Post office (Sakanan) — 15


បន្ទាប់មកទៀតរូបភាពទី ១៥ នៅក្នុងរូបភាពទី ១៥ បន្ទាប់ពីគាត់សៀតណែនហើយ អីវ៉ាន់របស់គាត់សៀតណែនចូលទៅក្នុងប្រអប់នោះហើយ អញ្ចឹងគាត់ក៏បានប្រើប្រាស់ស្កុត ដើម្បីរុំឡាំងក្រដាសរបស់គាត់ឲ្យជាប់តែម្ដង អញ្ចឹងគាត់បានបិទមាត់ឡាំងក្រដាសរបស់គាត់ គាត់បានបិទ បន្ទាប់មកគាត់យកស្កុតមករុំ គាត់យកស្កុតដែលមាននៅលើតុ ដែលជារបស់ការិយាល័យប្រៃសណីយ៍ដែលទុកឲ្យប្រើនោះ អញ្ចឹងគាត់យកមកបិទនៅលើមុខតំណរបស់ឡាំងក្រដាសនោះ បានន័យថានៅពេលដែលយើងបិទគម្របឡាំងក្រដាស ឬក៏ប្រអប់តែងតែមានមុខតំណមួយ អញ្ចឹងគាត់យកស្កុតមកបិទលើមុខតំណនោះ ដើម្បីឲ្យប្រាកដថាកុំឲ្យមុខតំណនោះហើប ព្រោះនៅពេលដែលផ្ញើ នៅពេលដែលហើប អាចអីវ៉ាន់ខ្ចាយចេញពីប្រអប់ ដូច្នេះគាត់ត្រូវបិទឲ្យជិត និងឲ្យបានជាប់ល្អបំផុត ដើម្បីការពារកុំឲ្យអីវ៉ាន់របស់គាត់មានការខូចខាត ឬក៏ខ្ចាយចេញពីប្រអប់

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KhmerPronunciationEnglish/Notes
បន្ទាប់មក bɑntoap mɔɔk next, then, afterwards, later
ទៀត tiət 1. again, still, more, further, yet, additional
2. to be different, other
រូបភាព ruup pʰiep 1. image, picture, drawing, photo
2. appearance, form, shape
ទី tii 1. particle used to form ordinal numbers
2. spot, place, location
3. rank, function, service
នៅ nɨv 1. in, at
2. to be located at, to live in or at, to reside, to stay, to be in
3. still, yet (pre-verbal marker of a durative or continuative aspect, as a final particle in the tag question ហើយឬនៅ it means 'yet' and as a reply to a question of this kind, it means 'not yet') {ញ៉ាំអីហើយនៅ? = Have you eaten already?}
ក្នុង knoŋ 1. in, inside
2. during + (time word)
បន្ទាប់ពី bɑntoap pii after, next
គាត់ koat he, she
សៀត siǝt 1. to insert, to stick in, to squeeze in
2. (of something long and thin like a knife) to insert, push in, thrust in
3. to carry in the belt
4. to enter stealthily, slip into
5. to fall ill suddenly
6. to have sudden stabbing/sharp pains (in the abdomen)
ណែន naen 1. to be strong, firm
2. narrow, cramped
3. dense, thick
4. to be tight, solid, compact
5. (of a sound) to be dull
6. bar of pure silver weighing about 10 ounces used as a monetary unit in Cambodia before 1890
ហើយ haǝy 1. indicates completed action or state 'already'
2. and, afterwards, next, then, after that
អីវ៉ាន់ ʔəyvan objects, things, merchandise, goods, baggage
របស់ rɔbɑh 1. object, thing, belonging, property
2. of, belonging to
ចូល coul 1. to enter, go in, penetrate
2. to approach
3. to reach
4. to begin, set in
5. may indicate the adverbial meaning of ‘inwardly’ or ‘forwardly’ directed movement
6. to enter into, subscribe to, contribute to
7. to take in (as revenue)
8. to mate (of animals)
9. to go into a trance (of a medium)
10. to possess (as a spirit possesses a medium)
11. to agree with
ទៅ tɨv 1. to go (away from the speaker in space or time), to go to / towards, go on, continue, advance, go away
2. towards
3. from now on, from then on (often used as a particle indicating that the action began at some point in the past or present and continued on into the future or that the action is directed away from the speaker)
4. imperative particle, go ahead and ...! {ញ៉ាំទៅ = Go ahead and eat/drink!}
ប្រអប់ prɑʔɑp (small) box, case
នោះ nuh 1. that, those (often serves simply to emphasize something already referred to or something distant in time or space)
2. then
អញ្ចឹង ʔɑɲcəŋ 1. in that case, so, then, therefore
2. like this / that
3. this / that much
ក៏ kɑɑ marker of sequential or consecutive action: also, so, then, therefore, accordingly
បាន baan 1. to have completed/done something
2. to intend to complete something
3. marker of completed action
4. to get, obtain, acquire, to achieve, have been able to, to get/have the opportunity to do something
5. to get someone or something to do something (often translated by the English passive in this sense)
6. to be able to
7. not ... until, then and only then
8. to pass to someone through inheritance
9. to be OK, fine, all right
10. [spoken language] however, though, in contrast {ម្សិលមិញបានក្ដៅខ្លាំង = yesterday, however, it was very hot}
ប្រើប្រាស់ praə prah to use
ស្កុត skot tape
Notes: derived from the brand name Scotch Tape
ដើម្បី daəmbəy in order to, for, to, toward, reserved for
រុំ rum 1. to bandage, wrap
2. to dress (a wound)
3. to wind around, coil
4. to turn (something round)
ឡាំងក្រដាស laŋ krɑdaah cardboard, cardboard box
ឲ្យ ʔaoy 1. to give
2. to let, to allow
3. for, to, in order to, so as to {ចង់ឲ្យខ្ញុំកុម្ម៉ង់អីញ៉ាំឲ្យហើយអត់? = Do you want me to order something for you already?}
4. in a... manner (forms adverbial phrases from predicatives)
Notes: also written អោយ, ឱ្យ
ជាប់ coap 1. to link together, to be attached, linked together
2. adjacent to, next to {៣ ឆ្នាំជាប់គ្នា = three years in a row}
3. to be busy with {ខ្ញុំជាប់មានការរវល់បន្តិច = I'm a bit busy}
4. to undergo {ជាប់ផុងក្នុងភក់ = [of a car] to get bogged down in the mud}
5. to pass (an examination, an interview etc.) {ខ្ញុំសម្ភាសន៍ការងារជាប់ហើយ! = I’ve passed the job interview!}
តែម្ដង tae mdɑɑŋ 1. immediately, at once, right away, directly
2. all of a sudden
3. generally, in general
4. totally
បិទ bət 1. to shut, close (e.g., a door, a meeting), to turn off (e.g., an electrical switch), to cease (working), to block (e.g., a road)
2. to cover, seal, to attach (to), fasten (on), to place close to, to apply over, smear on, to glue, paste
មាត់ moat 1. mouth
2. bank, shore (of a river, lake, sea)
3. opening (e.g., of a jar or bag)
យក yɔɔk 1. to take, bring, get, accept, hold
2. when ordering: I’ll take, I’ll have {យកបបរគ្រឿងសាច់ជ្រូកម៉ាចាន = I’ll have a bowl of pork porridge}
មក mɔɔk 1. to come (toward the speaker in space or time)
2. to come to/towards (often used as a final particle indicating that the action began at some point in the past and continued up to the present)
3. (from then) on, (from that time) forth
4. to, toward
ដែល dael 1. who, whom, which, where, when
2. of/to/in/at which/whom
3. the fact/reason that
4. ever, happened to, having done at least once, having been to, already, always, had occasion to, have ever {អត់ដែលដឹងសោះ = I’ve never known this!}
មាន mien 1. to have, possess, own
2. to exist, there is, there are
3. to be rich, own property
4. indicates the accomplishment of an action, to happen to, to have occasion to
Notes: in spoken Khmer, negated មាន (មិនមាន or គ្មាន) can be contracted into មាន, e.g., មានអ្នកណាចង់ជួបឯង = ‘there's nobody who wants to meet you’ — contrast this with the affirmative: មានគេចង់ជួបឯង = ‘there’s somebody who wants to meet you’
លើ ləə 1. up, on, over, above
2. to be on, over, above, located on top
3. in regard to, concerning, toward, for, against
តុ tok 1. table, desk
2. small plate on legs for fruit or dessert
Notes: irregular pronunciation
ជា cie 1. to be (equal to), to be as
2. to be well, in good health, recovered
3. to be effective (of medicines)
ការិយាល័យ kaareʔyaalay office, bureau, department, section
ប្រៃសណីយ៍ praysaʔnii 1. post office
2. post, postal
ទុក tuk 1. to put, set, place, arrange
2. to set aside, keep, retain, save, preserve, maintain, conserve, hold (in reserve) {ទុកញ៉ាំ = to keep for eating later}
ប្រើ praə to use
មុខតំណ muk dɑmnɑɑ link, splice, joint, junction
បានន័យថា baan ney tʰaa 1. that means, in other words
2. to mean
ពេល peel 1. time
2. moment, instant, period of time
យើង yəəŋ 1. we
2. I (familiar)
3. in final position used to refer to 'our Cambodian ...' {ទុរេនកំពតយើងមែន? = Kampot durian (from our country, Cambodia), right?}
គម្រប kumrɔɔp lid, cover
Notes: root: គ្រប; also written គំរប
ឬក៏ rɨɨ kɑɑ or (on the other hand)
តែងតែ taeŋ tae usually, regularly, constantly, always, continually
មួយ muəy 1. one {មួយៗ = one by one}
2. one person/myself {សុំចេញមួយ = Please let me [go] out!} {សុំទៅមួយ = Please give way [for me one person]!} {សុំចុះមួយ = Please let me [one person] get off [the bus]!}
ប្រាកដ prakɑt 1. clearly, certainly, without fail, precisely
2. certain, true, exact
3. famous, celebrated
ថា tʰaa 1. to say, tell, pronounce
2. that (introduces a question or indirect discourse)
កុំឲ្យ kom ʔaoy 1. in order that not ..., so as not to ...
2. don't let ...
ហើប haəp 1. to move away slightly
2. to lift up a little bit
3. to be ajar, slightly open
4. to ride high (in the water, as an empty boat)
5. to open the mouth
6. talk, speak, converse with
ព្រោះ prʊəh because (of), since
ផ្ញើ pɲaə 1. to send, deliver
2. to leave (someone or something) for a time in someone else's care (e.g., to leave a motorbike in a paid parking area), to trust (someone to do something)
អាច ʔaac 1. to be able (to do something), to be capable (of doing something)
2. to be possible
ខ្ចាយ kcaay 1. to scatter, spill, disperse
2. to be spilled, to be scattered, dispersed in all directions
ចេញ cəɲ 1. to go out, leave, emerge, exit
2. to issue, bring out, come out (of a publication)
3. to emit, utter
4. out, off, away (also figuratively) {ខ្ញុំគិតអត់ចេញ = I can't figure it out}
5. to pay out, pay for, lay out (money), spend
6. to gain, earn, save
7. to play (a card)
ពី pii from, since, of, about, at
ដូច្នេះ doucneh 1. so, thus, therefore
2. like this
ត្រូវ trəv 1. must, have to
2. to be correct, right, proper, exact, accurate
3. to concern, have to do with, to agree/jibe with, coincide with
4. to be affected with/by, to suffer, undergo (ត្រូវ + CLAUSE marks a passive-like construction in which the subject of the clause introduced by ត្រូវ is translated as the agent in the passive construction)
ជិត cɨt 1. to be close, near
2. tight
3. close-set, dense, thick
4. closely, tightly
5. almost
6. about to, on the point of (doing something)
7. to cover completely, be completely/firmly covered
8. command used by elephant drivers to make an elephant to move closer
និង nɨŋ and
ល្អ lʔɑɑ 1. good, nice, beautiful, pretty
2. correct, proper
បំផុត bɑmpʰot 1. to be the most..., the very..., extreme, extraordinary
2. to terminate, to end, to finish, to conclude
3. final, last
ការពារ kaapie to protect, defend
ការ kaa 1. commonly occurs as a nominalizing particle deriving abstract nouns or noun phrases from verbs or verb phrases
2. work, occupation
3. business, affair, matter
4. to protect, defend, prevent
5. to marry
6. marriage
7. wedding
8. interest (e.g., on a loan)
9. profit
10. usury
11. to wind (into a skein/bobbin/reel)
12. to spin (silk)
ខូចខាត kʰouc kʰaat 1. to damage
2. to be damaged
3. to lose (through destruction)