Fruits (Sakanan) — 09 Watermelon


ហើយនៅជិតផ្លែម្នាស់នេះ យើងឃើញមានផ្លែឪឡឹកចំនួនផ្លែផងដែរ អញ្ចឹងផ្លែឪឡឹកគឺជាផ្លែឈើមួយប្រភេទដែលសម្បូរជាតិទឹក ដែលយើងឃើញផ្លែឪឡឹកគឺមានរូបរាងធំហើយមូល អញ្ចឹងផ្លែឪឡឹកខ្លះគឺមានរូបរាងមូល ផ្លែឪឡឹកខ្លះមានរូបរាងទ្រវែង ដែលសាច់នៅផ្លែឪឡឹកនៅពេលទុំគឺមានពណ៌ក្រហម ចំណែកសាច់ផ្លែឪឡឹកនៅពេលខ្ចីគឺមានពណ៌ ប៉ុន្តែឥឡូវនេះ ឬក៏បច្ចុប្បន្ននេះ មានផ្លែឪឡឹកខ្លះគឺមានពណ៌លឿង ដែលយើងហៅថាឪឡឹកពណ៌លឿង ប៉ុន្តែសំបកឪឡឹកគឺមានពណ៌បៃតងជានិច្ច គឺបៃតងលាយបន្តិច ដែលរៀងបៃតង បានន័យថាបៃតងភ្លឺជាមួយនឹងបៃតងចាស់ ដែលឆ្លាស់ពណ៌គ្នា ដែលយើងឃើញសំបកឪឡឹកគឺមានបៃតងភ្លឺមួយជួរ បៃតងចាស់មួយជួរ បៃតងភ្លឺមួយជួរ អញ្ចឹងគឺឆ្លាស់ពណ៌គ្នា ប៉ុន្តែជាទូទៅឪឡឹកខ្ចីក៏ដោយ ឪឡឹកទុំក៏ដោយ គឺមានសំបកពណ៌បៃតង ហើយផ្លែឪឡឹកគឺ[មាន]ជាផ្លែមួយដែលមានគ្រាប់ច្រើនជាងគេ អញ្ចឹងនៅពេលដែលយើងញ៉ាំឪឡឹក គឺយើងអត់អាចឆ្កឹះគ្រាប់ចេញបានទេ ដោយយើងខាំទាំងគ្រាប់តែម្ដងដោយសារតែគ្រាប់ឪឡឹកតូចអញ្ចឹងនៅពេលដែលយើងខាំនៅក្នុងមាត់ យើងទំពាយកសាច់ឪឡឹក ហើយគ្រាប់ឪឡឹកគឺយើងខ្ជាក់ចេញ អញ្ចឹងនៅពេលដែលយើងទំពា គឺយើងទំពាតែសាច់ឪឡឹកតែប៉ុណ្ណោះ ដូច្នេះនៅពេលដែលយើងប៉ះគ្រាប់ គឺយើងត្រូវខ្ជាក់គ្រាប់នោះចេញ គឺយើងអត់អាចញ៉ាំទាំងគ្រាប់ឪឡឹកបាននោះទេ ដោយសារតែគ្រាប់ឪឡឹកគឺរឹង [ដូច]វាតូចមែន ប៉ុន្តែវារឹង អញ្ចឹងវាអាចធ្វើឲ្យយើងពិបាកនៅក្នុងការញ៉ាំ ដូច្នេះយើងត្រូវតែចិតសំបក គឺយើងញ៉ាំឪឡឹកគឺយើងអត់ញ៉ាំទាំងសំបកទេ គឺយើងត្រូវចិតសំបកពណ៌បៃតងវាជាមុនសិន ហើយយើងពុះវាជាបន្ទះទ្រវែងដើម្បីងាយស្រួលញ៉ាំ ដើម្បីងាយស្រួលកាន់ញ៉ាំ ឬក៏យើងអាចកាត់វាជាកង់បានផងដែរ ដោយកាត់ជាកង់ដូចផ្លែល្ហុង ហើយយើងយកឈើមកចាក់ញ៉ាំ អញ្ចឹងដោយសារតែផ្លែឪឡឹកគឺមានគ្រាប់ច្រើន ដូច្នេះយើងត្រូវតែខ្ជាក់គ្រាប់ចេញនៅពេលដែលយើងញ៉ាំ

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KhmerPronunciationEnglish/Notes
ហើយ haǝy 1. indicates completed action or state 'already'
2. and, afterwards, next, then, after that
នៅ nɨv 1. in, at
2. to be located at, to live in or at, to reside, to stay, to be in
3. still, yet (pre-verbal marker of a durative or continuative aspect, as a final particle in the tag question ហើយឬនៅ it means 'yet' and as a reply to a question of this kind, it means 'not yet') {ញ៉ាំអីហើយនៅ? = Have you eaten already?}
ជិត cɨt 1. to be close, near
2. tight
3. close-set, dense, thick
4. closely, tightly
5. almost
6. about to, on the point of (doing something)
7. to cover completely, be completely/firmly covered
8. command used by elephant drivers to make an elephant to move closer
ផ្លែ plae 1. fruit
2. clf. for fruits (e.g., papaya, pineapple)
3. outcome, result
4. to bear fruit
5. blade (of a knife)
6. wart, blister
ម្នាស់ mnoah pineapple
នេះ nih 1. this, these
2. often serves simply to emphasize something already referred to or something nearby in time or space
យើង yəəŋ 1. we
2. I (familiar)
3. in final position used to refer to 'our Cambodian ...' {ទុរេនកំពតយើងមែន? = Kampot durian (from our country, Cambodia), right?}
ឃើញ kʰəəɲ 1. to see, to perceive
2. to understand, to recognize
មាន mien 1. to have, possess, own
2. to exist, there is, there are
3. to be rich, own property
4. indicates the accomplishment of an action, to happen to, to have occasion to
Notes: in spoken Khmer, negated មាន (មិនមាន or គ្មាន) can be contracted into មាន, e.g., មានអ្នកណាចង់ជួបឯង = ‘there's nobody who wants to meet you’ — contrast this with the affirmative: មានគេចង់ជួបឯង = ‘there’s somebody who wants to meet you’
ឪឡឹក ʔǝv lǝk watermelon
ចំនួន cɑmnuən amount, number, quantity
ផងដែរ pʰɑɑŋ dae also, too, as well
អញ្ចឹង ʔɑɲcəŋ 1. in that case, so, then, therefore
2. like this / that
3. this / that much
គឺជា kɨɨ cie 1. to be (equal to)
2. as follows, namely
Notes: equivalent to គឺ
ផ្លែឈើ plae cʰəə fruit
មួយ muəy 1. one {មួយៗ = one by one}
2. one person/myself {សុំចេញមួយ = Please let me [go] out!} {សុំទៅមួយ = Please give way [for me one person]!} {សុំចុះមួយ = Please let me [one person] get off [the bus]!}
ប្រភេទ prɑpʰeet category, variety, class, kind, type, species, aspect, nature, characteristic
ដែល dael 1. who, whom, which, where, when
2. of / to / in / at which / whom
3. the fact / reason that
4. ever, happened to, having done at least once, having been to, already, always, had occasion to, have ever
សម្បូរ sɑmboo abundant, plentiful
Notes: also written សំបូរ
ជាតិ ciet 1. matter, substance, material, essence, essential constituent {ជាតិទឹក = to be liquid, fluid} {ជាតិខ្លាញ់ = to be oily, greasy} {ម្នាស់មានជាតិអាស៊ីតច្រើន = pineapples have a lot of acid/are acidic/are quite sour}
2. flavor, taste
3. genuine or true state of anything
4. birth, nation, race, line, nationality
ទឹក tɨk 1. water, juice, liquid
2. round (e.g., of a boxing match)
គឺ kɨɨ 1. to be (equal to)
2. as follows, namely
រូបរាង ruup rieŋ figure, form, shape, body, appearance, structure
ធំ tʰom to be big, tall, vast, important
Notes: irregular pronunciation
មូល muul 1. to be round, spherical
2. to be whole, entire
3. to be compact, solid
4. to assemble, gather, unite
5. to concentrate
6. to sum up
7. kind of fishing spear or harpoon
8. origin, root, source
9. basis, base, foundation, essence
10. beginning, birth
11. capital (funds)
ខ្លះ klah some (serves as a plural marker with ណា​​ and អ្វី)
ទ្រវែង trɔvɛɛŋ having a long or eliptical shape, oval
សាច់ sac 1. meat
2. pulp (of a fruit), wooden parts of a tree
3. substance, essence, essential part
ពេល peel 1. time
2. moment, instant, period of time
ទុំ tum 1. to be ripe, mature
2. to ripen, to mature
3. to be old/decrepit
4. of colors: to be dark/deep
ពណ៌ poa color, complexion
ក្រហម krɑhɑɑm color: red
ចំណែក cɑmnaek 1. as for, as to, regarding
2. part, division, portion, fragment, quotient 
ខ្ចី kcəy 1. green, unripe, raw, fresh
2. young, naive, unexperienced
3. to borrow
4. of colors: light
sɑɑ color: white
ប៉ុន្តែ pontae but, however
Notes: ជើង ត; root: តែ
ឥឡូវ ʔəyləv now, at the present time, at this time
Notes: also written ឥលូវ
ឬក៏ rɨɨ kɑɑ or (on the other hand)
បច្ចុប្បន្ន paccopbɑn the present (time), now, in the present time
លឿង lɨəŋ color: yellow
ហៅ hav 1. to call, name
2. to order (e.g. in a restaurant), specif. to stop a vehicle
3. to send for, summon
4. to invite (guests)
ថា tʰaa 1. to say, tell, pronounce
2. that (introduces a question or indirect discourse)
សំបក sɑmbɑɑk 1. skin, bark, shell, rind, peel
2. package
3. pan or scale of a balance
4. stand or tray on which to place gifts for monks or higher officials
5. [colloquial] to be fruitless, valueless, useless
បៃតង baytɑɑŋ color: green (e.g., as banana leaves)
ជានិច្ច cie nɨc always
លាយ liey 1. to mix, blend, stir together, combine
2. to mix up, confuse
3. to scatter
4. to melt, dissolve
5. to be blended, mixed
6. to be liquid
7. track, trace, mark, line
8. pattern of lines on the palm of the hand
9. kind of fishing trap made of bamboo
បន្តិច bɑntəc 1. a little, a little bit, in small amounts, few
2. rather, slightly, just barely
3. in a little while
Notes: ជើង ត
រៀង riəŋ 1. to arrange in series, ranks, rows, order or style
2. in sequence, in order, in rows
3. all, each, every
4. រៀង + adj. + បន្តិច = a bit + adj. {រៀងពិបាកបន្តិច = a bit difficult} {រៀងប្រៃបន្តិច = a bit salty}
បានន័យថា baan ney tʰaa 1. that means, in other words
2. to mean
ភ្លឺ plɨɨ 1. daybreak, early morning
2. to shine, give off light
3. to be clear, bright, distinct, perceptible
4. dike (separating rice fields), dam, embankment
ជាមួយនឹង cie muəy nɨŋ 1. together, along with
2. with
ចាស់ cah 1. old, mature
2. (of colors) to be intense, dark, (of seasonings) to be strong, excessive, (of fruits) to be almost ripe
ឆ្លាស់ clah 1. to alternate, change turns
2. to mix/put together, blend
3. to jumble up
4. of colors: to be mixed
គ្នា knie 1. together
2. mutually, reciprocally
ជួរ cuə 1. column, line, row
2. formation, rank
3. family line, lineage
4. clf. for rows, lines, 12-year cycles, generations
ជាទូទៅ cie tuu təv in general, as a whole, generally
ក៏ដោយ kɑɑ daoy 1. (who)soever, (what)soever
2. whether or not, it makes no difference, even if
3. even though, although
ជា cie 1. to be (equal to), to be as
2. to be well, in good health, recovered
3. to be effective (of medicines)
គ្រាប់ kroap 1. grain, pit, seed
2. pill, tablet
3. bullet, projectile, bomb
4. clf. for small round objects such as seeds, pills, bullets
ច្រើន craən 1. much, many, numerous, very much
2. mostly, often
ជាងគេ cieŋ kee superlative marker: the most, the ...-est
ញ៉ាំ ɲam to eat, to drink, to consume
Notes: informal, of oneself, addressing children or close friends but not elders
អត់ ʔɑt 1. no, not
2. to be without, lacking
3. to restrain oneself, abstain from
4. particle to form yes/no questions
អាច ʔaac 1. to be able (to do something), to be capable (of doing something)
2. to be possible
ឆ្កឹះ ckəh 1. to scratch/scrape something (with the finger or a stick) a single time
2. to pluck/pick out
ចេញ cəɲ 1. to leave, to go out, to depart
2. out, off, away (also figuratively) {ខ្ញុំគិតអត់ចេញ = I can't figure it out}
បាន baan 1. to have completed/done something
2. to intend to complete something
3. marker of completed action
4. to get, obtain, acquire, to achieve, have been able to, to get/have the opportunity to do something
5. to get someone or something to do something (often translated by the English passive in this sense)
6. to be able to
7. not ... until, then and only then
8. to pass to someone through inheritance
9. to be OK, fine, all right
10. [spoken language] however, though, in contrast {ម្សិលមិញបានក្ដៅខ្លាំង = yesterday, however, it was very hot}
ទេ tee 1. particle: negative particle occurring in phrase final position especially after មិន, ពុំ, etc.
2. interrogative particle occurring in phrase final position, often in the combination ឬទេ
3. neutral/positive particle to add emphasis {ខ្ញុំសុខសប្បាយទេ = I'm fine!}
ដោយ daoy 1. by, with, along
2. (indicator of an adverb) in a ... manner
3. because
ខាំ kʰam to bite, to sting (of an insect such as a mosquito)
ទាំង teaŋ 1. all, both {ទាំងពីរ = both} {ទាំង ... ទាំង ... = both ... and ...}
2. entirely, completely
3. adverb marker equivalent to ដោយ
តែម្ដង tae mdɑɑŋ 1. immediately, at once, right away
2. all of a sudden
3. generally, in general
ដោយសារតែ daoy saa tae because
តូច touc, tuuc 1. small, little, tiny
2. minor
ក្នុង knoŋ 1. in, inside
2. during + (time word)
មាត់ moat 1. mouth
2. bank, shore (of a river, lake, sea)
3. opening (e.g., of a jar or bag)
ទំពា tumpie to chew
យក yɔɔk 1. to take, bring, get, accept, hold
2. when ordering: I’ll take, I’ll have {យកបបរគ្រឿងសាច់ជ្រូកម៉ាចាន = I’ll have a bowl of pork porridge}
ខ្ជាក់ kceak to spit out
តែ tae 1. but, however
2. only, just
3. tea
តែប៉ុណ្ណោះ tae ponnɑh only, only that much
ដូច្នេះ doucneh 1. so, thus, therefore
2. like this
ប៉ះ pah 1. to hit, to collide with
2. to touch, come in contact with
3. to meet, encounter, confront
ត្រូវ trəv 1. must, have to
2. to be correct, right, proper, exact, accurate
3. to concern, have to do with, to agree/jibe with, coincide with
4. to be affected with/by, to suffer, undergo (ត្រូវ + CLAUSE marks a passive-like construction in which the subject of the clause introduced by ត្រូវ is translated as the agent in the passive construction)
នោះ nuh 1. that, those (often serves simply to emphasize something already referred to or something distant in time or space)
2. then
រឹង rɨŋ hard, firm, tough, stiff
ដូច douc alike, similar, like, as
វា vie 1. it (of animals, things, or very young children)
2. he, she, they (familiar or contemptuous)
មែន mɛɛn 1. to be real, true, accurate, to be right, correct, it is true
2. really, actually, indeed
3. as a question tag: [...], really? [...], right?
ធ្វើឲ្យ tvəə ʔaoy 1. to cause, make (someone) do (something)
2. to do (something) for (someone) (often used to form causative compounds)
ពិបាក piʔbaak 1. difficult {ការទិញអីវ៉ាន់នៅខ្មែររៀងពិបាកបន្តិច = buying things in Cambodia is a bit difficult/not easy} {តែពិបាកត្រង់ ឆាប់ងងុយដេក = the problem is: I’m getting tired easily}
2. sad, poor, miserable
3. to suffer
ការ kaa 1. work, occupation
2. business, affair, matter
3. commonly occurs as a nominalizing particle deriving abstract nouns or noun phrases from verbs or verb phrases
4. to protect, defend, prevent
5. to marry
6. marriage
7. wedding
8. interest (e.g., on a loan)
9. profit
10. usury
11. to wind (into a skein/bobbin/reel)
12. to spin (silk)
ត្រូវតែ trəv tae have to, must, should, ought to
ចិត cət 1. to pare, peel
2. to cut into pieces, slice
3. to sharpen (e.g., a pencil)
ជាមុនសិន cie mun sən first
ពុះ puh 1. to chop, hack, cut, split wood
2. break open
3. to divide
4. to be boiling (of water), to seethe, bubble, fizz, foam, froth
បន្ទះ bɑnteah 1. piece, sheet, slab, strip, small plank, small board
2. clf. for pieces, sheets, slabs, strips, small planks, small boards
3. chip, sliver
ដើម្បី daəmbəy in order to, for, to, toward, reserved for
ងាយស្រួល ŋiey sruǝl easy (e.g., to do, to use)
កាន់ kan 1. to hold, carry in the hand, grasp, hang on to
2. to control, be in charge of, be responsible for
3. to withstand, support, sustain, bear
4. to hold to, believe in, keep/observe (e.g., a religion) {កាន់សាសនាព្រះពុទ្ធ = to believe in Buddhism}
5. (of a spirit) to possess
កាត់ kat 1. to cut, slice, slit, to divide, detach
2. to pass through, cut through / across
3. to interrupt
4. to solve, untangle, to settle (a matter), to decide (a legal case)
5. to ignite, catch / start (of a fire)
6. across, through
កង់ kɑŋ 1. wheel, tire
2. bicycle
3. piece, slice, circle, something round
4. chop (of meat), piece (of fish), slice (of fish)
5. clf. for pipes, logs, slices
ល្ហុង lhoŋ papaya
ឈើ cʰəə 1. tree, wood
2. wooden
មក mɔɔk 1. to come (toward the speaker in space or time)
2. often used as a particle indicating that the action began at some point in the past and continued up to the present
ចាក់ cak 1. to stab, pierce (with a pointed instrument)
2. to pour (a liquid)
3. to play (a record or tape)