Fruits (Sakanan) — 00 Introduction

សួស្តី នៅក្នុងរូបភាពនេះគឺយើងនឹងនិយាយអំពីការញ៉ាំផ្លែឈើ អញ្ចឹងជាទូទៅដើម្បីឲ្យមានសុខភាពល្អ ក្រៅពីអាហារទាំងបីពេល ក្រៅពីអាហារពេលព្រឹក ក្រៅពីអាហារពេលថ្ងៃត្រង់ និងអាហារពេលល្ងាច គឺយើងត្រូវមានញ៉ាំផ្លែឈើផងដែរ ដើម្បីឲ្យមានសុខភាពល្អ និងសាច់ស្អាតសម្រស់ស្អាត ព្រោះថានៅក្នុងផ្លែឈើមានជាតិវីតាមីនច្រើន អញ្ចឹងវាអាចជំនួយឲ្យយើងមានសុខភាពល្អ និងមានរាងកាយរឹងមាំបាន ក្រៅពីត្រី ក្រៅពីសាច់ និងក្រៅពីបាយ ដូច្នេះហើយជាទូទៅនៅពេលដែលក្រោយពីញ៉ាំអាហារទាំងបីពេល ឬក៏ក្រោយពីញ៉ាំអាហារពេលថ្ងៃ អាហារពេលល្ងាច គឺយើងតែងតែញ៉ាំផ្លែឈើជាបង្អែមលាងមាត់ ដែលយើងហៅថាបង្អែមលាងមាត់ ហើយជាទូទៅផ្លែឈើគឺអត់ថ្លៃទេ គឺអត់សូវថ្លៃទេ ដោយសារតែផ្លែឈើគឺយើងអាចដាំដុះបាន ដូច្នេះផ្លែឈើខ្លះដែលសម្បូរគឺមានតម្លៃថោក ចំណែកឯផ្លែឈើខ្លះដែលមិនសូវសម្បូរ គឺអាចមានតម្លៃថ្លៃបន្តិច ក៏ប៉ុន្តែយើងអាចទិញញ៉ាំបាន គឺអត់ថ្លៃខ្លាំងទេអញ្ចឹងនៅពេលដែលយើង បន្ទាប់ពីយើងញ៉ាំអាហាររួច គឺយើងតែងតែញ៉ាំផ្លែឈើ ដើម្បីជាអាហារបង្អែមលាងមាត់

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KhmerPronunciationEnglish/Notes
សួស្តី suǝsdǝy greeting equivalent to 'hi!' 'hello!' 'good day!'
Notes: ជើង ត
នៅ nɨv 1. in, at
2. to be located at, to live in or at, to reside, to stay, to be in
3. still, yet (pre-verbal marker of a durative or continuative aspect, as a final particle in the tag question ហើយឬនៅ it means 'yet' and as a reply to a question of this kind, it means 'not yet') {ញ៉ាំអីហើយនៅ? = Have you eaten already?}
ក្នុង knoŋ 1. in, inside
2. during + (time word)
រូបភាព ruup pʰiep 1. image, picture, drawing, photo
2. appearance, form, shape
នេះ nih 1. this, these
2. often serves simply to emphasize something already referred to or something nearby in time or space
គឺ kɨɨ 1. to be (equal to)
2. as follows, namely
យើង yəəŋ 1. we
2. I (familiar)
3. in final position used to refer to 'our Cambodian ...' {ទុរេនកំពតយើងមែន? = Kampot durian (from our country, Cambodia), right?}
នឹង nɨŋ future tense marker: will, about to
និយាយ niʔyiey to speak, say, talk, relate, tell, to narrate, to talk over, discuss
អំពី ʔɑmpii 1. about, concerning, relative to
2. from, out of {អំពីថ្ងៃនេះទៅ = from this day on}
ការ kaa 1. work, occupation
2. business, affair, matter
3. commonly occurs as a nominalizing particle deriving abstract nouns or noun phrases from verbs or verb phrases
4. to protect, defend, prevent
5. to marry
6. marriage
7. wedding
8. interest (e.g., on a loan)
9. profit
10. usury
11. to wind (into a skein/bobbin/reel)
12. to spin (silk)
ញ៉ាំ ɲam to eat, to drink, to consume
Notes: informal, of oneself, addressing children or close friends but not elders
ផ្លែឈើ plae cʰəə fruit
អញ្ចឹង ʔɑɲcəŋ 1. in that case, so, then, therefore
2. like this / that
3. this / that much
ជាទូទៅ cie tuu təv in general, as a whole, generally
ដើម្បី daəmbəy in order to, for, to, toward, reserved for
ឲ្យ ʔaoy 1. to give
2. to let, to allow
3. for, to, in order to, so as to {ចង់ឲ្យខ្ញុំកុម្ម៉ង់អីញ៉ាំឲ្យហើយអត់? = Do you want me to order something for you already?}
4. in a... manner (forms adverbial phrases from predicatives)
Notes: also written អោយ, ឱ្យ
មាន mien 1. to have, possess, own
2. to exist, there is, there are
3. to be rich, own property
4. indicates the accomplishment of an action, to happen to, to have occasion to
Notes: in spoken Khmer, negated មាន (មិនមាន or គ្មាន) can be contracted into មាន, e.g., មានអ្នកណាចង់ជួបឯង = ‘there's nobody who wants to meet you’ — contrast this with the affirmative: មានគេចង់ជួបឯង = ‘there’s somebody who wants to meet you’
សុខភាព sokkʰapʰiep health
ល្អ lʔɑɑ 1. good, nice, beautiful, pretty
2. correct, proper
ក្រៅពី krav pii besides, in addition to
អាហារ ʔaahaa food, meal
ទាំង teaŋ 1. all, both {ទាំងពីរ = both} {ទាំង ... ទាំង ... = both ... and ...}
2. entirely, completely
3. adverb marker equivalent to ដោយ
បី bəy 1. three
2. to carry lovingly (especially a baby) in the arms
ពេល peel 1. time
2. moment, instant, period of time
ពេលព្រឹក peel prɨk morning, in the morning
ពេលថ្ងៃត្រង់ peel tŋay trɑŋ noon, at noon
និង nɨŋ and
ពេលល្ងាច peel lŋiec evening, in the evening
ត្រូវ trəv 1. must, have to
2. to be correct, right, proper, exact, accurate
3. to concern, have to do with, to agree/jibe with, coincide with
4. to be affected with/by, to suffer, undergo (ត្រូវ + CLAUSE marks a passive-like construction in which the subject of the clause introduced by ត្រូវ is translated as the agent in the passive construction)
ផងដែរ pʰɑɑŋ dae also, too, as well
សាច់ sac 1. meat
2. pulp (of a fruit), wooden parts of a tree
3. substance, essence, essential part
ស្អាត sʔaat 1. to be clean, nice, neat
2. pure, chaste
3. smart (of someone's appearance)
4. nice-looking, beautiful
សម្រស់ sɑmrɑh 1. freshness, charm, beauty
2. to drain, to cause to dry (out), to dehydrate
Notes: also written សំរស់
ព្រោះ prʊəh because (of), since
ថា tʰaa 1. to say, tell, pronounce
2. that (introduces a question or indirect discourse)
ជាតិ ciet 1. matter, substance, material, essence, essential constituent {ជាតិទឹក = to be liquid, fluid} {ជាតិខ្លាញ់ = to be oily, greasy} {ម្នាស់មានជាតិអាស៊ីតច្រើន = pineapples have a lot of acid/are acidic/are quite sour}
2. flavor, taste
3. genuine or true state of anything
4. birth, nation, race, line, nationality
វីតាមីន viitaamiin vitamin
ច្រើន craən 1. much, many, numerous, very much
2. mostly, often
វា vie 1. it (of animals, things, or very young children)
2. he, she, they (familiar or contemptuous)
អាច ʔaac 1. to be able (to do something), to be capable (of doing something)
2. to be possible
ជំនួយ cumnuəy 1. aid, help, assistance
2. to be helpful
រាងកាយ rieŋ kaay body, figure, physique
រឹង rɨŋ hard, firm, tough, stiff
មាំ moam 1. solid, strong, robust, sturdy, durable
2. truly, seriously
បាន baan 1. to have completed/done something
2. to intend to complete something
3. marker of completed action
4. to get, obtain, acquire, to achieve, have been able to, to get/have the opportunity to do something
5. to get someone or something to do something (often translated by the English passive in this sense)
6. to be able to
7. not ... until, then and only then
8. to pass to someone through inheritance
9. to be OK, fine, all right
10. [spoken language] however, though, in contrast {ម្សិលមិញបានក្ដៅខ្លាំង = yesterday, however, it was very hot}
ត្រី trəy 1. generic term for fish
2. prefix in words of Indo-European origin: 'tri,' 'three,' 'triple' etc.
បាយ baay 1. cooked rice
2. food, meal
ដូច្នេះ doucneh 1. so, thus, therefore
2. like this
ហើយ haǝy 1. indicates completed action or state 'already'
2. and, afterwards, next, then, after that
ដែល dael 1. who, whom, which, where, when
2. of / to / in / at which / whom
3. the fact / reason that
4. ever, happened to, having done at least once, having been to, already, always, had occasion to, have ever
ក្រោយ kraoy 1. behind, after
2. next
ពី pii from, since, of, about, at
ឬក៏ rɨɨ kɑɑ or (on the other hand)
ថ្ងៃ tŋay 1. day, daytime
2. sun
តែងតែ taeŋ tae usually, regularly, constantly, always, continually
ជា cie 1. to be (equal to), to be as
2. to be well, in good health, recovered
3. to be effective (of medicines)
បង្អែម bɑŋʔaem dessert, sweet food
លាងមាត់ lieŋ moat to eat for pleasure
ហៅ hav 1. to call, name
2. to order (e.g. in a restaurant), specif. to stop a vehicle
3. to send for, summon
4. to invite (guests)
អត់ ʔɑt 1. no, not
2. to be without, lacking
3. to restrain oneself, abstain from
4. particle to form yes/no questions
ថ្លៃ tlay 1. expensive, dear, valuable
2. cost, price, value
ទេ tee 1. particle: negative particle occurring in phrase final position especially after មិន, ពុំ, etc.
2. interrogative particle occurring in phrase final position, often in the combination ឬទេ
3. neutral/positive particle to add emphasis {ខ្ញុំសុខសប្បាយទេ = I'm fine!}
អត់សូវ ʔɑt səv not so much, rather not
ដោយសារតែ daoy saa tae because
ដាំ dam 1. to plant (seeds), to sow
2. to grow (crops)
3. to erect, set up, install (e.g., a post or column)
4. to boil (water), to cook (rice)
ដុះ doh 1. to grow, germinate, sprout
2. to rise (referring to cliffs, mountains, etc.), to spring (up), to bud, put out shoots
3. to appear, emerge
4. to increase, improve
ខ្លះ klah some (serves as a plural marker with ណា​​ and អ្វី)
សម្បូរ sɑmboo abundant, plentiful
Notes: also written សំបូរ
តម្លៃ tɑmlay 1. price
2. value
ថោក tʰaok 1. to be cheap (of price or behavior), inexpensive
2. petty, trivial, inconsequential
ចំណែកឯ cɑmnaek ʔae as for, as to, regarding
មិនសូវ mɨn səv not so much, rather not
បន្តិច bɑntəc 1. a little, a little bit, in small amounts, few
2. rather, slightly, just barely
3. in a little while
Notes: ជើង ត
ក៏ kɑɑ marker of sequential or consecutive action: also, so, then, therefore, accordingly
ប៉ុន្តែ pontae but, however
Notes: ជើង ត; root: តែ
ទិញ tɨɲ to buy
ខ្លាំង klaŋ 1. strong, vigorous, robust
2. very much, strongly, vigorously
បន្ទាប់ពី bɑntoap pii after, next
រួច ruəc 1. to finish, end, achieve, complete
2. indicates the possibility of completing the action of the main verb, to be able
3. already, then, after that