Hospital (Sakanan) — 03


បន្ទាប់មករូបភាពទីរូបភាពទីយើងឃើញថា បុរសម្នាក់នោះ គាត់ ទោះបីជាគាត់ព្យាយាមទប់ចង្កូតរបស់គាត់កុំឲ្យរអិលយ៉ាងណាក៏ដោយ ក៏ប៉ុន្តែដោយសារតែគាត់ជិះលឿនពេក ដោយសារតែគាត់បើកបរក្នុងល្បឿនលឿនពេក ដូច្នេះនៅពេលដែលគាត់កិនផ្លូវរអិល ជិះកាត់ផ្លូវរអិល ឬក៏ជិះកាត់ទឹក អញ្ចឹងវាធ្វើឲ្យគាត់ទប់ចង្កូតអត់ជាប់ ដូច្នេះនៅក្នុងរូបភាពទីយើងឃើញថា ម៉ូតូរបស់គាត់ក៏បានដួល អញ្ចឹងប្រសិនបើយើងជិះយឺតឬក៏ជិះល្មមគឺនៅពេលដែលយើងជិះកាត់ផ្លូវរអិល ឬក៏ជិះកាត់ក្រឡុក ឬក៏ជិះកាត់ទឹកដក់ គឺយើងអាចទប់ចង្កូតបាន បានន័យថាយើងអាចទប់លំនឹងម៉ូតូរបស់យើងមិនឲ្យរេ ឬក៏មិនឲ្យរអិលដួលបាន ឬក៏យើងអាចដាក់ជើងទប់ជាប់បាន បានន័យថាយើងគ្រាន់តែដាក់ជើងដាក់ចុះមកដី គឺវាអាចទប់លំនឹងម៉ូតូរបស់យើងកុំឲ្យដួលបាន ក៏ប៉ុន្តែប្រសិនបើយើងជិះលឿនពេក ប្រសិនបើយើងជិះលឿនពេក នៅពេលដែលម៉ូតូរអិល គឺយើងអត់អាចទប់ជាប់នោះទេ បានន័យថាម៉ូតូរបស់យើងនឹងអាចដួលបាន ព្រោះនៅពេលដែលយើងជិះលឿនគឺល្បឿនម៉ូតូនឹងធ្វើឲ្យម៉ូតូរអិលខ្លាំង ដូច្នេះយើងអត់អាចទប់ជាប់នោះទេ ដោយជាក់ស្ដែងនៅក្នុងរូបភាពទីនេះ បុរសម្នាក់នោះ គាត់អត់អាចទប់ល្បឿនម៉ូតូរបស់គាត់ជាប់ អញ្ចឹងនៅពេលដែលគាត់ជិះកាត់ផ្លូវរអិល ពេលដែលគាត់ជិះកាត់ផ្លូវរអិលធ្វើឲ្យម៉ូតូគាត់ដួល អញ្ចឹងយើងឃើញគាត់ខ្ទាតចេញពីម៉ូតូ ដោយសារតែគាត់ជិះលឿន ដូច្នេះនៅពេលដែលម៉ូតូដួលធ្វើឲ្យគាត់ខ្ទាតចេញពីម៉ូតូ ហើយដួលបោកទៅនឹងថ្នល់ អញ្ចឹងដោយសារតែគាត់ពាក់មួកការពារសុវត្ថិភាព ដូច្នេះក្បាលរបស់គាត់ប្រហែលជាអត់មានបញ្ហានោះទេ ក៏ប៉ុន្តែខ្លួនរបស់គាត់ប្រហែលជាមានបញ្ហា ដោយសារតែយើងឃើញនៅទីនេះ គឺគាត់កំពុងតែខ្ទាតចេញពីម៉ូតូដែលគាត់កំពុងតែជិះ ដោយសារតែគាត់រអិលដួល ដោយសារតែម៉ូតូរបស់គាត់កិនទៅលើផ្លូវរអិល ហើយម៉ូតូរបស់គាត់បានដួល និងដោយសារតែគាត់ជិះក្នុងល្បឿនលឿនផង ដូច្នេះនៅពេលដែលម៉ូតូគាត់ដួល ធ្វើឲ្យគាត់ខ្ទាតចេញពីម៉ូតូយ៉ាងឆ្ងាយ ហើយម៉ូតូរបស់គាត់អូសលើផ្លូវយ៉ាងឆ្ងាយផងដែរ

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KhmerPronunciationEnglish/Notes
បន្ទាប់មក bɑntoap mɔɔk next, then, afterwards, later
រូបភាព ruup pʰiep 1. image, picture, drawing, photo
2. appearance, form, shape
ទី tii 1. particle used to form ordinal numbers
2. spot, place, location
3. rank, function, service
យើង yəəŋ 1. we
2. I (familiar)
3. in final position used to refer to 'our Cambodian ...' {ទុរេនកំពតយើងមែន? = Kampot durian (from our country, Cambodia), right?}
ឃើញ kʰəəɲ 1. to see, to perceive
2. to understand, to recognize
ថា tʰaa 1. to say, tell, pronounce
2. that (introduces a question or indirect discourse)
បុរស boʔrɑh man, male person
ម្នាក់ mneak 1. one person (contraction of មួយនាក់)
2. alone
នោះ nuh 1. that, those (often serves simply to emphasize something already referred to or something distant in time or space)
2. then
គាត់ koat he, she
ទោះបីជា tʊəh bəy cie although, even though
ព្យាយាម pyieyiem 1. to persist, to persevere, to try hard
2. perseverance, effort, endeavour, diligence, zeal
ទប់ tup to bar, to block, to obstruct, to stop, to control, to dam up
ចង្កូត cɑŋkout rudder, helm, tiller, steering mechanism/wheel, controls (of a motor) {ចង្កូតឡាន = steering wheel (of a car)} {ចង្កូតម៉ូតូ = handlebar (of a motorbike)}
របស់ rɔbɑh 1. object, thing, belonging, property
2. of, belonging to
កុំឲ្យ kom ʔaoy 1. in order that not ..., so as not to ...
2. don't let ...
រអិល rɔʔəl 1. to slip, slide
2. to be slippery, slick, smooth
3. to be glib
4. by heart, fluently, smoothly
យ៉ាងណាក៏ដោយ yaaŋ naa kɑɑ daoy anyway, nevertheless, no matter how, despite this
ក៏ kɑɑ marker of sequential or consecutive action: also, so, then, therefore, accordingly
ប៉ុន្តែ pontae but, however
Notes: ជើង ត; root: តែ
ដោយសារតែ daoy saa tae because
ជិះ cih to ride (in or on a car, horse, boat, plane, train)
លឿន lɨən fast, quick
ពេក peek too, too much, too many
បើកបរ baək bɑɑ to drive (e.g., an automobile), generally to operate a vehicle which is powered by an engine
ក្នុង knoŋ 1. in, inside
2. during + (time word)
ល្បឿន lbɨǝn 1. speed, velocity
2. rate, tempo
Notes: root: លឿន
ដូច្នេះ doucneh 1. so, thus, therefore
2. like this
នៅ nɨv 1. in, at
2. to be located at, to live in or at, to reside, to stay, to be in
3. still, yet (pre-verbal marker of a durative or continuative aspect, as a final particle in the tag question ហើយឬនៅ it means 'yet' and as a reply to a question of this kind, it means 'not yet') {ញ៉ាំអីហើយនៅ? = Have you eaten already?}
ពេល peel 1. time
2. moment, instant, period of time
ដែល dael 1. who, whom, which, where, when
2. of/to/in/at which/whom
3. the fact/reason that
4. ever, happened to, having done at least once, having been to, already, always, had occasion to, have ever {អត់ដែលដឹងសោះ = I’ve never known this!}
កិន kən 1. to grind, shell, hull, husk
2. to break, smash, crush, splinter
3. to collide (e.g., as vehicles)
4. to pave with crushed stone
5. to oppress, keep down
6. to scold, criticize, blame
7. to abuse
8. to roll (e.g., a road)
ផ្លូវ pləv 1. road, street, route
2. way, style, cause, matter
កាត់ kat 1. to cut, slice, slit, to divide, detach
2. to pass through, cut through / across
3. to interrupt
4. to solve, untangle, to settle (a matter), to decide (a legal case)
5. to ignite, catch / start (of a fire)
6. across, through
ឬក៏ rɨɨ kɑɑ or (on the other hand)
ទឹក tɨk 1. water, juice, liquid
2. round (e.g., of a boxing match)
អញ្ចឹង ʔɑɲcəŋ 1. in that case, so, then, therefore
2. like this / that
3. this / that much
វា vie 1. it (of animals, things, or very young children)
2. he, she, they (familiar or contemptuous)
ធ្វើឲ្យ tvəə ʔaoy 1. to cause, make (someone) do (something)
2. to do (something) for (someone) (often used to form causative compounds)
អត់ ʔɑt 1. no, not
2. to be without, lacking
3. to restrain oneself, abstain from
4. particle to form yes/no questions
ជាប់ coap 1. to link together, to be attached, linked together
2. adjacent to, next to {៣ ឆ្នាំជាប់គ្នា = three years in a row}
3. to be busy with {ខ្ញុំជាប់មានការរវល់បន្តិច = I'm a bit busy}
4. to undergo {ជាប់ផុងក្នុងភក់ = [of a car] to get bogged down in the mud}
5. to pass (an examination, an interview etc.) {ខ្ញុំសម្ភាសន៍ការងារជាប់ហើយ! = I’ve passed the job interview!}
ម៉ូតូ moutou motorbike, motorcycle
បាន baan 1. to have completed/done something
2. to intend to complete something
3. marker of completed action
4. to get, obtain, acquire, to achieve, have been able to, to get/have the opportunity to do something
5. to get someone or something to do something (often translated by the English passive in this sense)
6. to be able to
7. not ... until, then and only then
8. to pass to someone through inheritance
9. to be OK, fine, all right
10. [spoken language] however, though, in contrast {ម្សិលមិញបានក្ដៅខ្លាំង = yesterday, however, it was very hot}
ដួល duəl to fall, to fall over, to collapse
ប្រសិនបើ prɑsən baə if
យឺត yɨɨt 1. to be slow, late
2. to stretch, to be elastic
ល្មម lmɔɔm 1. to be (just) enough, adequate, sufficient, just right, moderate
2. worthy
3. quite, rather, sufficiently
4. at the same time, just in time
5. coincidentally, about time
គឺ kɨɨ 1. to be (equal to)
2. as follows, namely
ក្រឡុក krɑlok 1. to shake, agitate
2. hole, pothole, bump (especially in a road)
ទឹកដក់ tɨk dɑk puddle (of water)
អាច ʔaac 1. to be able (to do something), to be capable (of doing something)
2. to be possible
បានន័យថា baan ney tʰaa 1. that means, in other words
2. to mean
លំនឹង lumnɨŋ physical stability, balance, equilibrium
មិន mɨn negative particle not, non- (usually requires the final particle ទេ)
ឲ្យ ʔaoy 1. to give
2. to let, to allow
3. for, to, in order to, so as to {ចង់ឲ្យខ្ញុំកុម្ម៉ង់អីញ៉ាំឲ្យហើយអត់? = Do you want me to order something for you already?}
4. in a... manner (forms adverbial phrases from predicatives)
Notes: also written អោយ, ឱ្យ
រេ ree 1. to change (course/direction), change (one's opinion), turn, veer, (of a sailing ship) to tack
2. to follow a zigzag course (as a drunken person)
3. to rotate/revolve/sway/bend (e.g., in the wind)
4. to vacillate, fluctuate
5. to flicker
6. to toss and turn
7. to be precarious, volatile, changeable
រអិលដួល rɔʔəl duəl to slip and fall
ដាក់ dak 1. to put, place
2. to deposit
3. to add (ingredients)
4. to set (e.g., a trap)
5. to establish
6. to assign
7. to locate, settle, station
8. to lock up
9. to fasten
10. to use
11. to strike, hit hard
12. to affect
13. to subject someone to
14. to be hard hit, suffer a setback
15. to have bad luck, cause bad luck
16. to feel unwell, have an upset stomach (especially after eating certain fruits)
17. to contract for
18. to subscribe to
19. to renounce (a throne)
20. to put aside (religious vows)
21. in, into, on
22. to eat, drink
23. to kneel
24. command to an elephant to kneel by bending the rear legs
ជើង cəəŋ 1. foot, leg
2. base, bottom
3. edge
4. subscript form of a Cambodian consonant
5. immediate vicinity
6. north {ខាងជើង = north}
7. way, path, trip
8. clf. for trips or occurrences
9. to be an expert/veteran/skilled at + verb
គ្រាន់តែ kroan tae just, only, only just
ចុះ coh 1. down
2. to descend, go down
3. bus etc.: to get off
មក mɔɔk 1. to come (toward the speaker in space or time)
2. to come to/towards (often used as a final particle indicating that the action began at some point in the past and continued up to the present)
3. (from then) on, (from that time) forth
4. to, toward
ដី dəy 1. earth, land, ground, soil
2. territory
ទេ tee 1. particle: negative particle occurring in phrase final position especially after មិន, ពុំ, etc.
2. interrogative particle occurring in phrase final position, often in the combination ឬទេ
3. neutral/positive particle to add emphasis {ខ្ញុំសុខសប្បាយទេ = I'm fine!}
នឹង nɨŋ future tense marker: will, about to
ព្រោះ prʊəh because (of), since
ខ្លាំង klaŋ 1. strong, vigorous, robust
2. very much, strongly, vigorously
ដោយ daoy 1. by, with, along
2. (indicator of an adverb) in a ... manner
3. because
ជាក់ស្ដែង ceak sdaeŋ 1. clear, sure
2. clearly, surely, obviously
នេះ nih 1. this, these
2. often serves simply to emphasize something already referred to or something nearby in time or space
ខ្ទាត ktiet 1. to scatter, jump away, fly off
2. to splash, splatter
ចេញ cəɲ 1. to go out, leave, emerge, exit
2. to issue, bring out, come out (of a publication)
3. to emit, utter
4. out, off, away (also figuratively) {ខ្ញុំគិតអត់ចេញ = I can't figure it out}
5. to pay out, pay for, lay out (money), spend
6. to gain, earn, save
7. to play (a card)
ពី pii from, since, of, about, at
ហើយ haǝy 1. indicates completed action or state 'already'
2. and, afterwards, next, then, after that
បោក baok 1. to beat (against a fixed object), smash, to slam, throw violently
2. to launder, wash by beating
3. to overthrow
4. to throw oneself to the ground
5. to thresh
6. to cheat, dupe, swindle, trick
ទៅ tɨv 1. to go (away from the speaker in space or time), to go to / towards, go on, continue, advance, go away
2. towards
3. from now on, from then on (often used as a particle indicating that the action began at some point in the past or present and continued on into the future or that the action is directed away from the speaker)
4. imperative particle, go ahead and ...! {ញ៉ាំទៅ = Go ahead and eat/drink!}
នឹង nɨŋ with, by (means of), (attached) to
ថ្នល់ tnɑl, knɑl raised road or path
ពាក់ peak 1. to wear (shirt, hat, ring, shoes, but not pants)
2. to put on
3. to hang up, suspend, hang on
មួក muək hat, cap
ការពារ kaapie to protect, defend
សុវត្ថិភាព soʔvattʰeʔpʰiep 1. goodness, prosperity, happiness, success
2. good health
3. safety
ក្បាល kbaal 1. head
2. clf. for books
ប្រហែល prɑhael 1. about, approximately
2. resembling, similar to, nearly identical
3. almost
4. maybe, probably, it is possible that, perhaps
ជា cie 1. to be (equal to), to be as
2. to be well, in good health, recovered
3. to be effective (of medicines)
មាន mien 1. to have, possess, own
2. to exist, there is, there are
3. to be rich, own property
4. indicates the accomplishment of an action, to happen to, to have occasion to
Notes: in spoken Khmer, negated មាន (មិនមាន or គ្មាន) can be contracted into មាន, e.g., មានអ្នកណាចង់ជួបឯង = ‘there's nobody who wants to meet you’ — contrast this with the affirmative: មានគេចង់ជួបឯង = ‘there’s somebody who wants to meet you’
បញ្ហា baɲhaa, paɲhaa problem, difficulty, matter, question, issue
ខ្លួន kluən 1. body, figure, person, self
2. reflexive pronoun: myself, yourself, himself etc.
ទីនេះ tii nih here
កំពុងតែ kɑmpuŋ tae to be in the process of (doing something)
លើ ləə 1. up, on, over, above
2. to be on, over, above, located on top
3. in regard to, concerning, toward, for, against
និង nɨŋ and
ផង pʰɑɑŋ 1. also, too, as well
2. marker indicating entreaty or a polite request: please ..., would you ...
យ៉ាង yaaŋ 1. kind, type, way, manner
2. clf. for kinds, types
3. pre-adjectival particle forming adverbial phrases {យ៉ាងខ្លី = briefly}
4. pre-adjectival particle, similar to ដ៏, used to connect an attributive to a noun, it often has a slight emphatic meaning: very
ឆ្ងាយ cŋaay 1. to be far (away), distant, remote
2. separated
អូស ʔouh to pull, tow, drag
ផងដែរ pʰɑɑŋ dae also, too, as well