Post office (Sakanan) — 14


បន្ទាប់មកទៀតរូបភាពទី ១៤ នៅក្នុងរូបភាពទី ១៤ យើងឃើញ ដោយសារតែឡាំងក្រដាសនោះ វាមានទំហំធំជាងសៀវភៅបន្តិច ដូច្នេះក្មេងប្រុសម្នាក់នោះ គាត់ក៏បានយកក្រដាសកាសែតមកសៀតនៅសងខាង នៅខាងដើម្បីឲ្យសៀវភៅនោះណែនល្អទៅនឹងប្រអប់ឡាំងក្រដាសនោះ អញ្ចឹងដោយសារតែឡាំងក្រដាស ដោយសារតែសៀវភៅវាតូចជាងឡាំងក្រដាសនោះបន្តិច វាតូចជាងប្រអប់នោះបន្តិច អញ្ចឹងវាធ្វើឲ្យរលុង បានន័យថាសៀវភៅនោះនឹងរលុងនៅពេលដែលគេខ្ចប់ អញ្ចឹងវាអាចក្រឡុកចុះឡើងទៅឆ្វេងទៅស្ដាំបាន វានឹងរង្គើ នៅពេលដែលគេដឹកជញ្ជូន ឬក៏វាអាចធ្វើឲ្យខូចឡាំងក្រដាសនោះបាន នៅពេលដែលគេដាក់អីវ៉ាន់ច្រើនសង្កត់លើគ្នា ដូច្នេះដើម្បីឲ្យប្រាកដថាសៀវភៅនោះគឺមានលំនឹង ដើម្បីរក្សាលំនឹងសៀវភៅនៅក្នុងកេសក្រដាសនោះ ឬក៏ឡាំងក្រដាសនោះ គឺក្មេងប្រុសម្នាក់នោះ គាត់ក៏បានយកក្រដាសកាសែតមកហែក បន្ទាប់មកគាត់ឆ្មូល បានន័យថាគាត់ បានន័យថាគាត់យកក្រដាសនោះមកធ្វើជាដុំតូចតូចដើម្បីសៀតចូលទៅក្នុងចន្លោះ ដែលមានពីសៀវភៅទៅនឹងក្រដាស ដើម្បីឲ្យវាណែនល្អ អញ្ចឹងគាត់ធ្វើបែបនេះ ដើម្បីឲ្យសៀវភៅណែនល្អទៅនឹងឡាំងក្រដាសនោះ ដើម្បីកុំឲ្យសៀវភៅក្រឡុកនៅក្នុងឡាំងក្រដាស ឬក៏ដើម្បីកុំឲ្យរលុង អញ្ចឹងនៅពេលដែលគេដឹកជញ្ជូន គឺវានឹងមានលំនឹងនៅក្នុងឡាំងក្រដាស អញ្ចឹងវាអត់ធ្វើឲ្យខូចសៀវភៅ ឬក៏អត់ឲ្យធ្វើ ធ្វើអត់ឲ្យធ្វើឲ្យខូចប្រអប់នោះទេ ដូច្នេះនៅពេលដែលយើងចង់ផ្ញើសម្ភារៈ ឬក៏ចង់ផ្ញើអីវ៉ាន់ នៅពេលដែលអីវ៉ាន់របស់យើងតូចជាងប្រអប់ យើងត្រូវយកអ្វីផ្សេងដូចជាក្រណាត់ ឬក៏ក្រដាសមកសៀតវាឲ្យណែន ដើម្បីងាយស្រួលក្នុងការផ្ញើអីវ៉ាន់

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KhmerPronunciationEnglish/Notes
បន្ទាប់មក bɑntoap mɔɔk next, then, afterwards, later
ទៀត tiət 1. again, still, more, further, yet, additional
2. to be different, other
រូបភាព ruup pʰiep 1. image, picture, drawing, photo
2. appearance, form, shape
ទី tii 1. particle used to form ordinal numbers
2. spot, place, location
3. rank, function, service
នៅ nɨv 1. in, at
2. to be located at, to live in or at, to reside, to stay, to be in
3. still, yet (pre-verbal marker of a durative or continuative aspect, as a final particle in the tag question ហើយឬនៅ it means 'yet' and as a reply to a question of this kind, it means 'not yet') {ញ៉ាំអីហើយនៅ? = Have you eaten already?}
ក្នុង knoŋ 1. in, inside
2. during + (time word)
យើង yəəŋ 1. we
2. I (familiar)
3. in final position used to refer to 'our Cambodian ...' {ទុរេនកំពតយើងមែន? = Kampot durian (from our country, Cambodia), right?}
ឃើញ kʰəəɲ 1. to see, to perceive
2. to understand, to recognize
ដោយសារតែ daoy saa tae because
ឡាំងក្រដាស laŋ krɑdaah cardboard, cardboard box
នោះ nuh 1. that, those (often serves simply to emphasize something already referred to or something distant in time or space)
2. then
វា vie 1. it (of animals, things, or very young children)
2. he, she, they (familiar or contemptuous)
មាន mien 1. to have, possess, own
2. to exist, there is, there are
3. to be rich, own property
4. indicates the accomplishment of an action, to happen to, to have occasion to
Notes: in spoken Khmer, negated មាន (មិនមាន or គ្មាន) can be contracted into មាន, e.g., មានអ្នកណាចង់ជួបឯង = ‘there's nobody who wants to meet you’ — contrast this with the affirmative: មានគេចង់ជួបឯង = ‘there’s somebody who wants to meet you’
ទំហំ tumhum size, dimension
ធំ tʰom to be big, tall, vast, important
Notes: irregular pronunciation
ជាង cieŋ 1. more than
2. marks the comparative degree of an adjective {ល្អជាង = better}
សៀវភៅ siǝv pʰɨv 1. book
2. pad, notebook
បន្តិច bɑntəc 1. a little, a little bit, in small amounts, few
2. rather, slightly, just barely
3. in a little while
Notes: ជើង ត
ដូច្នេះ doucneh 1. so, thus, therefore
2. like this
ក្មេងប្រុស kmejŋ proh boy
ម្នាក់ mneak 1. one person (contraction of មួយនាក់)
2. alone
គាត់ koat he, she
ក៏ kɑɑ marker of sequential or consecutive action: also, so, then, therefore, accordingly
បាន baan 1. to have completed/done something
2. to intend to complete something
3. marker of completed action
4. to get, obtain, acquire, to achieve, have been able to, to get/have the opportunity to do something
5. to get someone or something to do something (often translated by the English passive in this sense)
6. to be able to
7. not ... until, then and only then
8. to pass to someone through inheritance
9. to be OK, fine, all right
10. [spoken language] however, though, in contrast {ម្សិលមិញបានក្ដៅខ្លាំង = yesterday, however, it was very hot}
យក yɔɔk 1. to take, bring, get, accept, hold
2. when ordering: I’ll take, I’ll have {យកបបរគ្រឿងសាច់ជ្រូកម៉ាចាន = I’ll have a bowl of pork porridge}
ក្រដាស krɑdaah 1. paper
2. membrane
កាសែត kaasaet newspaper
មក mɔɔk 1. to come (toward the speaker in space or time)
2. often used as a particle indicating that the action began at some point in the past and continued up to the present
សៀត siǝt 1. to insert, to stick in, to squeeze in
2. (of something long and thin like a knife) to insert, push in, thrust in
3. to carry in the belt
4. to enter stealthily, slip into
5. to fall ill suddenly
6. to have sudden stabbing/sharp pains (in the abdomen)
សងខាង sɑɑŋ kʰaaŋ both sides, two sides
ខាង kʰaaŋ 1. side, part
2. direction
3. pertaining to, with regard to
ដើម្បី daəmbəy in order to, for, to, toward, reserved for
ឲ្យ ʔaoy 1. to give
2. to let, to allow
3. for, to, in order to, so as to {ចង់ឲ្យខ្ញុំកុម្ម៉ង់អីញ៉ាំឲ្យហើយអត់? = Do you want me to order something for you already?}
4. in a... manner (forms adverbial phrases from predicatives)
Notes: also written អោយ, ឱ្យ
ណែន naen 1. to be strong, firm
2. narrow, cramped
3. dense, thick
4. to be tight, solid, compact
5. (of a sound) to be dull
6. bar of pure silver weighing about 10 ounces used as a monetary unit in Cambodia before 1890
ល្អ lʔɑɑ 1. good, nice, beautiful, pretty
2. correct, proper
ទៅ tɨv 1. to go (away from the speaker in space or time), to go to / towards, go on, continue, advance, go away
2. towards
3. from now on, from then on (often used as a particle indicating that the action began at some point in the past or present and continued on into the future or that the action is directed away from the speaker)
4. imperative particle, go ahead and ...! {ញ៉ាំទៅ = Go ahead and eat/drink!}
នឹង nɨŋ with, by (means of), (attached) to
ប្រអប់ prɑʔɑp (small) box, case
អញ្ចឹង ʔɑɲcəŋ 1. in that case, so, then, therefore
2. like this / that
3. this / that much
តូច touc, tuuc 1. small, little, tiny
2. minor
ធ្វើឲ្យ tvəə ʔaoy 1. to cause, make (someone) do (something)
2. to do (something) for (someone) (often used to form causative compounds)
រលុង rɔluŋ 1. to be large, roomy, loose-fitting, too big (e.g., of clothing)
2. to be relaxed (e.g., of an atmosphere)
3. easy-going, lackadaisical
4. gullible, easily convinced
5. to be easy to understand
បានន័យថា baan ney tʰaa 1. that means, in other words
2. to mean
នឹង nɨŋ future tense marker: will, about to
ពេល peel 1. time
2. moment, instant, period of time
ដែល dael 1. who, whom, which, where, when
2. of / to / in / at which / whom
3. the fact / reason that
4. ever, happened to, having done at least once, having been to, already, always, had occasion to, have ever
គេ kee 1. he, she
2. one, someone
3. other(s)
ខ្ចប់ kcɑp to pack, wrap, make into a package
អាច ʔaac 1. to be able (to do something), to be capable (of doing something)
2. to be possible
ក្រឡុក krɑlok 1. to shake, agitate
2. hole, pothole, bump (especially in a road)
ចុះឡើង coh laəŋ 1. to go up and down, go back and forth
2. up and down
ឆ្វេង cvejŋ direction: left
ស្ដាំ sdam direction: right
Notes: ជើង ដ
រង្គើ rʊəŋkəə 1. to quake, shake, tremble, vibrate
2. to be loose, unsteady
ដឹកជញ្ជូន dək cʊəɲcuun to transport
ឬក៏ rɨɨ kɑɑ or (on the other hand)
ខូច kʰouc 1. broken, damaged, ruined
2. bad, nasty
ដាក់ dak 1. to put, place
2. to deposit
3. to add (ingredients)
4. to set (e.g., a trap)
5. to establish
6. to assign
7. to locate, settle, station
8. to lock up
9. to fasten
10. to use
11. to strike, hit hard
12. to affect
13. to subject someone to
14. to be hard hit, suffer a setback
15. to have bad luck, cause bad luck
16. to feel unwell, have an upset stomach (especially after eating certain fruits)
17. to contract for
18. to subscribe to
19. to renounce (a throne)
20. to put aside (religious vows)
21. in, into, on
22. to eat, drink
23. to kneel
24. command to an elephant to kneel by bending the rear legs
អីវ៉ាន់ ʔəyvan objects, things, merchandise, goods, baggage
ច្រើន craən 1. much, many, numerous, very much
2. mostly, often
សង្កត់ sɑŋkɑt 1. to press down on, apply weight/pressure upon
2. to oppress, suppress, pressure
3. to squeeze, hold very tightly
4. to threaten (in order to get something)
5. to keep (the emotions) calm, suppress
6. to be a little ahead
7. to make a devastating reply (so that one's opponent cannot answer)
8. to emphasize
លើ ləə 1. up, on, over, above
2. to be on, over, above, located on top
3. in regard to, concerning, toward, for, against
គ្នា knie 1. together
2. mutually, reciprocally
ប្រាកដ prakɑt 1. clearly, certainly, without fail, precisely
2. certain, true, exact
3. famous, celebrated
ថា tʰaa 1. to say, tell, pronounce
2. that (introduces a question or indirect discourse)
គឺ kɨɨ 1. to be (equal to)
2. as follows, namely
លំនឹង lumnɨŋ physical stability, balance, equilibrium
រក្សា reaksaa 1. to take care of, protect
2. to keep, maintain
3. to observe, pay attention to, watch
កេស keeh 1. case, box
2. [royal] hair
ហែក haek 1. to tear
2. to tear out/off/apart, tear to pieces
3. to force open (the mouth)
4. to slander, expose someone's faults in public
ឆ្មូល cmoul 1. to bundle/roll up, gather up into a bale
2. to roll into a ball to crumple, wad up
3. to have an upset stomach
ធ្វើ tvəə to do, to make, to work, to prepare, to cultivate (a field)
ជា cie 1. to be (equal to), to be as
2. to be well, in good health, recovered
3. to be effective (of medicines)
ដុំ dom 1. piece, chunk, lump, mass, part, block
2. cluster, bunch
3. packet, bundle
ចូល coul 1. to enter, to go in
2. to agree with
ចន្លោះ cɑnlɑh interval, gap, space, omission
ពី pii from, since, of, about, at
បែប baep kind, sort, model, type, style, form, shape, method, way
នេះ nih 1. this, these
2. often serves simply to emphasize something already referred to or something nearby in time or space
កុំឲ្យ kom ʔaoy 1. in order that not ..., so as not to ...
2. don't let ...
អត់ ʔɑt 1. no, not
2. to be without, lacking
3. to restrain oneself, abstain from
4. particle to form yes/no questions
ទេ tee 1. particle: negative particle occurring in phrase final position especially after មិន, ពុំ, etc.
2. interrogative particle occurring in phrase final position, often in the combination ឬទេ
3. neutral/positive particle to add emphasis {ខ្ញុំសុខសប្បាយទេ = I'm fine!}
ចង់ cɑŋ 1. to want, wish, desire
2. to need
ផ្ញើ pɲaə 1. to send, deliver
2. to leave (someone or something) for a time in someone else's care (e.g., to leave a motorbike in a paid parking area), to trust (someone to do something)
សម្ភារៈ sɑmpʰiera 1. materials, equipment, supplies
2. matter, substance
របស់ rɔbɑh 1. object, thing, belonging, property
2. of, belonging to
ត្រូវ trəv 1. must, have to
2. to be correct, right, proper, exact, accurate
3. to concern, have to do with, to agree/jibe with, coincide with
4. to be affected with/by, to suffer, undergo (ត្រូវ + CLAUSE marks a passive-like construction in which the subject of the clause introduced by ត្រូវ is translated as the agent in the passive construction)
អ្វី ʔvəy 1. what?
2. anything, something, nothing
ផ្សេង psejŋ to differ, to be different (from each other), to be separate
ដូចជា douc cie such as, like, as though, to seem as though, for instance
ក្រណាត់ krɑnat cloth, fabric
ងាយស្រួល ŋiey sruǝl easy (e.g., to do, to use)
ការ kaa 1. work, occupation
2. business, affair, matter
3. commonly occurs as a nominalizing particle deriving abstract nouns or noun phrases from verbs or verb phrases
4. to protect, defend, prevent
5. to marry
6. marriage
7. wedding
8. interest (e.g., on a loan)
9. profit
10. usury
11. to wind (into a skein/bobbin/reel)
12. to spin (silk)