Breaking appointments — Cultural note

ការណាត់ជួបលុបចោលការណាត់ជួបភ្លាមកើតមានញឹកញាប់នៅខ្មែរពេលខ្លះ ក៏មានអ្នកភ្លេចការណាត់ជួបតែម្ដងនៅខ្មែរ មនុស្សជាច្រើនប្រកបមុខរបរជាអ្នករកស៊ី ដែលរវល់ធ្វើការទាំងថ្ងៃសៅរ៍ថ្ងៃអាទិត្យ ធ្វើឲ្យពួកគេមិនសូវចាំថាជាថ្ងៃអ្វីថ្ងៃទីប៉ុន្មាននោះទេ

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ការ kaa 1. commonly occurs as a nominalizing particle deriving abstract nouns or noun phrases from verbs or verb phrases
2. work, occupation
3. business, affair, matter
4. to protect, defend, prevent
5. to marry
6. marriage
7. wedding
8. interest (e.g., on a loan)
9. profit
10. usury
11. to wind (into a skein/bobbin/reel)
12. to spin (silk)
ណាត់ nat 1. to determine, fix (a time for something), set/schedule (an appointment) {ខ្ញុំមានណាត់ហើយ = I’ve got an appointment already}
2. to promise, stand by (an agreement), commit oneself
3. clf. for gunshots
ជួប cuəp to meet (especially intentionally)
rɨɨ 1. or
2. phrase-final interrogative particle {មិនមែនឬ = Isn't it true?}
លុបចោល lup caol 1. to cancel
2. to erase
3. to abolish, excise
ភ្លាម pliem 1. immediately, at once, right away
2. suddenly
កើត kaət 1. to be born, created
2. to be, become
3. to come into existence, arise, appear
4. to rise (of the sun)
5. to happen, occur
6. to give birth to
7. to have/suffer (from a disease), contract (an illness)
8. to be affected (by an emotion)
9. to succeed
10. to be possible
11. to be able
12. (the) east
13. eastern
14. period (or day) of the waxing moon (the days in the 15-day period between the new moon and the full moon)
មាន mien 1. to have, possess, own
2. to exist, there is, there are
3. to be rich, own property
4. indicates the accomplishment of an action, to happen to, to have occasion to
Notes: in spoken Khmer, negated មាន (មិនមាន or គ្មាន) can be contracted into មាន, e.g., មានអ្នកណាចង់ជួបឯង = ‘there's nobody who wants to meet you’ — contrast this with the affirmative: មានគេចង់ជួបឯង = ‘there’s somebody who wants to meet you’
ញឹកញាប់ ɲɨk ɲoap 1. repeatedly, many times
2. often, frequently, on many occasions
នៅ nɨv 1. in, at
2. to be located at, to live in or at, to reside, to stay, to be in
3. still, yet (pre-verbal marker of a durative or continuative aspect, as a final particle in the tag question ហើយឬនៅ it means 'yet' and as a reply to a question of this kind, it means 'not yet') {ញ៉ាំអីហើយនៅ? = Have you eaten already?}
ខ្មែរ kmae Khmer, Cambodian
ពេលខ្លះ peel klah sometimes
ក៏ kɑɑ marker of sequential or consecutive action: also, so, then, therefore, accordingly
អ្នក neak 1. you (to equals of both sexes)
2. person, one who... (used as an agentive particle to create nouns from predicatives)
ភ្លេច plɨc to forget
តែម្ដង tae mdɑɑŋ 1. immediately, at once, right away, directly
2. all of a sudden
3. generally, in general
4. totally
Notes: ជើង ដ
មនុស្ស mɔnuh, meaʔnuh human being, person
ជាច្រើន cie craən many, a lot, in abundance
ប្រកបមុខរបរ prɑkɑɑp muk rɔbɑɑ to have an occupation
ជា cie 1. to be (equal to), to be as
2. to be well, in good health, recovered
3. to be effective (of medicines)
រកស៊ី rɔɔk sii to earn, to make one's living
ដែល dael 1. who, whom, which, where, when
2. of/to/in/at which/whom
3. the fact/reason that
4. ever, happened to, having done at least once, having been to, already, always, had occasion to, have ever {អត់ដែលដឹងសោះ = I’ve never known this!}
រវល់ rɔvʊəl busy, occupied
ធ្វើការ tvəə kaa to work
ទាំង teaŋ 1. all, both {ទាំងពីរ = both} {ទាំង ... ទាំង ... = both ... and ...}
2. entirely, completely
3. adverb marker equivalent to ដោយ
ថ្ងៃសៅរ៍ tŋay sav Saturday
ថ្ងៃអាទិត្យ tŋay ʔaatɨt Sunday
ធ្វើឲ្យ tvəə ʔaoy 1. to cause, make (someone) do (something)
2. to do (something) for (someone) (often used to form causative compounds)
ពួកគេ puək kee they
មិនសូវ mɨn səv 1. not so much
2. rather not
ចាំ cam 1. to wait (for)
2. to remember, to memorize, to know by heart
3. phrase-initial: I will [do ... for you very soon/now] {ចាំខ្ញុំយកឲ្យវិញបង = I’ll get it back for you} {ចាំខ្ញុំពន្យល់ពីរបៀបប្រើ = I’ll explain you how it works} {ចាំមើលណា = Let me see...}
ថា tʰaa 1. to say, tell, pronounce
2. that (introduces a question or indirect discourse)
3. I've [just] said, [...]
ថ្ងៃ tŋay 1. day, daytime
2. sun
អ្វី ʔvəy 1. what?
2. anything, something, nothing
ទី tii 1. particle used to form ordinal numbers
2. spot, place, location
3. rank, function, service
ប៉ុន្មាន ponmaan 1. how much, how many
2. (in an affirmative context) some, several, a few, a certain number
3. (in a negative or indefinite context) (not) many, to any (great) extent
នោះ nuh 1. that, those (often serves simply to emphasize something already referred to or something distant in time or space)
2. then
ទេ tee 1. particle: negative particle occurring in phrase final position especially after មិន, ពុំ, etc.
2. interrogative particle occurring in phrase final position, often in the combination ឬទេ
3. neutral/positive particle to add emphasis {ខ្ញុំសុខសប្បាយទេ = I'm fine!} {យកតែមួយទេ = I’ll take only one!}