Post office (Sakanan) — 18


បន្ទាប់មកទៀតរូបភាពទី ១៨ នៅក្នុងរូបភាពទី ១៨ យើងឃើញបន្ទាប់ពីគាត់វេចខ្ចប់អីវ៉ាន់របស់គាត់ហើយ វេចខ្ចប់សៀវភៅរបស់គាត់ចូលទៅក្នុងប្រអប់ហើយ បន្ទាប់មកគាត់ក៏យកប្រអប់នោះមកឲ្យបុគ្គលិកនៅក្នុងការិយាល័យប្រៃសណីយ៍ម្ដងទៀត អញ្ចឹងបុគ្គលិកនោះ បន្ទាប់ពីទទួលបានប្រអប់ គាត់ក៏យកប្រអប់នោះទៅថ្លឹង ដោយសារតែការផ្ញើអីវ៉ាន់គឺគេគិតតម្លៃទៅតាមគីឡូ ទៅតាមគីឡូ ឬក៏ទៅតាមទម្ងន់របស់សម្ភារៈ ឬក៏អីវ៉ាន់ដែលយើងចង់ផ្ញើ ដូច្នេះប្រសិនបើយើង សម្ភារៈ ឬក៏អីវ៉ាន់ដែលយើងផ្ញើនោះគឺធ្ងន់ អញ្ចឹងគេគិតតម្លៃថ្លៃ ប៉ុន្តែប្រសិនបើស្រាលគឺគេគិតតម្លៃថោក អញ្ចឹងគេគិតតម្លៃទៅតាមទម្ងន់របស់សម្ភារៈដែលយើងចង់ផ្ញើ ដូច្នេះនៅពេលដែលគាត់វេចខ្ចប់ហើយ បុគ្គលិកនៅក្នុងការិយាល័យប្រៃសណីយ៍នោះ គាត់ក៏យកអីវ៉ាន់របស់គាត់ យកអីវ៉ាន់របស់ក្មេងប្រុសម្នាក់នោះមកថ្លឹងនៅលើជញ្ជីងអេឡិចត្រូនិចមួយ ដោយសារតែអីវ៉ាន់ខ្លះគឺស្រាលខ្លាំងពេក ដូច្នេះយើងអត់អាចថ្លឹងនៅលើជញ្ជីង ដែលមានទ្រនិចនាឡិកាបានទេ ដូច្នេះគេត្រូវប្រើជញ្ជីងអេឡិចត្រូនិច ព្រោះជញ្ជីងអេឡិចត្រូនិចគឺវាអាចថ្លឹងទម្ងន់សម្ភារៈដែលស្រាលបំផុតបាន អញ្ចឹងគាត់ក៏បានដាក់កេសក្រដាស ឬក៏ដាក់ប្រអប់សៀវភៅនោះនៅលើជញ្ជីងអេឡិចត្រូនិចមួយ ដើម្បីថ្លឹងទម្ងន់របស់វា

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KhmerPronunciationEnglish/Notes
បន្ទាប់មក bɑntoap mɔɔk next, then, afterwards, later
ទៀត tiət 1. again, still, more, further, yet, additional
2. to be different, other
រូបភាព ruup pʰiep 1. image, picture, drawing, photo
2. appearance, form, shape
ទី tii 1. particle used to form ordinal numbers
2. spot, place, location
3. rank, function, service
នៅ nɨv 1. in, at
2. to be located at, to live in or at, to reside, to stay, to be in
3. still, yet (pre-verbal marker of a durative or continuative aspect, as a final particle in the tag question ហើយឬនៅ it means 'yet' and as a reply to a question of this kind, it means 'not yet') {ញ៉ាំអីហើយនៅ? = Have you eaten already?}
ក្នុង knoŋ 1. in, inside
2. during + (time word)
យើង yəəŋ 1. we
2. I (familiar)
3. in final position used to refer to 'our Cambodian ...' {ទុរេនកំពតយើងមែន? = Kampot durian (from our country, Cambodia), right?}
ឃើញ kʰəəɲ 1. to see, to perceive
2. to understand, to recognize
បន្ទាប់ពី bɑntoap pii after, next
គាត់ koat he, she
វេច vɨc 1. to fold over
2. to pack, wrap up/put into a package
ខ្ចប់ kcɑp to pack, wrap, make into a package
អីវ៉ាន់ ʔəyvan objects, things, merchandise, goods, baggage
របស់ rɔbɑh 1. object, thing, belonging, property
2. of, belonging to
ហើយ haǝy 1. indicates completed action or state 'already'
2. and, afterwards, next, then, after that
សៀវភៅ siǝv pʰɨv 1. book
2. pad, notebook
ចូល coul 1. to enter, go in, penetrate
2. to approach
3. to reach
4. to begin, set in
5. may indicate the adverbial meaning of ‘inwardly’ or ‘forwardly’ directed movement
6. to enter into, subscribe to, contribute to
7. to take in (as revenue)
8. to mate (of animals)
9. to go into a trance (of a medium)
10. to possess (as a spirit possesses a medium)
11. to agree with
ទៅ tɨv 1. to go (away from the speaker in space or time), to go to / towards, go on, continue, advance, go away
2. towards
3. from now on, from then on (often used as a particle indicating that the action began at some point in the past or present and continued on into the future or that the action is directed away from the speaker)
4. imperative particle, go ahead and ...! {ញ៉ាំទៅ = Go ahead and eat/drink!}
ប្រអប់ prɑʔɑp (small) box, case
ក៏ kɑɑ marker of sequential or consecutive action: also, so, then, therefore, accordingly
យក yɔɔk 1. to take, bring, get, accept, hold
2. when ordering: I’ll take, I’ll have {យកបបរគ្រឿងសាច់ជ្រូកម៉ាចាន = I’ll have a bowl of pork porridge}
នោះ nuh 1. that, those (often serves simply to emphasize something already referred to or something distant in time or space)
2. then
មក mɔɔk 1. to come (toward the speaker in space or time)
2. to come to/towards (often used as a final particle indicating that the action began at some point in the past and continued up to the present)
3. (from then) on, (from that time) forth
4. to, toward
ឲ្យ ʔaoy 1. to give
2. to let, to allow
3. for, to, in order to, so as to {ចង់ឲ្យខ្ញុំកុម្ម៉ង់អីញ៉ាំឲ្យហើយអត់? = Do you want me to order something for you already?}
4. in a... manner (forms adverbial phrases from predicatives)
Notes: also written អោយ, ឱ្យ
បុគ្គលិក bokkeaʔlɨk employee, staff
ការិយាល័យ kaareʔyaalay office, bureau, department, section
ប្រៃសណីយ៍ praysaʔnii 1. post office
2. post, postal
ម្ដងទៀត mdɑɑŋ tiət once more, again
អញ្ចឹង ʔɑɲcəŋ 1. in that case, so, then, therefore
2. like this / that
3. this / that much
ទទួល tɔtuəl 1. to receive, to take
2. to accept, to agree
3. to meet (e.g., at an airport or station)
បាន baan 1. to have completed/done something
2. to intend to complete something
3. marker of completed action
4. to get, obtain, acquire, to achieve, have been able to, to get/have the opportunity to do something
5. to get someone or something to do something (often translated by the English passive in this sense)
6. to be able to
7. not ... until, then and only then
8. to pass to someone through inheritance
9. to be OK, fine, all right
10. [spoken language] however, though, in contrast {ម្សិលមិញបានក្ដៅខ្លាំង = yesterday, however, it was very hot}
ថ្លឹង tləŋ 1. to weigh
2. to ponder, consider, examine
ដោយសារតែ daoy saa tae because
ការ kaa 1. commonly occurs as a nominalizing particle deriving abstract nouns or noun phrases from verbs or verb phrases
2. work, occupation
3. business, affair, matter
4. to protect, defend, prevent
5. to marry
6. marriage
7. wedding
8. interest (e.g., on a loan)
9. profit
10. usury
11. to wind (into a skein/bobbin/reel)
12. to spin (silk)
ផ្ញើ pɲaə 1. to send, deliver
2. to leave (someone or something) for a time in someone else's care (e.g., to leave a motorbike in a paid parking area), to trust (someone to do something)
គឺ kɨɨ 1. to be (equal to)
2. as follows, namely
គេ kee 1. he, she
2. one, someone
3. other(s)
គិត kɨt 1. to think, to realize
2. to calculate
3. to charge
តម្លៃ tɑmlay 1. price
2. value
ទៅតាម tɨv taam 1. by, according to, through {គេគិតតម្លៃទៅតាមគីឡូ = they’re charging by the kilo}
2. to pursue, go after, go along with
3. to send for
4. to retrieve
គីឡូ kiilou 1. kilo-
2. kilogram
3. kilometer
ឬក៏ rɨɨ kɑɑ or (on the other hand)
ទម្ងន់ tumŋʊən 1. weight, load
2. to be pregnant
Notes: root: ធ្ងន់
សម្ភារៈ sɑmpʰiera 1. materials, equipment, supplies
2. matter, substance
ដែល dael 1. who, whom, which, where, when
2. of/to/in/at which/whom
3. the fact/reason that
4. ever, happened to, having done at least once, having been to, already, always, had occasion to, have ever {អត់ដែលដឹងសោះ = I’ve never known this!}
ចង់ cɑŋ 1. to want, wish, desire
2. to need
ដូច្នេះ doucneh 1. so, thus, therefore
2. like this
ប្រសិនបើ prɑsən baə if
ធ្ងន់ tŋʊən 1. heavy, not light
2. to weigh
ថ្លៃ tlay 1. expensive, dear, valuable
2. cost, price, value
ប៉ុន្តែ pontae but, however
Notes: ជើង ត; root: តែ
ស្រាល sraal 1. to be light (in weight), not heavy, weightless
2. to be slight, trifling, insignificant
3. not serious, petty (of a crime), early (of crops)
ថោក tʰaok 1. to be cheap (of price or behavior), inexpensive
2. petty, trivial, inconsequential
ពេល peel 1. time
2. moment, instant, period of time
ក្មេងប្រុស kmejŋ proh boy
ម្នាក់ mneak 1. one person (contraction of មួយនាក់)
2. alone
លើ ləə 1. up, on, over, above
2. to be on, over, above, located on top
3. in regard to, concerning, toward, for, against
ជញ្ជីង cʊəɲcɨŋ balance, scale, platform scale
អេឡិចត្រូនិច ejləttrounɨt electronic
Notes: also written អេឡិចត្រូនិក; neither in Headley nor Chuon
មួយ muəy 1. one {មួយៗ = one by one}
2. one person/myself {សុំចេញមួយ = Please let me [go] out!} {សុំទៅមួយ = Please give way [for me one person]!} {សុំចុះមួយ = Please let me [one person] get off [the bus]!}
ខ្លះ klah some (serves as a plural marker with ណា​​ and អ្វី)
ខ្លាំង klaŋ 1. strong, vigorous, robust
2. very much, strongly, vigorously
ពេក peek too, too much, too many
អត់ ʔɑt 1. no, not
2. to be without, lacking
3. to restrain oneself, abstain from
4. particle to form yes/no questions
អាច ʔaac 1. to be able (to do something), to be capable (of doing something)
2. to be possible
មាន mien 1. to have, possess, own
2. to exist, there is, there are
3. to be rich, own property
4. indicates the accomplishment of an action, to happen to, to have occasion to
Notes: in spoken Khmer, negated មាន (មិនមាន or គ្មាន) can be contracted into មាន, e.g., មានអ្នកណាចង់ជួបឯង = ‘there's nobody who wants to meet you’ — contrast this with the affirmative: មានគេចង់ជួបឯង = ‘there’s somebody who wants to meet you’
ទ្រនិច trɔnɨc 1. sting, stinger, barb
2. dart
3. goad
4. hand (of a watch or clock), indicator (on a dial)
នាឡិកា nieleʔkaa 1. clock, watch
2. hour
ទេ tee 1. particle: negative particle occurring in phrase final position especially after មិន, ពុំ, etc.
2. interrogative particle occurring in phrase final position, often in the combination ឬទេ
3. neutral/positive particle to add emphasis {ខ្ញុំសុខសប្បាយទេ = I'm fine!}
ត្រូវ trəv 1. must, have to
2. to be correct, right, proper, exact, accurate
3. to concern, have to do with, to agree/jibe with, coincide with
4. to be affected with/by, to suffer, undergo (ត្រូវ + CLAUSE marks a passive-like construction in which the subject of the clause introduced by ត្រូវ is translated as the agent in the passive construction)
ប្រើ praə to use
ព្រោះ prʊəh because (of), since
វា vie 1. it (of animals, things, or very young children)
2. he, she, they (familiar or contemptuous)
បំផុត bɑmpʰot 1. to be the most..., the very..., extreme, extraordinary
2. to terminate, to end, to finish, to conclude
3. final, last
ដាក់ dak 1. to put, place
2. to deposit
3. to add (ingredients)
4. to set (e.g., a trap)
5. to establish
6. to assign
7. to locate, settle, station
8. to lock up
9. to fasten
10. to use
11. to strike, hit hard
12. to affect
13. to subject someone to
14. to be hard hit, suffer a setback
15. to have bad luck, cause bad luck
16. to feel unwell, have an upset stomach (especially after eating certain fruits)
17. to contract for
18. to subscribe to
19. to renounce (a throne)
20. to put aside (religious vows)
21. in, into, on
22. to eat, drink
23. to kneel
24. command to an elephant to kneel by bending the rear legs
កេស keeh 1. case, box
2. [royal] hair
ក្រដាស krɑdaah 1. paper
2. membrane
ដើម្បី daəmbəy in order to, for, to, toward, reserved for