Doing the dishes (Sakanan) — 14


បន្ទាប់មកទៀតរូបភាពទី ១៤ នៅក្នុងរូបភាពទី ១៤ យើងឃើញ បន្ទាប់ពីក្មេងប្រុសម្នាក់នោះ គាត់លាងសម្អាតចានរបស់គាត់រួចរាល់ហើយ អញ្ចឹងគាត់លាងសម្អាតចាននោះរួចរាល់ហើយ គាត់ក៏បានចាក់ទឹកដែលគាត់លាងរួចនោះចេញចូលទៅក្នុងទឹកលូ អញ្ចឹងគាត់អត់ត្រូវចាក់ពាសវាលពាសកាលទៅលើថ្នល់នោះទេ ដោយសារតែប្រសិនបើគាត់យកទឹកកខ្វក់ ដែលគាត់លាងចានរួចរាល់នោះ គាត់ចាក់ពាសវាលពាសកាលទៅលើថ្នល់ អញ្ចឹងអាចធ្វើឲ្យថ្នល់នោះសើម ហើយនៅពេលដែលថ្នល់សើម គឺវាធ្វើឲ្យគគ្រិច ពិបាកក្នុងការធ្វើដំណើរ ហើយពេលខ្លះប្រសិនបើមានឡានម៉ូតូ គាត់ជិះមកកិនលើទឹកដែលខ្ទាតទៅលើថ្នល់នោះ អាចធ្វើឲ្យខ្ទាតទឹកប្រឡាក់ទៅដល់អ្នកដទៃបាន ដោយសារតែពេលខ្លះថ្នល់គឺមានដី អញ្ចឹងប្រសិនបើមានដី ដីប៉ះទឹក នឹងទៅជាភក់ អញ្ចឹងនៅពេលដែលមានម៉ូតូ ឬក៏ឡានជិះកិន វានឹងខ្ទាតប្រឡាក់ទៅអ្នកដំណើរផ្សេងទៀត ហើយម៉្យាងវិញទៀតប្រសិនបើយើងចាក់ទឹកសាប៊ូ ឬក៏ចាក់ទឹកលាងចានទៅលើថ្នល់ វាធ្វើឲ្យថ្នល់នោះរអិល អញ្ចឹងប្រសិនបើយើងជិះម៉ូតូកាត់ ឬក៏ជិះកង់កាត់ទឹករអិល គឺអាចធ្វើឲ្យយើងមានគ្រោះថ្នាក់បាន ដោយយើងអាចរអិលដួលកង់ ឬក៏រអិលម៉ូតូដួល ហើយអាចធ្វើឲ្យមានគ្រោះថ្នាក់ មានរបួសផ្សេងឬក៏អាចបាត់បង់ជីវិតផងដែរដូច្នេះដើម្បីរក្សាសុវត្ថិភាពឲ្យអតិថិជន ក៏ដូចជារក្សាសុវត្ថិភាពឲ្យអ្នកធ្វើដំណើរផ្សេងគឺយើងអត់ត្រូវលាងចានហើយជះចូលទៅក្នុងថ្នល់នោះទេអញ្ចឹងជាក់ស្ដែងនៅក្នុងរូបភាពទី ១៤ ក្មេងប្រុសម្នាក់នេះ បន្ទាប់ពីគាត់លាងចានរួចរាល់ហើយ យើងឃើញគាត់លើកចានដែកពណ៌លឿងរបស់គាត់ចាក់ចូលទៅក្នុងលូ អញ្ចឹងគាត់ចាក់ទឹកដែលនៅក្នុងចានដែកទាំងអស់ចូលទៅក្នុងលូមួយ គាត់ចាក់ចូលទៅក្នុងលូ គឺគាត់អត់ចាក់ទៅលើថ្នល់នោះទេ ព្រោះដើម្បីកុំឲ្យថ្នល់គគ្រិច អញ្ចឹងគាត់ចាក់ចូលទៅក្នុងលូ ដូច្នេះលូនឹងមានប្រព័ន្ធលូហូរនាំចូលទៅកន្លែងស្ដុកទឹកគគ្រិច ឬក៏ស្ដុកទឹកកខ្វក់ទុក អញ្ចឹងនៅពេលដែលគាត់ចាក់ចូលក្នុងលូ ទឹកនោះនឹងហូរចូលទៅកន្លែងស្ដុកទឹកកខ្វក់ ដែលយើងឃើញនៅក្បែរក្មេងប្រុសនោះ គឺមានធុងចានមួយ ដែលចាននោះគឺជាចានលាងរួចរាល់ហើយ អញ្ចឹងចានដែលគាត់បានលាងរួចរាល់ហើយ គាត់គរទុកនៅក្នុងធុងនោះ ហើយគាត់យកទឹកមកចាក់ចូលទៅក្នុងលូ

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KhmerPronunciationEnglish/Notes
បន្ទាប់មក bɑntoap mɔɔk next, then, afterwards, later
ទៀត tiət 1. again, still, more, further, yet, additional
2. to be different, other
រូបភាព ruup pʰiep 1. image, picture, drawing, photo
2. appearance, form, shape
ទី tii 1. particle used to form ordinal numbers
2. spot, place, location
3. rank, function, service
នៅ nɨv 1. in, at
2. to be located at, to live in or at, to reside, to stay, to be in
3. still, yet (pre-verbal marker of a durative or continuative aspect, as a final particle in the tag question ហើយឬនៅ it means 'yet' and as a reply to a question of this kind, it means 'not yet') {ញ៉ាំអីហើយនៅ? = Have you eaten already?}
ក្នុង knoŋ 1. in, inside
2. during + (time word)
យើង yəəŋ 1. we
2. I (familiar)
3. in final position used to refer to 'our Cambodian ...' {ទុរេនកំពតយើងមែន? = Kampot durian (from our country, Cambodia), right?}
ឃើញ kʰəəɲ 1. to see, to perceive
2. to understand, to recognize
បន្ទាប់ពី bɑntoap pii after, next
ក្មេងប្រុស kmejŋ proh boy
ម្នាក់ mneak 1. one person (contraction of មួយនាក់)
2. alone
នោះ nuh 1. that, those (often serves simply to emphasize something already referred to or something distant in time or space)
2. then
គាត់ koat he, she
លាង lieŋ 1. to wash, to clean (with a liquid)
2. to purify, to clear
សម្អាត sɑmʔaat 1. to clean {ដើម្បីសម្អាតវាឲ្យបានស្អាត = in order to clean it} {បោកសម្អាតខោអាវ = to wash the clothes clean}
2. to clean up, to sweep
3. to groom
Notes: root: ស្អាត; also written សំអាត
ចាន caan plate, bowl, dish
របស់ rɔbɑh 1. object, thing, belonging, property
2. of, belonging to
រួចរាល់ ruəc roal 1. to finish, to complete
2. completely
ហើយ haǝy 1. indicates completed action or state 'already'
2. and, afterwards, next, then, after that
អញ្ចឹង ʔɑɲcəŋ 1. in that case, so, then, therefore
2. like this / that
3. this / that much
ក៏ kɑɑ marker of sequential or consecutive action: also, so, then, therefore, accordingly
បាន baan 1. to have completed/done something
2. to intend to complete something
3. marker of completed action
4. to get, obtain, acquire, to achieve, have been able to, to get/have the opportunity to do something
5. to get someone or something to do something (often translated by the English passive in this sense)
6. to be able to
7. not ... until, then and only then
8. to pass to someone through inheritance
9. to be OK, fine, all right
10. [spoken language] however, though, in contrast {ម្សិលមិញបានក្ដៅខ្លាំង = yesterday, however, it was very hot}
ចាក់ cak 1. to stab, pierce (with a pointed instrument)
2. to pour (a liquid)
3. to play (a record or tape)
ទឹក tɨk 1. water, juice, liquid
2. round (e.g., of a boxing match)
ដែល dael 1. who, whom, which, where, when
2. of / to / in / at which / whom
3. the fact / reason that
4. ever, happened to, having done at least once, having been to, already, always, had occasion to, have ever
រួច ruəc 1. to finish, end, achieve, complete
2. indicates the possibility of completing the action of the main verb, to be able
3. already, then, after that
ចេញ cəɲ 1. to leave, to go out, to depart
2. out, off, away (also figuratively) {ខ្ញុំគិតអត់ចេញ = I can't figure it out}
ចូល coul 1. to enter, to go in
2. to agree with
ទៅ tɨv 1. to go (away from the speaker in space or time), to go to / towards, go on, continue, advance, go away
2. towards
3. from now on, from then on (often used as a particle indicating that the action began at some point in the past or present and continued on into the future or that the action is directed away from the speaker)
4. imperative particle, go ahead and ...! {ញ៉ាំទៅ = Go ahead and eat/drink!}
លូ luu 1. pipe (for water or sewage), water pipe (made of a tree trunk)
2. dogs: to howl
អត់ ʔɑt 1. no, not
2. to be without, lacking
3. to restrain oneself, abstain from
4. particle to form yes/no questions
ត្រូវ trəv 1. must, have to
2. to be correct, right, proper, exact, accurate
3. to concern, have to do with, to agree/jibe with, coincide with
4. to be affected with/by, to suffer, undergo (ត្រូវ + CLAUSE marks a passive-like construction in which the subject of the clause introduced by ត្រូវ is translated as the agent in the passive construction)
ពាសវាលពាសកាល pieh viel pieh kaal 1. all over, everywhere
2. completely
3. in complete chaos, in all directions
លើ ləə 1. up, on, over, above
2. to be on, over, above, located on top
3. in regard to, concerning, toward, for, against
ថ្នល់ tnɑl, knɑl raised road or path
ទេ tee 1. particle: negative particle occurring in phrase final position especially after មិន, ពុំ, etc.
2. interrogative particle occurring in phrase final position, often in the combination ឬទេ
3. neutral/positive particle to add emphasis {ខ្ញុំសុខសប្បាយទេ = I'm fine!}
ដោយសារតែ daoy saa tae because
ប្រសិនបើ prɑsən baə if
យក yɔɔk 1. to take, bring, get, accept, hold
2. when ordering: I’ll take, I’ll have {យកបបរគ្រឿងសាច់ជ្រូកម៉ាចាន = I’ll have a bowl of pork porridge}
កខ្វក់ kɑkvɑk to be dirty, polluted, stained
លាងចាន lieŋ caan to do/wash the dishes
អាច ʔaac 1. to be able (to do something), to be capable (of doing something)
2. to be possible
ធ្វើឲ្យ tvəə ʔaoy 1. to cause, make (someone) do (something)
2. to do (something) for (someone) (often used to form causative compounds)
សើម saəm damp, humid, wet, moist
ពេល peel 1. time
2. moment, instant, period of time
គឺ kɨɨ 1. to be (equal to)
2. as follows, namely
វា vie 1. it (of animals, things, or very young children)
2. he, she, they (familiar or contemptuous)
គគ្រិច kɔkrɨc 1. to be dirty, muddy, filthy
2. bad, vile
3. distasteful
4. disgraceful
ពិបាក piʔbaak 1. difficult {ការទិញអីវ៉ាន់នៅខ្មែររៀងពិបាកបន្តិច = buying things in Cambodia is a bit difficult/not easy} {តែពិបាកត្រង់ ឆាប់ងងុយដេក = the problem is: I’m getting tired easily}
2. sad, poor, miserable
3. to suffer
ការ kaa 1. work, occupation
2. business, affair, matter
3. commonly occurs as a nominalizing particle deriving abstract nouns or noun phrases from verbs or verb phrases
4. to protect, defend, prevent
5. to marry
6. marriage
7. wedding
8. interest (e.g., on a loan)
9. profit
10. usury
11. to wind (into a skein/bobbin/reel)
12. to spin (silk)
ធ្វើដំណើរ tvəə dɑmnaə to make a trip, travel
ពេលខ្លះ peel klah sometimes
មាន mien 1. to have, possess, own
2. to exist, there is, there are
3. to be rich, own property
4. indicates the accomplishment of an action, to happen to, to have occasion to
Notes: in spoken Khmer, negated មាន (មិនមាន or គ្មាន) can be contracted into មាន, e.g., មានអ្នកណាចង់ជួបឯង = ‘there's nobody who wants to meet you’ — contrast this with the affirmative: មានគេចង់ជួបឯង = ‘there’s somebody who wants to meet you’
ឡាន laan car, motor vehicle
ម៉ូតូ moutou motorbike, motorcycle
ជិះ cih to ride (in or on a car, horse, boat, plane, train)
មក mɔɔk 1. to come (toward the speaker in space or time)
2. often used as a particle indicating that the action began at some point in the past and continued up to the present
កិន kən 1. to grind, shell, hull, husk
2. to break, smash, crush, splinter
3. to collide (e.g., as vehicles)
4. to pave with crushed stone
5. to oppress, keep down
6. to scold, criticize, blame
7. to abuse
8. to roll (e.g., a road)
ខ្ទាត ktiet 1. to scatter, jump away, fly off
2. to splash, splatter
ប្រឡាក់ prɑlak 1. dirty, soiled, stained
2. salty
3. to marinate, to salt (in order to preserve)
ដល់ dɑl 1. to reach, to attain, to arrive at
2. to, toward, up to, as far as, at, until
អ្នកដទៃ neak dɑtey strangers, others, other people
ដី dəy 1. earth, land, ground, soil
2. territory
ប៉ះ pah 1. to hit, to collide with
2. to touch, come in contact with
3. to meet, encounter, confront
នឹង nɨŋ future tense marker: will, about to
ជា cie 1. to be (equal to), to be as
2. to be well, in good health, recovered
3. to be effective (of medicines)
ភក់ pʰʊək mud, slush
ឬក៏ rɨɨ kɑɑ or (on the other hand)
អ្នកដំណើរ neak dɑmnaə traveller
ផ្សេង psejŋ to differ, to be different (from each other), to be separate
ម៉្យាងវិញទៀត myaaŋ vɨɲ tiət on the other hand
សាប៊ូ saabuu soap
រអិល rɔʔəl 1. to slip, slide
2. to be slippery, slick, smooth
3. to be glib
4. by heart, fluently, smoothly
កាត់ kat 1. to cut, slice, slit, to divide, detach
2. to pass through, cut through / across
3. to interrupt
4. to solve, untangle, to settle (a matter), to decide (a legal case)
5. to ignite, catch / start (of a fire)
6. across, through
ជិះកង់ cih kɑŋ to ride a bike/bicycle
គ្រោះថ្នាក់ krʊək tnak 1. accident
2. danger, risk
3. to be dangerous
ដោយ daoy 1. by, with, along
2. (indicator of an adverb) in a ... manner
3. because
រអិលដួល rɔʔəl duəl to slip and fall
កង់ kɑŋ 1. wheel, tire
2. bicycle
3. piece, slice, circle, something round
4. chop (of meat), piece (of fish), slice (of fish)
5. clf. for pipes, logs, slices
ដួល duəl to fall, to fall over, to collapse
របួស rɔbuəh 1. to be injured, wounded
2. wound, injury
បាត់បង់ជីវិត bat bɑŋ ciivɨt 1. to die
2. to be killed
3. to lose one's life
ផងដែរ pʰɑɑŋ dae also, too, as well
ដូច្នេះ doucneh 1. so, thus, therefore
2. like this
ដើម្បី daəmbəy in order to, for, to, toward, reserved for
រក្សា reaksaa 1. to take care of, protect
2. to keep, maintain
3. to observe, pay attention to, watch
សុវត្ថិភាព soʔvattʰeʔpʰiep 1. goodness, prosperity, happiness, success
2. good health
3. safety
ឲ្យ ʔaoy 1. to give
2. to let, to allow
3. for, to, in order to, so as to {ចង់ឲ្យខ្ញុំកុម្ម៉ង់អីញ៉ាំឲ្យហើយអត់? = Do you want me to order something for you already?}
4. in a... manner (forms adverbial phrases from predicatives)
Notes: also written អោយ, ឱ្យ
អតិថិជន ʔaʔteʔtʰeʔ cɔɔn customer, client
Notes: formal
ដូចជា douc cie such as, like, as though, to seem as though, for instance
អ្នក neak 1. you (to equals of both sexes)
2. person, one who... (used as an agentive particle to create nouns from predicatives)
ជះ ceah 1. to pour (over), fling, toss/throw out (especially liquids), splash
2. to scatter
3. wind: to blow violently
ជាក់ស្ដែង ceak sdaeŋ 1. clear, sure
2. clearly, surely, obviously
នេះ nih 1. this, these
2. often serves simply to emphasize something already referred to or something nearby in time or space
លើក lǝǝk 1. to lift, to raise {លើកដៃសំពះ = to raise the hands in a greeting or respectful gesture} {លើករបស់ = to lift something} {លើកទូរស័ព្ទ = to pick up the phone}
2. time, occasion, session {លើកមុន = last time}
ចានដែក caan daek metal wash tub
ពណ៌ poa color, complexion
លឿង lɨəŋ color: yellow
ទាំងអស់ teaŋ ʔɑh all, all of
មួយ muəy 1. one {មួយៗ = one by one}
2. one person/myself {សុំចេញមួយ = Please let me [go] out!} {សុំទៅមួយ = Please give way [for me one person]!} {សុំចុះមួយ = Please let me [one person] get off [the bus]!}
ព្រោះ prʊəh because (of), since
កុំឲ្យ kom ʔaoy 1. in order that not ..., so as not to ...
2. don't let ...
ប្រព័ន្ធ prɑpoan 1. system, network, order
2. cycle
3. to write poetry, compose
4. to braid, plait, twist, weave, intertwine
5. to tie/tighten a knot
ហូរ hou 1. to flow, stream, pour
2. to trot (especially of cattle or water buffalo)
3. to be fluent
4. fluently, eloquently
5. in a flowing manner
នាំចូល noam coul 1. to bring in, to take in
2. to import
កន្លែង kɑnlaeŋ 1. place, location, region
2. clf. for locations
ស្ដុក sdok 1. to be heavy, massive, ponderous, substantial
2. vegetation: to be luxuriant, thick, dense
3. to have wealth
4. kind of large tree (Walsura villosa, with thick bark used in anti-dysentery medicines and small round edible fruit that grow in clusters)
5. supply, stock (of goods), reserve
6. accumulation, saving(s)
7. stock market
Notes: ជើង ដ
ទុក tuk 1. to put, set, place, arrange
2. to set aside, keep, retain, save, preserve, maintain, conserve, hold (in reserve) {ទុកញ៉ាំ = to keep for eating later}
ក្បែរ kbae to be near, close to
ធុង tʰuŋ 1. (large) barrel/can, bucket, tank
2. box
3. clf. for barrels, etc.
គឺជា kɨɨ cie 1. to be (equal to)
2. as follows, namely
Notes: equivalent to គឺ
គរ kɔɔ 1. to pile/stack up, gather in piles, accumulate
2. to collect