Fruits (Sakanan) — 07


បន្ទាប់មកទៀតរូបភាពទីនៅក្នុងរូបភាពទីបន្ទាប់ពីគាត់ចាក់ល្ហុងចូលទៅក្នុងកូនថង់រួចរាល់ហើយ អញ្ចឹងគាត់ចាក់ល្ហុងចូលទៅក្នុងថង់របស់គាត់រួចរាល់ហើយ គាត់ក៏បានយកឈើចាក់ ឬក៏ចង្កាក់មួយដើមមកដាក់ចូលទៅក្នុងថង់ ដើម្បីឲ្យអតិថិជនរបស់គាត់ងាយស្រួលក្នុងការចាក់ល្ហុងញ៉ាំ អញ្ចឹងដើម្បីញ៉ាំគឺយើងអត់ប្រើដៃនោះទេ ព្រោះថាពេលខ្លះដៃរបស់យើងធ្វើការគឺវាអត់ស្អាត បានន័យថាដៃរបស់យើងប្រឡាក់ អញ្ចឹងយើងអត់អាចប៉ះផ្ទាល់ទៅនឹងចំណីអាហារទេ វាអាចធ្វើឲ្យចំណីអាហាររបស់យើងប្រឡាក់ អញ្ចឹងវាអាចធ្វើឲ្យមានមេរោគ អាចធ្វើឲ្យយើងឈឺបាន ដូច្នេះដើម្បីញ៉ាំល្ហុងគឺយើងត្រូវប្រើឈើមួយ ឬក៏ចង្កាក់មួយ ដើម្បីដោតចូលទៅក្នុងល្ហុង ហើយចាក់វាយកមកញ៉ាំ អញ្ចឹងអ្នកលក់នេះ ក្រោយពីគាត់ចិតល្ហុងជាដុំ ឬក៏ជាកង់តូចហើយ គាត់បានចាក់ល្ហុងនោះចូលទៅក្នុងថង់ បន្ទាប់មកគាត់ដាក់ឈើចង្កាក់ឲ្យអតិថិជនរបស់គាត់ផងដែរ ដោយយើងឃើញដៃរបស់គាត់ម្ខាងទ្រថង់ ដើម្បីកុំឲ្យជ្រុះកុំឲ្យខ្ចាយល្ហុងចេញពីក្នុងថង់ ហើយដៃម្ខាងទៀតគាត់យកឈើចង្កាក់មកដោតទៅលើល្ហុងនោះ គាត់យកឈើចង្កាក់មកដោតទៅលើដុំល្ហុងនោះ ដើម្បីកុំឲ្យវាជ្រុះ អញ្ចឹងដើម្បីឲ្យឈើចង្កាក់វាទប់ខ្លួនជាប់នៅក្នុងថង់ គឺយើងត្រូវដោតចូលទៅក្នុងល្ហុងនោះ ដើម្បីកុំឲ្យវាជ្រុះទៅក្រោម

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KhmerPronunciationEnglish/Notes
បន្ទាប់មក bɑntoap mɔɔk next, then, afterwards, later
ទៀត tiət 1. again, still, more, further, yet, additional
2. to be different, other
រូបភាព ruup pʰiep 1. image, picture, drawing, photo
2. appearance, form, shape
ទី tii 1. particle used to form ordinal numbers
2. spot, place, location
3. rank, function, service
នៅ nɨv 1. in, at
2. to be located at, to live in or at, to reside, to stay, to be in
3. still, yet (pre-verbal marker of a durative or continuative aspect, as a final particle in the tag question ហើយឬនៅ it means 'yet' and as a reply to a question of this kind, it means 'not yet') {ញ៉ាំអីហើយនៅ? = Have you eaten already?}
ក្នុង knoŋ 1. in, inside
2. during + (time word)
បន្ទាប់ពី bɑntoap pii after, next
គាត់ koat he, she
ចាក់ cak 1. to stab, pierce (with a pointed instrument)
2. to pour (a liquid)
3. to play (a record or tape)
ល្ហុង lhoŋ papaya
ចូល coul 1. to enter, to go in
2. to agree with
ទៅ tɨv 1. to go (away from the speaker in space or time), to go to / towards, go on, continue, advance, go away
2. towards
3. from now on, from then on (often used as a particle indicating that the action began at some point in the past or present and continued on into the future or that the action is directed away from the speaker)
4. imperative particle, go ahead and ...! {ញ៉ាំទៅ = Go ahead and eat/drink!}
កូន koun 1. child (of someone, as opposed to ក្មេង = child in general)
2. animal baby, young
3. small member of a class or set, small object {កូនថង់ = small bag}
ថង់ tʰɑŋ bag, pouch, small sack, shoulder bag, purse
រួចរាល់ ruəc roal 1. to finish, to complete
2. completely
ហើយ haǝy 1. indicates completed action or state 'already'
2. and, afterwards, next, then, after that
អញ្ចឹង ʔɑɲcəŋ 1. in that case, so, then, therefore
2. like this / that
3. this / that much
របស់ rɔbɑh 1. object, thing, belonging, property
2. of, belonging to
ក៏ kɑɑ marker of sequential or consecutive action: also, so, then, therefore, accordingly
បាន baan 1. to have completed/done something
2. to intend to complete something
3. marker of completed action
4. to get, obtain, acquire, to achieve, have been able to, to get/have the opportunity to do something
5. to get someone or something to do something (often translated by the English passive in this sense)
6. to be able to
7. not ... until, then and only then
8. to pass to someone through inheritance
9. to be OK, fine, all right
10. [spoken language] however, though, in contrast {ម្សិលមិញបានក្ដៅខ្លាំង = yesterday, however, it was very hot}
យក yɔɔk 1. to take, bring, get, accept, hold
2. when ordering: I’ll take, I’ll have {យកបបរគ្រឿងសាច់ជ្រូកម៉ាចាន = I’ll have a bowl of pork porridge}
ឈើ cʰəə 1. tree, wood
2. wooden
ឬក៏ rɨɨ kɑɑ or (on the other hand)
ចង្កាក់ cɑŋkak skewer, sharpened bamboo stick (for skewering grilled bananas, smoked meat or fish)
មួយ muəy 1. one {មួយៗ = one by one}
2. one person/myself {សុំចេញមួយ = Please let me [go] out!} {សុំទៅមួយ = Please give way [for me one person]!} {សុំចុះមួយ = Please let me [one person] get off [the bus]!}
ដើម daəm 1. trunk (of a tree or the body), stock
2. stalk
3. tree, plant
4. source, origin
5. base, foundation, beginning
6. cause
7. originator
8. substance, matter, topic
9. case, facts
10. role, condition
11. initial investment, capital, principal
12. to be original, first
13. clf. for long, thin, stick-like objects such as trees, poles, pencils, and guns
មក mɔɔk 1. to come (toward the speaker in space or time)
2. often used as a particle indicating that the action began at some point in the past and continued up to the present
ដាក់ dak 1. to put, place
2. to deposit
3. to add (ingredients)
4. to set (e.g., a trap)
5. to establish
6. to assign
7. to locate, settle, station
8. to lock up
9. to fasten
10. to use
11. to strike, hit hard
12. to affect
13. to subject someone to
14. to be hard hit, suffer a setback
15. to have bad luck, cause bad luck
16. to feel unwell, have an upset stomach (especially after eating certain fruits)
17. to contract for
18. to subscribe to
19. to renounce (a throne)
20. to put aside (religious vows)
21. in, into, on
22. to eat, drink
23. to kneel
24. command to an elephant to kneel by bending the rear legs
ដើម្បី daəmbəy in order to, for, to, toward, reserved for
ឲ្យ ʔaoy 1. to give
2. to let, to allow
3. for, to, in order to, so as to {ចង់ឲ្យខ្ញុំកុម្ម៉ង់អីញ៉ាំឲ្យហើយអត់? = Do you want me to order something for you already?}
4. in a... manner (forms adverbial phrases from predicatives)
Notes: also written អោយ, ឱ្យ
អតិថិជន ʔaʔteʔtʰeʔ cɔɔn customer, client
Notes: formal
ងាយស្រួល ŋiey sruǝl easy (e.g., to do, to use)
ការ kaa 1. work, occupation
2. business, affair, matter
3. commonly occurs as a nominalizing particle deriving abstract nouns or noun phrases from verbs or verb phrases
4. to protect, defend, prevent
5. to marry
6. marriage
7. wedding
8. interest (e.g., on a loan)
9. profit
10. usury
11. to wind (into a skein/bobbin/reel)
12. to spin (silk)
ញ៉ាំ ɲam to eat, to drink, to consume
Notes: informal, of oneself, addressing children or close friends but not elders
គឺ kɨɨ 1. to be (equal to)
2. as follows, namely
យើង yəəŋ 1. we
2. I (familiar)
3. in final position used to refer to 'our Cambodian ...' {ទុរេនកំពតយើងមែន? = Kampot durian (from our country, Cambodia), right?}
អត់ ʔɑt 1. no, not
2. to be without, lacking
3. to restrain oneself, abstain from
4. particle to form yes/no questions
ប្រើ praə to use
ដៃ day arm, hand
នោះ nuh 1. that, those (often serves simply to emphasize something already referred to or something distant in time or space)
2. then
ទេ tee 1. particle: negative particle occurring in phrase final position especially after មិន, ពុំ, etc.
2. interrogative particle occurring in phrase final position, often in the combination ឬទេ
3. neutral/positive particle to add emphasis {ខ្ញុំសុខសប្បាយទេ = I'm fine!}
ព្រោះ prʊəh because (of), since
ថា tʰaa 1. to say, tell, pronounce
2. that (introduces a question or indirect discourse)
ពេលខ្លះ peel klah sometimes
ធ្វើការ tvəə kaa to work
វា vie 1. it (of animals, things, or very young children)
2. he, she, they (familiar or contemptuous)
ស្អាត sʔaat 1. to be clean, nice, neat
2. pure, chaste
3. smart (of someone's appearance)
4. nice-looking, beautiful
បានន័យថា baan ney tʰaa 1. that means, in other words
2. to mean
ប្រឡាក់ prɑlak 1. dirty, soiled, stained
2. salty
3. to marinate, to salt (in order to preserve)
អាច ʔaac 1. to be able (to do something), to be capable (of doing something)
2. to be possible
ប៉ះ pah 1. to hit, to collide with
2. to touch, come in contact with
3. to meet, encounter, confront
ផ្ទាល់ ptoal 1. directly, personally
2. to be close to
នឹង nɨŋ with, by (means of), (attached) to
ចំណីអាហារ cɑmnəy ʔaahaa food, foodstuffs, all kinds of food
ធ្វើឲ្យ tvəə ʔaoy 1. to cause, make (someone) do (something)
2. to do (something) for (someone) (often used to form causative compounds)
មាន mien 1. to have, possess, own
2. to exist, there is, there are
3. to be rich, own property
4. indicates the accomplishment of an action, to happen to, to have occasion to
Notes: in spoken Khmer, negated មាន (មិនមាន or គ្មាន) can be contracted into មាន, e.g., មានអ្នកណាចង់ជួបឯង = ‘there's nobody who wants to meet you’ — contrast this with the affirmative: មានគេចង់ជួបឯង = ‘there’s somebody who wants to meet you’
មេរោគ mee rook micro-organism, germ, virus, microbe
ឈឺ cʰɨɨ to be sick, to hurt, to be in pain
ដូច្នេះ doucneh 1. so, thus, therefore
2. like this
ត្រូវ trəv 1. must, have to
2. to be correct, right, proper, exact, accurate
3. to concern, have to do with, to agree/jibe with, coincide with
4. to be affected with/by, to suffer, undergo (ត្រូវ + CLAUSE marks a passive-like construction in which the subject of the clause introduced by ត្រូវ is translated as the agent in the passive construction)
ដោត daot 1. to plant, to stick up, to push in
2. to put on a spit, to skewer, to put on a line
អ្នកលក់ neak lʊək seller
នេះ nih 1. this, these
2. often serves simply to emphasize something already referred to or something nearby in time or space
ក្រោយ kraoy 1. behind, after
2. next
ពី pii from, since, of, about, at
ចិត cət 1. to pare, peel
2. to cut into pieces, slice
3. to sharpen (e.g., a pencil)
ជា cie 1. to be (equal to), to be as
2. to be well, in good health, recovered
3. to be effective (of medicines)
ដុំ dom 1. piece, chunk, lump, mass, part, block
2. cluster, bunch
3. packet, bundle
កង់ kɑŋ 1. wheel, tire
2. bicycle
3. piece, slice, circle, something round
4. chop (of meat), piece (of fish), slice (of fish)
5. clf. for pipes, logs, slices
តូច touc, tuuc 1. small, little, tiny
2. minor
ផងដែរ pʰɑɑŋ dae also, too, as well
ដោយ daoy 1. by, with, along
2. (indicator of an adverb) in a ... manner
3. because
ឃើញ kʰəəɲ 1. to see, to perceive
2. to understand, to recognize
ម្ខាង mkʰaaŋ 1. one side, one (of a pair)
2. at/on one side, at the other side
Notes: contraction of មួយខាង
ទ្រ trɔɔ 1. to support (from below), to carry (from underneath)
2. to uphold
3. to hold back, to restrain
កុំឲ្យ kom ʔaoy 1. in order that not ..., so as not to ...
2. don't let ...
ជ្រុះ cruh 1. to fall down, fall off, drop, shed
2. to fall out (e.g., of hair)
3. to separate, work loose, come off/apart
rɨɨ 1. or
2. phrase-final interrogative particle {មិនមែនឬ = Isn't it true?}
ខ្ចាយ kcaay 1. to scatter, spill, disperse
2. to be spilled, to be scattered, dispersed in all directions
ចេញ cəɲ 1. to leave, to go out, to depart
2. out, off, away (also figuratively) {ខ្ញុំគិតអត់ចេញ = I can't figure it out}
ម្ខាងទៀត mkʰaaŋ tiət the other side, the other one (of a pair)
លើ ləə 1. up, on, over, above
2. to be on, over, above, located on top
3. in regard to, concerning, toward, for, against
ទប់ tup to bar, to block, to obstruct, to stop, to control, to dam up
ខ្លួន kluən 1. body, figure, person, self
2. reflexive pronoun: myself, yourself, himself etc.
ជាប់ coap 1. to link together, to be attached, linked together
2. adjacent to, next to {៣ ឆ្នាំជាប់គ្នា = three years in a row}
3. to be busy with {ខ្ញុំជាប់មានការរវល់បន្តិច = I'm a bit busy}
4. to undergo {ជាប់ផុងក្នុងភក់ = [of a car] to get bogged down in the mud}
5. to pass (an examination, an interview etc.) {ខ្ញុំសម្ភាសន៍ការងារជាប់ហើយ! = I’ve passed the job interview!}
ក្រោម kraom 1. below, beneath, under
2. to be located below, under
3. to be located to the south/downstream