Post office (Sakanan) — 07


បន្ទាប់មកទៀតរូបភាពទីនៅក្នុងរូបភាពទីយើងឃើញ បុរសម្នាក់នោះ ដោយសារតែគាត់កាន់លេខរៀងទី ៦២ អញ្ចឹងនៅពេលដែលដល់លេខរៀងទី ៦២ បុរសម្នាក់នោះ គាត់ក៏ដើរចូលទៅបញ្ជរ B អញ្ចឹងយើងឃើញនៅក្បែរបញ្ជរនោះគឺមានផ្ទាំងលេខរៀង ដែលយើងឃើញលេខ ៦២ របស់បុរសដែលពាក់អាវខៀវហ្នឹង គឺនៅបញ្ជរអក្សរ B ដូច្នេះបុរសម្នាក់នោះ គាត់ក៏បានកាន់សៀវភៅរបស់គាត់ ដើម្បីទៅបញ្ជរអក្សរ B ដែលយើងឃើញអក្សរ A និងអក្សរ B គឺនៅជាប់គ្នា បានន័យថាបញ្ជរអក្សរ A និងបញ្ជរអក្សរ B គឺនៅជាមួយគ្នាតែម្ដង គឺនៅជាប់គ្នា ដូច្នេះយើងឃើញមានបុរសម្នាក់ គាត់កំពុងតែឈរនៅបញ្ជរអក្សរ A ដើម្បីផ្ញើរបស់របរ ឬក៏ដើម្បីទទួលរបស់របរដែលគេផ្ញើមកអញ្ចឹងដោយសារតែការិយាល័យប្រៃសណីយ៍គឺមានអតិថិជនច្រើន ដូច្នេះយើងឃើញមានបុរសម្នាក់ ដែលពាក់អាវ ខោ គាត់កំពុងតែឈរនៅខាងមុខបញ្ជរអក្សរ A ដើម្បីរង់ចាំទទួលសេវាកម្ម គាត់អាចមកទីនេះដើម្បីទទួលយករបស់ ឬក៏ទទួលយកបញ្ញើពីមិត្តភក្តិរបស់គាត់ ឬក៏ពីក្រុមគ្រួសាររបស់គាត់ដែលផ្ញើមក ឬក៏គាត់អាចយករបស់របរទៅផ្ញើទៅក្រុមគ្រួសាររបស់គាត់ ឬក៏មិត្តភក្តិរបស់គាត់ ដែលនៅខាងក្រៅ ឬក៏ដែលនៅឆ្ងាយពីគាត់ ដូច្នេះដោយសារតែលេខរៀងរបស់គាត់គឺត្រូវមកបញ្ជរអក្សរ A ដូច្នេះគាត់ក៏មក ដើរមក តម្រង់មកអក្សរ A ប៉ុន្តែដោយសារតែក្មេងប្រុសដែលមានវ័យ ១៩ ឆ្នាំម្នាក់នេះ លេខរៀងទី ៦២ ហើយលេខរៀងទី ៦២ គឺគេបង្ហាញឲ្យមកបញ្ជរអក្សរ B ដូច្នេះគាត់ក៏បានកាន់សៀវភៅនិងសំបុត្ររបស់គាត់ដើរមកកាន់បញ្ជរអក្សរ B ដោយយើងឃើញនៅក្នុងបញ្ជរអក្សរ B យើងឃើញមានបុរសម្នាក់ ដែលជាបុគ្គលិកបម្រើការនៅក្នុងការិយាល័យប្រៃសណីយ៍នោះ គឺគាត់កំពុងតែអង្គុយដើម្បីរង់ចាំអតិថិជនអញ្ចឹងគាត់អង្គុយនៅក្នុងនោះដោយស្លៀកសម្លៀកបំពាក់ឯកសណ្ឋាន អញ្ចឹងគាត់ស្លៀកឯកសណ្ឋានជាអ្នកធ្វើការនៅក្នុងការិយាល័យប្រៃសណីយ៍ ដើម្បីទទួលបញ្ញើពីអតិថិជន ហើយយើងឃើញនៅក្បែរគាត់គឺមានតុដាក់សម្ភារៈជាច្រើន បានន័យថាគាត់មានឯកសារជាច្រើននៅក្នុងបញ្ជររបស់គាត់ ដែលគាត់ទទួលបញ្ញើ ដូច្នេះគាត់កំពុងតែអង្គុយដើម្បីផ្ដល់សេវាកម្មទៅឲ្យអតិថិជនរបស់គាត់ ដែលចង់ផ្ញើរបស់របរ ឬក៏ចង់មកទទួលរបស់របរដែលគេបានផ្ញើ

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KhmerPronunciationEnglish/Notes
បន្ទាប់មក bɑntoap mɔɔk next, then, afterwards, later
ទៀត tiət 1. again, still, more, further, yet, additional
2. to be different, other
រូបភាព ruup pʰiep 1. image, picture, drawing, photo
2. appearance, form, shape
ទី tii 1. particle used to form ordinal numbers
2. spot, place, location
3. rank, function, service
នៅ nɨv 1. in, at
2. to be located at, to live in or at, to reside, to stay, to be in
3. still, yet (pre-verbal marker of a durative or continuative aspect, as a final particle in the tag question ហើយឬនៅ it means 'yet' and as a reply to a question of this kind, it means 'not yet') {ញ៉ាំអីហើយនៅ? = Have you eaten already?}
ក្នុង knoŋ 1. in, inside
2. during + (time word)
យើង yəəŋ 1. we
2. I (familiar)
3. in final position used to refer to 'our Cambodian ...' {ទុរេនកំពតយើងមែន? = Kampot durian (from our country, Cambodia), right?}
ឃើញ kʰəəɲ 1. to see, to perceive
2. to understand, to recognize
បុរស boʔrɑh man, male person
ម្នាក់ mneak 1. one person (contraction of មួយនាក់)
2. alone
នោះ nuh 1. that, those (often serves simply to emphasize something already referred to or something distant in time or space)
2. then
ដោយសារតែ daoy saa tae because
គាត់ koat he, she
កាន់ kan 1. to hold, carry in the hand, grasp, hang on to
2. to control, be in charge of, be responsible for
3. to withstand, support, sustain, bear
4. to hold to, believe in, keep/observe (e.g., a religion) {កាន់សាសនាព្រះពុទ្ធ = to believe in Buddhism}
5. (of a spirit) to possess
លេខរៀង leek riəŋ sequential number
អញ្ចឹង ʔɑɲcəŋ 1. in that case, so, then, therefore
2. like this / that
3. this / that much
ពេល peel 1. time
2. moment, instant, period of time
ដែល dael 1. who, whom, which, where, when
2. of/to/in/at which/whom
3. the fact/reason that
4. ever, happened to, having done at least once, having been to, already, always, had occasion to, have ever {អត់ដែលដឹងសោះ = I’ve never known this!}
ដល់ dɑl 1. to reach, to attain, to arrive at
2. to, toward, up to, as far as, at, until
ក៏ kɑɑ marker of sequential or consecutive action: also, so, then, therefore, accordingly
ដើរ daə 1. to walk, to go, to move
2. (of machines) to run
ចូល coul 1. to enter, go in, penetrate
2. to approach
3. to reach
4. to begin, set in
5. may indicate the adverbial meaning of ‘inwardly’ or ‘forwardly’ directed movement
6. to enter into, subscribe to, contribute to
7. to take in (as revenue)
8. to mate (of animals)
9. to go into a trance (of a medium)
10. to possess (as a spirit possesses a medium)
11. to agree with
ទៅ tɨv 1. to go (away from the speaker in space or time), to go to / towards, go on, continue, advance, go away
2. towards
3. from now on, from then on (often used as a particle indicating that the action began at some point in the past or present and continued on into the future or that the action is directed away from the speaker)
4. imperative particle, go ahead and ...! {ញ៉ាំទៅ = Go ahead and eat/drink!}
បញ្ជរ bɑɲcɔɔ 1. form, structure, shape, contour
2. circular window
3. counter
ក្បែរ kbae to be near, close to
គឺ kɨɨ 1. to be (equal to)
2. as follows, namely
មាន mien 1. to have, possess, own
2. to exist, there is, there are
3. to be rich, own property
4. indicates the accomplishment of an action, to happen to, to have occasion to
Notes: in spoken Khmer, negated មាន (មិនមាន or គ្មាន) can be contracted into មាន, e.g., មានអ្នកណាចង់ជួបឯង = ‘there's nobody who wants to meet you’ — contrast this with the affirmative: មានគេចង់ជួបឯង = ‘there’s somebody who wants to meet you’
ផ្ទាំង pteaŋ 1. large flat surface, sheet, panel, slab, tablet, disc, flat piece
2. clf. for flat objects (such as walls and pieces of cloth, stone, paper, wood, metal)
លេខ leek 1. number, figure, numeral
2. writing, drawing, letter, mark
3. to write, to draw
របស់ rɔbɑh 1. object, thing, belonging, property
2. of, belonging to
ពាក់ peak 1. to wear (shirt, hat, ring, shoes, but not pants)
2. to put on
3. to hang up, suspend, hang on
អាវ ʔaav shirt, blouse, coat, upper garment
ខៀវ kʰiəv blue, green (generally covering the spectrum of colors which includes blues and greens)
ហ្នឹង nɨŋ this, that, right here, right now (colloquial form of នេះ = this, that)
អក្សរ ʔaksɑɑ 1. letter (of the alphabet)
2. script, alphabet
3. written language
4. writing
ដូច្នេះ doucneh 1. so, thus, therefore
2. like this
បាន baan 1. to have completed/done something
2. to intend to complete something
3. marker of completed action
4. to get, obtain, acquire, to achieve, have been able to, to get/have the opportunity to do something
5. to get someone or something to do something (often translated by the English passive in this sense)
6. to be able to
7. not ... until, then and only then
8. to pass to someone through inheritance
9. to be OK, fine, all right
10. [spoken language] however, though, in contrast {ម្សិលមិញបានក្ដៅខ្លាំង = yesterday, however, it was very hot}
សៀវភៅ siǝv pʰɨv 1. book
2. pad, notebook
ដើម្បី daəmbəy in order to, for, to, toward, reserved for
និង nɨŋ and
ជាប់គ្នា coap knie 1. to be joined, attached, linked, locked (together)
2. next to, consecutive {៣ ឆ្នាំជាប់គ្នា = three years in a row}
បានន័យថា baan ney tʰaa 1. that means, in other words
2. to mean
ជាមួយគ្នា cie muəy knie 1. together, with one another, reciprocally
2. the same (as)
តែម្ដង tae mdɑɑŋ 1. immediately, at once, right away, directly
2. all of a sudden
3. generally, in general
4. totally
កំពុងតែ kɑmpuŋ tae to be in the process of (doing something)
ឈរ cʰɔɔ to stand (up)
ផ្ញើ pɲaə 1. to send, deliver
2. to leave (someone or something) for a time in someone else's care (e.g., to leave a motorbike in a paid parking area), to trust (someone to do something)
របស់របរ rɔbɑh rɔbɑɑ 1. things, objects
2. belongings, possessions
ឬក៏ rɨɨ kɑɑ or (on the other hand)
ទទួល tɔtuəl 1. to receive, to take
2. to accept, to agree
3. to meet (e.g., at an airport or station)
គេ kee 1. he, she
2. one, someone
3. other(s)
មក mɔɔk 1. to come (toward the speaker in space or time)
2. to come to/towards (often used as a final particle indicating that the action began at some point in the past and continued up to the present)
3. (from then) on, (from that time) forth
4. to, toward
ការិយាល័យ kaareʔyaalay office, bureau, department, section
ប្រៃសណីយ៍ praysaʔnii 1. post office
2. post, postal
អតិថិជន ʔaʔteʔtʰeʔ cɔɔn customer, client
Notes: formal
ច្រើន craən 1. much, many, numerous, very much
2. mostly, often
sɑɑ color: white
ខោ kʰao pants, trousers
ខាងមុខ kʰaaŋ muk 1. front, in front (of), ahead
2. forward, facing forward
3. in the future, coming
រង់ចាំ rʊəŋ cam to wait (for, until)
សេវាកម្ម sejvaakam, sejviekam service
អាច ʔaac 1. to be able (to do something), to be capable (of doing something)
2. to be possible
ទីនេះ tii nih here
ទទួលយក tɔtuəl yɔɔk 1. to accept
2. to take, to receive
បញ្ញើ bɑɲɲaə 1. message, object sent to someone through a third person, object entrusted/temporarily given to someone, token
2. package, parcel
3. shipment
4. consignment
ពី pii from, since, of, about, at
មិត្តភក្តិ mɨt pʰeaʔ friend
Notes: ជើង ត (twice)
ក្រុមគ្រួសារ krom kruəsaa family, family members
យក yɔɔk 1. to take, bring, get, accept, hold
2. when ordering: I’ll take, I’ll have {យកបបរគ្រឿងសាច់ជ្រូកម៉ាចាន = I’ll have a bowl of pork porridge}
ខាងក្រៅ kʰaaŋ krav 1. outside, outside of
2. on/from the outside
ឆ្ងាយ cŋaay 1. to be far (away), distant, remote
2. separated
ត្រូវ trəv 1. must, have to
2. to be correct, right, proper, exact, accurate
3. to concern, have to do with, to agree/jibe with, coincide with
4. to be affected with/by, to suffer, undergo (ត្រូវ + CLAUSE marks a passive-like construction in which the subject of the clause introduced by ត្រូវ is translated as the agent in the passive construction)
តម្រង់ tɑmrɑŋ 1. to straighten (out), to put in a straight line {តម្រង់ជួរ = to queue}
2. to direct, to aim
3. to rectify
4. in a straight line
Notes: root: ត្រង់
ប៉ុន្តែ pontae but, however
Notes: ជើង ត; root: តែ
ក្មេងប្រុស kmejŋ proh boy
វ័យ vey age, range of age
Notes: also written វយ
ឆ្នាំ cnam year
នេះ nih 1. this, these
2. often serves simply to emphasize something already referred to or something nearby in time or space
ហើយ haǝy 1. indicates completed action or state 'already'
2. and, afterwards, next, then, after that
បង្ហាញ bɑŋhaaɲ 1. to show, exhibit, reveal, to indicate
2. to demonstrate, to teach
3. to introduce (someone to someone)
ឲ្យ ʔaoy 1. to give
2. to let, to allow
3. for, to, in order to, so as to {ចង់ឲ្យខ្ញុំកុម្ម៉ង់អីញ៉ាំឲ្យហើយអត់? = Do you want me to order something for you already?}
4. in a... manner (forms adverbial phrases from predicatives)
Notes: also written អោយ, ឱ្យ
សំបុត្រ sɑmbot 1. ticket
2. letter, message, note
Notes: also written សំបុដ
មកកាន់ mɔɔk kan to, toward (in the direction of the speaker)
ដោយ daoy 1. by, with, along
2. (indicator of an adverb) in a ... manner
3. because
ជា cie 1. to be (equal to), to be as
2. to be well, in good health, recovered
3. to be effective (of medicines)
បុគ្គលិក bokkeaʔlɨk employee, staff
បម្រើ bɑmraə 1. to serve, to be at someone's service or at someone's disposal
2. devoted to service, to care
3. servant, maid
ការ kaa 1. commonly occurs as a nominalizing particle deriving abstract nouns or noun phrases from verbs or verb phrases
2. work, occupation
3. business, affair, matter
4. to protect, defend, prevent
5. to marry
6. marriage
7. wedding
8. interest (e.g., on a loan)
9. profit
10. usury
11. to wind (into a skein/bobbin/reel)
12. to spin (silk)
អង្គុយ ʔɑŋkuy to sit, to sit down
ស្លៀក sliək to put on or wear clothing (below the waist only: skirts, trousers)
សម្លៀកបំពាក់ sɑmliək bɑmpeak clothes
ឯកសណ្ឋាន ʔaek sɑntʰaan uniform
អ្នកធ្វើការ neak tvəə kaa worker
តុ tok 1. table, desk
2. small plate on legs for fruit or dessert
Notes: irregular pronunciation
ដាក់ dak 1. to put, place
2. to deposit
3. to add (ingredients)
4. to set (e.g., a trap)
5. to establish
6. to assign
7. to locate, settle, station
8. to lock up
9. to fasten
10. to use
11. to strike, hit hard
12. to affect
13. to subject someone to
14. to be hard hit, suffer a setback
15. to have bad luck, cause bad luck
16. to feel unwell, have an upset stomach (especially after eating certain fruits)
17. to contract for
18. to subscribe to
19. to renounce (a throne)
20. to put aside (religious vows)
21. in, into, on
22. to eat, drink
23. to kneel
24. command to an elephant to kneel by bending the rear legs
សម្ភារៈ sɑmpʰiera 1. materials, equipment, supplies
2. matter, substance
ជាច្រើន cie craən many, a lot, in abundance
ឯកសារ ʔaekaʔsaa 1. document
2. message
3. essential
ផ្ដល់ pdɑl 1. to provide, supply
2. to fullfill, add to/supplement, complete
Notes: ជើង ដ
ចង់ cɑŋ 1. to want, wish, desire
2. to need