Personal hygiene (Sakanan) — 00 Introduction

សួស្តី នៅក្នុងរូបភាពនេះគឺយើងនឹងនិយាយអំពីការធ្វើអនាម័យខ្លួនប្រាណ អញ្ចឹងការធ្វើអនាម័យខ្លួនប្រាណ អញ្ចឹងនៅក្នុងការរស់នៅរបស់យើងប្រចាំថ្ងៃ យើងត្រូវតែមានអនាម័យជាប់ជានិច្ច ព្រោះថានៅជុំវិញខ្លួនយើងគឺសុទ្ធតែមេរោគ អញ្ចឹងបានន័យថាយើងដើរទៅណាមកណា នៅពេលដែលយើងបែកញើស តែងតែមានធូលីហោះជាប់មកតាមខ្លួនយើងទៅតាមខ្យល់ អញ្ចឹងនៅពេលដែលយើងទៅក្រៅ គឺនឹងមានធូលីដែលនៅក្នុងខ្យល់ នឹងប៉ះខ្លួនយើង ហើយស្អិតជាប់នឹងខ្លួនយើង អញ្ចឹងប្រសិនបើយើងអត់មានអនាម័យខ្លួនប្រាណទេ គឺយើងអាចនឹងឆ្លងមេរោគនៅខាងក្រៅ ហើយអាចធ្វើឲ្យយើងឈឺបាន ដូច្នេះ ជាធម្មតាយើងត្រូវតែមានអនាម័យខ្លួនប្រាណរបស់យើង គឺខ្លួនប្រាណរបស់យើងត្រូវតែស្អាតជានិច្ច គឺយើងត្រូវអនាម័យទាំងការរស់នៅ ទាំងការហូបចុក ឬក៏ការញ៉ាំចំណីអាហារ ទាំងការស្លៀកពាក់ជាដើម អញ្ចឹងជាក់ស្ដែងនៅក្នុងរូបភាពនេះ គឺយើងនឹងនិយាយអំពីការធ្វើអនាម័យខ្លួនប្រាណ

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KhmerPronunciationEnglish/Notes
សួស្តី suǝsdǝy greeting equivalent to 'hi!' 'hello!' 'good day!'
Notes: ជើង ត
នៅ nɨv 1. in, at
2. to be located at, to live in or at, to reside, to stay, to be in
3. still, yet (pre-verbal marker of a durative or continuative aspect, as a final particle in the tag question ហើយឬនៅ it means 'yet' and as a reply to a question of this kind, it means 'not yet') {ញ៉ាំអីហើយនៅ? = Have you eaten already?}
ក្នុង knoŋ 1. in, inside
2. during + (time word)
រូបភាព ruup pʰiep 1. image, picture, drawing, photo
2. appearance, form, shape
នេះ nih 1. this, these
2. often serves simply to emphasize something already referred to or something nearby in time or space
គឺ kɨɨ 1. to be (equal to)
2. as follows, namely
យើង yəəŋ 1. we
2. I (familiar)
3. in final position used to refer to 'our Cambodian ...' {ទុរេនកំពតយើងមែន? = Kampot durian (from our country, Cambodia), right?}
នឹង nɨŋ future tense marker: will, about to
និយាយ niʔyiey to speak, say, talk, relate, tell, to narrate, to talk over, discuss
អំពី ʔɑmpii 1. about, concerning, relative to
2. from, out of {អំពីថ្ងៃនេះទៅ = from this day on}
ការ kaa 1. commonly occurs as a nominalizing particle deriving abstract nouns or noun phrases from verbs or verb phrases
2. work, occupation
3. business, affair, matter
4. to protect, defend, prevent
5. to marry
6. marriage
7. wedding
8. interest (e.g., on a loan)
9. profit
10. usury
11. to wind (into a skein/bobbin/reel)
12. to spin (silk)
ធ្វើ tvəə to do, to make, to work, to prepare, to cultivate (a field)
អនាម័យ ʔaʔnaamay 1. hygiene, sanitation
2. health
ខ្លួនប្រាណ kluən praan 1. body, physique
2. oneself
អញ្ចឹង ʔɑɲcəŋ 1. in that case, so, then, therefore
2. like this / that
3. this / that much
រស់នៅ rʊəh nɨv to live, exist, survive
របស់ rɔbɑh 1. object, thing, belonging, property
2. of, belonging to
ប្រចាំថ្ងៃ prɑcam tŋay daily, every day
ត្រូវតែ trəv tae have to, must, should, ought to
មាន mien 1. to have, possess, own
2. to exist, there is, there are
3. to be rich, own property
4. indicates the accomplishment of an action, to happen to, to have occasion to
Notes: in spoken Khmer, negated មាន (មិនមាន or គ្មាន) can be contracted into មាន, e.g., មានអ្នកណាចង់ជួបឯង = ‘there's nobody who wants to meet you’ — contrast this with the affirmative: មានគេចង់ជួបឯង = ‘there’s somebody who wants to meet you’
ជាប់ coap 1. to link together, to be attached, linked together
2. adjacent to, next to {៣ ឆ្នាំជាប់គ្នា = three years in a row}
3. to be busy with {ខ្ញុំជាប់មានការរវល់បន្តិច = I'm a bit busy}
4. to undergo {ជាប់ផុងក្នុងភក់ = [of a car] to get bogged down in the mud}
5. to pass (an examination, an interview etc.) {ខ្ញុំសម្ភាសន៍ការងារជាប់ហើយ! = I’ve passed the job interview!}
ជានិច្ច cie nɨc always
ព្រោះ prʊəh because (of), since
ថា tʰaa 1. to say, tell, pronounce
2. that (introduces a question or indirect discourse)
ជុំវិញ cum vɨɲ 1. around, surrounding, on all sides
2. about, concerning
ខ្លួន kluən 1. body, figure, person, self
2. reflexive pronoun: myself, yourself, himself etc.
សុទ្ធតែ sot tae all, only, exclusively, completely, without exception, nothing but
មេរោគ mee rook micro-organism, germ, virus, microbe
បានន័យថា baan ney tʰaa 1. that means, in other words
2. to mean
ដើរ daə 1. to walk, to go, to move
2. (of machines) to run
ទៅ tɨv 1. to go (away from the speaker in space or time), to go to / towards, go on, continue, advance, go away
2. towards
3. from now on, from then on (often used as a particle indicating that the action began at some point in the past or present and continued on into the future or that the action is directed away from the speaker)
4. imperative particle, go ahead and ...! {ញ៉ាំទៅ = Go ahead and eat/drink!}
ណា naa 1. which, any
2. where, somewhere, anywhere
មក mɔɔk 1. to come (toward the speaker in space or time)
2. to come to/towards (often used as a final particle indicating that the action began at some point in the past and continued up to the present)
3. (from then) on, (from that time) forth
4. to, toward
ពេល peel 1. time
2. moment, instant, period of time
ដែល dael 1. who, whom, which, where, when
2. of/to/in/at which/whom
3. the fact/reason that
4. ever, happened to, having done at least once, having been to, already, always, had occasion to, have ever {អត់ដែលដឹងសោះ = I’ve never known this!}
បែកញើស baek ɲəəh to sweat
តែងតែ taeŋ tae usually, regularly, constantly, always, continually
ធូលី tʰuulii dust
ហោះ hɑh 1. to fly (of a plane or other machine)
2. to float in the sky
3. to soar
តាម taam 1. to follow, to agree, to go along {ដើរតាមភ្ញៀវគ្រប់ជំហាន = to follow the customer’s every step}
2. according to, in accordance with, following, along, by, through {តាមអាយុ = according to age} {តាមសម្រួល = take it easy/take your time}
3. on, in, along {ជិះម៉ូតូតាមផ្លូវ = to ride a motorbike on the street} {ជិះតាមផ្លូវតូចៗ = to drive on small roads} {នៅតាមខេត្ត = in/throughout the province} {លក់នៅតាមផ្សារ = to sell in the market}
ទៅតាម tɨv taam 1. by, according to, through {គេគិតតម្លៃទៅតាមគីឡូ = they’re charging by the kilo}
2. to pursue, go after, go along with
3. to send for
4. to retrieve
ខ្យល់ kcɑl, kyɑl, ksɑl wind, air, breath (wind/air is believed to be the cause of many types of illnesses, such as fainting, dizziness, stomach ache, etc.)
ក្រៅ krav 1. outside, out
2. foreign
ប៉ះ pah 1. to hit, to collide with
2. to touch, come in contact with
3. to meet, encounter, confront
ហើយ haǝy 1. indicates completed action or state 'already'
2. and, afterwards, next, then, after that
ស្អិត sʔət 1. to be sticky, adhesive, adherent
2. stuck (to), attached (to)
3. to be addictive
4. (of weather) to be sticky, muggy
5. closely, like glue
6. to be loath to forgive someone, reluctant to forget someone's mistake
ជាប់នឹង coap nɨŋ 1. next to, adjacent to, near
2. to stick/attach to
ប្រសិនបើ prɑsən baə if
អត់ ʔɑt 1. no, not
2. to be without, lacking
3. to restrain oneself, abstain from
4. particle to form yes/no questions
ទេ tee 1. particle: negative particle occurring in phrase final position especially after មិន, ពុំ, etc.
2. interrogative particle occurring in phrase final position, often in the combination ឬទេ
3. neutral/positive particle to add emphasis {ខ្ញុំសុខសប្បាយទេ = I'm fine!}
អាច ʔaac 1. to be able (to do something), to be capable (of doing something)
2. to be possible
ឆ្លង clɑɑŋ 1. to cross, move across/through (by land, water, or air)
2. to spread (of a disease)
3. to communicate, transmit
4. to copy
5. to intersect
6. to be contaminated, contagious, infected
7. to contract (a disease)
8. to adopt, pick up (e.g., a bad habit)
9. to celebrate
10. to dedicate, inaugurate
11. to survive (an accident or disaster)
ខាងក្រៅ kʰaaŋ krav 1. outside, outside of
2. on/from the outside
ធ្វើឲ្យ tvəə ʔaoy 1. to cause, make (someone) do (something)
2. to do (something) for (someone) (often used to form causative compounds)
ឈឺ cʰɨɨ to be sick, to hurt, to be in pain
បាន baan 1. to have completed/done something
2. to intend to complete something
3. marker of completed action
4. to get, obtain, acquire, to achieve, have been able to, to get/have the opportunity to do something
5. to get someone or something to do something (often translated by the English passive in this sense)
6. to be able to
7. not ... until, then and only then
8. to pass to someone through inheritance
9. to be OK, fine, all right
10. [spoken language] however, though, in contrast {ម្សិលមិញបានក្ដៅខ្លាំង = yesterday, however, it was very hot}
ដូច្នេះ doucneh 1. so, thus, therefore
2. like this
ជាធម្មតា cie tʰoam meaʔ taa normally, usually
ស្អាត sʔaat 1. to be clean, nice, neat
2. pure, chaste
3. smart (of someone's appearance)
4. nice-looking, beautiful
ត្រូវ trəv 1. must, have to
2. to be correct, right, proper, exact, accurate
3. to concern, have to do with, to agree/jibe with, coincide with
4. to be affected with/by, to suffer, undergo (ត្រូវ + CLAUSE marks a passive-like construction in which the subject of the clause introduced by ត្រូវ is translated as the agent in the passive construction)
ទាំង teaŋ 1. all, both {ទាំងពីរ = both} {ទាំង ... ទាំង ... = both ... and ...}
2. entirely, completely
3. adverb marker equivalent to ដោយ
ហូបចុក houp cok to eat
Notes: colloquial
ឬក៏ rɨɨ kɑɑ or (on the other hand)
ញ៉ាំ ɲam to eat, to drink, to consume
Notes: informal, of oneself, addressing children or close friends but not elders
ចំណីអាហារ cɑmnəy ʔaahaa food, foodstuffs, all kinds of food
ស្លៀកពាក់ sliǝk peak to dress, get dressed, be dressed, wear clothes
ជាដើម cie daəm 1. for example, for instance
2. as above, as listed (or given) above
3. first of all, first and foremost
ជាក់ស្ដែង ceak sdaeŋ 1. clear, sure
2. clearly, surely, obviously