Post office (Sakanan) — 17


បន្ទាប់មកទៀតរូបភាពទី ១៧ រូបភាពទី ១៧ គឺមិនខុសពីសំបុត្រនោះទេ មិនខុសពីការផ្ញើសំបុត្រនោះទេ គឺបុរសម្នាក់នោះ គាត់ត្រូវសរសេរអាសយដ្ឋានរបស់អ្នកទទួល អញ្ចឹងគាត់ត្រូវសរសេរឈ្មោះ អាសយដ្ឋាន ក៏ដូចជាលេខទូរស័ព្ទរបស់អ្នកទទួល ដើម្បីឲ្យអ្នករត់សំបុត្រងាយស្រួលនៅក្នុងការយកទៅឲ្យអ្នកទទួលឲ្យចំគោលដៅ អញ្ចឹងបុរសម្នាក់នោះ គាត់ក៏បានកំពុងតែកាន់ប៊ិច គាត់កាន់ប៊ិចសរសេរអាសយដ្ឋាន ក៏ដូចជាឈ្មោះរបស់អ្នកទទួល នៅលើប្រអប់បញ្ញើរបស់គាត់ ដើម្បីមុននឹងគាត់ផ្ញើ ព្រោះគាត់សរសេរបែបនេះ គឺងាយស្រួល ធ្វើឲ្យការិយាល័យប្រៃសណីយ៍ ឬក៏បុគ្គលិកការិយាល័យប្រៃសណីយ៍ យកអីវ៉ាន់នោះ ឬក៏យកសម្ភារៈ ឬក៏សៀវភៅរបស់គាត់នោះ ទៅឲ្យមិត្តភក្តិរបស់គាត់ចំគោលដៅតែម្ដង អញ្ចឹងគាត់ត្រូវសរសេរឲ្យបានច្បាស់ គាត់ត្រូវសរសេរឲ្យបានច្បាស់ ដើម្បីកុំឲ្យមានការភាន់ច្រឡំ ដូច្នេះគាត់ យើងឃើញនៅក្នុងរូបភាពនេះ គឺគាត់កំពុងតែសរសេរដោយយកចិត្តទុកដាក់ជាទីបំផុត ដោយគាត់កាន់ប៊ិចនៅក្នុងដៃស្ដាំ ហើយសរសេរ ដៃឆ្វេងរបស់គាត់គឺដាក់នៅលើប្រអប់ ដើម្បីទប់កុំឲ្យប្រអប់របស់គាត់រង្គើ នៅពេលដែលប្រអប់រង្គើគឺវាពិបាកសរសេរ ដូច្នេះគាត់ទប់ឲ្យនឹង ឲ្យប្រអប់របស់គាត់មានលំនឹង ដើម្បីងាយស្រួលក្នុងការសរសេរ

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KhmerPronunciationEnglish/Notes
បន្ទាប់មក bɑntoap mɔɔk next, then, afterwards, later
ទៀត tiət 1. again, still, more, further, yet, additional
2. to be different, other
រូបភាព ruup pʰiep 1. image, picture, drawing, photo
2. appearance, form, shape
ទី tii 1. particle used to form ordinal numbers
2. spot, place, location
3. rank, function, service
គឺ kɨɨ 1. to be (equal to)
2. as follows, namely
មិន mɨn negative particle not, non- (usually requires the final particle ទេ)
ខុស kʰoh 1. different
2. wrong, incorrect
3. mistake, fault, defect
ពី pii from, since, of, about, at
សំបុត្រ sɑmbot 1. ticket
2. letter, message, note
Notes: also written សំបុដ
នោះ nuh 1. that, those (often serves simply to emphasize something already referred to or something distant in time or space)
2. then
ទេ tee 1. particle: negative particle occurring in phrase final position especially after មិន, ពុំ, etc.
2. interrogative particle occurring in phrase final position, often in the combination ឬទេ
3. neutral/positive particle to add emphasis {ខ្ញុំសុខសប្បាយទេ = I'm fine!}
ការ kaa 1. work, occupation
2. business, affair, matter
3. commonly occurs as a nominalizing particle deriving abstract nouns or noun phrases from verbs or verb phrases
4. to protect, defend, prevent
5. to marry
6. marriage
7. wedding
8. interest (e.g., on a loan)
9. profit
10. usury
11. to wind (into a skein/bobbin/reel)
12. to spin (silk)
ផ្ញើ pɲaə 1. to send, deliver
2. to leave (someone or something) for a time in someone else's care (e.g., to leave a motorbike in a paid parking area), to trust (someone to do something)
បុរស boʔrɑh man, male person
ម្នាក់ mneak 1. one person (contraction of មួយនាក់)
2. alone
គាត់ koat he, she
ត្រូវ trəv 1. must, have to
2. to be correct, right, proper, exact, accurate
3. to concern, have to do with, to agree/jibe with, coincide with
4. to be affected with/by, to suffer, undergo (ត្រូវ + CLAUSE marks a passive-like construction in which the subject of the clause introduced by ត្រូវ is translated as the agent in the passive construction)
សរសេរ sɑɑ sej to write
អាសយដ្ឋាន ʔaasaʔyattʰaan address (place of residence)
របស់ rɔbɑh 1. object, thing, belonging, property
2. of, belonging to
អ្នកទទួល neak tɔtuəl recipient, receiver, addressee
អញ្ចឹង ʔɑɲcəŋ 1. in that case, so, then, therefore
2. like this / that
3. this / that much
ឈ្មោះ cmʊəh 1. name
2. to be named/called
ក៏ kɑɑ marker of sequential or consecutive action: also, so, then, therefore, accordingly
ដូចជា douc cie such as, like, as though, to seem as though, for instance
លេខ leek 1. number, figure, numeral
2. writing, drawing, letter, mark
3. to write, to draw
ទូរស័ព្ទ tuureaʔsap 1. telephone
2. to call (by phone)
Notes: also written ទូរសព្ទ
ដើម្បី daəmbəy in order to, for, to, toward, reserved for
ឲ្យ ʔaoy 1. to give
2. to let, to allow
3. for, to, in order to, so as to {ចង់ឲ្យខ្ញុំកុម្ម៉ង់អីញ៉ាំឲ្យហើយអត់? = Do you want me to order something for you already?}
4. in a... manner (forms adverbial phrases from predicatives)
Notes: also written អោយ, ឱ្យ
អ្នករត់សំបុត្រ neak rʊət sɑmbot mailman, postman, messenger
ងាយស្រួល ŋiey sruǝl easy (e.g., to do, to use)
នៅ nɨv 1. in, at
2. to be located at, to live in or at, to reside, to stay, to be in
3. still, yet (pre-verbal marker of a durative or continuative aspect, as a final particle in the tag question ហើយឬនៅ it means 'yet' and as a reply to a question of this kind, it means 'not yet') {ញ៉ាំអីហើយនៅ? = Have you eaten already?}
ក្នុង knoŋ 1. in, inside
2. during + (time word)
យក yɔɔk 1. to take, bring, get, accept, hold
2. when ordering: I’ll take, I’ll have {យកបបរគ្រឿងសាច់ជ្រូកម៉ាចាន = I’ll have a bowl of pork porridge}
ទៅ tɨv 1. to go (away from the speaker in space or time), to go to / towards, go on, continue, advance, go away
2. towards
3. from now on, from then on (often used as a particle indicating that the action began at some point in the past or present and continued on into the future or that the action is directed away from the speaker)
4. imperative particle, go ahead and ...! {ញ៉ាំទៅ = Go ahead and eat/drink!}
ចំ cɑm directly, exactly, precisely
គោលដៅ kool dav goal, aim, objective
បាន baan 1. to have completed/done something
2. to intend to complete something
3. marker of completed action
4. to get, obtain, acquire, to achieve, have been able to, to get/have the opportunity to do something
5. to get someone or something to do something (often translated by the English passive in this sense)
6. to be able to
7. not ... until, then and only then
8. to pass to someone through inheritance
9. to be OK, fine, all right
10. [spoken language] however, though, in contrast {ម្សិលមិញបានក្ដៅខ្លាំង = yesterday, however, it was very hot}
កំពុងតែ kɑmpuŋ tae to be in the process of (doing something)
កាន់ kan 1. to hold, carry in the hand, grasp, hang on to
2. to control, be in charge of, be responsible for
3. to withstand, support, sustain, bear
4. to hold to, believe in, keep/observe (e.g., a religion) {កាន់សាសនាព្រះពុទ្ធ = to believe in Buddhism}
5. (of a spirit) to possess
ប៊ិច bic ballpoint pen
លើ ləə 1. up, on, over, above
2. to be on, over, above, located on top
3. in regard to, concerning, toward, for, against
ប្រអប់ prɑʔɑp (small) box, case
បញ្ញើ bɑɲɲaə 1. message, object sent to someone through a third person, object entrusted/temporarily given to someone, token
2. package, parcel
3. shipment
4. consignment
មុននឹង mun nɨŋ before (doing something)
ព្រោះ prʊəh because (of), since
បែប baep kind, sort, model, type, style, form, shape, method, way
នេះ nih 1. this, these
2. often serves simply to emphasize something already referred to or something nearby in time or space
ធ្វើឲ្យ tvəə ʔaoy 1. to cause, make (someone) do (something)
2. to do (something) for (someone) (often used to form causative compounds)
ការិយាល័យ kaareʔyaalay office, bureau, department, section
ប្រៃសណីយ៍ praysaʔnii 1. post office
2. post, postal
ឬក៏ rɨɨ kɑɑ or (on the other hand)
បុគ្គលិក bokkeaʔlɨk employee, staff
អីវ៉ាន់ ʔəyvan objects, things, merchandise, goods, baggage
សម្ភារៈ sɑmpʰiera 1. materials, equipment, supplies
2. matter, substance
សៀវភៅ siǝv pʰɨv 1. book
2. pad, notebook
មិត្តភក្តិ mɨt pʰeaʔ friend
Notes: ជើង ត (twice)
តែម្ដង tae mdɑɑŋ 1. immediately, at once, right away
2. all of a sudden
3. generally, in general
ច្បាស់ cbah 1. clear, distinct, sure {ខ្ញុំអត់ច្បាស់ដែរ = I'm not sure (either)}
2.  clearly, surely, distinctly, definitely
កុំឲ្យ kom ʔaoy 1. in order that not ..., so as not to ...
2. don't let ...
មាន mien 1. to have, possess, own
2. to exist, there is, there are
3. to be rich, own property
4. indicates the accomplishment of an action, to happen to, to have occasion to
Notes: in spoken Khmer, negated មាន (មិនមាន or គ្មាន) can be contracted into មាន, e.g., មានអ្នកណាចង់ជួបឯង = ‘there's nobody who wants to meet you’ — contrast this with the affirmative: មានគេចង់ជួបឯង = ‘there’s somebody who wants to meet you’
ភាន់ច្រឡំ pʰoan crɑlɑm 1. to be confused, mistaken
2. to lose one's way
3. to make a mistake
ដូច្នេះ doucneh 1. so, thus, therefore
2. like this
យើង yəəŋ 1. we
2. I (familiar)
3. in final position used to refer to 'our Cambodian ...' {ទុរេនកំពតយើងមែន? = Kampot durian (from our country, Cambodia), right?}
ឃើញ kʰəəɲ 1. to see, to perceive
2. to understand, to recognize
ដោយ daoy 1. by, with, along
2. (indicator of an adverb) in a ... manner
3. because
យកចិត្តទុកដាក់ yɔɔk cət tuk dak to work hard at something, to be deeply involved in some work, to pay close attention to, to do something seriously
Notes: ជើង ត
ជាទីបំផុត cie tii bɑmpʰot 1. finally, in conclusion
2. extremely, the most ...
ដៃ day arm, hand
ស្ដាំ sdam direction: right
Notes: ជើង ដ
ហើយ haǝy 1. indicates completed action or state 'already'
2. and, afterwards, next, then, after that
ឆ្វេង cvejŋ direction: left
ដាក់ dak 1. to put, place
2. to deposit
3. to add (ingredients)
4. to set (e.g., a trap)
5. to establish
6. to assign
7. to locate, settle, station
8. to lock up
9. to fasten
10. to use
11. to strike, hit hard
12. to affect
13. to subject someone to
14. to be hard hit, suffer a setback
15. to have bad luck, cause bad luck
16. to feel unwell, have an upset stomach (especially after eating certain fruits)
17. to contract for
18. to subscribe to
19. to renounce (a throne)
20. to put aside (religious vows)
21. in, into, on
22. to eat, drink
23. to kneel
24. command to an elephant to kneel by bending the rear legs
ទប់ tup to bar, to block, to obstruct, to stop, to control, to dam up
រង្គើ rʊəŋkəə 1. to quake, shake, tremble, vibrate
2. to be loose, unsteady
ពេល peel 1. time
2. moment, instant, period of time
ដែល dael 1. who, whom, which, where, when
2. of / to / in / at which / whom
3. the fact / reason that
4. ever, happened to, having done at least once, having been to, already, always, had occasion to, have ever
វា vie 1. it (of animals, things, or very young children)
2. he, she, they (familiar or contemptuous)
ពិបាក piʔbaak 1. difficult {ការទិញអីវ៉ាន់នៅខ្មែររៀងពិបាកបន្តិច = buying things in Cambodia is a bit difficult/not easy} {តែពិបាកត្រង់ ឆាប់ងងុយដេក = the problem is: I’m getting tired easily}
2. sad, poor, miserable
3. to suffer
នឹង nɨŋ to be fixed, steady, firm, stable, still, stagnant, unchanging, to be balanced, in equilibrium
លំនឹង lumnɨŋ physical stability, balance, equilibrium