Personal hygiene (Sakanan) — 07


បន្ទាប់មកទៀតរូបភាពទីនៅក្នុងរូបភាពទីយើងឃើញថា បន្ទាប់ពីក្មេងប្រុសម្នាក់នោះ គាត់លាបហ្វូមទៅលើមាត់របស់គាត់ ឬក៏កន្លែងណាដែលមានពុកមាត់ហើយ គាត់ក៏បានយកដងឡាម ដែលមានផ្លែឡាមនៅក្នុងនោះ យកមកកោរពុកមាត់របស់គាត់ចេញ អញ្ចឹងនៅក្នុងរូបភាពនេះ យើងឃើញថា ដៃឆ្វេងរបស់គាត់ គាត់កាន់ដងឡាមពណ៌បៃតងមួយ ដែលដងឡាមនោះគឺមានឡាមនៅក្នុងនោះផងដែរ អញ្ចឹងគាត់យកមកកោរពុកមាត់របស់គាត់ចេញ ដោយគាត់កោរកន្លែងណាដែលត្រូវបានលាបហ្វូម អញ្ចឹងគាត់កោរបណ្ដើរ គាត់ឆ្លុះមើលកញ្ចក់បណ្ដើរ ថាតើគាត់កោរស្អាតហើយឬនៅ អញ្ចឹងប្រសិនបើគាត់កោរនៅសល់ពុកមាត់បន្តិចបន្តួច គាត់ត្រូវតែកោរបន្ថែម ដើម្បីអស់ពុកមាត់ចេញពីមាត់របស់គាត់ អញ្ចឹងក្នុងការកោរពុកមាត់ យើងត្រូវតែប្រុងប្រយ័ត្នផងដែរ ដោយសារតែឡាមគឺមុត អញ្ចឹងឡាមគឺមុត ដូច្នេះប្រសិនបើយើងកោរអត់ប្រុងប្រយ័ត្នទេ យើងអាចមុតមាត់របស់យើង ឬក៏មុតថ្ពាល់របស់យើងបាន ដូច្នេះយើងត្រូវកោរដោយមានការប្រុងប្រយ័ត្នជានិច្ច ដោយយើងត្រូវឆ្លុះកញ្ចក់មើល ថាតើការកោររបស់យើងស្អាតហើយឬនៅ អញ្ចឹងប្រសិនបើកោរអត់ស្អាតទេ យើងត្រូវកោរម្ដងទៀត ប៉ុន្តែយើងត្រូវកោរដោយប្រុងប្រយ័ត្ន ដែលជាក់ស្ដែងក្មេងប្រុសម្នាក់នេះ គាត់កោរបណ្ដើរ គាត់ឆ្លុះកញ្ចក់បណ្ដើរ គាត់ប្រុងប្រយ័ត្នជាទីបំផុត ព្រោះគាត់ខ្លាចមុតថ្ពាល់របស់គាត់ ហើយយើងឃើញដៃឆ្វេងរបស់គាត់កាន់ដងឡាម ហើយដៃស្ដាំគាត់កាន់កូនកន្សែងមួយ ដើម្បីជូតចេញ អញ្ចឹងគាត់មានកូនកន្សែងដើម្បីជូតមាត់របស់គាត់នៅពេលដែលគាត់កោររួច ហើយគាត់ជូតហ្វូមចេញ ឬក៏គាត់ជូតឲ្យមាត់របស់គាត់ស្ងួតបន្ទាប់ពីកោរពុកមាត់

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KhmerPronunciationEnglish/Notes
បន្ទាប់មក bɑntoap mɔɔk next, then, afterwards, later
ទៀត tiət 1. again, still, more, further, yet, additional
2. to be different, other
រូបភាព ruup pʰiep 1. image, picture, drawing, photo
2. appearance, form, shape
ទី tii 1. particle used to form ordinal numbers
2. spot, place, location
3. rank, function, service
នៅ nɨv 1. in, at
2. to be located at, to live in or at, to reside, to stay, to be in
3. still, yet (pre-verbal marker of a durative or continuative aspect, as a final particle in the tag question ហើយឬនៅ it means 'yet' and as a reply to a question of this kind, it means 'not yet') {ញ៉ាំអីហើយនៅ? = Have you eaten already?}
ក្នុង knoŋ 1. in, inside
2. during + (time word)
យើង yəəŋ 1. we
2. I (familiar)
3. in final position used to refer to 'our Cambodian ...' {ទុរេនកំពតយើងមែន? = Kampot durian (from our country, Cambodia), right?}
ឃើញ kʰəəɲ 1. to see, to perceive
2. to understand, to recognize
ថា tʰaa 1. to say, tell, pronounce
2. that (introduces a question or indirect discourse)
បន្ទាប់ពី bɑntoap pii after, next
ក្មេងប្រុស kmejŋ proh boy
ម្នាក់ mneak 1. one person (contraction of មួយនាក់)
2. alone
នោះ nuh 1. that, those (often serves simply to emphasize something already referred to or something distant in time or space)
2. then
គាត់ koat he, she
លាប liep 1. to cover a surface with a liquid, paste or powder
2. to coat, to paint, to smear, to plaster
3. to associate with
ហ្វូម foum foam
ទៅ tɨv 1. to go (away from the speaker in space or time), to go to / towards, go on, continue, advance, go away
2. towards
3. from now on, from then on (often used as a particle indicating that the action began at some point in the past or present and continued on into the future or that the action is directed away from the speaker)
4. imperative particle, go ahead and ...! {ញ៉ាំទៅ = Go ahead and eat/drink!}
លើ ləə 1. up, on, over, above
2. to be on, over, above, located on top
3. in regard to, concerning, toward, for, against
មាត់ moat 1. mouth
2. bank, shore (of a river, lake, sea)
3. opening (e.g., of a jar or bag)
របស់ rɔbɑh 1. object, thing, belonging, property
2. of, belonging to
ឬក៏ rɨɨ kɑɑ or (on the other hand)
កន្លែង kɑnlaeŋ 1. place, location, region
2. clf. for locations
ណា naa 1. which, any
2. where, somewhere, anywhere
ដែល dael 1. who, whom, which, where, when
2. of / to / in / at which / whom
3. the fact / reason that
4. ever, happened to, having done at least once, having been to, already, always, had occasion to, have ever
មាន mien 1. to have, possess, own
2. to exist, there is, there are
3. to be rich, own property
4. indicates the accomplishment of an action, to happen to, to have occasion to
Notes: in spoken Khmer, negated មាន (មិនមាន or គ្មាន) can be contracted into មាន, e.g., មានអ្នកណាចង់ជួបឯង = ‘there's nobody who wants to meet you’ — contrast this with the affirmative: មានគេចង់ជួបឯង = ‘there’s somebody who wants to meet you’
ពុកមាត់ puk moat mustache
ហើយ haǝy 1. indicates completed action or state 'already'
2. and, afterwards, next, then, after that
ក៏ kɑɑ marker of sequential or consecutive action: also, so, then, therefore, accordingly
បាន baan 1. to have completed/done something
2. to intend to complete something
3. marker of completed action
4. to get, obtain, acquire, to achieve, have been able to, to get/have the opportunity to do something
5. to get someone or something to do something (often translated by the English passive in this sense)
6. to be able to
7. not ... until, then and only then
8. to pass to someone through inheritance
9. to be OK, fine, all right
10. [spoken language] however, though, in contrast {ម្សិលមិញបានក្ដៅខ្លាំង = yesterday, however, it was very hot}
យក yɔɔk 1. to take, bring, get, accept, hold
2. when ordering: I’ll take, I’ll have {យកបបរគ្រឿងសាច់ជ្រូកម៉ាចាន = I’ll have a bowl of pork porridge}
ដង dɑɑŋ handle (of an axe, shovel, knife), neck (of a musical instrument)
ឡាម laam razor, razor blade
ផ្លែ plae 1. fruit
2. clf. for fruits (e.g., papaya, pineapple)
3. outcome, result
4. to bear fruit
5. blade (of a knife)
6. wart, blister
មក mɔɔk 1. to come (toward the speaker in space or time)
2. often used as a particle indicating that the action began at some point in the past and continued up to the present
កោរ kao 1. to shave
2. to take advantage of, cheat, swindle, rip-off
ចេញ cəɲ 1. to leave, to go out, to depart
2. out, off, away (also figuratively) {ខ្ញុំគិតអត់ចេញ = I can't figure it out}
អញ្ចឹង ʔɑɲcəŋ 1. in that case, so, then, therefore
2. like this / that
3. this / that much
នេះ nih 1. this, these
2. often serves simply to emphasize something already referred to or something nearby in time or space
ដៃ day arm, hand
ឆ្វេង cvejŋ direction: left
កាន់ kan 1. to hold, carry in the hand, grasp, hang on to
2. to control, be in charge of, be responsible for
3. to withstand, support, sustain, bear
4. to hold to, believe in, keep/observe (e.g., a religion) {កាន់សាសនាព្រះពុទ្ធ = to believe in Buddhism}
5. (of a spirit) to possess
ពណ៌ poa color, complexion
បៃតង baytɑɑŋ color: green (e.g., as banana leaves)
មួយ muəy 1. one {មួយៗ = one by one}
2. one person/myself {សុំចេញមួយ = Please let me [go] out!} {សុំទៅមួយ = Please give way [for me one person]!} {សុំចុះមួយ = Please let me [one person] get off [the bus]!}
គឺ kɨɨ 1. to be (equal to)
2. as follows, namely
ផងដែរ pʰɑɑŋ dae also, too, as well
ដោយ daoy 1. by, with, along
2. (indicator of an adverb) in a ... manner
3. because
ត្រូវ trəv 1. must, have to
2. to be correct, right, proper, exact, accurate
3. to concern, have to do with, to agree/jibe with, coincide with
4. to be affected with/by, to suffer, undergo (ត្រូវ + CLAUSE marks a passive-like construction in which the subject of the clause introduced by ត្រូវ is translated as the agent in the passive construction)
បណ្ដើរ bɑndaə 1. to accompany, escort (by walking), conduct, take for a walk
2. to go together, go out with
3. to be simultaneous with
4. to keep on doing, continue
5. a little at a time, gradually
6. simultaneously, at the same time
7. while
ឆ្លុះ cloh 1. to view something through a lens
2. to look in a mirror
3. to (give an) x-ray
4. to be visible through (e.g., a lens)
5. to be x-rayed
6. to illuminate, to light up
7. to reflect
8. to give of light, shine
9. to be clear, lucid, bright, highly polished, shining
10. to be reflected
មើល məəl 1. to look at, to watch, to watch for, to observe
2. particle: come on, give it a try
3. let me see!
4. phrase-final: softens a command or request {ជួយបង្ហាញតិចមើល = Please show me!}
កញ្ចក់ kɑɲcɑk 1. mirror, glass, pane of glass
2. screen
3. reflection, example
តើ taə 1. indicating an indirect question, it may often be translated as 'if' or 'whether'
2. phrase-final: used for emphasis
ស្អាត sʔaat 1. to be clean, nice, neat
2. pure, chaste
3. smart (of someone's appearance)
4. nice-looking, beautiful
ឬនៅ rɨɨ nɨv phrase-final interrogative particle: yet
ប្រសិនបើ prɑsən baə if
សល់ sɑl 1. to remain, be left over {នៅសល់ = to remain, be left over}
2. to be in excess
3. remainder, surplus
បន្តិចបន្តួច bɑntəc bɑntuəc 1. a little, a few
2. to a small extent, just barely, somewhat
Notes: ជើង ត (both times)
ត្រូវតែ trəv tae have to, must, should, ought to
បន្ថែម bɑntʰaem 1. to add (to), increase
2. to supplement, replenish
3. additionally, in addition to
ដើម្បី daəmbəy in order to, for, to, toward, reserved for
អស់ ʔɑh 1. to consume, use up, run low/short (of something) {អស់ហើយ = [a product, food etc.] finished/sold out}
2. to end, finish, terminate, come to an end
3. entirety, completeness, wholeness
4. to be complete, whole
5. entirely, completely
6. all (of), the whole (of)
7. to have to spend {អស់ម៉ាម៉ឺនទទេ = I had to pay 10’000 for no reason!}
ពី pii from, since, of, about, at
ការ kaa 1. work, occupation
2. business, affair, matter
3. commonly occurs as a nominalizing particle deriving abstract nouns or noun phrases from verbs or verb phrases
4. to protect, defend, prevent
5. to marry
6. marriage
7. wedding
8. interest (e.g., on a loan)
9. profit
10. usury
11. to wind (into a skein/bobbin/reel)
12. to spin (silk)
ប្រុងប្រយ័ត្ន proŋ prɑyat to be careful, be on the alert, be vigilant, be aware of
ដោយសារតែ daoy saa tae because
មុត mut 1. to be sharp
2. to cut, pierce, stab
3. to be cut, stabbed
4. hard, tough, firm, brave
ដូច្នេះ doucneh 1. so, thus, therefore
2. like this
អត់ ʔɑt 1. no, not
2. to be without, lacking
3. to restrain oneself, abstain from
4. particle to form yes/no questions
ទេ tee 1. particle: negative particle occurring in phrase final position especially after មិន, ពុំ, etc.
2. interrogative particle occurring in phrase final position, often in the combination ឬទេ
3. neutral/positive particle to add emphasis {ខ្ញុំសុខសប្បាយទេ = I'm fine!}
អាច ʔaac 1. to be able (to do something), to be capable (of doing something)
2. to be possible
ថ្ពាល់ tpoal cheek
ជានិច្ច cie nɨc always
ម្ដងទៀត mdɑɑŋ tiət once more, again
ប៉ុន្តែ pontae but, however
Notes: ជើង ត; root: តែ
ជាក់ស្ដែង ceak sdaeŋ 1. clear, sure
2. clearly, surely, obviously
ជាទីបំផុត cie tii bɑmpʰot 1. finally, in conclusion
2. extremely, the most ...
ព្រោះ prʊəh because (of), since
ខ្លាច klaac to fear, to be afraid of
ស្ដាំ sdam direction: right
Notes: ជើង ដ
កូនកន្សែង koon kɑnsaeŋ handkerchief
ជូត cuut 1. to wipe (off), clean (off), dry (with a towel)
2. to dust
3. to rub, polish
ពេល peel 1. time
2. moment, instant, period of time
រួច ruəc 1. to finish, end, achieve, complete
2. indicates the possibility of completing the action of the main verb, to be able
3. already, then, after that
ឲ្យ ʔaoy 1. to give
2. to let, to allow
3. for, to, in order to, so as to {ចង់ឲ្យខ្ញុំកុម្ម៉ង់អីញ៉ាំឲ្យហើយអត់? = Do you want me to order something for you already?}
4. in a... manner (forms adverbial phrases from predicatives)
Notes: also written អោយ, ឱ្យ
ស្ងួត sŋuət dry