Post office (Sakanan) — 05


បន្ទាប់មកទៀតរូបភាពទីរូបភាពទីគឺនៅក្នុងកន្លែងមួយចំនួនដែលទំនើប បានន័យថាការិយាល័យប្រៃសណីយ៍ខ្លះ ដោយសារតែមានភ្ញៀវចូលច្រើនពេក អញ្ចឹងមានភ្ញៀវចូលច្រើន ដូច្នេះគឺមានប្រអប់ដើម្បីចុចចាប់លេខ អញ្ចឹងដោយសារតែភ្ញៀវច្រើន ហើយត្រូវឲ្យប្រាកដថាអ្នកមកមុនទទួលបានសេវាមុន បានន័យថាអ្នកមកមុន គាត់អាចផ្ញើរបស់របរបានមុន អញ្ចឹងគេត្រូវចាប់លេខ ដោយគេអត់ចាំបាច់តម្រង់ជួរគ្នាទេ ដោយសារតែមានមនុស្សច្រើន ដូច្នេះយើងអាចអង្គុយនៅលើកៅអីបាន ដោយ[គេ/យើង]គ្រាន់តែទៅចុចយកលេខ ហើយយើងអាចចូលទៅកន្លែងដែលយើងផ្ញើ នៅពេលដែលគេហៅលេខរបស់យើងអញ្ចឹងនៅក្នុងរូបភាពនេះ យើងឃើញមានម៉ាស៊ីនចុចលេខមួយ ម៉ាស៊ីនចុចលេខ ដែលយើងឃើញមានប្រដាប់ចុច ឬក៏ប៊ូតុងពណ៌បៃតង ដែលនៅលើម៉ាស៊ីននោះ អញ្ចឹងយើងគ្រាន់តែយកម្រាមដៃរបស់យើងចុចទៅលើប៊ូតុងពណ៌បៃតងនោះ នោះលេខនឹងចេញមកឲ្យយើងមិនខានដោយសារតែមានមនុស្សច្រើននៅក្នុងថ្ងៃនេះ ដូច្នេះនៅពេលដែលបុរសម្នាក់នោះ គាត់ចុចទៅលើប៊ូតុងចាប់លេខ គឺយើងឃើញលេខរៀងរបស់គាត់គឺលេខរៀងទី ៦២ អញ្ចឹងគាត់បានចាប់យកលេខរៀងទី ៦២ ដោយសារតែគាត់មកដល់ការិយាល័យប្រៃសណីយ៍នេះ គឺជាមនុស្សទី ៦២ ដែលបានមកដល់នៅក្នុងថ្ងៃនេះដូច្នេះការិយាល័យប្រៃសណីយ៍គឺរវល់ខ្លាំង ដោយមានមនុស្សមកច្រើន អញ្ចឹងពេលខ្លះ ទៅកន្លែងខ្លះ គឺយើងអត់ចាប់លេខទេ គឺយើងឈរតម្រង់ជួរ ក៏ប៉ុន្តែកន្លែងខ្លះទៀត គឺយើងអត់តម្រង់ជួរទេ បានន័យថាយើងគ្រាន់តែចាប់លេខ ហើយយើងអាចមកអង្គុយនៅលើកៅអីផ្សេងបាន ដោយយើងអត់ចាំបាច់ឈរតម្រង់ជួរទេ ព្រោះយើងមានលេខ ដូច្នេះនៅពេលដែលយើងដល់លេខរៀង គេនឹងហៅយើងឲ្យចូលទៅកន្លែងផ្ញើតែម្ដង

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KhmerPronunciationEnglish/Notes
បន្ទាប់មក bɑntoap mɔɔk next, then, afterwards, later
ទៀត tiət 1. again, still, more, further, yet, additional
2. to be different, other
រូបភាព ruup pʰiep 1. image, picture, drawing, photo
2. appearance, form, shape
ទី tii 1. particle used to form ordinal numbers
2. spot, place, location
3. rank, function, service
គឺ kɨɨ 1. to be (equal to)
2. as follows, namely
នៅ nɨv 1. in, at
2. to be located at, to live in or at, to reside, to stay, to be in
3. still, yet (pre-verbal marker of a durative or continuative aspect, as a final particle in the tag question ហើយឬនៅ it means 'yet' and as a reply to a question of this kind, it means 'not yet') {ញ៉ាំអីហើយនៅ? = Have you eaten already?}
ក្នុង knoŋ 1. in, inside
2. during + (time word)
កន្លែង kɑnlaeŋ 1. place, location, region
2. clf. for locations
មួយ muəy 1. one {មួយៗ = one by one}
2. one person/myself {សុំចេញមួយ = Please let me [go] out!} {សុំទៅមួយ = Please give way [for me one person]!} {សុំចុះមួយ = Please let me [one person] get off [the bus]!}
ចំនួន cɑmnuən amount, number, quantity
ដែល dael 1. who, whom, which, where, when
2. of/to/in/at which/whom
3. the fact/reason that
4. ever, happened to, having done at least once, having been to, already, always, had occasion to, have ever {អត់ដែលដឹងសោះ = I’ve never known this!}
ទំនើប tumnəəp modern, up-to-date, recent
Notes: root: ទើប
បានន័យថា baan ney tʰaa 1. that means, in other words
2. to mean
ការិយាល័យ kaareʔyaalay office, bureau, department, section
ប្រៃសណីយ៍ praysaʔnii 1. post office
2. post, postal
ខ្លះ klah some (serves as a plural marker with ណា​​ and អ្វី)
ដោយសារតែ daoy saa tae because
មាន mien 1. to have, possess, own
2. to exist, there is, there are
3. to be rich, own property
4. indicates the accomplishment of an action, to happen to, to have occasion to
Notes: in spoken Khmer, negated មាន (មិនមាន or គ្មាន) can be contracted into មាន, e.g., មានអ្នកណាចង់ជួបឯង = ‘there's nobody who wants to meet you’ — contrast this with the affirmative: មានគេចង់ជួបឯង = ‘there’s somebody who wants to meet you’
ភ្ញៀវ pɲiəv 1. guest, visitor
2. client, customer
ចូល coul 1. to enter, go in, penetrate
2. to approach
3. to reach
4. to begin, set in
5. may indicate the adverbial meaning of ‘inwardly’ or ‘forwardly’ directed movement
6. to enter into, subscribe to, contribute to
7. to take in (as revenue)
8. to mate (of animals)
9. to go into a trance (of a medium)
10. to possess (as a spirit possesses a medium)
11. to agree with
ច្រើន craən 1. much, many, numerous, very much
2. mostly, often
ពេក peek too, too much, too many
អញ្ចឹង ʔɑɲcəŋ 1. in that case, so, then, therefore
2. like this / that
3. this / that much
ដូច្នេះ doucneh 1. so, thus, therefore
2. like this
ប្រអប់ prɑʔɑp (small) box, case
ដើម្បី daəmbəy in order to, for, to, toward, reserved for
ចុច coc 1. to press (with the fingertip or the tip of a stick, as a button)
2. to poke
3. to point
4. to indicate, pick out, select
5. [colloquial] to dip
ចាប់ cap 1. to catch, capture, seize, grasp, get
2. clf. for handfuls
3. to begin to, undertake, start
លេខ leek 1. number, figure, numeral
2. writing, drawing, letter, mark
3. to write, to draw
ហើយ haǝy 1. indicates completed action or state 'already'
2. and, afterwards, next, then, after that
ត្រូវ trəv 1. must, have to
2. to be correct, right, proper, exact, accurate
3. to concern, have to do with, to agree/jibe with, coincide with
4. to be affected with/by, to suffer, undergo (ត្រូវ + CLAUSE marks a passive-like construction in which the subject of the clause introduced by ត្រូវ is translated as the agent in the passive construction)
ឲ្យ ʔaoy 1. to give
2. to let, to allow
3. for, to, in order to, so as to {ចង់ឲ្យខ្ញុំកុម្ម៉ង់អីញ៉ាំឲ្យហើយអត់? = Do you want me to order something for you already?}
4. in a... manner (forms adverbial phrases from predicatives)
Notes: also written អោយ, ឱ្យ
ប្រាកដ prakɑt 1. clearly, certainly, without fail, precisely
2. certain, true, exact
3. famous, celebrated
ថា tʰaa 1. to say, tell, pronounce
2. that (introduces a question or indirect discourse)
អ្នក neak 1. you (to equals of both sexes)
2. person, one who... (used as an agentive particle to create nouns from predicatives)
មក mɔɔk 1. to come (toward the speaker in space or time)
2. to come to/towards (often used as a final particle indicating that the action began at some point in the past and continued up to the present)
3. (from then) on, (from that time) forth
4. to, toward
មុន mun 1. previous(ly), former(ly) {ខែមុន = last month}
2. first, before {ញ៉ាំមុនចុះ = Go ahead and eat first!}
ទទួល tɔtuəl 1. to receive, to take
2. to accept, to agree
3. to meet (e.g., at an airport or station)
បាន baan 1. to have completed/done something
2. to intend to complete something
3. marker of completed action
4. to get, obtain, acquire, to achieve, have been able to, to get/have the opportunity to do something
5. to get someone or something to do something (often translated by the English passive in this sense)
6. to be able to
7. not ... until, then and only then
8. to pass to someone through inheritance
9. to be OK, fine, all right
10. [spoken language] however, though, in contrast {ម្សិលមិញបានក្ដៅខ្លាំង = yesterday, however, it was very hot}
សេវា sejvaa, sejvie service, duty
គាត់ koat he, she
អាច ʔaac 1. to be able (to do something), to be capable (of doing something)
2. to be possible
ផ្ញើ pɲaə 1. to send, deliver
2. to leave (someone or something) for a time in someone else's care (e.g., to leave a motorbike in a paid parking area), to trust (someone to do something)
របស់របរ rɔbɑh rɔbɑɑ 1. things, objects
2. belongings, possessions
គេ kee 1. he, she
2. one, someone
3. other(s)
ដោយ daoy 1. by, with, along
2. (indicator of an adverb) in a ... manner
3. because
អត់ ʔɑt 1. no, not
2. to be without, lacking
3. to restrain oneself, abstain from
4. particle to form yes/no questions
ចាំបាច់ cam bac necessary, essential
តម្រង់ tɑmrɑŋ 1. to straighten (out), to put in a straight line {តម្រង់ជួរ = to queue}
2. to direct, to aim
3. to rectify
4. in a straight line
Notes: root: ត្រង់
ជួរ cuə 1. column, line, row
2. formation, rank
3. family line, lineage
4. clf. for rows, lines, 12-year cycles, generations
គ្នា knie 1. together
2. mutually, reciprocally
ទេ tee 1. particle: negative particle occurring in phrase final position especially after មិន, ពុំ, etc.
2. interrogative particle occurring in phrase final position, often in the combination ឬទេ
3. neutral/positive particle to add emphasis {ខ្ញុំសុខសប្បាយទេ = I'm fine!}
មនុស្ស mɔnuh, meaʔnuh human being, person
យើង yəəŋ 1. we
2. I (familiar)
3. in final position used to refer to 'our Cambodian ...' {ទុរេនកំពតយើងមែន? = Kampot durian (from our country, Cambodia), right?}
អង្គុយ ʔɑŋkuy to sit, to sit down
លើ ləə 1. up, on, over, above
2. to be on, over, above, located on top
3. in regard to, concerning, toward, for, against
កៅអី kav ʔəy chair, seat
គ្រាន់តែ kroan tae just, only, only just
ទៅ tɨv 1. to go (away from the speaker in space or time), to go to / towards, go on, continue, advance, go away
2. towards
3. from now on, from then on (often used as a particle indicating that the action began at some point in the past or present and continued on into the future or that the action is directed away from the speaker)
4. imperative particle, go ahead and ...! {ញ៉ាំទៅ = Go ahead and eat/drink!}
យក yɔɔk 1. to take, bring, get, accept, hold
2. when ordering: I’ll take, I’ll have {យកបបរគ្រឿងសាច់ជ្រូកម៉ាចាន = I’ll have a bowl of pork porridge}
ពេល peel 1. time
2. moment, instant, period of time
ហៅ hav 1. to call, name
2. to order (e.g. in a restaurant), specif. to stop a vehicle
3. to send for, summon
4. to invite (guests)
របស់ rɔbɑh 1. object, thing, belonging, property
2. of, belonging to
នេះ nih 1. this, these
2. often serves simply to emphasize something already referred to or something nearby in time or space
ឃើញ kʰəəɲ 1. to see, to perceive
2. to understand, to recognize
ម៉ាស៊ីន maasɨn machine, motor, engine, device
ប្រដាប់ prɑdap 1. tool, instrument, implement, utensil, device (widely used to form new words for various kinds of modern mechanical devices such as bottle openers, mine detectors, and stethoscopes)
2. the male genitals
3. to prepare, get ready, set up
4. to fit out, equip
5. to regulate, adjust, put right, put in good order
6. to arrange
7. to decorate, adorn
8. clf. for complete sets (e.g., of clothing)
9. series, assortment, collection, pack (e.g., of cards)
ឬក៏ rɨɨ kɑɑ or (on the other hand)
ប៊ូតុង buutoŋ button
ពណ៌ poa color, complexion
បៃតង baytɑɑŋ color: green (e.g., as banana leaves)
នោះ nuh 1. that, those (often serves simply to emphasize something already referred to or something distant in time or space)
2. then
ម្រាមដៃ mriem day finger
នឹង nɨŋ future tense marker: will, about to
ចេញ cəɲ 1. to go out, leave, emerge, exit
2. to issue, bring out, come out (of a publication)
3. to emit, utter
4. out, off, away (also figuratively) {ខ្ញុំគិតអត់ចេញ = I can't figure it out}
5. to pay out, pay for, lay out (money), spend
6. to gain, earn, save
7. to play (a card)
មិនខាន mɨn kʰaan certainly, without fail
ថ្ងៃនេះ tŋay nih today
បុរស boʔrɑh man, male person
ម្នាក់ mneak 1. one person (contraction of មួយនាក់)
2. alone
លេខរៀង leek riəŋ sequential number
មកដល់ mɔɔk dɑl to arrive at, come to
គឺជា kɨɨ cie 1. to be (equal to)
2. as follows, namely
Notes: equivalent to គឺ
រវល់ rɔvʊəl busy, occupied
ខ្លាំង klaŋ 1. strong, vigorous, robust
2. very much, strongly, vigorously
ពេលខ្លះ peel klah sometimes
ឈរ cʰɔɔ to stand (up)
ក៏ kɑɑ marker of sequential or consecutive action: also, so, then, therefore, accordingly
ប៉ុន្តែ pontae but, however
Notes: ជើង ត; root: តែ
ផ្សេង psejŋ to differ, to be different (from each other), to be separate
ព្រោះ prʊəh because (of), since
ដល់ dɑl 1. to reach, to attain, to arrive at
2. to, toward, up to, as far as, at, until
តែម្ដង tae mdɑɑŋ 1. immediately, at once, right away, directly
2. all of a sudden
3. generally, in general
4. totally