Doing the dishes (Sakanan) — 16


បន្ទាប់មកទៀតរូបភាពទី ១៦ នៅក្នុងរូបភាពទី ១៦ យើងឃើញថា ក្មេងប្រុសម្នាក់នោះ បន្ទាប់ពីគាត់យកចានដែលលាងរួចទៅឲ្យស្ត្រីដែលជាអ្នកលក់មីនោះរួចរាល់ហើយ គាត់ក៏បានមកអង្គុយដើម្បីលាងចានដទៃទៀត អញ្ចឹងគាត់បានលាងចានផ្សេងទៀតដែលប្រឡាក់ ព្រោះថាមីនោះគឺអត់ទាន់ឈប់លក់ទេ គឺគាត់នៅតែលក់បន្ត ហើយអតិថិជនរបស់គាត់នៅតែបន្តចូលដដែល ដូច្នេះគាត់នៅតែបន្តលាងចានដែលប្រឡាក់ អញ្ចឹងគាត់ដើរប្រមូលពីតុណាដែលអតិថិជនញ៉ាំរួចរាល់ គាត់ដើរប្រមូលចានពីលើតុនោះ ហើយមកលាងបន្តទៀត ដែលនៅក្នុងរូបភាពនេះ យើងឃើញថា គាត់កំពុងតែអង្គុយ ហើយកៀបចានរបស់គាត់ដែលប្រឡាក់ទៅនឹងជង្គង់ដើម្បីលាង ក៏ប៉ុន្តែគាត់បានគិតទៅដល់ម៉ាស៊ីនលាងចានមួយ អញ្ចឹងគាត់គិតថាការលាងចានដោយដៃគឺវាហត់ និងប្រើកម្លាំងបន្តិច ហើយពេលខ្លះគឺយើងលាងអត់បានស្អាតនោះទេ ដូច្នេះហើយគាត់ក៏បានគិតទៅដល់ម៉ាស៊ីនលាងចាន គាត់គិតថាប្រសិនបើមានម៉ាស៊ីនលាងចានគឺងាយស្រួល គឺយើងគ្រាន់តែដាក់ចានចូលទៅក្នុងម៉ាស៊ីន នោះម៉ាស៊ីននឹងលាងសម្អាតចានរបស់គាត់បានយ៉ាងស្អាតតែម្ដង ដែលគាត់ពុំចាំបាច់ត្រូវប្រើកម្លាំងដើម្បីដុសចានរបស់គាត់ចុះឡើងហើយនិងជម្រះពីរ បីទឹកនោះទេ ព្រោះវាធ្វើឲ្យគាត់អស់កម្លាំងនិងហត់ អញ្ចឹងដោយសារតែគាត់ជាក្មេង អញ្ចឹងគាត់អត់សូវមានកម្លាំងច្រើន ដូច្នេះគាត់តែងតែគិតទៅដល់ម៉ាស៊ីន ដើម្បីឲ្យមានបង្កភាពងាយស្រួលដល់គាត់ក្នុងការធ្វើការម៉្យាងវិញទៀត ជាទូទៅនៅក្នុងប្រទេសកម្ពុជា គឺយើងអត់ឲ្យប្រើប្រាស់ក្មេង ដើម្បីធ្វើការធ្ងន់ធ្ងរនោះទេ អញ្ចឹងប្រសិនបើមានការប្រើប្រាស់កម្លាំងពលកម្មក្មេងគឺជារឿងខុសច្បាប់ ដូច្នេះយើងអត់ប្រើប្រាស់ក្មេងដើម្បីធ្វើការងារធ្ងន់ធ្ងរនោះទេប៉ុន្តែនៅក្នុងរូបភាពនេះ គឺគាត់គ្រាន់តែមកលាងចាន ដូច្នេះវាមិនមែនជាការងារធ្ងន់ធ្ងរនោះទេ អញ្ចឹងក្មេងប្រុសម្នាក់នេះ គាត់មកលាងចាននៅពេលទំនេរ ឬក៏ពេលល្ងាច បញ្ចប់ពីការសិក្សា បន្ទាប់ពីការសិក្សារបស់គាត់ គាត់គ្រាន់តែមករកលុយ ឬក៏គាត់គ្រាន់តែមករកលុយដើម្បីចិញ្ចឹមជីវិត ដោយការលាងចានតាមរទេះគុយទាវតែប៉ុណ្ណោះ អញ្ចឹងការងារនេះមិន[មាន] មិនមែនជាការងារដែលខុសច្បាប់នោះទេ ហើយគាត់គឺជាក្មេងម្នាក់ដែលល្អ ដែលគាត់ចេះរកលុយដោយខ្លួនឯង ដោយគាត់មិនយកពេលវេលាទៅដើរលេងផ្ដេសផ្ដាសជាមួយនឹងមិត្តភក្តិ តែគាត់យកពេលវេលាទំនេររបស់គាត់ ដើម្បីមករកលុយផ្គត់ផ្គង់គ្រួសាររបស់គាត់ ក៏ដូចជាផ្គត់ផ្គង់ការសិក្សារបស់គាត់ផងដែរ

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KhmerPronunciationEnglish/Notes
បន្ទាប់មក bɑntoap mɔɔk next, then, afterwards, later
ទៀត tiət 1. again, still, more, further, yet, additional
2. to be different, other
រូបភាព ruup pʰiep 1. image, picture, drawing, photo
2. appearance, form, shape
ទី tii 1. particle used to form ordinal numbers
2. spot, place, location
3. rank, function, service
នៅ nɨv 1. in, at
2. to be located at, to live in or at, to reside, to stay, to be in
3. still, yet (pre-verbal marker of a durative or continuative aspect, as a final particle in the tag question ហើយឬនៅ it means 'yet' and as a reply to a question of this kind, it means 'not yet') {ញ៉ាំអីហើយនៅ? = Have you eaten already?}
ក្នុង knoŋ 1. in, inside
2. during + (time word)
យើង yəəŋ 1. we
2. I (familiar)
3. in final position used to refer to 'our Cambodian ...' {ទុរេនកំពតយើងមែន? = Kampot durian (from our country, Cambodia), right?}
ឃើញ kʰəəɲ 1. to see, to perceive
2. to understand, to recognize
ថា tʰaa 1. to say, tell, pronounce
2. that (introduces a question or indirect discourse)
ក្មេងប្រុស kmejŋ proh boy
ម្នាក់ mneak 1. one person (contraction of មួយនាក់)
2. alone
នោះ nuh 1. that, those (often serves simply to emphasize something already referred to or something distant in time or space)
2. then
បន្ទាប់ពី bɑntoap pii after, next
គាត់ koat he, she
យក yɔɔk 1. to take, bring, get, accept, hold
2. when ordering: I’ll take, I’ll have {យកបបរគ្រឿងសាច់ជ្រូកម៉ាចាន = I’ll have a bowl of pork porridge}
ចាន caan plate, bowl, dish
ដែល dael 1. who, whom, which, where, when
2. of/to/in/at which/whom
3. the fact/reason that
4. ever, happened to, having done at least once, having been to, already, always, had occasion to, have ever {អត់ដែលដឹងសោះ = I’ve never known this!}
លាង lieŋ 1. to wash, to clean (with a liquid)
2. to purify, to clear
រួច ruəc 1. to finish, end, achieve, complete
2. indicates the possibility of completing the action of the main verb, to be able
3. already, then, after that
ទៅ tɨv 1. to go (away from the speaker in space or time), to go to / towards, go on, continue, advance, go away
2. towards
3. from now on, from then on (often used as a particle indicating that the action began at some point in the past or present and continued on into the future or that the action is directed away from the speaker)
4. imperative particle, go ahead and ...! {ញ៉ាំទៅ = Go ahead and eat/drink!}
ឲ្យ ʔaoy 1. to give
2. to let, to allow
3. for, to, in order to, so as to {ចង់ឲ្យខ្ញុំកុម្ម៉ង់អីញ៉ាំឲ្យហើយអត់? = Do you want me to order something for you already?}
4. in a... manner (forms adverbial phrases from predicatives)
Notes: also written អោយ, ឱ្យ
ស្ត្រី strǝy 1. woman, girl, lady
2. women
3. the female sex
Notes: ជើង ត
ជា cie 1. to be (equal to), to be as
2. to be well, in good health, recovered
3. to be effective (of medicines)
អ្នកលក់ neak lʊək seller
មី mii 1. lo-mein vermicelli
2. dish prepared with lo-mein vermicelli
3. you (derogatory or intimate term of reference for a female corresponding to អា​ for a male, it may be used within the family as an intimate form, but it is very rude when used by an outsider)
រួចរាល់ ruəc roal 1. to finish, to complete
2. completely
ហើយ haǝy 1. indicates completed action or state 'already'
2. and, afterwards, next, then, after that
ក៏ kɑɑ marker of sequential or consecutive action: also, so, then, therefore, accordingly
បាន baan 1. to have completed/done something
2. to intend to complete something
3. marker of completed action
4. to get, obtain, acquire, to achieve, have been able to, to get/have the opportunity to do something
5. to get someone or something to do something (often translated by the English passive in this sense)
6. to be able to
7. not ... until, then and only then
8. to pass to someone through inheritance
9. to be OK, fine, all right
10. [spoken language] however, though, in contrast {ម្សិលមិញបានក្ដៅខ្លាំង = yesterday, however, it was very hot}
មក mɔɔk 1. to come (toward the speaker in space or time)
2. to come to/towards (often used as a final particle indicating that the action began at some point in the past and continued up to the present)
3. (from then) on, (from that time) forth
4. to, toward
អង្គុយ ʔɑŋkuy to sit, to sit down
ដើម្បី daəmbəy in order to, for, to, toward, reserved for
លាងចាន lieŋ caan to do/wash the dishes
ដទៃទៀត dɑtey tiət different, other
អញ្ចឹង ʔɑɲcəŋ 1. in that case, so, then, therefore
2. like this / that
3. this / that much
ផ្សេង psejŋ to differ, to be different (from each other), to be separate
ប្រឡាក់ prɑlak 1. dirty, soiled, stained
2. salty
3. to marinate, to salt (in order to preserve)
ព្រោះ prʊəh because (of), since
គឺ kɨɨ 1. to be (equal to)
2. as follows, namely
អត់ទាន់ ʔɑt toan not yet
ឈប់ cʰup 1. to stop, halt, cease {ឈប់ធ្វើការ = to quit one's job} {ឈប់ពីការងារ = to quit one's job} {ឡានពេទ្យបានឈប់ខាងមុខខ្លោងទ្វារមន្ទីរពេទ្យ = the ambulance stops in front of the hospital}
2. to stop, wait, hold on {ឈប់សិន = wait a moment!}
លក់ lʊək 1. to sell
2. asleep {ដេកលក់ = to be sound asleep, to sleep deeply} {ដេកមិនលក់ = to not be able to fall asleep, to have insomnia}
ទេ tee 1. particle: negative particle occurring in phrase final position especially after មិន, ពុំ, etc.
2. interrogative particle occurring in phrase final position, often in the combination ឬទេ
3. neutral/positive particle to add emphasis {ខ្ញុំសុខសប្បាយទេ = I'm fine!}
នៅតែ nɨv tae 1. still, as before
2. to be left, remain
បន្ត bɑntɑɑ 1. to continue (something), to keep on (doing something)
2. to add, to join
Notes: root: ត
អតិថិជន ʔaʔteʔtʰeʔ cɔɔn customer, client
Notes: formal
របស់ rɔbɑh 1. object, thing, belonging, property
2. of, belonging to
ចូល coul 1. to enter, go in, penetrate
2. to approach
3. to reach
4. to begin, set in
5. may indicate the adverbial meaning of ‘inwardly’ or ‘forwardly’ directed movement
6. to enter into, subscribe to, contribute to
7. to take in (as revenue)
8. to mate (of animals)
9. to go into a trance (of a medium)
10. to possess (as a spirit possesses a medium)
11. to agree with
ដដែល dɑdael 1. to be identical, alike, the same
2. as before, over and over, in the same way
ដូច្នេះ doucneh 1. so, thus, therefore
2. like this
ដើរ daə 1. to walk, to go, to move
2. (of machines) to run
ប្រមូល prɑmoul to assemble, collect, gather, accumulate, concentrate
ពី pii from, since, of, about, at
តុ tok 1. table, desk
2. small plate on legs for fruit or dessert
Notes: irregular pronunciation
ណា naa 1. which, any
2. where, somewhere, anywhere
ញ៉ាំ ɲam to eat, to drink, to consume
Notes: informal, of oneself, addressing children or close friends but not elders
លើ ləə 1. up, on, over, above
2. to be on, over, above, located on top
3. in regard to, concerning, toward, for, against
នេះ nih 1. this, these
2. often serves simply to emphasize something already referred to or something nearby in time or space
កំពុងតែ kɑmpuŋ tae to be in the process of (doing something)
កៀប kiəp 1. to squeeze, apply pressure
2. (of crabs) to pinch/nip with pincers
3. to fasten together
4. to crack, crush
នឹង nɨŋ with, by (means of), (attached) to
ជង្គង់ cʊəŋkʊəŋ knee
ប៉ុន្តែ pontae but, however
Notes: ជើង ត; root: តែ
គិត kɨt 1. to think, to realize
2. to calculate
3. to charge
ដល់ dɑl 1. to reach, to attain, to arrive at
2. to, toward, up to, as far as, at, until
ម៉ាស៊ីនលាងចាន maasɨn lieŋ caan dishwasher
មួយ muəy 1. one {មួយៗ = one by one}
2. one person/myself {សុំចេញមួយ = Please let me [go] out!} {សុំទៅមួយ = Please give way [for me one person]!} {សុំចុះមួយ = Please let me [one person] get off [the bus]!}
ការ kaa 1. commonly occurs as a nominalizing particle deriving abstract nouns or noun phrases from verbs or verb phrases
2. work, occupation
3. business, affair, matter
4. to protect, defend, prevent
5. to marry
6. marriage
7. wedding
8. interest (e.g., on a loan)
9. profit
10. usury
11. to wind (into a skein/bobbin/reel)
12. to spin (silk)
ដោយ daoy 1. by, with, along
2. (indicator of an adverb) in a ... manner
3. because
ដៃ day arm, hand
វា vie 1. it (of animals, things, or very young children)
2. he, she, they (familiar or contemptuous)
ហត់ hɑt 1. to be tired, weary
2. to be breathless, out of breath, to be panting, puffing
និង nɨŋ and
ប្រើ praə to use
កម្លាំង kɑmlaŋ force, power, strength, energy, vigor, authority, influence
Notes: root: ខ្លាំង; also written កំឡាំង
បន្តិច bɑntəc 1. a little, a little bit, in small amounts, few
2. rather, slightly, just barely
3. in a little while
Notes: ជើង ត
ពេលខ្លះ peel klah sometimes
អត់ ʔɑt 1. no, not
2. to be without, lacking
3. to restrain oneself, abstain from
4. particle to form yes/no questions
ស្អាត sʔaat 1. to be clean, nice, neat
2. pure, chaste
3. smart (of someone's appearance)
4. nice-looking, beautiful
ប្រសិនបើ prɑsən baə if
មាន mien 1. to have, possess, own
2. to exist, there is, there are
3. to be rich, own property
4. indicates the accomplishment of an action, to happen to, to have occasion to
Notes: in spoken Khmer, negated មាន (មិនមាន or គ្មាន) can be contracted into មាន, e.g., មានអ្នកណាចង់ជួបឯង = ‘there's nobody who wants to meet you’ — contrast this with the affirmative: មានគេចង់ជួបឯង = ‘there’s somebody who wants to meet you’
ងាយស្រួល ŋiey sruǝl easy (e.g., to do, to use)
គ្រាន់តែ kroan tae just, only, only just
ដាក់ dak 1. to put, place
2. to deposit
3. to add (ingredients)
4. to set (e.g., a trap)
5. to establish
6. to assign
7. to locate, settle, station
8. to lock up
9. to fasten
10. to use
11. to strike, hit hard
12. to affect
13. to subject someone to
14. to be hard hit, suffer a setback
15. to have bad luck, cause bad luck
16. to feel unwell, have an upset stomach (especially after eating certain fruits)
17. to contract for
18. to subscribe to
19. to renounce (a throne)
20. to put aside (religious vows)
21. in, into, on
22. to eat, drink
23. to kneel
24. command to an elephant to kneel by bending the rear legs
ម៉ាស៊ីន maasɨn machine, motor, engine, device
នឹង nɨŋ future tense marker: will, about to
សម្អាត sɑmʔaat 1. to clean {ដើម្បីសម្អាតវាឲ្យបានស្អាត = in order to clean it} {បោកសម្អាតខោអាវ = to wash the clothes clean}
2. to clean up, to sweep
3. to groom
Notes: root: ស្អាត; also written សំអាត
យ៉ាង yaaŋ 1. kind, type, way, manner
2. clf. for kinds, types
3. pre-adjectival particle forming adverbial phrases {យ៉ាងខ្លី = briefly}
4. pre-adjectival particle, similar to ដ៏, used to connect an attributive to a noun, it often has a slight emphatic meaning: very
តែម្ដង tae mdɑɑŋ 1. immediately, at once, right away, directly
2. all of a sudden
3. generally, in general
4. totally
ពុំ pum negative particle: not, non-, without
Notes: ពុំ is a stylistic variant of មិន and may replace it in many cases, like មិន it usually occurs with the final particle ទេ់; ពុំ is somewhat more respectful than other negative particles and is commonly used when addressing a superior
ចាំបាច់ cam bac necessary, essential
ត្រូវ trəv 1. must, have to
2. to be correct, right, proper, exact, accurate
3. to concern, have to do with, to agree/jibe with, coincide with
4. to be affected with/by, to suffer, undergo (ត្រូវ + CLAUSE marks a passive-like construction in which the subject of the clause introduced by ត្រូវ is translated as the agent in the passive construction)
ដុស doh 1. to scrub, to polish
2. to rub (off), to wipe (off)
3. to chafe
ចុះឡើង coh laəŋ 1. to go up and down, go back and forth
2. up and down
ហើយនិង haǝy nɨŋ and (followed by the last in a series), with
ជម្រះ cumreah 1. to clean, to clean up, to wash away dirt and dust
2. to level, scrape, clean off
3. to clear away, weed, cut off at the roots, to clear with a hoe
4. to purify
5. to discharge
6. to judge, resolve (a dispute), decide (a case)
7. to make a clear-cut decision
8. to review, to edit (a text)
Notes: root: ជ្រះ; also spelled ជំរះ
ពីរ pii, pɨl two
បី bəy three
ទឹក tɨk 1. water, juice, liquid
2. round (e.g., of a boxing match)
ធ្វើឲ្យ tvəə ʔaoy 1. to cause, make (someone) do (something)
2. to do (something) for (someone) (often used to form causative compounds)
អស់កម្លាំង ʔɑh kɑmlaŋ to be tired, exhausted, weak
ដោយសារតែ daoy saa tae because
ក្មេង kmejŋ 1. child, young person
2. young
អត់សូវ ʔɑt səv not so much, rather not
ច្រើន craən 1. much, many, numerous, very much
2. mostly, often
តែងតែ taeŋ tae usually, regularly, constantly, always, continually
បង្ក bɑŋkɑɑ to create, to cause (something) to happen, to foment
ភាព pʰiep state, condition, shape, manner
ធ្វើការ tvəə kaa to work
ម៉្យាងវិញទៀត myaaŋ vɨɲ tiət on the other hand
ជាទូទៅ cie tuu təv in general, as a whole, generally
ប្រទេស prɑteeh country, nation
កម្ពុជា kampuʔcie Cambodia
ប្រើប្រាស់ praə prah to use
ធ្ងន់ធ្ងរ tŋʊən tŋɔɔ 1. to be serious, grave, heavy
2. to be patient, perseverant
3. to endure, bear up well under hardship
ពលកម្ម pʊəlleaʔ kam 1. energy
2. manual labor
3. corvee
គឺជា kɨɨ cie 1. to be (equal to)
2. as follows, namely
Notes: equivalent to គឺ
រឿង rɨəŋ 1. story, novel
2. cause, case, event, conflict
ខុសច្បាប់ kʰoh cbap illicit, illegal
ធ្វើ tvəə to do, to make, to work, to prepare, to cultivate (a field)
ការងារ kaaŋie job, work, profession, duty, task
មិនមែន mɨn mɛɛn no, not, is not
ពេលទំនេរ peel tumnee (during) spare time, leisure time
ឬក៏ rɨɨ kɑɑ or (on the other hand)
ពេលល្ងាច peel lŋiec evening, in the evening
បញ្ចប់ bɑɲcɑp 1. to finish, (bring to an) end, conclude (a text)
2. last, final, concluding
Notes: root: ចប់
ការសិក្សា kaa sǝksaa studies, training, education
រកលុយ rɔɔk luy 1. to make money, to work for wages
2. to look for money to borrow
ចិញ្ចឹម cəɲcəm 1. to raise, care for
2. to nourish, feed
3. to adopt
4. to support, nurture
ជីវិត ciivɨt life, living, existence
តាម taam 1. to follow, to agree, to go along {ដើរតាមភ្ញៀវគ្រប់ជំហាន = to follow the customer’s every step}
2. according to, in accordance with, following, along, by, through {តាមអាយុ = according to age} {តាមសម្រួល = take it easy/take your time}
3. on, in, along {ជិះម៉ូតូតាមផ្លូវ = to ride a motorbike on the street} {ជិះតាមផ្លូវតូចៗ = to drive on small roads} {នៅតាមខេត្ត = in/throughout the province} {លក់នៅតាមផ្សារ = to sell in the market}
រទេះ rɔteh 1. cart, vehicle
2. wagon
គុយទាវ kuy tiev kind of noodle soup
តែប៉ុណ្ណោះ tae ponnɑh only, only that much
មិន mɨn negative particle not, non- (usually requires the final particle ទេ)
ល្អ lʔɑɑ 1. good, nice, beautiful, pretty
2. correct, proper
ចេះ ceh to know, to know how to, to be able to
ខ្លួនឯង kluən ʔaeŋ 1. oneself
2. personally, on one's own, by oneself
ពេលវេលា peel veelie time
ដើរលេង daə leeŋ 1. to go for a walk/stroll
2. to travel, to go for a trip
3. to go out
ផ្ដេសផ្ដាស pdejh pdaah 1. to be pernicious, lazy
2. ridiculous, silly
3. useless
4. careless, irresponsible
5. disorderly, confused, in a disorderly manner
6. carelessly without thinking
ជាមួយនឹង cie muəy nɨŋ 1. together, along with
2. with
មិត្តភក្តិ mɨt pʰeaʔ friend
Notes: ជើង ត (twice)
តែ tae 1. but, however
2. only, just
3. tea
ទំនេរ tumnee 1. free
2. empty, unoccupied, vacant
3. not busy
ផ្គត់ផ្គង់ pkʊət pkʊəŋ 1. to supply, provide (with), give aid and comfort to, assist
2. to distribute
3. to protect
4. to make sure that something is ready
គ្រួសារ kruəsaa family
ដូចជា douc cie such as, like, as though, to seem as though, for instance
ផងដែរ pʰɑɑŋ dae also, too, as well