Post office (Sakanan) — 11


បន្ទាប់មកទៀតរូបភាពទី ១១ នៅក្នុងរូបភាពទី ១១ យើងឃើញក្មេងប្រុសម្នាក់នោះ គាត់ក៏បានដើរមករកកន្លែងខ្ចប់អីវ៉ាន់ បានន័យថានៅក្នុងការិយាល័យប្រៃសណីយ៍ គឺគេតែងតែមានតុមួយសម្រាប់ឲ្យយើងខ្ចប់អីវ៉ាន់ ដូច្នេះនៅពេលដែលយើងទិញឡាំងក្រដាសហើយ នៅពេលដែលក្មេងប្រុសម្នាក់នោះ គាត់ទិញឡាំងក្រដាសហើយ គាត់ក៏បានកាន់ឡាំងក្រដាសជាមួយនឹងសៀវភៅរបស់គាត់នោះមករកតុមួយ អញ្ចឹងនៅក្នុងរូបភាពនេះយើងឃើញមានតុមួយ ដែលនៅលើតុនោះគឺយើងឃើញមានក្រដាសកាសែត យើងឃើញមានដូចជាកាវ កាវស្អិត ហើយនិងស្កុតផងដែរអញ្ចឹងគឺការិយាល័យប្រៃសណីយ៍គឺគេតែងតែដាក់ឧបករណ៍ផ្សេងសម្រាប់ខ្ចប់អីវ៉ាន់នៅលើតុ ដើម្បីឲ្យអតិថិជនប្រើប្រាស់ អញ្ចឹងយើងអត់ចាំបាច់យកស្កុត អត់ចាំបាច់យកកាវទៅផ្ទាល់ខ្លួនទៅក៏បានដែរ ដោយនៅទីនោះគឺគេមានដាក់ឲ្យយើងស្រាប់តែម្ដង អញ្ចឹងគឺគេដាក់នៅលើតុដើម្បីឲ្យអតិថិជនទាំងអស់ប្រើប្រាស់ ដោយនៅពេលដែលយើងប្រើប្រាស់ហើយ យើងគ្រាន់តែដាក់នៅលើតុនោះវិញ ដើម្បីឲ្យអ្នកផ្សេងទៀតមកប្រើដោយយើងអត់ត្រូវយកនោះទេ ដោយសារតែរបស់នេះគឺគេដាក់ប្រើរួម ជារបស់រួម ដូច្នេះអ្នកណាក៏មានសិទ្ធិប្រើផងដែរ អញ្ចឹងក្មេងប្រុសម្នាក់ហ្នឹង គាត់ក៏បានកាន់ឡាំងក្រដាសជាមួយនឹងសៀវភៅមករកតុខ្ចប់អីវ៉ាន់ ដែលយើងឃើញនៅក្រោមតុគឺមានធុងសំរាមមួយ អញ្ចឹងដោយសារតែនៅពេលដែលយើងខ្ចប់អីវ៉ាន់ គឺតែងតែមានសំរាម ដូចជាស្កុតដែលនៅសល់ ឬក៏ក្រដាសកាសែតដែលនៅសល់ ដូច្នេះគឺយើងអត់បោះចោលពាសវាលពាសកាលទេ អញ្ចឹងដើម្បីរក្សាអនាម័យ និងដើម្បីរក្សាសណ្ដាប់ធ្នាប់ គឺយើងត្រូវបោះសំរាមចូលទៅក្នុងធុងសំរាម អញ្ចឹងក្មេងប្រុសម្នាក់នេះ គាត់ក៏បានកាន់ឡាំងក្រដាសរបស់គាត់ ដើម្បីមកខ្ចប់អីវ៉ាន់នៅលើតុមួយ

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KhmerPronunciationEnglish/Notes
បន្ទាប់មក bɑntoap mɔɔk next, then, afterwards, later
ទៀត tiət 1. again, still, more, further, yet, additional
2. to be different, other
រូបភាព ruup pʰiep 1. image, picture, drawing, photo
2. appearance, form, shape
ទី tii 1. particle used to form ordinal numbers
2. spot, place, location
3. rank, function, service
នៅ nɨv 1. in, at
2. to be located at, to live in or at, to reside, to stay, to be in
3. still, yet (pre-verbal marker of a durative or continuative aspect, as a final particle in the tag question ហើយឬនៅ it means 'yet' and as a reply to a question of this kind, it means 'not yet') {ញ៉ាំអីហើយនៅ? = Have you eaten already?}
ក្នុង knoŋ 1. in, inside
2. during + (time word)
យើង yəəŋ 1. we
2. I (familiar)
3. in final position used to refer to 'our Cambodian ...' {ទុរេនកំពតយើងមែន? = Kampot durian (from our country, Cambodia), right?}
ឃើញ kʰəəɲ 1. to see, to perceive
2. to understand, to recognize
ក្មេងប្រុស kmejŋ proh boy
ម្នាក់ mneak 1. one person (contraction of មួយនាក់)
2. alone
នោះ nuh 1. that, those (often serves simply to emphasize something already referred to or something distant in time or space)
2. then
គាត់ koat he, she
ក៏ kɑɑ marker of sequential or consecutive action: also, so, then, therefore, accordingly
បាន baan 1. to have completed/done something
2. to intend to complete something
3. marker of completed action
4. to get, obtain, acquire, to achieve, have been able to, to get/have the opportunity to do something
5. to get someone or something to do something (often translated by the English passive in this sense)
6. to be able to
7. not ... until, then and only then
8. to pass to someone through inheritance
9. to be OK, fine, all right
10. [spoken language] however, though, in contrast {ម្សិលមិញបានក្ដៅខ្លាំង = yesterday, however, it was very hot}
ដើរ daə 1. to walk, to go, to move
2. (of machines) to run
មក mɔɔk 1. to come (toward the speaker in space or time)
2. often used as a particle indicating that the action began at some point in the past and continued up to the present
រក rɔɔk 1. to look, search for, seek
2. to look up (e.g., in a dictionary)
3. to see, to visit
4. to request, ask for, ask someone to do something
5. to think about, plan/intend to {រកទៅ … = I’m thinking of [doing sth.], I’m about to [do sth.]} {ខ្ញុំរកជម្រាបលាលោកអ៊ំសិនហើយ = I'm thinking of saying goodbye already, uncle} {ខ្ញុំគិតរកទៅសិនហើយណា = I'm thinking of going/I'm about to leave} {ខ្ញុំកំពុងរកចង់ព្យួររូបថតមួយនេះ = I’m about to hang up a picture here}
6. is about to {មេឃរកភ្លៀងតែអត់ភ្លៀងសោះ = the sky looks like it’s going to rain but it isn’t raining at all}
កន្លែង kɑnlaeŋ 1. place, location, region
2. clf. for locations
ខ្ចប់ kcɑp to pack, wrap, make into a package
អីវ៉ាន់ ʔəyvan objects, things, merchandise, goods, baggage
បានន័យថា baan ney tʰaa 1. that means, in other words
2. to mean
ការិយាល័យ kaareʔyaalay office, bureau, department, section
ប្រៃសណីយ៍ praysaʔnii 1. post office
2. post, postal
គឺ kɨɨ 1. to be (equal to)
2. as follows, namely
គេ kee 1. he, she
2. one, someone
3. other(s)
តែងតែ taeŋ tae usually, regularly, constantly, always, continually
មាន mien 1. to have, possess, own
2. to exist, there is, there are
3. to be rich, own property
4. indicates the accomplishment of an action, to happen to, to have occasion to
Notes: in spoken Khmer, negated មាន (មិនមាន or គ្មាន) can be contracted into មាន, e.g., មានអ្នកណាចង់ជួបឯង = ‘there's nobody who wants to meet you’ — contrast this with the affirmative: មានគេចង់ជួបឯង = ‘there’s somebody who wants to meet you’
តុ tok 1. table, desk
2. small plate on legs for fruit or dessert
Notes: irregular pronunciation
មួយ muəy 1. one {មួយៗ = one by one}
2. one person/myself {សុំចេញមួយ = Please let me [go] out!} {សុំទៅមួយ = Please give way [for me one person]!} {សុំចុះមួយ = Please let me [one person] get off [the bus]!}
សម្រាប់ sɑmrap 1. for
2. used for, used to (make or do something)
ឲ្យ ʔaoy 1. to give
2. to let, to allow
3. for, to, in order to, so as to {ចង់ឲ្យខ្ញុំកុម្ម៉ង់អីញ៉ាំឲ្យហើយអត់? = Do you want me to order something for you already?}
4. in a... manner (forms adverbial phrases from predicatives)
Notes: also written អោយ, ឱ្យ
ដូច្នេះ doucneh 1. so, thus, therefore
2. like this
ពេល peel 1. time
2. moment, instant, period of time
ដែល dael 1. who, whom, which, where, when
2. of / to / in / at which / whom
3. the fact / reason that
4. ever, happened to, having done at least once, having been to, already, always, had occasion to, have ever
ទិញ tɨɲ to buy
ឡាំងក្រដាស laŋ krɑdaah cardboard, cardboard box
ហើយ haǝy 1. indicates completed action or state 'already'
2. and, afterwards, next, then, after that
កាន់ kan 1. to hold, carry in the hand, grasp, hang on to
2. to control, be in charge of, be responsible for
3. to withstand, support, sustain, bear
4. to hold to, believe in, keep/observe (e.g., a religion) {កាន់សាសនាព្រះពុទ្ធ = to believe in Buddhism}
5. (of a spirit) to possess
ជាមួយនឹង cie muəy nɨŋ 1. together, along with
2. with
សៀវភៅ siǝv pʰɨv 1. book
2. pad, notebook
របស់ rɔbɑh 1. object, thing, belonging, property
2. of, belonging to
អញ្ចឹង ʔɑɲcəŋ 1. in that case, so, then, therefore
2. like this / that
3. this / that much
នេះ nih 1. this, these
2. often serves simply to emphasize something already referred to or something nearby in time or space
លើ ləə 1. up, on, over, above
2. to be on, over, above, located on top
3. in regard to, concerning, toward, for, against
ក្រដាស krɑdaah 1. paper
2. membrane
កាសែត kaasaet newspaper
ដូចជា douc cie such as, like, as though, to seem as though, for instance
កាវ kaav 1. glue, adhesive
2. gum
3. (medicinal) extract Chinese
4. to hook, snare/pull (with a hook)
5. to drag
6. kind of earring or ear plug consisting of a round thick body (usually made of gold, with a gem mounted at the front, it is inserted into a hole in the earlobe)
ស្អិត sʔət 1. to be sticky, adhesive, adherent
2. stuck (to), attached (to)
3. to be addictive
4. (of weather) to be sticky, muggy
5. closely, like glue
6. to be loath to forgive someone, reluctant to forget someone's mistake
ហើយនិង haǝy nɨŋ and (followed by the last in a series), with
ស្កុត skot tape
Notes: derived from the brand name Scotch Tape
ផងដែរ pʰɑɑŋ dae also, too, as well
ដាក់ dak 1. to put, place
2. to deposit
3. to add (ingredients)
4. to set (e.g., a trap)
5. to establish
6. to assign
7. to locate, settle, station
8. to lock up
9. to fasten
10. to use
11. to strike, hit hard
12. to affect
13. to subject someone to
14. to be hard hit, suffer a setback
15. to have bad luck, cause bad luck
16. to feel unwell, have an upset stomach (especially after eating certain fruits)
17. to contract for
18. to subscribe to
19. to renounce (a throne)
20. to put aside (religious vows)
21. in, into, on
22. to eat, drink
23. to kneel
24. command to an elephant to kneel by bending the rear legs
ឧបករណ៍ ʔuʔpaʔkɑɑ 1. instrument, tool, implement, device
2. supplies, equipment
3. in general any instrument or means for achieving a purpose
4. part (of a mechanism)
5. assistance, aid, help, service, support, means of existence
ផ្សេង psejŋ to differ, to be different (from each other), to be separate
ដើម្បី daəmbəy in order to, for, to, toward, reserved for
អតិថិជន ʔaʔteʔtʰeʔ cɔɔn customer, client
Notes: formal
ប្រើប្រាស់ praə prah to use
អត់ ʔɑt 1. no, not
2. to be without, lacking
3. to restrain oneself, abstain from
4. particle to form yes/no questions
ចាំបាច់ cam bac necessary, essential
យក yɔɔk 1. to take, bring, get, accept, hold
2. when ordering: I’ll take, I’ll have {យកបបរគ្រឿងសាច់ជ្រូកម៉ាចាន = I’ll have a bowl of pork porridge}
ទៅ tɨv 1. to go (away from the speaker in space or time), to go to / towards, go on, continue, advance, go away
2. towards
3. from now on, from then on (often used as a particle indicating that the action began at some point in the past or present and continued on into the future or that the action is directed away from the speaker)
4. imperative particle, go ahead and ...! {ញ៉ាំទៅ = Go ahead and eat/drink!}
ផ្ទាល់ ptoal 1. directly, personally
2. to be close to
ខ្លួន kluən 1. body, figure, person, self
2. reflexive pronoun: myself, yourself, himself etc.
ដែរ dae 1. also, too, likewise, in the same way
2. indeed, quite, rather
3. marks a polite, gentler, less abrupt statement: all the same, even so, nevertheless
ដោយ daoy 1. by, with, along
2. (indicator of an adverb) in a ... manner
3. because
ទីនោះ tii nuh there, over there
ស្រាប់ srap 1. to be available, prepared, ready-made, completed
2. already
3. obviously, as a matter of fact
4. to be definite, certain, obvious
តែម្ដង tae mdɑɑŋ 1. immediately, at once, right away
2. all of a sudden
3. generally, in general
ទាំងអស់ teaŋ ʔɑh all, all of
គ្រាន់តែ kroan tae just, only, only just
វិញ vɨɲ again, back, instead
អ្នក neak 1. you (to equals of both sexes)
2. person, one who... (used as an agentive particle to create nouns from predicatives)
ផ្សេងទៀត psejŋ tiət other
ប្រើ praə to use
ត្រូវ trəv 1. must, have to
2. to be correct, right, proper, exact, accurate
3. to concern, have to do with, to agree/jibe with, coincide with
4. to be affected with/by, to suffer, undergo (ត្រូវ + CLAUSE marks a passive-like construction in which the subject of the clause introduced by ត្រូវ is translated as the agent in the passive construction)
ទេ tee 1. particle: negative particle occurring in phrase final position especially after មិន, ពុំ, etc.
2. interrogative particle occurring in phrase final position, often in the combination ឬទេ
3. neutral/positive particle to add emphasis {ខ្ញុំសុខសប្បាយទេ = I'm fine!}
ដោយសារតែ daoy saa tae because
រួម ruəm 1. to put together, to unite, to join
2. to take part in, to share
3. to be concentrated, compact, solid
4. to be united, joined, connected
ជា cie 1. to be (equal to), to be as
2. to be well, in good health, recovered
3. to be effective (of medicines)
អ្នកណា neak naa 1. who, which one
2. someone, anyone
សិទ្ធិ sət 1. right
2. accomplishment, achievement
3. fruit, result, attainment of a goal
4. effectiveness, skillfulness
5. duty
6. peace
ហ្នឹង nɨŋ this, that, right here, right now (colloquial form of នេះ = this, that)
ក្រោម kraom 1. below, beneath, under
2. to be located below, under
3. to be located to the south/downstream
ធុងសំរាម tʰuŋ sɑmraam bin, trash can, garbage can
សំរាម sɑmraam 1. garbage, trash, litter, rubbish, debris, waste, sewage
2. midden
នៅសល់ nɨv sɑl to remain, be left over
ឬក៏ rɨɨ kɑɑ or (on the other hand)
បោះចោល bɑh caol to throw (away), to abandon
ពាសវាលពាសកាល pieh viel pieh kaal 1. all over, everywhere
2. completely
3. in complete chaos, in all directions
រក្សា reaksaa 1. to take care of, protect
2. to keep, maintain
3. to observe, pay attention to, watch
អនាម័យ ʔaʔnaamay 1. hygiene, sanitation
2. health
និង nɨŋ and
សណ្ដាប់ធ្នាប់ sɑndap tnoap 1. conduct, manners, behavior, discipline, personality, order, method, arrangement
2. act, action
បោះ bɑh 1. to throw (away), cast, fling
2. to cast (a vote) {ខ្ញុំបោះហើយ = I've voted already}
3. to scatter
4. to broadcast
5. to sow (seed)
6. to thrust (down) into, force in, insert, drive/fix (a stake in the ground)
7. to implant, set up
8. to locate, station, pitch a camp
9. to crush, grind, gin (cotton)
10. to imprint/impress (a seal), stamp, affix
11. to publish
12. to sell in large quantities with limited profit
13. to take a step
ចូល coul 1. to enter, to go in
2. to agree with