Doing the dishes (Sakanan) — 12


បន្ទាប់មកទៀតរូបភាពទី ១២ រូបភាពទី ១២ គឺ បន្ទាប់ពីក្មេងប្រុសនោះលាងចានបានស្អាតហើយ គាត់ក៏បានយកចានដែលលាងរួចរាល់នោះទៅគរទុកនៅលើរទេះ ដើម្បីឲ្យស្ត្រីអ្នកលក់យកចាននោះទៅប្រើប្រាស់បន្តទៀត អញ្ចឹងគាត់លាងម្ដងមួយពីចានប្រឡាក់ដែលនៅក្នុងធុង ដែលយើងឃើញក្បែររទេះលក់មីនោះ គឺយើងឃើញមានធុងមួយ សម្រាប់ដាក់ចានប្រឡាក់ ហើយនៅលើរទេះលក់មី គឺមានចានស្អាត ដែលក្មេងប្រុសនោះបានលាងរួចរាល់ហើយដាក់ទៅលើនោះ ដែលយើងឃើញមានចានពណ៌ក្រហម ពណ៌បៃតងជាដើម ដែលក្មេងប្រុសនោះទើបតែលាងរួចគឺចានពណ៌ក្រហម អញ្ចឹងគាត់ដាក់ចានពណ៌ក្រហមទៅលើគេ ដើម្បីឲ្យស្ត្រីម្នាក់នោះគាត់យកទៅប្រើប្រាស់ ចំណែកឯនៅក្បែរធុងរទេះគឺយើងឃើញមានកូនធុងមួយ ឬក៏កូនប៉ោតមួយ សម្រាប់ដាក់ចានប្រឡាក់ដែលនៅក្បែរនោះ អញ្ចឹងក្មេងប្រុសនោះ ក្រោយពីគាត់លាងចានក្រហមហើយ គាត់ត្រូវយកចានផ្សេងទៀតទៅលាងដូចគ្នា អញ្ចឹងគាត់ត្រូវលាងទាំងអស់ ចំពោះចានដែលប្រឡាក់ ឬក៏ចានឆ្នាំងដែលប្រឡាក់ គាត់ត្រូវលាងចេញទាំងអស់ អញ្ចឹងគាត់លាងម្ដងមួយដើម្បីសម្អាតចានដែលប្រឡាក់

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KhmerPronunciationEnglish/Notes
បន្ទាប់មក bɑntoap mɔɔk next, then, afterwards, later
ទៀត tiət 1. again, still, more, further, yet, additional
2. to be different, other
រូបភាព ruup pʰiep 1. image, picture, drawing, photo
2. appearance, form, shape
ទី tii 1. particle used to form ordinal numbers
2. spot, place, location
3. rank, function, service
គឺ kɨɨ 1. to be (equal to)
2. as follows, namely
បន្ទាប់ពី bɑntoap pii after, next
ក្មេងប្រុស kmejŋ proh boy
នោះ nuh 1. that, those (often serves simply to emphasize something already referred to or something distant in time or space)
2. then
លាងចាន lieŋ caan to do/wash the dishes
បាន baan 1. to have completed/done something
2. to intend to complete something
3. marker of completed action
4. to get, obtain, acquire, to achieve, have been able to, to get/have the opportunity to do something
5. to get someone or something to do something (often translated by the English passive in this sense)
6. to be able to
7. not ... until, then and only then
8. to pass to someone through inheritance
9. to be OK, fine, all right
10. [spoken language] however, though, in contrast {ម្សិលមិញបានក្ដៅខ្លាំង = yesterday, however, it was very hot}
ស្អាត sʔaat 1. to be clean, nice, neat
2. pure, chaste
3. smart (of someone's appearance)
4. nice-looking, beautiful
ហើយ haǝy 1. indicates completed action or state 'already'
2. and, afterwards, next, then, after that
គាត់ koat he, she
ក៏ kɑɑ marker of sequential or consecutive action: also, so, then, therefore, accordingly
យក yɔɔk 1. to take, bring, get, accept, hold
2. when ordering: I’ll take, I’ll have {យកបបរគ្រឿងសាច់ជ្រូកម៉ាចាន = I’ll have a bowl of pork porridge}
ចាន caan plate, bowl, dish
ដែល dael 1. who, whom, which, where, when
2. of / to / in / at which / whom
3. the fact / reason that
4. ever, happened to, having done at least once, having been to, already, always, had occasion to, have ever
លាង lieŋ 1. to wash, to clean (with a liquid)
2. to purify, to clear
រួចរាល់ ruəc roal 1. to finish, to complete
2. completely
ទៅ tɨv 1. to go (away from the speaker in space or time), to go to / towards, go on, continue, advance, go away
2. towards
3. from now on, from then on (often used as a particle indicating that the action began at some point in the past or present and continued on into the future or that the action is directed away from the speaker)
4. imperative particle, go ahead and ...! {ញ៉ាំទៅ = Go ahead and eat/drink!}
គរ kɔɔ 1. to pile/stack up, gather in piles, accumulate
2. to collect
ទុក tuk 1. to put, set, place, arrange
2. to set aside, keep, retain, save, preserve, maintain, conserve, hold (in reserve) {ទុកញ៉ាំ = to keep for eating later}
នៅ nɨv 1. in, at
2. to be located at, to live in or at, to reside, to stay, to be in
3. still, yet (pre-verbal marker of a durative or continuative aspect, as a final particle in the tag question ហើយឬនៅ it means 'yet' and as a reply to a question of this kind, it means 'not yet') {ញ៉ាំអីហើយនៅ? = Have you eaten already?}
លើ ləə 1. up, on, over, above
2. to be on, over, above, located on top
3. in regard to, concerning, toward, for, against
រទេះ rɔteh 1. cart, vehicle
2. wagon
ដើម្បី daəmbəy in order to, for, to, toward, reserved for
ឲ្យ ʔaoy 1. to give
2. to let, to allow
3. for, to, in order to, so as to {ចង់ឲ្យខ្ញុំកុម្ម៉ង់អីញ៉ាំឲ្យហើយអត់? = Do you want me to order something for you already?}
4. in a... manner (forms adverbial phrases from predicatives)
Notes: also written អោយ, ឱ្យ
ស្ត្រី strǝy 1. woman, girl, lady
2. women
3. the female sex
អ្នកលក់ neak lʊək seller
ប្រើប្រាស់ praə prah to use
បន្ត bɑntɑɑ 1. to continue (something), to keep on (doing something)
2. to add, to join
Notes: root: ត
អញ្ចឹង ʔɑɲcəŋ 1. in that case, so, then, therefore
2. like this / that
3. this / that much
ម្ដង mdɑɑŋ 1. one time, once
2. for a change
Notes: contraction of មួយដង
មួយ muəy 1. one {មួយៗ = one by one}
2. one person/myself {សុំចេញមួយ = Please let me [go] out!} {សុំទៅមួយ = Please give way [for me one person]!} {សុំចុះមួយ = Please let me [one person] get off [the bus]!}
ពី pii from, since, of, about, at
ប្រឡាក់ prɑlak 1. dirty, soiled, stained
2. salty
3. to marinate, to salt (in order to preserve)
ក្នុង knoŋ 1. in, inside
2. during + (time word)
ធុង tʰuŋ 1. (large) barrel/can, bucket, tank
2. box
3. clf. for barrels, etc.
យើង yəəŋ 1. we
2. I (familiar)
3. in final position used to refer to 'our Cambodian ...' {ទុរេនកំពតយើងមែន? = Kampot durian (from our country, Cambodia), right?}
ឃើញ kʰəəɲ 1. to see, to perceive
2. to understand, to recognize
ក្បែរ kbae to be near, close to
លក់ lʊək 1. to sell
2. asleep {ដេកលក់ = to be sound asleep, to sleep deeply} {ដេកមិនលក់ = to not be able to fall asleep, to have insomnia}
មី mii 1. lo-mein vermicelli
2. dish prepared with lo-mein vermicelli
3. you (derogatory or intimate term of reference for a female corresponding to អា​ for a male, it may be used within the family as an intimate form, but it is very rude when used by an outsider)
មាន mien 1. to have, possess, own
2. to exist, there is, there are
3. to be rich, own property
4. indicates the accomplishment of an action, to happen to, to have occasion to
Notes: in spoken Khmer, negated មាន (មិនមាន or គ្មាន) can be contracted into មាន, e.g., មានអ្នកណាចង់ជួបឯង = ‘there's nobody who wants to meet you’ — contrast this with the affirmative: មានគេចង់ជួបឯង = ‘there’s somebody who wants to meet you’
សម្រាប់ sɑmrap 1. for
2. used for, used to (make or do something)
ដាក់ dak 1. to put, place
2. to deposit
3. to add (ingredients)
4. to set (e.g., a trap)
5. to establish
6. to assign
7. to locate, settle, station
8. to lock up
9. to fasten
10. to use
11. to strike, hit hard
12. to affect
13. to subject someone to
14. to be hard hit, suffer a setback
15. to have bad luck, cause bad luck
16. to feel unwell, have an upset stomach (especially after eating certain fruits)
17. to contract for
18. to subscribe to
19. to renounce (a throne)
20. to put aside (religious vows)
21. in, into, on
22. to eat, drink
23. to kneel
24. command to an elephant to kneel by bending the rear legs
ពណ៌ poa color, complexion
ក្រហម krɑhɑɑm color: red
បៃតង baytɑɑŋ color: green (e.g., as banana leaves)
ជាដើម cie daəm as above, as listed (or given) above
ទើបតែ təəp tae just
រួច ruəc 1. to finish, end, achieve, complete
2. indicates the possibility of completing the action of the main verb, to be able
3. already, then, after that
គេ kee 1. he, she
2. one, someone
3. other(s)
ម្នាក់ mneak 1. one person (contraction of មួយនាក់)
2. alone
ចំណែកឯ cɑmnaek ʔae as for, as to, regarding
កូន koun 1. child (of someone, as opposed to ក្មេង = child in general)
2. animal baby, young
3. small member of a class or set, small object {កូនថង់ = small bag}
ឬក៏ rɨɨ kɑɑ or (on the other hand)
ប៉ោត paot square metal container used for holding oil, kerosene, water, etc.
ក្រោយ kraoy 1. behind, after
2. next
ត្រូវ trəv 1. must, have to
2. to be correct, right, proper, exact, accurate
3. to concern, have to do with, to agree/jibe with, coincide with
4. to be affected with/by, to suffer, undergo (ត្រូវ + CLAUSE marks a passive-like construction in which the subject of the clause introduced by ត្រូវ is translated as the agent in the passive construction)
ផ្សេង psejŋ to differ, to be different (from each other), to be separate
ដូចគ្នា douc knie 1. to be alike, like, just as, like each other, same, the same kind of thing, such as
2. + នឹង: to resemble
3. as a response to a good wish etc.: same to you
ទាំងអស់ teaŋ ʔɑh all, all of
ចំពោះ cɑmpʊəh toward, to, about, as for
ឆ្នាំង cnaŋ cooking pot, kettle, pan, casserole
ចេញ cəɲ 1. to leave, to go out, to depart
2. out, off, away (also figuratively) {ខ្ញុំគិតអត់ចេញ = I can't figure it out}
សម្អាត sɑmʔaat 1. to clean {ដើម្បីសម្អាតវាឲ្យបានស្អាត = in order to clean it} {បោកសម្អាតខោអាវ = to wash the clothes clean}
2. to clean up, to sweep
3. to groom
Notes: root: ស្អាត; also written សំអាត