Fruits (Sakanan) — 02


បន្ទាប់មកទៀតរូបភាពទីរូបភាពទីបន្ទាប់ពីនារីម្នាក់នោះ គាត់បានដើរមកជិតរទេះលក់ផ្លែឈើនោះហើយ គាត់ក៏បានប្រាប់ទៅអ្នកលក់ថាគាត់ចង់ទិញផ្លែល្ហុង អញ្ចឹងជាទូទៅរទេះលក់ផ្លែឈើ បានន័យថាគាត់លក់ផ្លែឈើច្រើនប្រភេទ មានដូចជាស្វាយ មានដូចជាប៉ិកគក់ មានដូចជាខ្វិត មានដូចជាល្ហុង មានដូចជាម្នាស់ជាដើមអញ្ចឹងដើម្បីបំពេញតម្រូវការអតិថិជន អ្នកលក់ត្រូវតែយកផ្លែឈើយ៉ាងច្រើនមកលក់ ដើម្បីលក់ឲ្យអតិថិជន ដែលជាក់ស្ដែងបុរសម្នាក់ដែលគាត់កំពុងតែលក់ផ្លែឈើនេះ គឺគាត់លក់ផ្លែឈើជាច្រើនមុខ នៅក្នុងរទេះរបស់គាត់ ដែលនៅពេលដែលអតិថិជនរបស់គាត់ត្រូវការផ្លែឈើប្រភេទណា គឺគាត់មានលក់ផ្លែឈើនោះតែម្ដង ដែលជាក់ស្ដែងនារីដែលស្លៀកខោ ស្លៀកសំពត់ពណ៌ ពាក់អាវពណ៌ប្រផេះដៃខ្លីនេះ គាត់ក៏បានដើរមកដើម្បីទិញផ្លែល្ហុងចំនួនផ្លែ ដូច្នេះគាត់ក៏បានប្រាប់ទៅអ្នកលក់ថា គាត់ចង់បានផ្លែល្ហុងចំនួនផ្លែ ហើយប្រាប់ឲ្យអ្នកលក់ចិតល្ហុងនោះផងដែរ ដូច្នេះអ្នកលក់គាត់ក៏បានឈរស្ដាប់នារីអ្នកទិញនោះយ៉ាងយកចិត្តទុកដាក់ ដើម្បីទទួលព័ត៌មានថា តើអតិថិជនរបស់គាត់កំពុងតែត្រូវការអ្វី អញ្ចឹងគាត់នឹងរៀបចំផ្លែឈើរបស់គាត់ ទៅតាមតម្រូវការរបស់អតិថិជន ដើម្បីឲ្យអតិថិជនយកទៅញ៉ាំ ដើម្បីនៅផ្ទះ ឬក៏ញ៉ាំនៅកន្លែងនានា ដែលគេចង់ញ៉ាំ អញ្ចឹងជាទូទៅការញ៉ាំផ្លែឈើបែបនេះគឺ ភាគច្រើនគឺយើងញ៉ាំនៅតាមកន្លែងធ្វើការ ឬក៏នៅតាមផ្ទះ ហើយគេលក់ផ្លែឈើនេះ គឺលក់នៅតាមចិញ្ចើមផ្លូវ គឺអត់លក់នៅក្នុងហាងនោះទេ ដែលពេលខ្លះយើងឃើញផ្លែឈើខ្លះលក់នៅក្នុងហាង ប៉ុន្តែផ្លែឈើដែលលក់នៅក្នុងហាង អាចមានតម្លៃថ្លៃជាងផ្លែឈើដែលលក់នៅតាមផ្លូវ នៅតាមរទេះបែបនេះ អញ្ចឹងផ្លែឈើដូចគ្នាគ្រាន់តែលក់នៅក្នុងហាង គឺអាចមានតម្លៃថ្លៃជាង អញ្ចឹងនារីម្នាក់នេះ គាត់បានដើរមកទិញផ្លែឈើដែលលក់នៅតាមរទេះ គឺវាមានតម្លៃថោក អញ្ចឹងវាអាចជួយសន្សំសំចៃរបស់នារីម្នាក់នោះបាន ដែលគាត់ទិញផ្លែល្ហុងចំនួនផ្លែ ហើយគាត់បានប្រាប់ទៅដល់អ្នកលក់ថា គាត់ត្រូវការផ្លែល្ហុងចំនួនផ្លែ

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KhmerPronunciationEnglish/Notes
បន្ទាប់មក bɑntoap mɔɔk next, then, afterwards, later
ទៀត tiət 1. again, still, more, further, yet, additional
2. to be different, other
រូបភាព ruup pʰiep 1. image, picture, drawing, photo
2. appearance, form, shape
ទី tii 1. particle used to form ordinal numbers
2. spot, place, location
3. rank, function, service
បន្ទាប់ពី bɑntoap pii after, next
នារី nierii girl, young woman
ម្នាក់ mneak 1. one person (contraction of មួយនាក់)
2. alone
នោះ nuh 1. that, those (often serves simply to emphasize something already referred to or something distant in time or space)
2. then
គាត់ koat he, she
បាន baan 1. to have completed/done something
2. to intend to complete something
3. marker of completed action
4. to get, obtain, acquire, to achieve, have been able to, to get/have the opportunity to do something
5. to get someone or something to do something (often translated by the English passive in this sense)
6. to be able to
7. not ... until, then and only then
8. to pass to someone through inheritance
9. to be OK, fine, all right
10. [spoken language] however, though, in contrast {ម្សិលមិញបានក្ដៅខ្លាំង = yesterday, however, it was very hot}
ដើរ daə 1. to walk, to go, to move
2. (of machines) to run
មក mɔɔk 1. to come (toward the speaker in space or time)
2. often used as a particle indicating that the action began at some point in the past and continued up to the present
ជិត cɨt 1. to be close, near
2. tight
3. close-set, dense, thick
4. closely, tightly
5. almost
6. about to, on the point of (doing something)
7. to cover completely, be completely/firmly covered
8. command used by elephant drivers to make an elephant to move closer
រទេះ rɔteh 1. cart, vehicle
2. wagon
លក់ lʊək 1. to sell
2. asleep {ដេកលក់ = to be sound asleep, to sleep deeply} {ដេកមិនលក់ = to not be able to fall asleep, to have insomnia}
ផ្លែឈើ plae cʰəə fruit
ហើយ haǝy 1. indicates completed action or state 'already'
2. and, afterwards, next, then, after that
ក៏ kɑɑ marker of sequential or consecutive action: also, so, then, therefore, accordingly
ប្រាប់ prap 1. to tell, say, state, inform, report
2. to explain
3. to point out
ទៅ tɨv 1. to go (away from the speaker in space or time), to go to / towards, go on, continue, advance, go away
2. towards
3. from now on, from then on (often used as a particle indicating that the action began at some point in the past or present and continued on into the future or that the action is directed away from the speaker)
4. imperative particle, go ahead and ...! {ញ៉ាំទៅ = Go ahead and eat/drink!}
អ្នកលក់ neak lʊək seller
ថា tʰaa 1. to say, tell, pronounce
2. that (introduces a question or indirect discourse)
ចង់ cɑŋ 1. to want, wish, desire
2. to need
ទិញ tɨɲ to buy
ផ្លែ plae 1. fruit
2. clf. for fruits (e.g., papaya, pineapple)
3. outcome, result
4. to bear fruit
5. blade (of a knife)
6. wart, blister
ល្ហុង lhoŋ papaya
អញ្ចឹង ʔɑɲcəŋ 1. in that case, so, then, therefore
2. like this / that
3. this / that much
ជាទូទៅ cie tuu təv in general, as a whole, generally
បានន័យថា baan ney tʰaa 1. that means, in other words
2. to mean
ច្រើន craən 1. much, many, numerous, very much
2. mostly, often
ប្រភេទ prɑpʰeet category, variety, class, kind, type, species, aspect, nature, characteristic
មាន mien 1. to have, possess, own
2. to exist, there is, there are
3. to be rich, own property
4. indicates the accomplishment of an action, to happen to, to have occasion to
Notes: in spoken Khmer, negated មាន (មិនមាន or គ្មាន) can be contracted into មាន, e.g., មានអ្នកណាចង់ជួបឯង = ‘there's nobody who wants to meet you’ — contrast this with the affirmative: មានគេចង់ជួបឯង = ‘there’s somebody who wants to meet you’
ដូចជា douc cie such as, like, as though, to seem as though, for instance
ស្វាយ svaay 1. mango
2. color: purple, violet, mauve
ប៉ិកគក់ pək kʊək kind of plant (Pachyrrhizus erosus which produces edible tubers, they are eaten raw or cooked as vegetables)
ខ្វិត kvət kind of fruit (kumquat, mandarin orange)
ម្នាស់ mnoah pineapple
ជាដើម cie daəm as above, as listed (or given) above
ដើម្បី daəmbəy in order to, for, to, toward, reserved for
បំពេញ bɑmpɨɲ 1. to complete, fill (up), fulfill
2. to accomplish
3. to satisfy
តម្រូវការ tɑmrəv kaa requirement
Notes: source: glosbe.com
អតិថិជន ʔaʔteʔtʰeʔ cɔɔn customer, client
Notes: formal
ត្រូវតែ trəv tae have to, must, should, ought to
យក yɔɔk 1. to take, bring, get, accept, hold
2. when ordering: I’ll take, I’ll have {យកបបរគ្រឿងសាច់ជ្រូកម៉ាចាន = I’ll have a bowl of pork porridge}
យ៉ាង yaaŋ 1. kind, type, way, manner
2. clf. for kinds, types
3. pre-adjectival particle forming adverbial phrases {យ៉ាងខ្លី = briefly}
4. pre-adjectival particle, similar to ដ៏, used to connect an attributive to a noun, it often has a slight emphatic meaning: very
ឲ្យ ʔaoy 1. to give
2. to let, to allow
3. for, to, in order to, so as to {ចង់ឲ្យខ្ញុំកុម្ម៉ង់អីញ៉ាំឲ្យហើយអត់? = Do you want me to order something for you already?}
4. in a... manner (forms adverbial phrases from predicatives)
Notes: also written អោយ, ឱ្យ
ដែល dael 1. who, whom, which, where, when
2. of / to / in / at which / whom
3. the fact / reason that
4. ever, happened to, having done at least once, having been to, already, always, had occasion to, have ever
ជាក់ស្ដែង ceak sdaeŋ 1. clear, sure
2. clearly, surely, obviously
បុរស boʔrɑh man, male person
កំពុងតែ kɑmpuŋ tae to be in the process of (doing something)
នេះ nih 1. this, these
2. often serves simply to emphasize something already referred to or something nearby in time or space
គឺ kɨɨ 1. to be (equal to)
2. as follows, namely
ជាច្រើន cie craən many, a lot, in abundance
មុខ muk 1. face, front
2. in front of
3. type, kind, variety
4. dish, kind of food
5. head, chief, chairman, president
6. mouth or opening of a stream
7. (sharp) edge (of a knife blade)
នៅ nɨv 1. in, at
2. to be located at, to live in or at, to reside, to stay, to be in
3. still, yet (pre-verbal marker of a durative or continuative aspect, as a final particle in the tag question ហើយឬនៅ it means 'yet' and as a reply to a question of this kind, it means 'not yet') {ញ៉ាំអីហើយនៅ? = Have you eaten already?}
ក្នុង knoŋ 1. in, inside
2. during + (time word)
របស់ rɔbɑh 1. object, thing, belonging, property
2. of, belonging to
ពេល peel 1. time
2. moment, instant, period of time
ត្រូវការ trəv kaa 1. to need, require, want
2. to be necessary, needed, required
ណា naa 1. which, any
2. where, somewhere, anywhere
តែម្ដង tae mdɑɑŋ 1. immediately, at once, right away
2. all of a sudden
3. generally, in general
ស្លៀក sliək to put on or wear clothing (below the waist only: skirts, trousers)
ខោ kʰao pants, trousers
សំពត់ sɑmpʊət wrap-around skirt, sarong
ពណ៌ poa color, complexion
sɑɑ color: white
ពាក់ peak 1. to wear (shirt, hat, ring, shoes, but not pants), to put on
2. to hang up, suspend, hang on
អាវ ʔaav shirt, blouse, coat, upper garment
ប្រផេះ prɑpʰeh color: grey
ដៃខ្លី day kləy short sleeve {ពាក់អាវសដៃខ្លី = [he's] wearing a white short sleeve shirt}
ចំនួន cɑmnuən amount, number, quantity
ដូច្នេះ doucneh 1. so, thus, therefore
2. like this
ចិត cət 1. to pare, peel
2. to cut into pieces, slice
3. to sharpen (e.g., a pencil)
ផងដែរ pʰɑɑŋ dae also, too, as well
ឈរ cʰɔɔ to stand (up)
ស្ដាប់ sdap 1. to listen (to)
2. to obey
3. to understand (a spoken language)
Notes: ជើង ដ
អ្នកទិញ neak tɨɲ customer, purchaser, shopper, buyer
យកចិត្តទុកដាក់ yɔɔk cət tuk dak to work hard at something, to be deeply involved in some work, to pay close attention to, to do something seriously
Notes: ជើង ត
ទទួល tɔtuəl 1. to receive, to take
2. to accept, to agree
3. to meet (e.g., at an airport or station)
ព័ត៌មាន poadɑɑmien news, information {សួរព័ត៌មាន = to make an enquiry, to ask for information}
Notes: also written ពត៌មាន
តើ taə 1. indicating an indirect question, it may often be translated as 'if' or 'whether'
2. phrase-final: used for emphasis
អ្វី ʔvəy 1. what?
2. anything, something, nothing
នឹង nɨŋ future tense marker: will, about to
រៀបចំ riəp cɑm 1. to organize, prepare
2. to put in good order, arrange
ទៅតាម tɨv taam 1. by, according to, through {គេគិតតម្លៃទៅតាមគីឡូ = they’re charging by the kilo}
2. to pursue, go after, go along with
3. to send for
4. to retrieve
ញ៉ាំ ɲam to eat, to drink, to consume
Notes: informal, of oneself, addressing children or close friends but not elders
ផ្ទះ pteah house, home, residence, building
ឬក៏ rɨɨ kɑɑ or (on the other hand)
កន្លែង kɑnlaeŋ 1. place, location, region
2. clf. for locations
នានា nienie 1. various
2. different, diverse, all, of all sorts (also occurs as a prenominal particle)
គេ kee 1. he, she
2. one, someone
3. other(s)
ការ kaa 1. work, occupation
2. business, affair, matter
3. commonly occurs as a nominalizing particle deriving abstract nouns or noun phrases from verbs or verb phrases
4. to protect, defend, prevent
5. to marry
6. marriage
7. wedding
8. interest (e.g., on a loan)
9. profit
10. usury
11. to wind (into a skein/bobbin/reel)
12. to spin (silk)
បែប baep kind, sort, model, type, style, form, shape, method, way
ភាគច្រើន pʰiek craən 1. mostly
2. majority
យើង yəəŋ 1. we
2. I (familiar)
3. in final position used to refer to 'our Cambodian ...' {ទុរេនកំពតយើងមែន? = Kampot durian (from our country, Cambodia), right?}
តាម taam 1. to follow, to agree, to go along {ដើរតាមភ្ញៀវគ្រប់ជំហាន = to follow the customer’s every step}
2. according to, in accordance with, following, along, by, through {តាមអាយុ = according to age} {តាមសម្រួល = take it easy/take your time}
3. on, in, along {ជិះម៉ូតូតាមផ្លូវ = to ride a motorbike on the street} {ជិះតាមផ្លូវតូចៗ = to drive on small roads} {នៅតាមខេត្ត = in/throughout the province} {លក់នៅតាមផ្សារ = to sell in the market}
កន្លែងធ្វើការ kɑnlaeŋ tvəə kaa office, workplace
ចិញ្ចើម cəɲcaəm 1. eyebrow
2. edge, border
3. curb, sidewalk, roadside
ផ្លូវ pləv 1. road, street, route
2. way, style, cause, matter
អត់ ʔɑt 1. no, not
2. to be without, lacking
3. to restrain oneself, abstain from
4. particle to form yes/no questions
ហាង haaŋ store, shop
ទេ tee 1. particle: negative particle occurring in phrase final position especially after មិន, ពុំ, etc.
2. interrogative particle occurring in phrase final position, often in the combination ឬទេ
3. neutral/positive particle to add emphasis {ខ្ញុំសុខសប្បាយទេ = I'm fine!}
ពេលខ្លះ peel klah sometimes
ឃើញ kʰəəɲ 1. to see, to perceive
2. to understand, to recognize
ខ្លះ klah some (serves as a plural marker with ណា​​ and អ្វី)
ប៉ុន្តែ pontae but, however
Notes: ជើង ត; root: តែ
អាច ʔaac 1. to be able (to do something), to be capable (of doing something)
2. to be possible
តម្លៃ tɑmlay 1. price
2. value
ថ្លៃ tlay 1. expensive, dear, valuable
2. cost, price, value
ជាង cieŋ 1. more than
2. marks the comparative degree of an adjective {ល្អជាង = better}
ដូចគ្នា douc knie 1. to be alike, like, just as, like each other, same, the same kind of thing, such as
2. + នឹង: to resemble
3. as a response to a good wish etc.: same to you
គ្រាន់តែ kroan tae just, only, only just
វា vie 1. it (of animals, things, or very young children)
2. he, she, they (familiar or contemptuous)
ថោក tʰaok 1. to be cheap (of price or behavior), inexpensive
2. petty, trivial, inconsequential
ជួយ cuəy to help, to assist
សន្សំសំចៃ sɑnsɑm sɑmcay to economize
ដល់ dɑl 1. to reach, to attain, to arrive at
2. to, toward, up to, as far as, at, until