Expressing surprise — Dialogue 1

នារីកញ្ញា ខែ ១២ ថ្ងៃទី ២៤ ទំនេរអត់?
កញ្ញាមានអី នារី ទំនេរតាសម៉េចដែរ?
កញ្ញាមែនក៏អី? នារីការខែ ១២ ហ្នឹងមែនអ៎?!
នារីមែនតាស! នេះធៀបការជួយចូលរួមផងណា
កញ្ញាភ្ញាក់ផ្អើលមែនទែននៀក! ស្ងាត់ស្រាប់តែហៅញ៉ាំការ! អបអរសាទរ នារី!

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ហៅ hav 1. to call, name
2. to order (e.g., in a restaurant), specifically to stop a vehicle
3. to send for, summon
4. to invite (guests)
ញ៉ាំការ ɲam kaa wedding, wedding ceremony or party
នារី nierii female Cambodian name
កញ្ញា kaɲɲaa female Cambodian name
ខែ kʰae 1. month
2. moon
ថ្ងៃ tŋay 1. day, daytime
2. sun
ទី tii 1. particle used to form ordinal numbers
2. spot, place, location
3. rank, function, service
ទំនេរ tumnee 1. free
2. empty, unoccupied, vacant
3. not busy
អត់ ʔɑt 1. no, not
2. to be without, lacking
3. to restrain oneself, abstain from
4. particle to form yes/no questions
មានអី mien ʔəy 1. what things, why not, of course, O.K., all right, yeah, well...
2. you're welcome
3. but, however (contrasts one statement with another)
4. no problem
Notes: colloquial
តាស taah 1. particle in final position when giving a positive answer to a yes/no question {កន្លែងនេះអង្គុយបានអេ៎? ចា៎ស បានតាស។ = Can I sit here? Sure!}
2. particle in final position used to affirm the preceding {ល្អតាស! = Sounds good!}
3. particle in final position after a negative response: expresses that the preceding is a correction of what the other person has said {ធារីមែន? អត់ទេ ខ្ញុំកញ្ញាតាស។ = You’re ធារី, right? No, I’m កញ្ញា!} {ឯងទៅសាលាមែន? អត់ទេ ខ្ញុំទៅផ្សារតាស។ = You’re going to school, right? No, I’m going to the market!}
Notes: colloquial; spoken form of ទេតើ
ម៉េចដែរ məc dae 1. How is it? How is it going?
2. What's up?
3. How is that? What do you think about that?
Notes: colloquial
ខ្ញុំ kɲom I
ចង់ cɑŋ 1. to want/wish/desire (to do something)
2. to flirt with, court, woo (a girl)
3. to approach, draw near
4. about to (do something), on the point of
5. even if
អញ្ជើញ ʔɑɲcəəɲ 1. to invite/summon (someone to do something)
2. please do, go ahead and ...
3. used before verbs of motion and certain other verbs as a sign of respect {អញ្ជើញចូល = please come in!} {អញ្ជើញទៅណាមកណាហ្នឹង? = [spoken politely to someone who's older] Where are you going?}
មក mɔɔk 1. to come (toward the speaker in space or time)
2. to come to/towards (often used as a final particle indicating that the action began at some point in the past and continued up to the present)
3. (from then) on, (from that time) forth
4. to, toward
ហ្នឹងណា nɨŋ naa 1. just
2. it's just, it's just that
Notes: BCF; colloquial
មែន mɛɛn 1. to be real, true, accurate, to be right, correct, it is true
2. really, actually, indeed
3. as a question tag: [...], really? [...], right?
ក៏ kɑɑ marker of sequential or consecutive action: also, so, then, therefore, accordingly
អី ʔəy 1. what? {អីហ្នឹង?/អីគេ?/អីគេហ្នឹង? = what is this?/what?} {កាន់អីនៅនឹងដៃហ្នឹង? = What are [you] holding in [your] hand?}
2. something, anything {មានអីអត់ = Are you all right?/Is everything ok?/Did anything happen?} {ខ្ញុំទៅក្រៅញ៉ាំអី = I’m going out to eat something}
Notes: variant of អ្វី
ការ kaa 1. commonly occurs as a nominalizing particle deriving abstract nouns or noun phrases from verbs or verb phrases
2. work, occupation
3. business, affair, matter
4. to protect, defend, prevent
5. to marry
6. marriage
7. wedding
8. interest (e.g., on a loan)
9. profit
10. usury
11. to wind (into a skein/bobbin/reel)
12. to spin (silk)
ហ្នឹងមែន nɨŋ mɛɛn Is that true? {ហ្នឹងមែន? ហ្នឹងហើយ។ = Is that true? Yes, that's true!}
Notes: colloquial
អ៎ ʔɑɑ 1. particle used to form a yes/no question, similar to ឬ
2. exclamation indicating satisfaction or surprise
3. indicating something like surprise on part of the speaker that the listener might not be aware of some fact or past event {ម៉ាស៊ីនត្រជាក់ខូចតាំងពីម្សិលមិញអ៎។ = [Didn’t you know that] the A/C has been broken since yesterday!}
Notes: colloquial
នេះ nih 1. this, these
2. often serves simply to emphasize something already referred to or something nearby in time or space
ធៀបការ tʰiəp kaa wedding invitation letter
ជួយ cuəy to help, to assist
ចូលរួម coul ruəm 1. to join (an organization)
2. to participate (in something), attend (e.g., a conference)
ផង pʰɑɑŋ 1. also, too, as well
2. marker indicating entreaty or a polite request: please ..., would you ...
ណា naa final particle to soften a statement or request
ភ្ញាក់ផ្អើល pɲeak pʔaəl 1. to be startled, surprised, excited, alarmed
2. to panic
មែនទែន mɛɛn tɛɛn 1. really, truly, surely, in fact, as it should be, certainly
2. seriously, actually
នៀក niək spoken forms of នេះ = this
Notes: colloquial
ស្ងាត់ sŋat 1. to be quiet, calm
2. motionless
3. alone, secluded, solitary
4. cozy
ស្រាប់តែ srap tae 1. suddenly
2. all of a sudden, immediately, as soon as
3. unexpectedly, surprisingly, illogically, unfairly
អបអរសាទរ ʔɑɑp ʔɑɑ saatɔɔ 1. to be enthusiastic and satisfied about/for someone
2. to express enthusiasm, to acclaim