Fruits (Sakanan) — 10 Jackfruit


បន្ទាប់មកទៀតរូបភាពទី ១០ ដដែល យើងឃើញមានផ្លែខ្នុរ ផ្លែខ្នុរគឺមានរូបរាងស្រដៀងនឹងផ្លែទុរេន គ្រាន់តែថាបន្លារបស់វាច្រើនជាងផ្លែទុរេន ហើយបន្លារបស់វាអត់មុតដូចបន្លាទុរេននោះទេ គឺសំបករបស់វាគឺទន់តិចអញ្ចឹងយើងអាចចាប់កាន់សំបកខ្នុរបាន ក៏ប៉ុន្តែយើងអត់អាចចាប់កាន់សំបកទុរេនបានទេ គឺវាធ្វើឲ្យយើងមុតដៃ អញ្ចឹងខ្នុរគឺ ដើម្បីយើងញ៉ាំបាន គឺយើងត្រូវតែបកសំបកវាដូចជាសំបកទុរេនដែរ ហើយសំបកខ្នុរគឺមានលក្ខណៈទន់ជាងសំបកទុរេន ហើយផ្លែខ្នុរ គឺយើង ពេលខ្ចីយើងអាចយកផ្លែវាមកធ្វើជាសម្លបាន គឺយើងអាចស្លបាន ស្លកកូរ ឬក៏ស្លសម្លផ្សេងបាន នៅក្នុងប្រទេសកម្ពុជាគឺយើងចូលចិត្តយកផ្លែខ្នុរមកស្លកកូរនៅពេលដែលវាខ្ចី ចំណែកឯពេលវាទុំ គឺសាច់របស់វាឡើងពណ៌លឿង អញ្ចឹងវាមានរសជាតិផ្អែម ហើយមានក្លិនក្រអូប ដូច្នេះយើងញ៉ាំ អាចញ៉ាំសាច់ខ្នុរបាន ចំណែកឯគ្រាប់របស់វាឆៅ គឺយើងញ៉ាំអត់កើតទេ គឺយើងអត់អាចញ៉ាំគ្រាប់ខ្នុរឆៅទេ គឺយើងអាចយកទៅស្ងោរឲ្យឆ្អិន អញ្ចឹងភាគច្រើននៅក្នុងប្រទេសកម្ពុជា យើងតែងតែស្ងោរគ្រាប់ខ្នុរដើម្បីញ៉ាំ បន្ទាប់ពីយើងញ៉ាំសាច់រួច តែគ្រាប់ខ្នុរជាទូទៅមានរសជាតិសាប អញ្ចឹងនៅពេលដែលយើងស្ងោរ គឺយើងត្រូវដាក់ថែមអំបិលបន្តិចដើម្បីវាមានរសជាតិប្រៃ អញ្ចឹងយើងអាចញ៉ាំសាច់ខ្នុរបានផង យើងអាចញ៉ាំគ្រាប់បានផងនៅពេលដែលវាឆ្អិន ហើយខ្នុរគឺមានក្លិនក្រអូប និងមានសំបកមានបន្លាទន់ដែលយើងអាចចាប់កាន់បាន ដូច្នេះទាំងអស់នេះគឺសុទ្ធតែជាផ្លែឈើដែលមាននៅក្នុងប្រទេសកម្ពុជា ហើយផ្លែឈើទាំងអស់នេះគឺសុទ្ធតែជាផ្លែឈើដែលអាចជំនួយសុខភាពរបស់យើង អត់មានរាងកាយរឹងមាំបាន ដូច្នេះយើងត្រូវតែឧស្សាហ៍ញ៉ាំផ្លែឈើ ដើម្បីឲ្យមានសុខភាពល្អទាំងអស់គ្នា

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KhmerPronunciationEnglish/Notes
បន្ទាប់មក bɑntoap mɔɔk next, then, afterwards, later
ទៀត tiət 1. again, still, more, further, yet, additional
2. to be different, other
រូបភាព ruup pʰiep 1. image, picture, drawing, photo
2. appearance, form, shape
ទី tii 1. particle used to form ordinal numbers
2. spot, place, location
3. rank, function, service
ដដែល dɑdael 1. to be identical, alike, the same
2. as before, over and over, in the same way
យើង yəəŋ 1. we
2. I (familiar)
3. in final position used to refer to 'our Cambodian ...' {ទុរេនកំពតយើងមែន? = Kampot durian (from our country, Cambodia), right?}
ឃើញ kʰəəɲ 1. to see, to perceive
2. to understand, to recognize
មាន mien 1. to have, possess, own
2. to exist, there is, there are
3. to be rich, own property
4. indicates the accomplishment of an action, to happen to, to have occasion to
Notes: in spoken Khmer, negated មាន (មិនមាន or គ្មាន) can be contracted into មាន, e.g., មានអ្នកណាចង់ជួបឯង = ‘there's nobody who wants to meet you’ — contrast this with the affirmative: មានគេចង់ជួបឯង = ‘there’s somebody who wants to meet you’
ផ្លែ plae 1. fruit
2. clf. for fruits (e.g., papaya, pineapple)
3. outcome, result
4. to bear fruit
5. blade (of a knife)
6. wart, blister
ខ្នុរ knol, knao 1. jackfruit
2. kind of skin disease characterized by boils on the head
គឺ kɨɨ 1. to be (equal to)
2. as follows, namely
រូបរាង ruup rieŋ figure, form, shape, body, appearance, structure
ស្រដៀងនឹង srɑdiǝŋ nɨŋ to be similar to, to resemble
ទុរេន tuʔrein, tʰuurein durian
Notes: also written ធូរេន
គ្រាន់តែ kroan tae just, only, only just
ថា tʰaa 1. to say, tell, pronounce
2. that (introduces a question or indirect discourse)
បន្លា bɑnlaa 1. thorn, barb, spine
2. [figurative] obstacle, problem, troublemaker
របស់ rɔbɑh 1. object, thing, belonging, property
2. of, belonging to
វា vie 1. it (of animals, things, or very young children)
2. he, she, they (familiar or contemptuous)
ច្រើន craən 1. much, many, numerous, very much
2. mostly, often
ជាង cieŋ 1. more than
2. marks the comparative degree of an adjective {ល្អជាង = better}
ហើយ haǝy 1. indicates completed action or state 'already'
2. and, afterwards, next, then, after that
អត់ ʔɑt 1. no, not
2. to be without, lacking
3. to restrain oneself, abstain from
4. particle to form yes/no questions
មុត mut 1. to be sharp
2. to cut, pierce, stab
3. to be cut, stabbed
4. hard, tough, firm, brave
ដូច douc alike, similar, like, as
នោះ nuh 1. that, those (often serves simply to emphasize something already referred to or something distant in time or space)
2. then
ទេ tee 1. particle: negative particle occurring in phrase final position especially after មិន, ពុំ, etc.
2. interrogative particle occurring in phrase final position, often in the combination ឬទេ
3. neutral/positive particle to add emphasis {ខ្ញុំសុខសប្បាយទេ = I'm fine!}
សំបក sɑmbɑɑk 1. skin, bark, shell, rind, peel
2. package
3. pan or scale of a balance
4. stand or tray on which to place gifts for monks or higher officials
5. [colloquial] to be fruitless, valueless, useless
ទន់ tʊən 1. to be soft, supple, pliant, flexible
2. tender
3. gentle, kind
4. to be weak, lifeless, worn out, discouraged
តិច təc 1. to be few (in number), small (in size or extent), less
2. a little bit, somewhat
3. phrase-final: makes a request more polite {ចង់ពឹងឲ្យជួយលើកអីវ៉ាន់តិច = Can you please help me carrying these things?} {ខ្ញុំសុំលអាវនេះតិចបានអេ៎? = Can I try on this shirt here, please?}
អញ្ចឹង ʔɑɲcəŋ 1. in that case, so, then, therefore
2. like this / that
3. this / that much
អាច ʔaac 1. to be able (to do something), to be capable (of doing something)
2. to be possible
ចាប់កាន់ cap kan to grab/grasp/catch (with the hands)
បាន baan 1. to have completed/done something
2. to intend to complete something
3. marker of completed action
4. to get, obtain, acquire, to achieve, have been able to, to get/have the opportunity to do something
5. to get someone or something to do something (often translated by the English passive in this sense)
6. to be able to
7. not ... until, then and only then
8. to pass to someone through inheritance
9. to be OK, fine, all right
10. [spoken language] however, though, in contrast {ម្សិលមិញបានក្ដៅខ្លាំង = yesterday, however, it was very hot}
ក៏ kɑɑ marker of sequential or consecutive action: also, so, then, therefore, accordingly
ប៉ុន្តែ pontae but, however
Notes: ជើង ត; root: តែ
ធ្វើឲ្យ tvəə ʔaoy 1. to cause, make (someone) do (something)
2. to do (something) for (someone) (often used to form causative compounds)
ដៃ day arm, hand
ដើម្បី daəmbəy in order to, for, to, toward, reserved for
ញ៉ាំ ɲam to eat, to drink, to consume
Notes: informal, of oneself, addressing children or close friends but not elders
ត្រូវតែ trəv tae have to, must, should, ought to
បក bɑɑk 1. to pare, peel, strip off (bark or skin)
2. to remove, take off
3. to translate
4. to talk about, narrate
5. to reveal, tell how, explain
6. to return, come back, retrace one's steps
7. to reply (by letter)
8. to be returned (of a letter)
9. a single round trip, occurrence, time
10. [colloquial] police station
11. to reserve
ដូចជា douc cie such as, like, as though, to seem as though, for instance
ដែរ dae 1. also, too, likewise, in the same way
2. indeed, quite, rather
3. marks a polite, gentler, less abrupt statement: all the same, even so, nevertheless
លក្ខណៈ leakkʰaʔnaʔ 1. attribute, (physical) characteristic, distinctive feature
2. character, nature, quality
3. appearance, shape, form
4. condition, criterion, qualification
5. meaning
6. section (of a law text)
ពេល peel 1. time
2. moment, instant, period of time
ខ្ចី kcəy 1. green, unripe, raw, fresh
2. young, naive, unexperienced
3. to borrow
4. of colors: light
យក yɔɔk 1. to take, bring, get, accept, hold
2. when ordering: I’ll take, I’ll have {យកបបរគ្រឿងសាច់ជ្រូកម៉ាចាន = I’ll have a bowl of pork porridge}
មក mɔɔk 1. to come (toward the speaker in space or time)
2. often used as a particle indicating that the action began at some point in the past and continued up to the present
ធ្វើ tvəə to do, to make, to work, to prepare, to cultivate (a field)
ជា cie 1. to be (equal to), to be as
2. to be well, in good health, recovered
3. to be effective (of medicines)
សម្ល sɑmlɑɑ soup
ស្ល slɑɑ 1. to make soup/stew, to cook (soup or stew-like foods)
2. to extract oil (from natural products)
3. to melt, smelt (iron)
4. to heat resin
5. to concentrate medicine by boiling it down
កកូរ kɑkou 1. name of a spicy soup composed of many kinds of vegetables
2. to stir often, to stir something around
ឬក៏ rɨɨ kɑɑ or (on the other hand)
ផ្សេង psejŋ to differ, to be different (from each other), to be separate
នៅ nɨv 1. in, at
2. to be located at, to live in or at, to reside, to stay, to be in
3. still, yet (pre-verbal marker of a durative or continuative aspect, as a final particle in the tag question ហើយឬនៅ it means 'yet' and as a reply to a question of this kind, it means 'not yet') {ញ៉ាំអីហើយនៅ? = Have you eaten already?}
ក្នុង knoŋ 1. in, inside
2. during + (time word)
ប្រទេស prɑteeh country, nation
កម្ពុជា kampuʔcie Cambodia
ចូលចិត្ត cool cət to like, to prefer
Notes: ជើង ត
ដែល dael 1. who, whom, which, where, when
2. of / to / in / at which / whom
3. the fact / reason that
4. ever, happened to, having done at least once, having been to, already, always, had occasion to, have ever
ចំណែកឯ cɑmnaek ʔae as for, as to, regarding
ទុំ tum 1. to be ripe, mature
2. to ripen, to mature
3. to be old/decrepit
4. of colors: to be dark/deep
សាច់ sac 1. meat
2. pulp (of a fruit), wooden parts of a tree
3. substance, essence, essential part
ឡើង laəŋ 1. to go up, ascend
2. (of aircraft) to take off
3. to rise, get up
4. to climb
5. to get on/board (a means of transport)
6. to go upstream
7. to ferment, rise (of dough)
8. to increase
9. up, upwards
10. upstream
11. increasingly
12. on
13. often occurs as a verb complement in various meanings
ពណ៌ poa color, complexion
លឿង lɨəŋ color: yellow
រសជាតិ rʊəh ciet taste, flavor
ផ្អែម pʔaem sweet
ក្លិន klən odor, smell, scent
ក្រអូប krɑʔoop 1. to be sweet-smelling, fragrant, aromatic
2. nice, pleasant
ដូច្នេះ doucneh 1. so, thus, therefore
2. like this
គ្រាប់ kroap 1. grain, pit, seed
2. pill, tablet
3. bullet, projectile, bomb
4. clf. for small round objects such as seeds, pills, bullets
ឆៅ cʰav 1. raw, not cooked
2. immature, inexperienced
អត់កើត ʔɑt kaət 1. unsuccessful, unable, incapable (of doing anything)
2. impossible
ទៅ tɨv 1. to go (away from the speaker in space or time), to go to / towards, go on, continue, advance, go away
2. towards
3. from now on, from then on (often used as a particle indicating that the action began at some point in the past or present and continued on into the future or that the action is directed away from the speaker)
4. imperative particle, go ahead and ...! {ញ៉ាំទៅ = Go ahead and eat/drink!}
ស្ងោរ sŋao 1. to boil in water (to cook, to soften, or to extract some essence)
2. cook by boiling
3. soup
ឲ្យ ʔaoy 1. to give
2. to let, to allow
3. for, to, in order to, so as to {ចង់ឲ្យខ្ញុំកុម្ម៉ង់អីញ៉ាំឲ្យហើយអត់? = Do you want me to order something for you already?}
4. in a... manner (forms adverbial phrases from predicatives)
Notes: also written អោយ, ឱ្យ
ឆ្អិន cʔən 1. to be cooked
2. mature, experienced, well-versed
3. of red: to be bright
4. to be pure/without impurities (especially of gold)
ភាគច្រើន pʰiek craən 1. mostly
2. majority
តែងតែ taeŋ tae usually, regularly, constantly, always, continually
បន្ទាប់ពី bɑntoap pii after, next
រួច ruəc 1. to finish, end, achieve, complete
2. indicates the possibility of completing the action of the main verb, to be able
3. already, then, after that
តែ tae 1. but, however
2. only, just
3. tea
ជាទូទៅ cie tuu təv in general, as a whole, generally
សាប saap 1. bland, not salty (enough), tasteless
2. to sow (seeds)
3. powerless, ineffective, valueless, impotent
4. water: fresh
5. to be dull, uninteresting
ត្រូវ trəv 1. must, have to
2. to be correct, right, proper, exact, accurate
3. to concern, have to do with, to agree/jibe with, coincide with
4. to be affected with/by, to suffer, undergo (ត្រូវ + CLAUSE marks a passive-like construction in which the subject of the clause introduced by ត្រូវ is translated as the agent in the passive construction)
ដាក់ dak 1. to put, place
2. to deposit
3. to add (ingredients)
4. to set (e.g., a trap)
5. to establish
6. to assign
7. to locate, settle, station
8. to lock up
9. to fasten
10. to use
11. to strike, hit hard
12. to affect
13. to subject someone to
14. to be hard hit, suffer a setback
15. to have bad luck, cause bad luck
16. to feel unwell, have an upset stomach (especially after eating certain fruits)
17. to contract for
18. to subscribe to
19. to renounce (a throne)
20. to put aside (religious vows)
21. in, into, on
22. to eat, drink
23. to kneel
24. command to an elephant to kneel by bending the rear legs
ថែម tʰaem 1. to add (to), increase, to do something additional {ទិញមួយថែមមួយ = buy one, get one free}
2. to complete
3. to make change
4. again, more, in addition to, including, moreover
អំបិល ʔɑmbəl salt
បន្តិច bɑntəc 1. a little, a little bit, in small amounts, few
2. rather, slightly, just barely
3. in a little while
Notes: ជើង ត
ប្រៃ pray salty
ផង pʰɑɑŋ 1. also, too, as well
2. marker indicating entreaty or a polite request: please ..., would you ...
និង nɨŋ and
ទាំងអស់ teaŋ ʔɑh all, all of
នេះ nih 1. this, these
2. often serves simply to emphasize something already referred to or something nearby in time or space
សុទ្ធតែ sot tae all, only, exclusively, completely, without exception, nothing but
ផ្លែឈើ plae cʰəə fruit
ជំនួយ cumnuəy 1. aid, help, assistance
2. to be helpful
សុខភាព sokkʰapʰiep health
រាងកាយ rieŋ kaay body, figure, physique
រឹង rɨŋ hard, firm, tough, stiff
មាំ moam 1. solid, strong, robust, sturdy, durable
2. truly, seriously
ឧស្សាហ៍ ʔussaa 1. often, frequently
2. diligent(ly), hard-working
3. to try hard, to work hard, to study, to persevere
ល្អ lʔɑɑ 1. good, nice, beautiful, pretty
2. correct, proper
ទាំងអស់គ្នា teaŋ ʔɑh knie 1. everybody
2. all, all of