm, sturdy
4. serious
5. strongly, vigorously, exceedingly
lɔɔ 1. to try, sample
2. to try on
3. to test, measure, probe, experiment
កុំ kom do not ...
សាកល្បង saak lbɑɑŋ to test, try, sample, experiment
នេះ nih 1. this, these
2. often serves simply to emphasize something already referred to or something nearby in time or space
ពេល peel 1. time
2. moment, instant, period of time
ជួប cuəp to meet (especially intentionally)