Fruits (Sakanan) — 10 Mangosteen


បន្ទាប់មកទៀតគឺយើងឃើញមានផ្លែមង្ឃុត មង្ឃុតគឺជាផ្លែមួយប្រភេទ ដែលមានរសជាតិផ្អែមនិងជូរតិចដែលផ្លែមង្ឃុតគឺមានសំបករឹងប៉ុន្តែផុយ អញ្ចឹងសំបកមង្ឃុតគឺមានពណ៌រៀងក្រហមក្រមៅ ហើយសាច់របស់វាពណ៌ ហើយសាច់មង្ឃុតយើងអាចញ៉ាំបានទាំងគ្រាប់ ញ៉ាំបានទាំងសាច់ ដែលមានរសជាតិជូរនិងផ្អែមតិចហើយសំបកមង្ឃុតគឺអាចចេញពណ៌ប្រឡាក់ខោអាវ អញ្ចឹងប្រសិនបើយើងធ្វើឲ្យខោអាវប្រឡាក់សំបកមង្ឃុតគឺពិបាកនឹងបោកណាស់ អញ្ចឹងយើងពិបាកនឹងបោកសម្អាតខោអាវយើងដែលប្រឡាក់សំបកមង្ឃុតណាស់ ដូច្នេះហើយនៅពេលដែលយើងញ៉ាំមង្ឃុតគឺយើងត្រូវមានការប្រុងប្រយ័ត្ន ម៉្យាងវិញទៀតមង្ឃុតគឺយើងអត់អាចញ៉ាំជ្រលក់ជាមួយស្ករសបានទេ ព្រោះវាអាចធ្វើឲ្យយើងពុលបាន វាអាចធ្វើឲ្យយើងពុល អញ្ចឹងយើងត្រូវញ៉ាំតែផ្លែវាជាមួយនឹងសាច់របស់វា ជាមួយនឹងគ្រាប់របស់វាតែប៉ុណ្ណោះ តែយើងអត់ត្រូវញ៉ាំជ្រលក់ជាមួយស្ករសទេ

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KhmerPronunciationEnglish/Notes
បន្ទាប់មក bɑntoap mɔɔk next, then, afterwards, later
ទៀត tiət 1. again, still, more, further, yet, additional
2. to be different, other
គឺ kɨɨ 1. to be (equal to)
2. as follows, namely
យើង yəəŋ 1. we
2. I (familiar)
3. in final position used to refer to 'our Cambodian ...' {ទុរេនកំពតយើងមែន? = Kampot durian (from our country, Cambodia), right?}
ឃើញ kʰəəɲ 1. to see, to perceive
2. to understand, to recognize
មាន mien 1. to have, possess, own
2. to exist, there is, there are
3. to be rich, own property
4. indicates the accomplishment of an action, to happen to, to have occasion to
Notes: in spoken Khmer, negated មាន (មិនមាន or គ្មាន) can be contracted into មាន, e.g., មានអ្នកណាចង់ជួបឯង = ‘there's nobody who wants to meet you’ — contrast this with the affirmative: មានគេចង់ជួបឯង = ‘there’s somebody who wants to meet you’
ផ្លែ plae 1. fruit
2. clf. for fruits (e.g., papaya, pineapple)
3. outcome, result
4. to bear fruit
5. blade (of a knife)
6. wart, blister
មង្ឃុត mʊəŋkʰut mangosteen
គឺជា kɨɨ cie 1. to be (equal to)
2. as follows, namely
Notes: equivalent to គឺ
មួយ muəy 1. one {មួយៗ = one by one}
2. one person/myself {សុំចេញមួយ = Please let me [go] out!} {សុំទៅមួយ = Please give way [for me one person]!} {សុំចុះមួយ = Please let me [one person] get off [the bus]!}
ប្រភេទ prɑpʰeet category, variety, class, kind, type, species, aspect, nature, characteristic
ដែល dael 1. who, whom, which, where, when
2. of / to / in / at which / whom
3. the fact / reason that
4. ever, happened to, having done at least once, having been to, already, always, had occasion to, have ever
រសជាតិ rʊəh ciet taste, flavor
ផ្អែម pʔaem sweet
និង nɨŋ and
ជូរ cuu 1. taste: sour
2. expression: bitter
តិច təc 1. to be few (in number), small (in size or extent), less
2. a little bit, somewhat
3. phrase-final: makes a request more polite {ចង់ពឹងឲ្យជួយលើកអីវ៉ាន់តិច = Can you please help me carrying these things?} {ខ្ញុំសុំលអាវនេះតិចបានអេ៎? = Can I try on this shirt here, please?}
សំបក sɑmbɑɑk 1. skin, bark, shell, rind, peel
2. package
3. pan or scale of a balance
4. stand or tray on which to place gifts for monks or higher officials
5. [colloquial] to be fruitless, valueless, useless
រឹង rɨŋ hard, firm, tough, stiff
ប៉ុន្តែ pontae but, however
Notes: ជើង ត; root: តែ
ផុយ pʰoy 1. to be flimsy, fragile, easily broken (as thread)
2. to be worn out (from age or use), threadbare, crumbly, soft
3. to be overdone (of meat)
4. to be glib
5. [figurative] to be (too) quick to do something
អញ្ចឹង ʔɑɲcəŋ 1. in that case, so, then, therefore
2. like this / that
3. this / that much
ពណ៌ poa color, complexion
រៀង riəŋ 1. to arrange in series, ranks, rows, order or style
2. in sequence, in order, in rows
3. all, each, every
4. រៀង + adj. + បន្តិច = a bit + adj. {រៀងពិបាកបន្តិច = a bit difficult} {រៀងប្រៃបន្តិច = a bit salty}
ក្រហម krɑhɑɑm color: red
ក្រមៅ krɑmav 1. color: black, dark brown
2. to be dark (of a color)
ហើយ haǝy 1. indicates completed action or state 'already'
2. and, afterwards, next, then, after that
សាច់ sac 1. meat
2. pulp (of a fruit), wooden parts of a tree
3. substance, essence, essential part
របស់ rɔbɑh 1. object, thing, belonging, property
2. of, belonging to
វា vie 1. it (of animals, things, or very young children)
2. he, she, they (familiar or contemptuous)
sɑɑ color: white
អាច ʔaac 1. to be able (to do something), to be capable (of doing something)
2. to be possible
ញ៉ាំ ɲam to eat, to drink, to consume
Notes: informal, of oneself, addressing children or close friends but not elders
បាន baan 1. to have completed/done something
2. to intend to complete something
3. marker of completed action
4. to get, obtain, acquire, to achieve, have been able to, to get/have the opportunity to do something
5. to get someone or something to do something (often translated by the English passive in this sense)
6. to be able to
7. not ... until, then and only then
8. to pass to someone through inheritance
9. to be OK, fine, all right
10. [spoken language] however, though, in contrast {ម្សិលមិញបានក្ដៅខ្លាំង = yesterday, however, it was very hot}
ទាំង teaŋ 1. all, both {ទាំងពីរ = both} {ទាំង ... ទាំង ... = both ... and ...}
2. entirely, completely
3. adverb marker equivalent to ដោយ
គ្រាប់ kroap 1. grain, pit, seed
2. pill, tablet
3. bullet, projectile, bomb
4. clf. for small round objects such as seeds, pills, bullets
ចេញ cəɲ 1. to leave, to go out, to depart
2. out, off, away (also figuratively) {ខ្ញុំគិតអត់ចេញ = I can't figure it out}
ប្រឡាក់ prɑlak 1. dirty, soiled, stained
2. salty
3. to marinate, to salt (in order to preserve)
ខោអាវ kʰao ʔaav clothes, clothing
ប្រសិនបើ prɑsən baə if
ធ្វើឲ្យ tvəə ʔaoy 1. to cause, make (someone) do (something)
2. to do (something) for (someone) (often used to form causative compounds)
ពិបាក piʔbaak 1. difficult {ការទិញអីវ៉ាន់នៅខ្មែររៀងពិបាកបន្តិច = buying things in Cambodia is a bit difficult/not easy} {តែពិបាកត្រង់ ឆាប់ងងុយដេក = the problem is: I’m getting tired easily}
2. sad, poor, miserable
3. to suffer
នឹង nɨŋ future tense marker: will, about to
បោក baok 1. to beat (against a fixed object), smash, to slam, throw violently
2. to launder, wash by beating
3. to overthrow
4. to throw oneself to the ground
5. to thresh
6. to cheat, dupe, swindle, trick
ណាស់ nah very, very much
សម្អាត sɑmʔaat 1. to clean {ដើម្បីសម្អាតវាឲ្យបានស្អាត = in order to clean it} {បោកសម្អាតខោអាវ = to wash the clothes clean}
2. to clean up, to sweep
3. to groom
Notes: root: ស្អាត; also written សំអាត
ដូច្នេះ doucneh 1. so, thus, therefore
2. like this
នៅ nɨv 1. in, at
2. to be located at, to live in or at, to reside, to stay, to be in
3. still, yet (pre-verbal marker of a durative or continuative aspect, as a final particle in the tag question ហើយឬនៅ it means 'yet' and as a reply to a question of this kind, it means 'not yet') {ញ៉ាំអីហើយនៅ? = Have you eaten already?}
ពេល peel 1. time
2. moment, instant, period of time
ត្រូវ trəv 1. must, have to
2. to be correct, right, proper, exact, accurate
3. to concern, have to do with, to agree/jibe with, coincide with
4. to be affected with/by, to suffer, undergo (ត្រូវ + CLAUSE marks a passive-like construction in which the subject of the clause introduced by ត្រូវ is translated as the agent in the passive construction)
ការ kaa 1. work, occupation
2. business, affair, matter
3. commonly occurs as a nominalizing particle deriving abstract nouns or noun phrases from verbs or verb phrases
4. to protect, defend, prevent
5. to marry
6. marriage
7. wedding
8. interest (e.g., on a loan)
9. profit
10. usury
11. to wind (into a skein/bobbin/reel)
12. to spin (silk)
ប្រុងប្រយ័ត្ន proŋ prɑyat to be careful, be on the alert, be vigilant, be aware of
ម៉្យាងវិញទៀត myaaŋ vɨɲ tiət on the other hand
អត់ ʔɑt 1. no, not
2. to be without, lacking
3. to restrain oneself, abstain from
4. particle to form yes/no questions
ជ្រលក់ crɔlʊək 1. to dip (into a liquid)
2. to soak
ជាមួយ cie muəy with
ស្ករស skɑɑ sɑɑ white/refined sugar
ទេ tee 1. particle: negative particle occurring in phrase final position especially after មិន, ពុំ, etc.
2. interrogative particle occurring in phrase final position, often in the combination ឬទេ
3. neutral/positive particle to add emphasis {ខ្ញុំសុខសប្បាយទេ = I'm fine!}
ព្រោះ prʊəh because (of), since
ពុល pul 1. plants: to be poisonous
2. to be sick (specifically poisened, seasick, airsick)
តែ tae 1. but, however
2. only, just
3. tea
ជាមួយនឹង cie muəy nɨŋ 1. together, along with
2. with
តែប៉ុណ្ណោះ tae ponnɑh only, only that much