Fruits (Sakanan) — 06


បន្ទាប់មកទៀតរូបភាពទីនៅក្នុងរូបភាពទីបន្ទាប់ពីគាត់កាត់ល្ហុងនោះជាកង់តូចរួចរាល់ហើយ គាត់ក៏បានយកជ្រញ់ អញ្ចឹងនៅពេលដែលយើងហាន់បន្លែ ហាន់ផ្លែឈើ ឬក៏ហាន់សាច់ គឺយើងតែងតែប្រើប្រាស់ជ្រញ់ដើម្បីទ្រាប់ ព្រោះថាប្រសិនបើយើងហាន់ផ្ទាល់ទៅនឹងតុ ទៅនឹងឥដ្ឋជាដើម វាអត់ស្អាត ហើយវាអាចធ្វើឲ្យតុរបស់យើងខូចខាតបានដោយសារតែមុខកាំបិត ដូច្នេះយើងត្រូវប្រើជ្រញ់ដើម្បីទ្រាប់ក្នុងការហាន់ ដើម្បីងាយស្រួលហាន់ អញ្ចឹងជាក់ស្ដែងបុរសដែលជាអ្នកលក់នោះ គាត់បានយកជ្រញ់ គាត់បានយកល្ហុងទៅហាន់លើជ្រញ់ជាមួយនឹងកាំបិតរបស់គាត់ អញ្ចឹងបន្ទាប់ពីគាត់ហាន់ហើយ ដុំល្ហុងតូចឬក៏កង់ល្ហុងនោះ គឺនៅលើជ្រញ់ទាំងអស់ ដូច្នេះគាត់ងាយស្រួលក្នុងការប្រមូលដាក់ចូលក្នុងថង់ អញ្ចឹងបន្ទាប់ពីគាត់កាត់កង់ហើយ គាត់គ្រាន់តែលើកជ្រញ់របស់គាត់ចាក់ល្ហុងទាំងនោះចូលទៅក្នុងថង់គឺជាការស្រេចអញ្ចឹងនៅក្នុងរូបភាពទីយើងឃើញដៃម្ខាងរបស់អ្នកលក់នោះ គាត់ចាប់មាត់ថង់បើកឡើង ហើយគាត់យកដៃម្ខាងទៀតលើកជ្រញ់ឡើងលើ ហើយចាក់កង់ល្ហុងដែលតូចនោះ ចូលទៅក្នុងថង់ទាំងអស់ ដើម្បីលក់ឲ្យអតិថិជនរបស់គាត់ អញ្ចឹងនៅក្នុងរូបភាពនេះ គឺគាត់ចិតល្ហុងជាដុំកង់តូចរួចរាល់ហើយ ដូច្នេះគាត់ចាក់ចូលទៅក្នុងថង់ ដើម្បីឲ្យអតិថិជនរបស់គាត់

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KhmerPronunciationEnglish/Notes
បន្ទាប់មក bɑntoap mɔɔk next, then, afterwards, later
ទៀត tiət 1. again, still, more, further, yet, additional
2. to be different, other
រូបភាព ruup pʰiep 1. image, picture, drawing, photo
2. appearance, form, shape
ទី tii 1. particle used to form ordinal numbers
2. spot, place, location
3. rank, function, service
នៅ nɨv 1. in, at
2. to be located at, to live in or at, to reside, to stay, to be in
3. still, yet (pre-verbal marker of a durative or continuative aspect, as a final particle in the tag question ហើយឬនៅ it means 'yet' and as a reply to a question of this kind, it means 'not yet') {ញ៉ាំអីហើយនៅ? = Have you eaten already?}
ក្នុង knoŋ 1. in, inside
2. during + (time word)
បន្ទាប់ពី bɑntoap pii after, next
គាត់ koat he, she
កាត់ kat 1. to cut, slice, slit, to divide, detach
2. to pass through, cut through / across
3. to interrupt
4. to solve, untangle, to settle (a matter), to decide (a legal case)
5. to ignite, catch / start (of a fire)
6. across, through
ល្ហុង lhoŋ papaya
នោះ nuh 1. that, those (often serves simply to emphasize something already referred to or something distant in time or space)
2. then
ជា cie 1. to be (equal to), to be as
2. to be well, in good health, recovered
3. to be effective (of medicines)
កង់ kɑŋ 1. wheel, tire
2. bicycle
3. piece, slice, circle, something round
4. chop (of meat), piece (of fish), slice (of fish)
5. clf. for pipes, logs, slices
តូច touc, tuuc 1. small, little, tiny
2. minor
រួចរាល់ ruəc roal 1. to finish, to complete
2. completely
ហើយ haǝy 1. indicates completed action or state 'already'
2. and, afterwards, next, then, after that
ក៏ kɑɑ marker of sequential or consecutive action: also, so, then, therefore, accordingly
បាន baan 1. to have completed/done something
2. to intend to complete something
3. marker of completed action
4. to get, obtain, acquire, to achieve, have been able to, to get/have the opportunity to do something
5. to get someone or something to do something (often translated by the English passive in this sense)
6. to be able to
7. not ... until, then and only then
8. to pass to someone through inheritance
9. to be OK, fine, all right
10. [spoken language] however, though, in contrast {ម្សិលមិញបានក្ដៅខ្លាំង = yesterday, however, it was very hot}
យក yɔɔk 1. to take, bring, get, accept, hold
2. when ordering: I’ll take, I’ll have {យកបបរគ្រឿងសាច់ជ្រូកម៉ាចាន = I’ll have a bowl of pork porridge}
ជ្រញ់ crʊəɲ cutting board, chopping block
អញ្ចឹង ʔɑɲcəŋ 1. in that case, so, then, therefore
2. like this / that
3. this / that much
ពេល peel 1. time
2. moment, instant, period of time
ដែល dael 1. who, whom, which, where, when
2. of / to / in / at which / whom
3. the fact / reason that
4. ever, happened to, having done at least once, having been to, already, always, had occasion to, have ever
យើង yəəŋ 1. we
2. I (familiar)
3. in final position used to refer to 'our Cambodian ...' {ទុរេនកំពតយើងមែន? = Kampot durian (from our country, Cambodia), right?}
ហាន់ han to slice, to cut into small pieces
Notes: also written ហ័ន
បន្លែ bɑnlae vegetable
ផ្លែឈើ plae cʰəə fruit
ឬក៏ rɨɨ kɑɑ or (on the other hand)
សាច់ sac 1. meat
2. pulp (of a fruit), wooden parts of a tree
3. substance, essence, essential part
គឺ kɨɨ 1. to be (equal to)
2. as follows, namely
តែងតែ taeŋ tae usually, regularly, constantly, always, continually
ប្រើប្រាស់ praə prah to use
ដើម្បី daəmbəy in order to, for, to, toward, reserved for
ទ្រាប់ troap 1. to put underneath, spread out under
2. to patch up
3. to place something under something else (as a cushion, for protection)
ព្រោះ prʊəh because (of), since
ថា tʰaa 1. to say, tell, pronounce
2. that (introduces a question or indirect discourse)
ប្រសិនបើ prɑsən baə if
ផ្ទាល់ ptoal 1. directly, personally
2. to be close to
ទៅ tɨv 1. to go (away from the speaker in space or time), to go to / towards, go on, continue, advance, go away
2. towards
3. from now on, from then on (often used as a particle indicating that the action began at some point in the past or present and continued on into the future or that the action is directed away from the speaker)
4. imperative particle, go ahead and ...! {ញ៉ាំទៅ = Go ahead and eat/drink!}
នឹង nɨŋ with, by (means of), (attached) to
តុ tok 1. table, desk
2. small plate on legs for fruit or dessert
Notes: irregular pronunciation
ឥដ្ឋ ʔət 1. brick, tile
2. to be desirable
3. pleasing, likable, preferable, satisfying
4. necessary
5. ideal
6. dear, beloved, favorite
ជាដើម cie daəm as above, as listed (or given) above
វា vie 1. it (of animals, things, or very young children)
2. he, she, they (familiar or contemptuous)
អត់ ʔɑt 1. no, not
2. to be without, lacking
3. to restrain oneself, abstain from
4. particle to form yes/no questions
ស្អាត sʔaat 1. to be clean, nice, neat
2. pure, chaste
3. smart (of someone's appearance)
4. nice-looking, beautiful
អាច ʔaac 1. to be able (to do something), to be capable (of doing something)
2. to be possible
ធ្វើឲ្យ tvəə ʔaoy 1. to cause, make (someone) do (something)
2. to do (something) for (someone) (often used to form causative compounds)
របស់ rɔbɑh 1. object, thing, belonging, property
2. of, belonging to
ខូចខាត kʰouc kʰaat 1. to damage
2. to be damaged
3. to lose (through destruction)
ដោយសារតែ daoy saa tae because
មុខ muk 1. face, front
2. in front of
3. type, kind, variety
4. dish, kind of food
5. head, chief, chairman, president
6. mouth or opening of a stream
7. (sharp) edge (of a knife blade)
កាំបិត kambət knife
ដូច្នេះ doucneh 1. so, thus, therefore
2. like this
ត្រូវ trəv 1. must, have to
2. to be correct, right, proper, exact, accurate
3. to concern, have to do with, to agree/jibe with, coincide with
4. to be affected with/by, to suffer, undergo (ត្រូវ + CLAUSE marks a passive-like construction in which the subject of the clause introduced by ត្រូវ is translated as the agent in the passive construction)
ប្រើ praə to use
ការ kaa 1. work, occupation
2. business, affair, matter
3. commonly occurs as a nominalizing particle deriving abstract nouns or noun phrases from verbs or verb phrases
4. to protect, defend, prevent
5. to marry
6. marriage
7. wedding
8. interest (e.g., on a loan)
9. profit
10. usury
11. to wind (into a skein/bobbin/reel)
12. to spin (silk)
ងាយស្រួល ŋiey sruǝl easy (e.g., to do, to use)
ជាក់ស្ដែង ceak sdaeŋ 1. clear, sure
2. clearly, surely, obviously
បុរស boʔrɑh man, male person
អ្នកលក់ neak lʊək seller
លើ ləə 1. up, on, over, above
2. to be on, over, above, located on top
3. in regard to, concerning, toward, for, against
ជាមួយនឹង cie muəy nɨŋ 1. together, along with
2. with
ដុំ dom 1. piece, chunk, lump, mass, part, block
2. cluster, bunch
3. packet, bundle
ទាំងអស់ teaŋ ʔɑh all, all of
ប្រមូល prɑmool to assemble, collect, gather, accumulate, concentrate
ដាក់ dak 1. to put, place
2. to deposit
3. to add (ingredients)
4. to set (e.g., a trap)
5. to establish
6. to assign
7. to locate, settle, station
8. to lock up
9. to fasten
10. to use
11. to strike, hit hard
12. to affect
13. to subject someone to
14. to be hard hit, suffer a setback
15. to have bad luck, cause bad luck
16. to feel unwell, have an upset stomach (especially after eating certain fruits)
17. to contract for
18. to subscribe to
19. to renounce (a throne)
20. to put aside (religious vows)
21. in, into, on
22. to eat, drink
23. to kneel
24. command to an elephant to kneel by bending the rear legs
ចូល coul 1. to enter, to go in
2. to agree with
ថង់ tʰɑŋ bag, pouch, small sack, shoulder bag, purse
គ្រាន់តែ kroan tae just, only, only just
លើក lǝǝk 1. to lift, to raise {លើកដៃសំពះ = to raise the hands in a greeting or respectful gesture} {លើករបស់ = to lift something} {លើកទូរស័ព្ទ = to pick up the phone}
2. time, occasion, session {លើកមុន = last time}
ចាក់ cak 1. to stab, pierce (with a pointed instrument)
2. to pour (a liquid)
3. to play (a record or tape)
ទាំងនោះ teaŋ nuh all of those
ជាការស្រេច cie kaa srac complete, finished
ឃើញ kʰəəɲ 1. to see, to perceive
2. to understand, to recognize
ដៃ day arm, hand
ម្ខាង mkʰaaŋ 1. one side, one (of a pair)
2. at/on one side, at the other side
Notes: contraction of មួយខាង
ចាប់ cap 1. to catch, capture, seize, grasp, get
2. clf. for handfuls
3. to begin to, undertake, start
មាត់ moat 1. mouth
2. bank, shore (of a river, lake, sea)
3. opening (e.g., of a jar or bag)
បើក baək 1. to open {បើកប្រអប់ = to open a box} {បើកហាង = to open a shop}
2. to turn on (e.g., a light, faucet, radio) {បើកទឹកម៉ាស៊ីន = to turn on the water/faucet}
3. of the sun: to shine
4. to drive (an automobile), generally to operate a vehicle which is powered by an engine
ឡើង laəŋ 1. to go up, ascend
2. (of aircraft) to take off
3. to rise, get up
4. to climb
5. to get on/board (a means of transport)
6. to go upstream
7. to ferment, rise (of dough)
8. to increase
9. up, upwards
10. upstream
11. increasingly
12. on
13. often occurs as a verb complement in various meanings
ម្ខាងទៀត mkʰaaŋ tiət the other side, the other one (of a pair)
លក់ lʊək 1. to sell
2. asleep {ដេកលក់ = to be sound asleep, to sleep deeply} {ដេកមិនលក់ = to not be able to fall asleep, to have insomnia}
ឲ្យ ʔaoy 1. to give
2. to let, to allow
3. for, to, in order to, so as to {ចង់ឲ្យខ្ញុំកុម្ម៉ង់អីញ៉ាំឲ្យហើយអត់? = Do you want me to order something for you already?}
4. in a... manner (forms adverbial phrases from predicatives)
Notes: also written អោយ, ឱ្យ
អតិថិជន ʔaʔteʔtʰeʔ cɔɔn customer, client
Notes: formal
នេះ nih 1. this, these
2. often serves simply to emphasize something already referred to or something nearby in time or space
ចិត cət 1. to pare, peel
2. to cut into pieces, slice
3. to sharpen (e.g., a pencil)