Expressing dislikes 1 — Cultural note

តើក្លិនផ្លែទុរេនឈ្ងុយក្រអូបទេសម្រាប់អ្នក? ជនជាតិផ្សេងភាគច្រើនមិនចូលចិត្តក្លិនរបស់ផ្លែទុរេននោះទេប៉ុន្តែ ជនជាតិខ្មែរជាទូទៅចូលចិត្តក្លិននិងរសជាតិផ្លែទុរេនខ្លាំងណាស់ទុរេនដែលល្បីថាឆ្ងាញ់គឺទុរេនមកពីខេត្តកំពត

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តើ taə 1. indicating an indirect question, it may often be translated as 'if' or 'whether'
2. phrase-final: used for emphasis
ក្លិន klən odor, smell, scent
ផ្លែ plae 1. fruit
2. clf. for fruits (e.g., papaya, pineapple)
3. outcome, result
4. to bear fruit
5. blade (of a knife)
6. wart, blister
ទុរេន tuʔreen, tʰuureen durian
Notes: also written ធូរេន
ឈ្ងុយ cŋuy to smell delicious/fragrant
rɨɨ 1. or
2. phrase-final interrogative particle {មិនមែនឬ = Isn't it true?}
ក្រអូប krɑʔoup 1. to be sweet-smelling, fragrant, aromatic
2. nice, pleasant
ទេ tee 1. particle: negative particle occurring in phrase final position especially after មិន, ពុំ, etc.
2. interrogative particle occurring in phrase final position, often in the combination ឬទេ
3. neutral/positive particle to add emphasis {ខ្ញុំសុខសប្បាយទេ = I'm fine!} {យកតែមួយទេ = I’ll take only one!}
សម្រាប់ sɑmrap 1. for
2. used for, used to (make or do something)
អ្នក neak 1. you (to equals of both sexes)
2. person, one who... (used as an agentive particle to create nouns from predicatives)
ជនជាតិ cɔɔn ciet 1. citizen, people {ជនជាតិខ្មែរ = Khmer people}
2. nationality
ផ្សេង pseeŋ to differ, to be different (from each other), to be separate
ភាគច្រើន pʰiek craən 1. mostly
2. majority
មិន mɨn negative particle not, non- (usually requires the final particle ទេ)
ចូលចិត្ត coul cət to like, to prefer
Notes: ជើង ត
របស់ rɔbɑh 1. object, thing, belonging, property
2. of, belonging to
នោះ nuh 1. that, those (often serves simply to emphasize something already referred to or something distant in time or space)
2. then
ប៉ុន្តែ pontae but, however
Notes: ជើង ត; root: តែ
ខ្មែរ kmae Khmer, Cambodian
ជាទូទៅ cie tuu təv in general, as a whole, generally
និង nɨŋ and
រសជាតិ rʊəh ciet taste, flavor
ខ្លាំង klaŋ 1. to be strong, vigorous
2. loud
3. firm, sturdy
4. serious
5. strongly, vigorously, exceedingly
ណាស់ nah very, very much
ដែល dael 1. who, whom, which, where, when
2. of/to/in/at which/whom
3. the fact/reason that
4. ever, happened to, having done at least once, having been to, already, always, had occasion to, have ever {អត់ដែលដឹងសោះ = I’ve never known this!}
ល្បី lbəy 1. to be famous, popular, widely known
2. popularity, fame
ថា tʰaa 1. to say, tell, pronounce
2. that (introduces a question or indirect discourse)
3. I've [just] said, [...]
ឆ្ងាញ់ cŋaɲ tasty, delicious
គឺ kɨɨ 1. to be (equal to)
2. as follows, namely
មក mɔɔk 1. to come (toward the speaker in space or time)
2. to come to/towards (often used as a final particle indicating that the action began at some point in the past and continued up to the present)
3. (from then) on, (from that time) forth
4. to, toward
ពី pii from, since, of, about, at
ខេត្ត kʰaet 1. province
2. region, territory
Notes: ជើង ត; irregular pronunciation: ខែត
កំពត kɑmpɔɔt Kampot (province in southeastern Cambodia)