Post office (Sakanan) — 06


បន្ទាប់មកទៀតរូបភាពទីនៅក្នុងរូបភាពទីយើងឃើញបន្ទាប់ពីគាត់ចាប់លេខហើយ យើងឃើញមានផ្ទាំងមួយ មានផ្ទាំងមួយសម្រាប់លោតលេខ អញ្ចឹងផ្ទាំងមួយនេះ គឺជាផ្ទាំងសម្រាប់លោតលេខដែលបញ្ជាក់ថា តើលេខរៀងទីប៉ុន្មានទៅបញ្ជរមួយណា ដោយយើងឃើញបញ្ជរនៅក្នុងការិយាល័យប្រៃសណីយ៍គឺមានច្រើន បានន័យថាមានច្រើន ដោយសារតែបញ្ជរនោះគឺរង់ចាំទទួលបម្រើអតិថិជន ព្រោះតែអតិថិជនច្រើន ដូច្នេះនៅក្នុងការិយាល័យប្រៃសណីយ៍គឺគេត្រូវប្រើប្រាស់ អតិថិជនប្រើប្រាស់បញ្ជរច្រើនដែរ ដើម្បីទទួលស្វាគមន៍ និងបម្រើសេវាដល់អតិថិជន ដែលជាក់ស្ដែងនៅក្នុងរូបភាពទីនេះ យើងឃើញផ្ទាំង ឬក៏ផ្ទាំងមួយ ដែលបញ្ជាក់ ដែលលោតលេខអំពីថាលេខរៀងទីប៉ុន្មាន ទៅបញ្ជរមួយណា ដែលយើងឃើញនៅលើគេ នៅលើគេគឺលេខរៀងទី ៥៩ ទៅបញ្ជរអក្សរ A អញ្ចឹងបានន័យថាអ្នកណាដែលមាន អ្នកណាដែលចុចបានលេខរៀងទី ៦៩ ៥៩ អញ្ចឹងអ្នកណាដែលចុចបានលេខ ៥៩ គឺយើងត្រូវដើរទៅបញ្ជរ A បញ្ជរអក្សរ A ដើម្បីផ្ញើរបស់របរ ឬក៏ដើម្បីទទួលសេវាកម្មពីការិយាល័យប្រៃសណីយ៍ ដោយយើងអត់ត្រូវខុសបញ្ជរទេ យើងអត់ត្រូវទៅខុសបញ្ជរទេ ដោយសារតែពេលខ្លះបញ្ជរគឺរវល់ទាំងអស់ ដូច្នេះយើងទៅតែបញ្ជរណាដែលទំនេរតែប៉ុណ្ណោះអញ្ចឹងនៅពេលដែលបញ្ជរណាទំនេរ គេនឹងចុចលេខរៀងមួយ គេនឹងប្ដូរលេខរៀង ដើម្បីឲ្យអតិថិជនទៅបញ្ជរមួយនោះ អញ្ចឹងដោយសារតែបញ្ជរអក្សរ A គឺទំនេរ ដូច្នេះលេខរៀងទី ៥៩ ត្រូវទៅបញ្ជរអក្សរ A។ បន្ទាប់មកទៀតយើងឃើញលេខរៀងទី ៦០ គឺត្រូវទៅបញ្ជរអក្សរ B អញ្ចឹងដោយសារតែបញ្ជរយើងមានច្រើន ដូច្នេះយើងអាចបម្រើសេវាអតិថិជនហ្នឹងបានច្រើននាក់ដែរ នៅក្នុងមួយដងដោយសារតែយើងមានបញ្ជរ A បញ្ជរ B ផងដែរ ដែលភាគច្រើននៅក្នុងប្រទេសកម្ពុជាយើងប្រើប្រាស់បញ្ជរ បញ្ជរ បញ្ជរ ដោយសារតែអក្សរ អក្សរ អក្សរ គឺជាព្យញ្ជនៈនៅក្នុងភាសាខ្មែរនៅក្នុងអក្សរខ្មែរ ដូច្នេះភាគច្រើននៅក្នុងការបម្រើសេវាកម្មនៅក្នុងប្រទេសកម្ពុជា គឺយើងប្រើប្រាស់អក្សរខ្មែរ ដូចជាអក្សរ អក្សរ អក្សរ ដែលយើងឃើញនៅក្នុងរូបភាពនេះ គឺនៅក្រោមគេ គឺលេខរៀងទី ៦១ គឺគេត្រូវឲ្យទៅបញ្ជរអក្សរ A អញ្ចឹងដោយសារតែលេខរៀងទី ៥៩ ដោយសារលេខរៀងទី ៥៩ គាត់បានបញ្ចប់ការប្រើប្រាស់សេវារបស់គាត់នៅបញ្ជរអក្សរ A ហើយ ដូច្នេះនៅពេលដែលគាត់ទំនេរ អញ្ចឹងគេចុចលេខរៀងបន្តទៀត អញ្ចឹងដោយសារតែលេខរៀងទី ៦០ ទៅដល់បញ្ជរ B ដូច្នេះយើងឆ្លងទៅដល់លេខរៀងទី ៦១ តែម្ដង គឺត្រូវទៅបញ្ជរអក្សរ A ដដែល

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KhmerPronunciationEnglish/Notes
បន្ទាប់មក bɑntoap mɔɔk next, then, afterwards, later
ទៀត tiət 1. again, still, more, further, yet, additional
2. to be different, other
រូបភាព ruup pʰiep 1. image, picture, drawing, photo
2. appearance, form, shape
ទី tii 1. particle used to form ordinal numbers
2. spot, place, location
3. rank, function, service
នៅ nɨv 1. in, at
2. to be located at, to live in or at, to reside, to stay, to be in
3. still, yet (pre-verbal marker of a durative or continuative aspect, as a final particle in the tag question ហើយឬនៅ it means 'yet' and as a reply to a question of this kind, it means 'not yet') {ញ៉ាំអីហើយនៅ? = Have you eaten already?}
ក្នុង knoŋ 1. in, inside
2. during + (time word)
យើង yəəŋ 1. we
2. I (familiar)
3. in final position used to refer to 'our Cambodian ...' {ទុរេនកំពតយើងមែន? = Kampot durian (from our country, Cambodia), right?}
ឃើញ kʰəəɲ 1. to see, to perceive
2. to understand, to recognize
បន្ទាប់ពី bɑntoap pii after, next
គាត់ koat he, she
ចាប់ cap 1. to catch, capture, seize, grasp, get
2. clf. for handfuls
3. to begin to, undertake, start
លេខ leek 1. number, figure, numeral
2. writing, drawing, letter, mark
3. to write, to draw
ហើយ haǝy 1. indicates completed action or state 'already'
2. and, afterwards, next, then, after that
មាន mien 1. to have, possess, own
2. to exist, there is, there are
3. to be rich, own property
4. indicates the accomplishment of an action, to happen to, to have occasion to
Notes: in spoken Khmer, negated មាន (មិនមាន or គ្មាន) can be contracted into មាន, e.g., មានអ្នកណាចង់ជួបឯង = ‘there's nobody who wants to meet you’ — contrast this with the affirmative: មានគេចង់ជួបឯង = ‘there’s somebody who wants to meet you’
ផ្ទាំង pteaŋ 1. large flat surface, sheet, panel, slab, tablet, disc, flat piece
2. clf. for flat objects (such as walls and pieces of cloth, stone, paper, wood, metal)
មួយ muəy 1. one {មួយៗ = one by one}
2. one person/myself {សុំចេញមួយ = Please let me [go] out!} {សុំទៅមួយ = Please give way [for me one person]!} {សុំចុះមួយ = Please let me [one person] get off [the bus]!}
សម្រាប់ sɑmrap 1. for
2. used for, used to (make or do something)
លោត loot 1. to jump, to spring, to leap
2. animal: to run swiftly
3. to surpass (all others, in wealth or position)
4. to be over excited (with joy or anger)
5. to display {លោតលេខ = to display a number [e.g., on a screen or monitor]}
អញ្ចឹង ʔɑɲcəŋ 1. in that case, so, then, therefore
2. like this / that
3. this / that much
នេះ nih 1. this, these
2. often serves simply to emphasize something already referred to or something nearby in time or space
គឺជា kɨɨ cie 1. to be (equal to)
2. as follows, namely
Notes: equivalent to គឺ
ដែល dael 1. who, whom, which, where, when
2. of/to/in/at which/whom
3. the fact/reason that
4. ever, happened to, having done at least once, having been to, already, always, had occasion to, have ever {អត់ដែលដឹងសោះ = I’ve never known this!}
បញ្ជាក់ bɑɲceak 1. to confirm, verify, certify, to clarify, explain
2. to indicate
3. to prove, to show
4. to determine
5. to announce, declare, claim
6. to order
7. to conform to
ថា tʰaa 1. to say, tell, pronounce
2. that (introduces a question or indirect discourse)
តើ taə 1. indicating an indirect question, it may often be translated as 'if' or 'whether'
2. phrase-final: used for emphasis
លេខរៀង leek riəŋ sequential number
ប៉ុន្មាន ponmaan 1. how much, how many
2. (in an affirmative context) some, several, a few, a certain number
3. (in a negative or indefinite context) (not) many, to any (great) extent
ទៅ tɨv 1. to go (away from the speaker in space or time), to go to / towards, go on, continue, advance, go away
2. towards
3. from now on, from then on (often used as a particle indicating that the action began at some point in the past or present and continued on into the future or that the action is directed away from the speaker)
4. imperative particle, go ahead and ...! {ញ៉ាំទៅ = Go ahead and eat/drink!}
បញ្ជរ bɑɲcɔɔ 1. form, structure, shape, contour
2. circular window
3. counter
ណា naa 1. which, any
2. where, somewhere, anywhere
ដោយ daoy 1. by, with, along
2. (indicator of an adverb) in a ... manner
3. because
ការិយាល័យ kaareʔyaalay office, bureau, department, section
ប្រៃសណីយ៍ praysaʔnii 1. post office
2. post, postal
គឺ kɨɨ 1. to be (equal to)
2. as follows, namely
ច្រើន craən 1. much, many, numerous, very much
2. mostly, often
បានន័យថា baan ney tʰaa 1. that means, in other words
2. to mean
ដោយសារតែ daoy saa tae because
នោះ nuh 1. that, those (often serves simply to emphasize something already referred to or something distant in time or space)
2. then
រង់ចាំ rʊəŋ cam to wait (for, until)
ទទួល tɔtuəl 1. to receive, to take
2. to accept, to agree
3. to meet (e.g., at an airport or station)
បម្រើ bɑmraə 1. to serve, to be at someone's service or at someone's disposal
2. devoted to service, to care
3. servant, maid
អតិថិជន ʔaʔteʔtʰeʔ cɔɔn customer, client
Notes: formal
ព្រោះ prʊəh because (of), since
តែ tae 1. but, however
2. only, just
3. tea
ដូច្នេះ doucneh 1. so, thus, therefore
2. like this
គេ kee 1. he, she
2. one, someone
3. other(s)
ត្រូវ trəv 1. must, have to
2. to be correct, right, proper, exact, accurate
3. to concern, have to do with, to agree/jibe with, coincide with
4. to be affected with/by, to suffer, undergo (ត្រូវ + CLAUSE marks a passive-like construction in which the subject of the clause introduced by ត្រូវ is translated as the agent in the passive construction)
ប្រើប្រាស់ praə prah to use
ដែរ dae 1. also, too, likewise, in the same way
2. indeed, quite, rather
3. marks a polite, gentler, less abrupt statement: all the same, even so, nevertheless
ដើម្បី daəmbəy in order to, for, to, toward, reserved for
ស្វាគមន៍ svaakum 1. welcome
2. welcoming
3. congratulations on a safe arrival
និង nɨŋ and
សេវា sejvaa, sejvie service, duty
ដល់ dɑl 1. to reach, to attain, to arrive at
2. to, toward, up to, as far as, at, until
ជាក់ស្ដែង ceak sdaeŋ 1. clear, sure
2. clearly, surely, obviously
ឬក៏ rɨɨ kɑɑ or (on the other hand)
អំពី ʔɑmpii 1. about, concerning, relative to
2. from, out of {អំពីថ្ងៃនេះទៅ = from this day on}
លើ ləə 1. up, on, over, above
2. to be on, over, above, located on top
3. in regard to, concerning, toward, for, against
អក្សរ ʔaksɑɑ 1. letter (of the alphabet)
2. script, alphabet
3. written language
4. writing
អ្នកណា neak naa 1. who, which one
2. someone, anyone
ចុច coc 1. to press (with the fingertip or the tip of a stick, as a button)
2. to poke
3. to point
4. to indicate, pick out, select
5. [colloquial] to dip
បាន baan 1. to have completed/done something
2. to intend to complete something
3. marker of completed action
4. to get, obtain, acquire, to achieve, have been able to, to get/have the opportunity to do something
5. to get someone or something to do something (often translated by the English passive in this sense)
6. to be able to
7. not ... until, then and only then
8. to pass to someone through inheritance
9. to be OK, fine, all right
10. [spoken language] however, though, in contrast {ម្សិលមិញបានក្ដៅខ្លាំង = yesterday, however, it was very hot}
ដើរ daə 1. to walk, to go, to move
2. (of machines) to run
ផ្ញើ pɲaə 1. to send, deliver
2. to leave (someone or something) for a time in someone else's care (e.g., to leave a motorbike in a paid parking area), to trust (someone to do something)
របស់របរ rɔbɑh rɔbɑɑ 1. things, objects
2. belongings, possessions
សេវាកម្ម sejvaakam, sejviekam service
ពី pii from, since, of, about, at
អត់ ʔɑt 1. no, not
2. to be without, lacking
3. to restrain oneself, abstain from
4. particle to form yes/no questions
ខុស kʰoh 1. different
2. wrong, incorrect
3. mistake, fault, defect
ទេ tee 1. particle: negative particle occurring in phrase final position especially after មិន, ពុំ, etc.
2. interrogative particle occurring in phrase final position, often in the combination ឬទេ
3. neutral/positive particle to add emphasis {ខ្ញុំសុខសប្បាយទេ = I'm fine!}
ពេលខ្លះ peel klah sometimes
រវល់ rɔvʊəl busy, occupied
ទាំងអស់ teaŋ ʔɑh all, all of
ទំនេរ tumnee 1. free
2. empty, unoccupied, vacant
3. not busy
តែប៉ុណ្ណោះ tae ponnɑh only, only that much
ពេល peel 1. time
2. moment, instant, period of time
នឹង nɨŋ future tense marker: will, about to
ប្ដូរ pdou 1. to exchange, change, replace
2. to swap, barter, trade
Notes: ជើង ដ; root: ដូរ
ឲ្យ ʔaoy 1. to give
2. to let, to allow
3. for, to, in order to, so as to {ចង់ឲ្យខ្ញុំកុម្ម៉ង់អីញ៉ាំឲ្យហើយអត់? = Do you want me to order something for you already?}
4. in a... manner (forms adverbial phrases from predicatives)
Notes: also written អោយ, ឱ្យ
អាច ʔaac 1. to be able (to do something), to be capable (of doing something)
2. to be possible
ហ្នឹង nɨŋ this, that, right here, right now (colloquial form of នេះ = this, that)
នាក់ neak clf. for people
ដង dɑɑŋ time, occurrence, occasion
ផងដែរ pʰɑɑŋ dae also, too, as well
ភាគច្រើន pʰiek craən 1. mostly
2. majority
ប្រទេស prɑteeh country, nation
កម្ពុជា kampuʔcie Cambodia
kɑɑ 1st consonant of the Khmer alphabet
kʰɑɑ 2nd consonant of the Khmer alphabet
kɔɔ 3rd consonant of the Khmer alphabet
ព្យញ្ជនៈ pyʊəɲceaʔneaʔ 1. consonant
2. any kind of prepared food except soups
ភាសា pʰiesaa 1. language
2. speech, words
ខ្មែរ kmae Khmer, Cambodian
ការ kaa 1. commonly occurs as a nominalizing particle deriving abstract nouns or noun phrases from verbs or verb phrases
2. work, occupation
3. business, affair, matter
4. to protect, defend, prevent
5. to marry
6. marriage
7. wedding
8. interest (e.g., on a loan)
9. profit
10. usury
11. to wind (into a skein/bobbin/reel)
12. to spin (silk)
ដូចជា douc cie such as, like, as though, to seem as though, for instance
ក្រោម kraom 1. below, beneath, under
2. to be located below, under
3. to be located to the south/downstream
ដោយសារ daoy saa 1. because of, thanks to
2. depending on
បញ្ចប់ bɑɲcɑp 1. to finish, (bring to an) end, conclude (a text)
2. last, final, concluding
Notes: root: ចប់
របស់ rɔbɑh 1. object, thing, belonging, property
2. of, belonging to
បន្ត bɑntɑɑ 1. to continue (something), to keep on (doing something)
2. to add, to join
Notes: root: ត
ឆ្លង clɑɑŋ 1. to cross, move across/through (by land, water, or air)
2. to spread (of a disease)
3. to communicate, transmit
4. to copy
5. to intersect
6. to be contaminated, contagious, infected
7. to contract (a disease)
8. to adopt, pick up (e.g., a bad habit)
9. to celebrate
10. to dedicate, inaugurate
11. to survive (an accident or disaster)
តែម្ដង tae mdɑɑŋ 1. immediately, at once, right away, directly
2. all of a sudden
3. generally, in general
4. totally
ដដែល dɑdael 1. to be identical, alike, the same
2. as before, over and over, in the same way