Fruits (Sakanan) — 10 Durian


បន្ទាប់មកទៀតគឺយើងឃើញមានរូបភាពផ្លែទុរេន អញ្ចឹងផ្លែទុរេនគឺជាផ្លែមួយប្រភេទ ដែលមានសំបករឹងនិងមានបន្លារឹង អញ្ចឹងផ្លែទុរេនគឺប្រសិនបើយើងប៉ះមិនប្រយ័ត្ន វាអាចធ្វើឲ្យយើងមុតដៃបាន ហើយផ្លែទុរេនជាទូទៅគឺមានសំបកពណ៌បៃតង ទោះបីជាវាទុំក៏ដោយ ក៏វាមានសំបកពណ៌បៃតងដែរ ហើយដើម្បីញ៉ាំផ្លែទុរេនបាន យើងត្រូវតែពុះសំបកវាចេញ ដោយយើងគ្រាន់តែយកកាំបិតមកឆូតសំបកវា ហើយចាប់ហែកសំបកនោះជាការស្រេច នឹង វានឹង យើងអាចឃើញសាច់របស់វាពណ៌លឿង ដែលសាច់របស់វាគឺមានលក្ខណៈជាក្លែបដូចក្លែបក្រូចដែរ ប៉ុន្តែវាធំជាងផ្លែក្រូច ហើយសាច់របស់វាគឺមានរសជាតិផ្អែម អត់មានរសជាតិជូរទេ អញ្ចឹងយើងឃើញសាច់របស់វា ហើយសាច់របស់វាក្រាស់ ដែលជាទូទៅទុរេនគឺយើងអត់ញ៉ាំសំបកហើយក៏អត់ញ៉ាំគ្រាប់ដែរ គឺយើងញ៉ាំវាតែសាច់តែប៉ុណ្ណោះ ដែលសាច់របស់វាគឺមានពណ៌លឿង

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KhmerPronunciationEnglish/Notes
បន្ទាប់មក bɑntoap mɔɔk next, then, afterwards, later
ទៀត tiət 1. again, still, more, further, yet, additional
2. to be different, other
គឺ kɨɨ 1. to be (equal to)
2. as follows, namely
យើង yəəŋ 1. we
2. I (familiar)
3. in final position used to refer to 'our Cambodian ...' {ទុរេនកំពតយើងមែន? = Kampot durian (from our country, Cambodia), right?}
ឃើញ kʰəəɲ 1. to see, to perceive
2. to understand, to recognize
មាន mien 1. to have, possess, own
2. to exist, there is, there are
3. to be rich, own property
4. indicates the accomplishment of an action, to happen to, to have occasion to
Notes: in spoken Khmer, negated មាន (មិនមាន or គ្មាន) can be contracted into មាន, e.g., មានអ្នកណាចង់ជួបឯង = ‘there's nobody who wants to meet you’ — contrast this with the affirmative: មានគេចង់ជួបឯង = ‘there’s somebody who wants to meet you’
រូបភាព ruup pʰiep 1. image, picture, drawing, photo
2. appearance, form, shape
ផ្លែ plae 1. fruit
2. clf. for fruits (e.g., papaya, pineapple)
3. outcome, result
4. to bear fruit
5. blade (of a knife)
6. wart, blister
ទុរេន tuʔrein, tʰuurein durian
Notes: also written ធូរេន
អញ្ចឹង ʔɑɲcəŋ 1. in that case, so, then, therefore
2. like this / that
3. this / that much
គឺជា kɨɨ cie 1. to be (equal to)
2. as follows, namely
Notes: equivalent to គឺ
មួយ muəy 1. one {មួយៗ = one by one}
2. one person/myself {សុំចេញមួយ = Please let me [go] out!} {សុំទៅមួយ = Please give way [for me one person]!} {សុំចុះមួយ = Please let me [one person] get off [the bus]!}
ប្រភេទ prɑpʰeet category, variety, class, kind, type, species, aspect, nature, characteristic
ដែល dael 1. who, whom, which, where, when
2. of/to/in/at which/whom
3. the fact/reason that
4. ever, happened to, having done at least once, having been to, already, always, had occasion to, have ever {អត់ដែលដឹងសោះ = I’ve never known this!}
សំបក sɑmbɑɑk 1. skin, bark, shell, rind, peel
2. package
3. pan or scale of a balance
4. stand or tray on which to place gifts for monks or higher officials
5. [colloquial] to be fruitless, valueless, useless
រឹង rɨŋ hard, firm, tough, stiff
និង nɨŋ and
បន្លា bɑnlaa 1. thorn, barb, spine
2. [figurative] obstacle, problem, troublemaker
ប្រសិនបើ prɑsən baə if
ប៉ះ pah 1. to hit, to collide with
2. to touch, come in contact with
3. to meet, encounter, confront
មិន mɨn negative particle not, non- (usually requires the final particle ទេ)
ប្រយ័ត្ន prɑyat careful, to take care
វា vie 1. it (of animals, things, or very young children)
2. he, she, they (familiar or contemptuous)
អាច ʔaac 1. to be able (to do something), to be capable (of doing something)
2. to be possible
ធ្វើឲ្យ tvəə ʔaoy 1. to cause, make (someone) do (something)
2. to do (something) for (someone) (often used to form causative compounds)
មុត mut 1. to be sharp
2. to cut, pierce, stab
3. to be cut, stabbed
4. hard, tough, firm, brave
ដៃ day arm, hand
បាន baan 1. to have completed/done something
2. to intend to complete something
3. marker of completed action
4. to get, obtain, acquire, to achieve, have been able to, to get/have the opportunity to do something
5. to get someone or something to do something (often translated by the English passive in this sense)
6. to be able to
7. not ... until, then and only then
8. to pass to someone through inheritance
9. to be OK, fine, all right
10. [spoken language] however, though, in contrast {ម្សិលមិញបានក្ដៅខ្លាំង = yesterday, however, it was very hot}
ហើយ haǝy 1. indicates completed action or state 'already'
2. and, afterwards, next, then, after that
ជាទូទៅ cie tuu təv in general, as a whole, generally
ពណ៌ poa color, complexion
បៃតង baytɑɑŋ color: green (e.g., as banana leaves)
ទោះបីជា tʊəh bəy cie although, even though
ទុំ tum 1. to be ripe, mature
2. to ripen, to mature
3. to be old/decrepit
4. of colors: to be dark/deep
ក៏ដោយ kɑɑ daoy 1. (who)soever, (what)soever
2. whether or not, it makes no difference, even if
3. even though, although
ក៏ kɑɑ marker of sequential or consecutive action: also, so, then, therefore, accordingly
ដែរ dae 1. also, too, likewise, in the same way
2. indeed, quite, rather
3. marks a polite, gentler, less abrupt statement: all the same, even so, nevertheless
ដើម្បី daəmbəy in order to, for, to, toward, reserved for
ញ៉ាំ ɲam to eat, to drink, to consume
Notes: informal, of oneself, addressing children or close friends but not elders
ត្រូវតែ trəv tae have to, must, should, ought to
ពុះ puh 1. to chop, hack, cut, split wood
2. break open
3. to divide
4. to be boiling (of water), to seethe, bubble, fizz, foam, froth
ចេញ cəɲ 1. to go out, leave, emerge, exit
2. to issue, bring out, come out (of a publication)
3. to emit, utter
4. out, off, away (also figuratively) {ខ្ញុំគិតអត់ចេញ = I can't figure it out}
5. to pay out, pay for, lay out (money), spend
6. to gain, earn, save
7. to play (a card)
ដោយ daoy 1. by, with, along
2. (indicator of an adverb) in a ... manner
3. because
គ្រាន់តែ kroan tae just, only, only just
យក yɔɔk 1. to take, bring, get, accept, hold
2. when ordering: I’ll take, I’ll have {យកបបរគ្រឿងសាច់ជ្រូកម៉ាចាន = I’ll have a bowl of pork porridge}
កាំបិត kambət knife
មក mɔɔk 1. to come (toward the speaker in space or time)
2. to come to/towards (often used as a final particle indicating that the action began at some point in the past and continued up to the present)
3. (from then) on, (from that time) forth
4. to, toward
ឆូត cʰout 1. to cross out, delete
2. to draw/scratch a line, score, make a mark/notch
3. to cut along a crease, make an incision
ចាប់ cap 1. to catch, capture, seize, grasp, get
2. clf. for handfuls
3. to begin to, undertake, start
ហែក haek 1. to tear
2. to tear out/off/apart, tear to pieces
3. to force open (the mouth)
4. to slander, expose someone's faults in public
នោះ nuh 1. that, those (often serves simply to emphasize something already referred to or something distant in time or space)
2. then
ជាការស្រេច cie kaa srac complete, finished
នឹង nɨŋ future tense marker: will, about to
សាច់ sac 1. meat
2. pulp (of a fruit), wooden parts of a tree
3. substance, essence, essential part
របស់ rɔbɑh 1. object, thing, belonging, property
2. of, belonging to
លឿង lɨəŋ color: yellow
លក្ខណៈ leakkʰaʔnaʔ 1. attribute, (physical) characteristic, distinctive feature
2. character, nature, quality
3. appearance, shape, form
4. condition, criterion, qualification
5. meaning
6. section (of a law text)
ជា cie 1. to be (equal to), to be as
2. to be well, in good health, recovered
3. to be effective (of medicines)
ក្លែប klaep section (especially of fruit such as grapefruit or jackfruit), lobe (of the brain)
ដូច douc alike, similar, like, as
ក្រូច krouc citrus fruit, orange
ប៉ុន្តែ pontae but, however
Notes: ជើង ត; root: តែ
ធំ tʰom to be big, tall, vast, important
Notes: irregular pronunciation
ជាង cieŋ 1. more than
2. marks the comparative degree of an adjective {ល្អជាង = better}
រសជាតិ rʊəh ciet taste, flavor
ផ្អែម pʔaem sweet
អត់ ʔɑt 1. no, not
2. to be without, lacking
3. to restrain oneself, abstain from
4. particle to form yes/no questions
ជូរ cuu 1. taste: sour
2. expression: bitter
ទេ tee 1. particle: negative particle occurring in phrase final position especially after មិន, ពុំ, etc.
2. interrogative particle occurring in phrase final position, often in the combination ឬទេ
3. neutral/positive particle to add emphasis {ខ្ញុំសុខសប្បាយទេ = I'm fine!}
ក្រាស់ krah thick, dense
គ្រាប់ kroap 1. grain, pit, seed
2. pill, tablet
3. bullet, projectile, bomb
4. clf. for small round objects such as seeds, pills, bullets
តែ tae 1. but, however
2. only, just
3. tea
តែប៉ុណ្ណោះ tae ponnɑh only, only that much