Personal hygiene (Sakanan) — 13


បន្ទាប់មកទៀតរូបភាពទី ១៣ នៅក្នុងរូបភាពទី ១៣ យើងឃើញថា បន្ទាប់ពីក្មេងប្រុសម្នាក់នោះ គាត់បានជូតខ្លួនគាត់ស្ងួតហើយ អញ្ចឹងគាត់រក្សាអនាម័យខ្លួនគាត់បានស្អាតល្អណាស់ ដោយគាត់បន្ទាប់ពីងូតទឹកហើយ គាត់ជូតខ្លួនគាត់យ៉ាងស្អាត បន្ទាប់មកទៀតគាត់ក៏បានលាបឡេការពារខ្លួន អញ្ចឹងជាទូទៅ យើងអត់សូវលាបឡេនោះទេ មនុស្សប្រុស ក៏ប៉ុន្តែមនុស្សស្រី គាត់ភាគច្រើន គាត់លាបឡេបន្ទាប់ពីងូតទឹកហើយ ដើម្បីថែរក្សាស្បែករបស់គាត់ឲ្យបានស្អាត និងមានសំណើមជានិច្ច ប៉ុន្តែក្មេងប្រុសម្នាក់នេះ គាត់ចង់ស្អាត អញ្ចឹងបានន័យថា គាត់ចង់ឲ្យខ្លួនគាត់ស្អាត និងមានអនាម័យ អញ្ចឹងបន្ទាប់ពីគាត់ងូតទឹកហើយ គាត់ក៏បានលាបឡេទៅលើខ្លួនរបស់គាត់ទៀត អញ្ចឹងភាគច្រើនឡេគឺជាជែលមួយ ឬក៏ជាម្សៅប្រភេទទឹក ដែលមានសភាពខាប់បន្តិច អញ្ចឹងគាត់យកមកលាបលើខ្លួនគាត់ ដើម្បីឲ្យសព្វខ្លួនគាត់ ហើយមានក្លិនក្រអូប អញ្ចឹងឡេពេលខ្លះគឺមានក្លិនក្រអូប និងជាម្សៅខាប់ ដែលមានរាងជាភក់ហើយយើងអាចយកមកលាបលើខ្លួនប្រាណរបស់យើងបាន ដើម្បីការពារសំណើមនៅលើស្បែក ការពារស្បែករបស់យើងឲ្យស្អាត និងកុំឲ្យខ្មៅ ជាក់ស្ដែងក្មេងប្រុសម្នាក់នេះ គឺគាត់លាបឡេរបស់គាត់ មុនពេលដែលគាត់ស្លៀកពាក់ខោអាវ ឬក៏ក្រោយពេលដែលគាត់ងូតទឹករួច អញ្ចឹងក្រោយពេលដែលគាត់ងូតទឹករួច គាត់ជូតខ្លួនរបស់គាត់ ហើយគាត់លាបឡេទៅលើស្បែករបស់គាត់ ដើម្បីឲ្យស្បែករបស់គាត់មានសំណើមនិងស្អាតជានិច្ច

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KhmerPronunciationEnglish/Notes
បន្ទាប់មក bɑntoap mɔɔk next, then, afterwards, later
ទៀត tiət 1. again, still, more, further, yet, additional
2. to be different, other
រូបភាព ruup pʰiep 1. image, picture, drawing, photo
2. appearance, form, shape
ទី tii 1. particle used to form ordinal numbers
2. spot, place, location
3. rank, function, service
នៅ nɨv 1. in, at
2. to be located at, to live in or at, to reside, to stay, to be in
3. still, yet (pre-verbal marker of a durative or continuative aspect, as a final particle in the tag question ហើយឬនៅ it means 'yet' and as a reply to a question of this kind, it means 'not yet') {ញ៉ាំអីហើយនៅ? = Have you eaten already?}
ក្នុង knoŋ 1. in, inside
2. during + (time word)
យើង yəəŋ 1. we
2. I (familiar)
3. in final position used to refer to 'our Cambodian ...' {ទុរេនកំពតយើងមែន? = Kampot durian (from our country, Cambodia), right?}
ឃើញ kʰəəɲ 1. to see, to perceive
2. to understand, to recognize
ថា tʰaa 1. to say, tell, pronounce
2. that (introduces a question or indirect discourse)
បន្ទាប់ពី bɑntoap pii after, next
ក្មេងប្រុស kmejŋ proh boy
ម្នាក់ mneak 1. one person (contraction of មួយនាក់)
2. alone
នោះ nuh 1. that, those (often serves simply to emphasize something already referred to or something distant in time or space)
2. then
គាត់ koat he, she
បាន baan 1. to have completed/done something
2. to intend to complete something
3. marker of completed action
4. to get, obtain, acquire, to achieve, have been able to, to get/have the opportunity to do something
5. to get someone or something to do something (often translated by the English passive in this sense)
6. to be able to
7. not ... until, then and only then
8. to pass to someone through inheritance
9. to be OK, fine, all right
10. [spoken language] however, though, in contrast {ម្សិលមិញបានក្ដៅខ្លាំង = yesterday, however, it was very hot}
ជូត cuut 1. to wipe (off), clean (off), dry (with a towel)
2. to dust
3. to rub, polish
ខ្លួន kluən 1. body, figure, person, self
2. reflexive pronoun: myself, yourself, himself etc.
ស្ងួត sŋuət dry
ហើយ haǝy 1. indicates completed action or state 'already'
2. and, afterwards, next, then, after that
អញ្ចឹង ʔɑɲcəŋ 1. in that case, so, then, therefore
2. like this / that
3. this / that much
រក្សា reaksaa 1. to take care of, protect
2. to keep, maintain
3. to observe, pay attention to, watch
អនាម័យ ʔaʔnaamay 1. hygiene, sanitation
2. health
ស្អាត sʔaat 1. to be clean, nice, neat
2. pure, chaste
3. smart (of someone's appearance)
4. nice-looking, beautiful
ល្អ lʔɑɑ 1. good, nice, beautiful, pretty
2. correct, proper
ណាស់ nah very, very much
ដោយ daoy 1. by, with, along
2. (indicator of an adverb) in a ... manner
3. because
ងូតទឹក ŋuut tɨk to take a shower
យ៉ាង yaaŋ 1. kind, type, way, manner
2. clf. for kinds, types
3. pre-adjectival particle forming adverbial phrases {យ៉ាងខ្លី = briefly}
4. pre-adjectival particle, similar to ដ៏, used to connect an attributive to a noun, it often has a slight emphatic meaning: very
ក៏ kɑɑ marker of sequential or consecutive action: also, so, then, therefore, accordingly
លាប liep 1. to cover a surface with a liquid, paste or powder
2. to coat, to paint, to smear, to plaster
3. to associate with
ឡេ lej lotion
ការពារ kaapie to protect, defend
ជាទូទៅ cie tuu təv in general, as a whole, generally
អត់សូវ ʔɑt səv not so much, rather not
ទេ tee 1. particle: negative particle occurring in phrase final position especially after មិន, ពុំ, etc.
2. interrogative particle occurring in phrase final position, often in the combination ឬទេ
3. neutral/positive particle to add emphasis {ខ្ញុំសុខសប្បាយទេ = I'm fine!}
មនុស្ស mɔnuh, meaʔnuh human being, person
ប្រុស proh man, male
ប៉ុន្តែ pontae but, however
Notes: ជើង ត; root: តែ
ស្រី srəy woman, female
ភាគច្រើន pʰiek craən 1. mostly
2. majority
ដើម្បី daəmbəy in order to, for, to, toward, reserved for
ថែរក្សា tʰae reaksaa to care for, to take care of
ស្បែក sbaek 1. skin
2. hide, leather
របស់ rɔbɑh 1. object, thing, belonging, property
2. of, belonging to
ឲ្យ ʔaoy 1. to give
2. to let, to allow
3. for, to, in order to, so as to {ចង់ឲ្យខ្ញុំកុម្ម៉ង់អីញ៉ាំឲ្យហើយអត់? = Do you want me to order something for you already?}
4. in a... manner (forms adverbial phrases from predicatives)
Notes: also written អោយ, ឱ្យ
និង nɨŋ and
មាន mien 1. to have, possess, own
2. to exist, there is, there are
3. to be rich, own property
4. indicates the accomplishment of an action, to happen to, to have occasion to
Notes: in spoken Khmer, negated មាន (មិនមាន or គ្មាន) can be contracted into មាន, e.g., មានអ្នកណាចង់ជួបឯង = ‘there's nobody who wants to meet you’ — contrast this with the affirmative: មានគេចង់ជួបឯង = ‘there’s somebody who wants to meet you’
សំណើម sɑmnaəm 1. dampness, humidity, state of being humid
2. moisture
Notes: root: សើម
ជានិច្ច cie nɨc always
នេះ nih 1. this, these
2. often serves simply to emphasize something already referred to or something nearby in time or space
ចង់ cɑŋ 1. to want, wish, desire
2. to need
បានន័យថា baan ney tʰaa 1. that means, in other words
2. to mean
ទៅ tɨv 1. to go (away from the speaker in space or time), to go to / towards, go on, continue, advance, go away
2. towards
3. from now on, from then on (often used as a particle indicating that the action began at some point in the past or present and continued on into the future or that the action is directed away from the speaker)
4. imperative particle, go ahead and ...! {ញ៉ាំទៅ = Go ahead and eat/drink!}
លើ ləə 1. up, on, over, above
2. to be on, over, above, located on top
3. in regard to, concerning, toward, for, against
គឺជា kɨɨ cie 1. to be (equal to)
2. as follows, namely
Notes: equivalent to គឺ
ជែល cɛɛl gel
មួយ muəy 1. one {មួយៗ = one by one}
2. one person/myself {សុំចេញមួយ = Please let me [go] out!} {សុំទៅមួយ = Please give way [for me one person]!} {សុំចុះមួយ = Please let me [one person] get off [the bus]!}
ឬក៏ rɨɨ kɑɑ or (on the other hand)
ជា cie 1. to be (equal to), to be as
2. to be well, in good health, recovered
3. to be effective (of medicines)
ម្សៅ msav 1. powder
2. flour
ប្រភេទ prɑpʰeet category, variety, class, kind, type, species, aspect, nature, characteristic
ទឹក tɨk 1. water, juice, liquid
2. round (e.g., of a boxing match)
ដែល dael 1. who, whom, which, where, when
2. of/to/in/at which/whom
3. the fact/reason that
4. ever, happened to, having done at least once, having been to, already, always, had occasion to, have ever {អត់ដែលដឹងសោះ = I’ve never known this!}
សភាព saʔpʰiep 1. state, condition
2. nature, aspect, appearance
3. disposition
4. form, shape
5. action, deed
6. behavior, character
7. position
ខាប់ kʰap 1. to be thick (especially of a liquid), viscous, to be concentrated
2. large earthenware jar
បន្តិច bɑntəc 1. a little, a little bit, in small amounts, few
2. rather, slightly, just barely
3. in a little while
Notes: ជើង ត
យក yɔɔk 1. to take, bring, get, accept, hold
2. when ordering: I’ll take, I’ll have {យកបបរគ្រឿងសាច់ជ្រូកម៉ាចាន = I’ll have a bowl of pork porridge}
មក mɔɔk 1. to come (toward the speaker in space or time)
2. to come to/towards (often used as a final particle indicating that the action began at some point in the past and continued up to the present)
3. (from then) on, (from that time) forth
4. to, toward
សព្វ sɑp 1. each, every, all, everything, everyone
2. to be full, whole, entire
3. thoroughly, wholly
4. to be correct
5. to be loyal
ក្លិន klən odor, smell, scent
ក្រអូប krɑʔoup 1. to be sweet-smelling, fragrant, aromatic
2. nice, pleasant
ពេលខ្លះ peel klah sometimes
គឺ kɨɨ 1. to be (equal to)
2. as follows, namely
រាង rieŋ form, shape, image, figure
ភក់ pʰʊək mud, slush
អាច ʔaac 1. to be able (to do something), to be capable (of doing something)
2. to be possible
ខ្លួនប្រាណ kluən praan 1. body, physique
2. oneself
កុំឲ្យ kom ʔaoy 1. in order that not ..., so as not to ...
2. don't let ...
ខ្មៅ kmav black, dark (colored)
ជាក់ស្ដែង ceak sdaeŋ 1. clear, sure
2. clearly, surely, obviously
មុន mun 1. previous(ly), former(ly) {ខែមុន = last month}
2. first, before {ញ៉ាំមុនចុះ = Go ahead and eat first!}
ពេល peel 1. time
2. moment, instant, period of time
ស្លៀកពាក់ sliǝk peak to dress, get dressed, be dressed, wear clothes
ខោអាវ kʰao ʔaav clothes, clothing
ក្រោយពេល kraoy peel after (the time when)
រួច ruəc 1. to finish, end, achieve, complete
2. indicates the possibility of completing the action of the main verb, to be able
3. already, then, after that