Personal hygiene (Sakanan) — 09


បន្ទាប់មកទៀតរូបភាពទីនៅក្នុងរូបភាពទីបន្ទាប់ពីគាត់ដុសសាប៊ូនឹងក្បាលរបស់គាត់មួយសន្ទុះក្រោយមក គឺគាត់ដុសសាប៊ូក្បាលរបស់គាត់ ដែលគាត់មានអារម្មណ៍ថា ក្បាលរបស់គាត់ស្អាតហើយ បន្ទាប់មកគាត់ក៏បើកទឹកផ្កាឈូកឲ្យខ្លាំង អញ្ចឹងគាត់បើកទឹកឲ្យខ្លាំង ដើម្បីលាងជម្រះសាប៊ូចេញពីក្បាលរបស់គាត់ ដែលជាក់ស្ដែងនៅក្នុងរូបភាពនេះ គឺគាត់កំពុងតែលាងជម្រះសម្អាតសាប៊ូ ដើម្បីឲ្យអស់ចេញពីក្បាលរបស់គាត់ អញ្ចឹងនៅពេលដែលយើងដុសសាប៊ូ គឺជាតិក្អែលទាំងអស់ និងអង្គែនៅជាប់នឹងសាប៊ូ ដូច្នេះដើម្បីសម្អាតសាប៊ូនោះ ឬក៏ដើម្បីសម្អាតក្អែលនិងអង្គែនោះចេញពីក្បាល យើងត្រូវតែបើកទឹក ដើម្បីដុសលាងសាប៊ូចេញពីក្បាលរបស់យើងឲ្យអស់ ដើម្បីឲ្យក្អែលហូរទៅតាមទឹកសាប៊ូនោះផងដែរ ព្រោះប្រសិនបើយើងអត់លាងជម្រះសាប៊ូចេញពីក្បាលទេ សាប៊ូនឹងកក អញ្ចឹងសាប៊ូកក់សក់នឹងកកនៅលើក្បាល ហើយបង្កើតជាអង្គែថែមទៀត អញ្ចឹងក្បាលយើងអត់ស្អាត មិនត្រឹមតែមិនស្អាតនោះទេ ថែមទាំងមានមេរោគបន្ថែមទៀតផងដែរ ដូច្នេះនៅពេលដែលយើងកក់សក់រួច យើងត្រូវតែលាងសម្អាតវាជាមួយនឹងទឹកស្អាត ឲ្យអស់ទាំងសាប៊ូ និងអស់ទាំងអង្គែ

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KhmerPronunciationEnglish/Notes
បន្ទាប់មក bɑntoap mɔɔk next, then, afterwards, later
ទៀត tiət 1. again, still, more, further, yet, additional
2. to be different, other
រូបភាព ruup pʰiep 1. image, picture, drawing, photo
2. appearance, form, shape
ទី tii 1. particle used to form ordinal numbers
2. spot, place, location
3. rank, function, service
នៅ nɨv 1. in, at
2. to be located at, to live in or at, to reside, to stay, to be in
3. still, yet (pre-verbal marker of a durative or continuative aspect, as a final particle in the tag question ហើយឬនៅ it means 'yet' and as a reply to a question of this kind, it means 'not yet') {ញ៉ាំអីហើយនៅ? = Have you eaten already?}
ក្នុង knoŋ 1. in, inside
2. during + (time word)
បន្ទាប់ពី bɑntoap pii after, next
គាត់ koat he, she
ដុស doh 1. to scrub, to polish
2. to rub (off), to wipe (off)
3. to chafe
សាប៊ូ saabuu soap
នឹង nɨŋ with, by (means of), (attached) to
ក្បាល kbaal 1. head
2. clf. for books
របស់ rɔbɑh 1. object, thing, belonging, property
2. of, belonging to
មួយ muəy 1. one {មួយៗ = one by one}
2. one person/myself {សុំចេញមួយ = Please let me [go] out!} {សុំទៅមួយ = Please give way [for me one person]!} {សុំចុះមួយ = Please let me [one person] get off [the bus]!}
សន្ទុះ sɑntuh 1. a while, moment
2. leap, bound, burst, spurt
ក្រោយ kraoy 1. behind, after
2. next
មក mɔɔk 1. to come (toward the speaker in space or time)
2. often used as a particle indicating that the action began at some point in the past and continued up to the present
គឺ kɨɨ 1. to be (equal to)
2. as follows, namely
ដែល dael 1. who, whom, which, where, when
2. of / to / in / at which / whom
3. the fact / reason that
4. ever, happened to, having done at least once, having been to, already, always, had occasion to, have ever
មាន mien 1. to have, possess, own
2. to exist, there is, there are
3. to be rich, own property
4. indicates the accomplishment of an action, to happen to, to have occasion to
Notes: in spoken Khmer, negated មាន (មិនមាន or គ្មាន) can be contracted into មាន, e.g., មានអ្នកណាចង់ជួបឯង = ‘there's nobody who wants to meet you’ — contrast this with the affirmative: មានគេចង់ជួបឯង = ‘there’s somebody who wants to meet you’
អារម្មណ៍ ʔaarɑm feelings, mood, attitude, impression
ថា tʰaa 1. to say, tell, pronounce
2. that (introduces a question or indirect discourse)
ស្អាត sʔaat 1. to be clean, nice, neat
2. pure, chaste
3. smart (of someone's appearance)
4. nice-looking, beautiful
ហើយ haǝy 1. indicates completed action or state 'already'
2. and, afterwards, next, then, after that
ក៏ kɑɑ marker of sequential or consecutive action: also, so, then, therefore, accordingly
បើក baək 1. to open {បើកប្រអប់ = to open a box} {បើកហាង = to open a shop}
2. to turn on (e.g., a light, faucet, radio) {បើកទឹកម៉ាស៊ីន = to turn on the water/faucet}
3. of the sun: to shine
4. to drive (an automobile), generally to operate a vehicle which is powered by an engine
ទឹក tɨk 1. water, juice, liquid
2. round (e.g., of a boxing match)
ផ្កាឈូក pkaa cʰuuk 1. color: pink
2. lotus flower
3. shower head
ឲ្យ ʔaoy 1. to give
2. to let, to allow
3. for, to, in order to, so as to {ចង់ឲ្យខ្ញុំកុម្ម៉ង់អីញ៉ាំឲ្យហើយអត់? = Do you want me to order something for you already?}
4. in a... manner (forms adverbial phrases from predicatives)
Notes: also written អោយ, ឱ្យ
ខ្លាំង klaŋ 1. strong, vigorous, robust
2. very much, strongly, vigorously
អញ្ចឹង ʔɑɲcəŋ 1. in that case, so, then, therefore
2. like this / that
3. this / that much
ដើម្បី daəmbəy in order to, for, to, toward, reserved for
លាង lieŋ 1. to wash, to clean (with a liquid)
2. to purify, to clear
ជម្រះ cumreah 1. to clean, to clean up, to wash away dirt and dust
2. to level, scrape, clean off
3. to clear away, weed, cut off at the roots, to clear with a hoe
4. to purify
5. to discharge
6. to judge, resolve (a dispute), decide (a case)
7. to make a clear-cut decision
8. to review, to edit (a text)
Notes: root: ជ្រះ; also spelled ជំរះ
ចេញ cəɲ 1. to leave, to go out, to depart
2. out, off, away (also figuratively) {ខ្ញុំគិតអត់ចេញ = I can't figure it out}
ពី pii from, since, of, about, at
ជាក់ស្ដែង ceak sdaeŋ 1. clear, sure
2. clearly, surely, obviously
នេះ nih 1. this, these
2. often serves simply to emphasize something already referred to or something nearby in time or space
កំពុងតែ kɑmpuŋ tae to be in the process of (doing something)
សម្អាត sɑmʔaat 1. to clean {ដើម្បីសម្អាតវាឲ្យបានស្អាត = in order to clean it} {បោកសម្អាតខោអាវ = to wash the clothes clean}
2. to clean up, to sweep
3. to groom
Notes: root: ស្អាត; also written សំអាត
អស់ ʔɑh 1. to consume, use up, run low/short (of something) {អស់ហើយ = [a product, food etc.] finished/sold out}
2. to end, finish, terminate, come to an end
3. entirety, completeness, wholeness
4. to be complete, whole
5. entirely, completely
6. all (of), the whole (of)
7. to have to spend {អស់ម៉ាម៉ឺនទទេ = I had to pay 10’000 for no reason!}
ពេល peel 1. time
2. moment, instant, period of time
យើង yəəŋ 1. we
2. I (familiar)
3. in final position used to refer to 'our Cambodian ...' {ទុរេនកំពតយើងមែន? = Kampot durian (from our country, Cambodia), right?}
ជាតិ ciet 1. matter, substance, material, essence, essential constituent {ជាតិទឹក = to be liquid, fluid} {ជាតិខ្លាញ់ = to be oily, greasy} {ម្នាស់មានជាតិអាស៊ីតច្រើន = pineapples have a lot of acid/are acidic/are quite sour}
2. flavor, taste
3. genuine or true state of anything
4. birth, nation, race, line, nationality
ក្អែល kʔael 1. dead skin that flakes off
2. dust, dirt, grime
ទាំងអស់ teaŋ ʔɑh all, all of
និង nɨŋ and
អង្គែ ʔɑŋkɛɛ dandruff, mange-like disease of the scalp
ជាប់នឹង coap nɨŋ 1. next to, adjacent to, near
2. to stick/attach to
ដូច្នេះ doucneh 1. so, thus, therefore
2. like this
នោះ nuh 1. that, those (often serves simply to emphasize something already referred to or something distant in time or space)
2. then
ឬក៏ rɨɨ kɑɑ or (on the other hand)
ត្រូវតែ trəv tae have to, must, should, ought to
ហូរ hou 1. to flow, stream, pour
2. to trot (especially of cattle or water buffalo)
3. to be fluent
4. fluently, eloquently
5. in a flowing manner
ទៅតាម tɨv taam 1. by, according to, through {គេគិតតម្លៃទៅតាមគីឡូ = they’re charging by the kilo}
2. to pursue, go after, go along with
3. to send for
4. to retrieve
ផងដែរ pʰɑɑŋ dae also, too, as well
ព្រោះ prʊəh because (of), since
ប្រសិនបើ prɑsən baə if
អត់ ʔɑt 1. no, not
2. to be without, lacking
3. to restrain oneself, abstain from
4. particle to form yes/no questions
ទេ tee 1. particle: negative particle occurring in phrase final position especially after មិន, ពុំ, etc.
2. interrogative particle occurring in phrase final position, often in the combination ឬទេ
3. neutral/positive particle to add emphasis {ខ្ញុំសុខសប្បាយទេ = I'm fine!}
នឹង nɨŋ future tense marker: will, about to
កក kɑɑk 1. to be hardened, coagulated, frozen, set
2. to harden, coagulate, thicken, set
3. to be countless, many
4. crowded
5. en masse
សាប៊ូកក់សក់ saabuu kɑk sɑk shampoo
លើ ləə 1. up, on, over, above
2. to be on, over, above, located on top
3. in regard to, concerning, toward, for, against
បង្កើត bɑŋkaət 1. to create, to produce, to give birth to
2. to be related to (by blood)
ជា cie 1. to be (equal to), to be as
2. to be well, in good health, recovered
3. to be effective (of medicines)
ថែម tʰaem 1. to add (to), increase, to do something additional {ទិញមួយថែមមួយ = buy one, get one free}
2. to complete
3. to make change
4. again, more, in addition to, including, moreover
មិន mɨn negative particle not, non- (usually requires the final particle ទេ)
ត្រឹមតែ trəm tae just, only
ទាំង teaŋ 1. all, both {ទាំងពីរ = both} {ទាំង ... ទាំង ... = both ... and ...}
2. entirely, completely
3. adverb marker equivalent to ដោយ
មេរោគ mee rook micro-organism, germ, virus, microbe
បន្ថែម bɑntʰaem 1. to add (to), increase
2. to supplement, replenish
3. additionally, in addition to
កក់សក់ kɑk sɑk to wash/shampoo the hair
រួច ruəc 1. to finish, end, achieve, complete
2. indicates the possibility of completing the action of the main verb, to be able
3. already, then, after that
វា vie 1. it (of animals, things, or very young children)
2. he, she, they (familiar or contemptuous)
ជាមួយនឹង cie muəy nɨŋ 1. together, along with
2. with