Fruits (Sakanan) — 10 Banana


បន្ទាប់មកទៀតរូបភាពទី ១០ នៅក្នុងរូបភាពទី ១០ យើងឃើញមានរូបភាពផ្លែឈើជាច្រើនផ្សេងទៀតផងដែរ ដែលរូបភាពទី ១០ នៅខាងដើមគេ គឺយើងឃើញមានចេក អញ្ចឹងផ្លែចេកគឺជាផ្លែឈើមួយប្រភេទដែលយើងនិយមទូទៅនិយមញ៉ាំ ដោយផ្លែចេកគឺមាន[រសជាតិ]ថោក ហើយម៉្យាងទៀតផ្លែចេក នៅពេលដែលមានពិធីបុណ្យទានផ្សេងគេយើងយកផ្លែចេកមកសែន ដោយផ្លែចេកនៅខ្ចីពណ៌បៃតង ហើយផ្លែចេកទុំគឺពណ៌លឿង ហើយផ្លែចេកគឺមានជាច្រើន បានន័យថាក្នុងស្និត គឺយើងរាប់ស្និត អញ្ចឹងក្នុងស្និត ជាទូទៅគឺមាន ១២ ផ្លែ អញ្ចឹងផ្លែចេកស្និតគឺមាន ១២ ផ្លែ ដែលយើងអាចញ៉ាំបានទាំង ១២ ផ្លែតែម្ដង ក៏ប៉ុន្តែផ្លែចេកគឺអត់មានគ្រាប់ទេ អញ្ចឹងផ្លែចេកគឺអត់មានគ្រាប់ទេ គឺមានតែសំបកហើយនិងសាច់ អញ្ចឹងដើម្បីញ៉ាំផ្លែចេកបានគឺយើងត្រូវតែបកសំបកវាចេញសិន គឺយើងអត់អាចញ៉ាំទាំងសំបកផ្លែចេកបានទេ ក៏ប៉ុន្តែសំបករបស់វាគឺមានលក្ខណៈរអិល ដូច្នេះប្រសិនបើយើងបកសំបកវា ហើយបោះទៅលើផ្លូវ នៅពេលដែលមាននរណាម្នាក់ដើរជាន់សំបកចេក គឺអាចធ្វើឲ្យគេរអិលដួលនិងមានគ្រោះថ្នាក់បាន ដូច្នេះគឺនៅពេលដែលយើងញ៉ាំចេក យើងត្រូវបោះសំបកចូលទៅក្នុងធុងសំរាម ហើយផ្លែចេកនៅពេលដែលយើងចង់ដាំ គឺយើងអត់មានគ្រាប់ទេ ប៉ុន្តែវាដុះដោយសារឫសចេកផ្សេងទៀត អញ្ចឹងបានន័យថានៅពេលដែលមានដើមចេកដុះមួយ នៅក្បែរនោះប្រាកដជាមានដើមចេកផ្សេងទៀតដុះដែរអញ្ចឹងនៅពេលដែលនោះវា ឫសរបស់ចេកនោះគឺវានឹងដុះបានដើមចេកផ្សេងមួយទៀត អញ្ចឹងដើមចេកគឺយើងដាំដោយសារដើម គឺយើងអត់ដាំគ្រាប់នោះទេ

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KhmerPronunciationEnglish/Notes
បន្ទាប់មក bɑntoap mɔɔk next, then, afterwards, later
ទៀត tiət 1. again, still, more, further, yet, additional
2. to be different, other
រូបភាព ruup pʰiep 1. image, picture, drawing, photo
2. appearance, form, shape
ទី tii 1. particle used to form ordinal numbers
2. spot, place, location
3. rank, function, service
នៅ nɨv 1. in, at
2. to be located at, to live in or at, to reside, to stay, to be in
3. still, yet (pre-verbal marker of a durative or continuative aspect, as a final particle in the tag question ហើយឬនៅ it means 'yet' and as a reply to a question of this kind, it means 'not yet') {ញ៉ាំអីហើយនៅ? = Have you eaten already?}
ក្នុង knoŋ 1. in, inside
2. during + (time word)
យើង yəəŋ 1. we
2. I (familiar)
3. in final position used to refer to 'our Cambodian ...' {ទុរេនកំពតយើងមែន? = Kampot durian (from our country, Cambodia), right?}
ឃើញ kʰəəɲ 1. to see, to perceive
2. to understand, to recognize
មាន mien 1. to have, possess, own
2. to exist, there is, there are
3. to be rich, own property
4. indicates the accomplishment of an action, to happen to, to have occasion to
Notes: in spoken Khmer, negated មាន (មិនមាន or គ្មាន) can be contracted into មាន, e.g., មានអ្នកណាចង់ជួបឯង = ‘there's nobody who wants to meet you’ — contrast this with the affirmative: មានគេចង់ជួបឯង = ‘there’s somebody who wants to meet you’
ផ្លែឈើ plae cʰəə fruit
ជាច្រើន cie craən many, a lot, in abundance
ផ្សេង psejŋ to differ, to be different (from each other), to be separate
ផងដែរ pʰɑɑŋ dae also, too, as well
ដែល dael 1. who, whom, which, where, when
2. of/to/in/at which/whom
3. the fact/reason that
4. ever, happened to, having done at least once, having been to, already, always, had occasion to, have ever {អត់ដែលដឹងសោះ = I’ve never known this!}
ខាងដើម kʰaaŋ daəm at the beginning of
គេ kee 1. he, she
2. one, someone
3. other(s)
គឺ kɨɨ 1. to be (equal to)
2. as follows, namely
ចេក cejk banana
អញ្ចឹង ʔɑɲcəŋ 1. in that case, so, then, therefore
2. like this / that
3. this / that much
ផ្លែ plae 1. fruit
2. clf. for fruits (e.g., papaya, pineapple)
3. outcome, result
4. to bear fruit
5. blade (of a knife)
6. wart, blister
គឺជា kɨɨ cie 1. to be (equal to)
2. as follows, namely
Notes: equivalent to គឺ
មួយ muəy 1. one {មួយៗ = one by one}
2. one person/myself {សុំចេញមួយ = Please let me [go] out!} {សុំទៅមួយ = Please give way [for me one person]!} {សុំចុះមួយ = Please let me [one person] get off [the bus]!}
ប្រភេទ prɑpʰeet category, variety, class, kind, type, species, aspect, nature, characteristic
និយម niʔyum 1. to like (to), prefer (to)
2. to be attached to
3. to be accustomed to
4. to hold (a certain position), to follow, adopt
5. to be popular, preferred
6. accustomed to, used to
7. frequently, usually
8. prevalence, commonness
9. principle, thesis
10. theory
11. law
12. certainty
13. nature
14. to establish, determine, fix
15. to conform (to something)
16. suffix forming abstract nouns, it frequently corresponds to the English suffix -ism {សង្គមនិយម = socialism}
ទូទៅ tuu tɨv 1. to be general, usual, common, widespread
2. in general, usually
3. everywhere, all over the place
ញ៉ាំ ɲam to eat, to drink, to consume
Notes: informal, of oneself, addressing children or close friends but not elders
ដោយ daoy 1. by, with, along
2. (indicator of an adverb) in a ... manner
3. because
រសជាតិ rʊəh ciet taste, flavor
ថោក tʰaok 1. to be cheap (of price or behavior), inexpensive
2. petty, trivial, inconsequential
ហើយ haǝy 1. indicates completed action or state 'already'
2. and, afterwards, next, then, after that
ម៉្យាងទៀត myaaŋ tiət 1. moreover, besides, another thing, furthermore
2. in other words, on the other hand
3. one other kind
ពេល peel 1. time
2. moment, instant, period of time
ពិធីបុណ្យ piʔtʰii bon festival, ceremony
ទាន tien gift, donation, offering
យក yɔɔk 1. to take, bring, get, accept, hold
2. when ordering: I’ll take, I’ll have {យកបបរគ្រឿងសាច់ជ្រូកម៉ាចាន = I’ll have a bowl of pork porridge}
មក mɔɔk 1. to come (toward the speaker in space or time)
2. to come to/towards (often used as a final particle indicating that the action began at some point in the past and continued up to the present)
3. (from then) on, (from that time) forth
4. to, toward
សែន saen 1. one hundred thousand
2. very, extremely, too
3. to sacrifice/make an offering (especially of food to the spirits of the dead)
4. [colloquial] to bribe
ខ្ចី kcəy 1. green, unripe, raw, fresh
2. young, naive, unexperienced
3. to borrow
4. of colors: light
ពណ៌ poa color, complexion
បៃតង baytɑɑŋ color: green (e.g., as banana leaves)
ទុំ tum 1. to be ripe, mature
2. to ripen, to mature
3. to be old/decrepit
4. of colors: to be dark/deep
លឿង lɨəŋ color: yellow
បានន័យថា baan ney tʰaa 1. that means, in other words
2. to mean
ស្និត snǝt 1. clf. for hands of bananas
2. very fine toothed comb with teeth on both sides (especially used for combing lice and lice eggs out of the hair)
រាប់ roap 1. to count, enumerate
2. to calculate, figure
3. to rate, value
4. to examine
5. to appreciate, esteem, consider (e.g., someone as a friend)
ជាទូទៅ cie tuu təv in general, as a whole, generally
អាច ʔaac 1. to be able (to do something), to be capable (of doing something)
2. to be possible
បាន baan 1. to have completed/done something
2. to intend to complete something
3. marker of completed action
4. to get, obtain, acquire, to achieve, have been able to, to get/have the opportunity to do something
5. to get someone or something to do something (often translated by the English passive in this sense)
6. to be able to
7. not ... until, then and only then
8. to pass to someone through inheritance
9. to be OK, fine, all right
10. [spoken language] however, though, in contrast {ម្សិលមិញបានក្ដៅខ្លាំង = yesterday, however, it was very hot}
ទាំង teaŋ 1. all, both {ទាំងពីរ = both} {ទាំង ... ទាំង ... = both ... and ...}
2. entirely, completely
3. adverb marker equivalent to ដោយ
តែម្ដង tae mdɑɑŋ 1. immediately, at once, right away, directly
2. all of a sudden
3. generally, in general
4. totally
ក៏ kɑɑ marker of sequential or consecutive action: also, so, then, therefore, accordingly
ប៉ុន្តែ pontae but, however
Notes: ជើង ត; root: តែ
អត់ ʔɑt 1. no, not
2. to be without, lacking
3. to restrain oneself, abstain from
4. particle to form yes/no questions
គ្រាប់ kroap 1. grain, pit, seed
2. pill, tablet
3. bullet, projectile, bomb
4. clf. for small round objects such as seeds, pills, bullets
ទេ tee 1. particle: negative particle occurring in phrase final position especially after មិន, ពុំ, etc.
2. interrogative particle occurring in phrase final position, often in the combination ឬទេ
3. neutral/positive particle to add emphasis {ខ្ញុំសុខសប្បាយទេ = I'm fine!}
តែ tae 1. but, however
2. only, just
3. tea
សំបក sɑmbɑɑk 1. skin, bark, shell, rind, peel
2. package
3. pan or scale of a balance
4. stand or tray on which to place gifts for monks or higher officials
5. [colloquial] to be fruitless, valueless, useless
ហើយនិង haǝy nɨŋ and (followed by the last in a series), with
សាច់ sac 1. meat
2. pulp (of a fruit), wooden parts of a tree
3. substance, essence, essential part
ដើម្បី daəmbəy in order to, for, to, toward, reserved for
ត្រូវតែ trəv tae have to, must, should, ought to
បក bɑɑk 1. to pare, peel, strip off (bark or skin)
2. to remove, take off
3. to translate
4. to talk about, narrate
5. to reveal, tell how, explain
6. to return, come back, retrace one's steps
7. to reply (by letter)
8. to be returned (of a letter)
9. a single round trip, occurrence, time
10. [colloquial] police station
11. to reserve
វា vie 1. it (of animals, things, or very young children)
2. he, she, they (familiar or contemptuous)
ចេញ cəɲ 1. to go out, leave, emerge, exit
2. to issue, bring out, come out (of a publication)
3. to emit, utter
4. out, off, away (also figuratively) {ខ្ញុំគិតអត់ចេញ = I can't figure it out}
5. to pay out, pay for, lay out (money), spend
6. to gain, earn, save
7. to play (a card)
សិន sən 1. [phrase-final] for now, for the time being, for a moment
2. [phrase-final] first
Notes: polite final hortatory particle
របស់ rɔbɑh 1. object, thing, belonging, property
2. of, belonging to
លក្ខណៈ leakkʰaʔnaʔ 1. attribute, (physical) characteristic, distinctive feature
2. character, nature, quality
3. appearance, shape, form
4. condition, criterion, qualification
5. meaning
6. section (of a law text)
រអិល rɔʔəl 1. to slip, slide
2. to be slippery, slick, smooth
3. to be glib
4. by heart, fluently, smoothly
ដូច្នេះ doucneh 1. so, thus, therefore
2. like this
ប្រសិនបើ prɑsən baə if
បោះ bɑh 1. to throw (away), cast, fling
2. to cast (a vote) {ខ្ញុំបោះហើយ = I've voted already}
3. to scatter
4. to broadcast
5. to sow (seed)
6. to thrust (down) into, force in, insert, drive/fix (a stake in the ground)
7. to implant, set up
8. to locate, station, pitch a camp
9. to crush, grind, gin (cotton)
10. to imprint/impress (a seal), stamp, affix
11. to publish
12. to sell in large quantities with limited profit
13. to take a step
ទៅ tɨv 1. to go (away from the speaker in space or time), to go to / towards, go on, continue, advance, go away
2. towards
3. from now on, from then on (often used as a particle indicating that the action began at some point in the past or present and continued on into the future or that the action is directed away from the speaker)
4. imperative particle, go ahead and ...! {ញ៉ាំទៅ = Go ahead and eat/drink!}
លើ ləə 1. up, on, over, above
2. to be on, over, above, located on top
3. in regard to, concerning, toward, for, against
ផ្លូវ pləv 1. road, street, route
2. way, style, cause, matter
នរណាម្នាក់ nɔɔnaa mneak somebody, anybody
ដើរ daə 1. to walk, to go, to move
2. (of machines) to run
ជាន់ coan 1. floor, story, level, stage, class, status
2. to step on, trample on, walk on
3. to dominate, to control, administer, be in charge of
4. to pound (grain in a mortar using a foot-powered pestle)
5. to strike repeatedly
6. (of animals) to mount/mate with
7. surrounding wall, fortification
8. period of time
9. (especially of an evil spirit or bad influence) to possess, take possession of
ធ្វើឲ្យ tvəə ʔaoy 1. to cause, make (someone) do (something)
2. to do (something) for (someone) (often used to form causative compounds)
រអិលដួល rɔʔəl duəl to slip and fall
និង nɨŋ and
គ្រោះថ្នាក់ krʊək tnak 1. accident
2. danger, risk
3. to be dangerous
ត្រូវ trəv 1. must, have to
2. to be correct, right, proper, exact, accurate
3. to concern, have to do with, to agree/jibe with, coincide with
4. to be affected with/by, to suffer, undergo (ត្រូវ + CLAUSE marks a passive-like construction in which the subject of the clause introduced by ត្រូវ is translated as the agent in the passive construction)
ចូល coul 1. to enter, go in, penetrate
2. to approach
3. to reach
4. to begin, set in
5. may indicate the adverbial meaning of ‘inwardly’ or ‘forwardly’ directed movement
6. to enter into, subscribe to, contribute to
7. to take in (as revenue)
8. to mate (of animals)
9. to go into a trance (of a medium)
10. to possess (as a spirit possesses a medium)
11. to agree with
ធុងសំរាម tʰuŋ sɑmraam bin, trash can, garbage can
ចង់ cɑŋ 1. to want, wish, desire
2. to need
ដាំ dam 1. to plant (seeds), to sow
2. to grow (crops)
3. to erect, set up, install (e.g., a post or column)
4. to boil (water), to cook (rice)
ដុះ doh 1. to grow, germinate, sprout
2. to rise (referring to cliffs, mountains, etc.), to spring (up), to bud, put out shoots
3. to appear, emerge
4. to increase, improve
ដោយសារ daoy saa 1. because of, thanks to
2. depending on
ឫស rɨh 1. root (of a plant or a number)
2. stump (of a tooth)
3. base, basis, fundamental principle
4. foundation, footing, wooden support placed under the end of a post/piling and buried in the ground to give the post a firmer support
5. kind of skin disease
ផ្សេងទៀត psejŋ tiət other
ដើម daəm 1. trunk (of a tree or the body), stock
2. stalk
3. tree, plant
4. source, origin
5. base, foundation, beginning
6. cause
7. originator
8. substance, matter, topic
9. case, facts
10. role, condition
11. initial investment, capital, principal
12. to be original, first
13. clf. for long, thin, stick-like objects such as trees, poles, pencils, and guns
ក្បែរ kbae to be near, close to
នោះ nuh 1. that, those (often serves simply to emphasize something already referred to or something distant in time or space)
2. then
ប្រាកដជា praakɑɑt cie 1. certainly, undoubtedly, surely will
2. really, accurately
3. certain, sure
ដែរ dae 1. also, too, likewise, in the same way
2. indeed, quite, rather
3. marks a polite, gentler, less abrupt statement: all the same, even so, nevertheless
នឹង nɨŋ future tense marker: will, about to
មួយទៀត muəy tiət one more, once more, moreover, on the other hand, furthermore